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Additional Notes on Prehistoric Wells at the Clovis Site

  • F. E. Green (a1)

Abstract

Portions of two recently observed prehistoric wells at the Blackwater No. 1 locality in Roosevelt County, New Mexico, furnish additional data on features first described by Evans (1951). These wells were exposed by gravel-quarrying operations which have removed the last major remnant of ancient pond deposits containing artifacts of the Llano and Folsom cultures and the Portales complex. The time of well-digging occurred during an erosional interval between Beds 3a and 4; and on the basis of comparisons with the Lubbock Reservoir site, this interval is equated with the Altithermal stage of Antevs, and it is suggested that the wells were dug sometime between 4000 and 5000 years ago.

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References

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Antevs, Ernst 1949 Geology of the Clovis Sites. In “Ancient Man in Notth America.” Denver Museum of Natural History, Popular Series, No. 4, pp. 185–90. Denver.
Antevs, Ernst 1955 Geologic-Climatic Dating in the West. American Antiquity, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 317–35. Salt Lake City.
Brannon, H. R. Jr., Daughtry, A. C., Perry, D., Simons, L. H., Whitaker, W. W. and Williams, Milton 1957 Humble Oil Company Radiocarbon Dates I. Science, Vol. 125, No. 3239, pp. 147–50. Washington.
Evans, G. L. 1951 Prehistoric Wells in Eastern New Mexico. American Antiquity, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 19. Salt Lake City.
Sellards, E. H. 1952 Early Man in America: A Study in Prehistory. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Wendorf, Fred and Krieger, Alex D. 1959 New Light on the Midland Discovery. American Antiquity, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 6578. Salt Lake City.
Wormington, H. M. 1957 Ancient Man in North America. Denver Museum of Natural rlistory, Popular Series, No. 4. Denver.

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