Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Sharing the learning activity using intelligent CAD

  • Sandra M. Duffy (a1) and Alex H.B. Duffy (a1)

Abstract

In this paper the need for Intelligent Computer Aided Design (Int.CAD) to jointly support design and learning assistance is introduced. The paper focuses on presenting and exploring the possibility of realizing “learning” assistance in Int.CAD by introducing a new concept called Shared Learning. Shared Learning is proposed to empower CAD tools with more useful learning capabilities than that currently available and thereby provide a stronger interaction of learning between a designer and a computer. “Controlled” computational learning is proposed as a means whereby the Shared Learning concept can be realized. The viability of this new concept is explored by using a system called PERSPECT. PERSPECT is a preliminary numerical design tool aimed at supporting the effective utilization of numerical experiential knowledge in design. After a detailed discussion of PERSPECT's numerical design support, the paper presents the results of an evaluation that focuses on PERSPECT's implementation of “controlled” computational learning and ability to support a designer's need to learn. The paper then discusses PERSPECT's potential as a tool for supporting the Shared Learning concept by explaining how a designer and PERSPECT can jointly learn. There is still much work to be done before the full potential of Shared Learning can be realized. However, the authors do believe that the concept of Shared Learning may hold the key to truly empowering learning in Int.CAD.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Sharing the learning activity using intelligent CAD
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Sharing the learning activity using intelligent CAD
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Sharing the learning activity using intelligent CAD
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arbab, F. (1989). Design object modelling. In Intelligent CAD I (Yoshikawa, H. and Gossard, D., Eds.), pp. 312. North Holland.
Becker, R.A., Chambers, J.M., & Wilks, A.R. (1988). The New S Language: A programming environment for data analysis and graphics. Wadsworth and Brooks/Cole Advanced Books and Software, Pacific Grove, CA.
Bhatta, S.R., & Goel, A.K. (1994). Discovery of physical principles from design experiences. AIEDAM 8(2), 113123.
Bisson, G. (1992). Conceptual clustering in a first order logic representation. ECAI-92 (Neumann, B., Ed.), John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, England, U.K.
CAL'94 (1994). Proc. Comput. Aided Learn. Eng. (Eames, l.W. and Johnson, A.R., Eds.). University of Sheffield, Sheffield, U.K.
Coyne, R.D., & Newton, S. (1989). A tutorial on neural networks and expert systems for design. In Expert Systems in Engineering, Architecture and Construction (Gero, J.S. and Sudweeks, F., Eds.), pp. 321337. University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
de Siervo, F., & de Leva, F. (1976). Modern trends in selecting and designing Francis turbines. Water Power and Dam Construction 28(8), 2835.
de Siervo, F., & de Leva, F. (1977). Modern trends in selecting and designing Kaplan turbines. Water Power and Dam Construction 29(12), 5156.
Duffy, A.H.B. (1986). Computer Modelling of Early Stage Numerical Ship Design Knowledge and Expertise. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Ship and Marine Technology, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K.
Duffy, A.H.B., Ed. (1993). Special Issue on Machine Learning in Design. Artif. Intell. Eng. 8(3).
Duffy, S.M. (1994a). Design reuse process model. CAD Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, U.K. CADC/R/94–08, CADC/REUSE/94–01.
Duffy, S.M. (1994b). Supporting domain exploration. CAD Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, U.K. CADC/R/94–09, CADC/REUSE/94–02.
Duffy, A.H.B., Brown, D.C., & Maher, M.L., Eds. (1994). Machine learning in design workshop. Third Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Design (A1D'94).
Duffy, A.H.B.,& Kerr, S.M. (1993). Customised perspectives of past designs from automated group rationalization. AIENG 8(3).
Duffy, A.H.B., & MacCallum, K.J. (1989). Computer representation of numerical expertise for preliminary design. Marine Technology 26(4), 289302.
Duffy, S.M., Duffy, A.H.B., & MacCallum, K.J. (1995). A design reuse model. Proc. Tenth Int. Conf. Eng. Design, 490495.
Europe, S.. (1991). S-plus: User's manual, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2. Statistical Sciences UK Ltd., Oxford, U.K.
Fruchter, R., & Gluck, J. (1989). Adaptive multilevel connections in a training learning system for structural analysis. In Artificial Intelligence in Design (Gero, J.S., Ed.), pp. 209227. Springer Verlag, NY.
Galle, P., & Kovacs, L.B. (1992). Introspective observations of sketch design. Design Studies 13(3), 229272.
Galle, P., Hansen, J.P., Jansen, S.E., Rubow, M., & Wright, E.C. (1975). Housing patterns: Pattern collection II. Pattern Theory 5, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Gero, J.S., Ed. (1991). Artificial intelligence in design (AID'91). Proc. First Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Design (AID'91). Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, U.K.
Gero, J.S., Ed. (1992). Artificial intelligence in design (AID'92). Proc. Second Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Design (AID'92). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Gilfillan, A.W. (1969). The economic design of bulk cargo carriers. In Transactions of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 3, 113140.
Guan, X., MacCallum, K.J., Duffy, A.H.B., & Stevenson, D. (1995). Supporting abstractions in a computational environment for geometric configuration design. ICED'95. Proc. Tenth Int. Conf. Eng. Design, Prague, 2224 August 1995, Vol. 4, 1557–1558.
Guena, F., & Zreik, K. (1989). An architect assisted architectural design system. Proc. Fourth Int. Conf. Applications of Artif. Intell. Eng., 159179.
Kamal, S.Z., Mistree, F., Sorab, J., & van Arsdale, W.E. (1989). The development of an inductive learning system for design using experimental information. In Artificial Intelligence in Design (Gero, J.S., Ed.), pp. 521538. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Kerr, S.M. (1993). Customized viewpoint support for the utilization of experiential knowledge in design. Ph.D. thesis, CAD Centre, Department of Design, Manufacture and Engineering Management, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K.
Kerr, S.M., & Duffy, A.H.B. (1992). Dynamic memory by automating rationalization of past designs. In Machine Learning in Design Workshop '92 (Maher, M.L., Brown, D.C., and Duffy, A.H.B., Eds.), Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA.
Kocabas, S. (1991). A review of learning. The Knowledge Engineering Rev. 6(3), 195222.
Lu, S.C.-Y., & Chen, K. (1987). A machine learning approach to the automatic synthesis of mechanistic knowledge for engineering decision-making. AIEDAM 1(2), 109118.
Lugaresi, A., & Massa, A. (1987). Designing Francis turbines: Trends in the last decade. Water Power and Dam Construction 39(11), 2328.
Lugaresi, A., & Massa, A. (1988). Designing Kaplan turbines: Trends in the last decade. Water Power and Dam Construction 40(5), 1217.
MacCallum, K.J., Duffy, A., & Green, S. (1987). An intelligent concept design assistant. In Design Theory for CAD (Yoshikawa, H. and Warman, E.A., Eds.), pp. 301317. Elsevier Science.
MacCallum, K.J., & Duffy, A. (1990). Representing and using numerical empiricism in design. Proc. Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Eng., 115136.
Mackenzie, C.A., & Gero, J.S. (1987). Learning design rules from decisions and performances. Artif. Intell. Eng. 2(1), 210.
Maher, M.L., Brown, D.C., & Duffy, A.H.B., Eds. (1994). AIEDAM 8(2).
Maher, M.L., & Li, H. (1994). Learning design concepts using machine learning techniques. AIEDAM 8(2), 95111.
Maher, M.L., Brown, D.C., & Duffy, A.H.B., Eds. (1992). Machine learning in design workshop. Second Int. Conf. Artif. Intell. Design (AID'92).
McBride, P. (1991). The Lispview grapher. Technical Report M/S MTV 12–40, SunPro, A Sun Microsystems, Inc., Mountain View, CA.
McLaughlin, S., & Gero, J.S. (1987). Acquiring expert knowledge from characterised designs. AIEDAM 1(2), 7387.
Mitchell, T.M., Mahadevan, S., & Steinberg, L.I. (1985). LEAP: A learning apprentice for VLSI design. Proc. Ninth Int. Joint Conf. on Artif. Intell., Vol. 1, 573580.
Mostow, J., & Bhatnagar, N. (1987). FAILSAFE: A floor planner that uses explanation based learning to learn from its failures. Proc. Int. Joint Conf. Artif. Intell. (IJCAI87), 249255.
Mostow, J., & Roy, S. (1987). Machine learning for knowledge acquisition in design systems. Extended abstract presented at Proc. IFIP WG5.2 on Intell. CAD.
Motard, R.L. (1974). Design: Chemical engineering. In Basic Questions of Design Theory, (Spillers, W.R., Ed.), pp. 143146. North-Holland, Amsterdam.
Oxman, R. (1990). Prior knowledge in design: A dynamic knowledge-based model of design and creativity. Design Studies 11(1), 1728.
Persidis, A. (1989). Modelling of abstraction for computer aided design. Ph.D. thesis, CAD Centre, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, U.K.
Persidis, A., & Duffy, A. (1991). Learning in engineering design. In Intelligent CAD III (Yoshikawa, H., Arbab, F. and Tomiyama, T., Eds.), pp. 251272. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North-Holland), Amsterdam.
Radford, A., Hung, P., & Gero, J.S. (1984). New rules of thumb from computer-aided structural design: Acquiring knowledge for expert systems. In CAD'84 (Wexler, J., Ed.), pp. 558566. Butterworths, Guildford.
Rao, R.B., & Lu, S.C.-Y. (1993). A knowledge-based equation discovery system for engineering domains. IEEE Expert 8(4), 3742.
Reich, Y. (1991). Building and Improving Design Systems: A machine learning approach. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Civil Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
Schank, R. (1982). Dynamic Memory: A theory of remindings and learning in computers and people. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.
Scott, J.R. (1967). Some aspects of multiple regression analysis. Vickers Ltd., St. Albans Test Tank, St. Albans, U.K.
Steinberg, E.R. (1991). Computer assisted instruction: A synthesis of theory, practice and instruction. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ.
Warman, E.A. (1978). Computer aided design: Intersection of ideas. In Artificial Intelligence and Pattern Recognition in Computer Aided Design (Latombe, J.C., Ed.), pp. 118, North-Holland, Amsterdam.
Watson, D.G.M. (1962). Estimating preliminary dimensions in ship design. Transactions of the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland (IESS) 105, 110161.
Watson, D.G.M., & Gilfillan, A.W. (1977). Some ship design methods. Naval Architect 279324.
Willem, R.A. (1990). Design and science. Design Studies 11(1), 4347.
Yoshikawa, H., Arbab, F., & Tomiyama, T., Eds. (1991). Intelligent CAD III. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (North-Holland), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Sharing the learning activity using intelligent CAD

  • Sandra M. Duffy (a1) and Alex H.B. Duffy (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.