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Retirement: Causes and Consequences

  • John Bond (a1), John McCallum (a2) and Victor Marshall (a3)

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1 Murray, J., Subjective retirement. Social Security Bulletin, 42 (1979), 17.

2 Parnes, H., Work and Retirement. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1981.

3 Morgan, J. and Duncan, G. (eds), Five Thousand American Families, vol. VIII. Institute of Social Research, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1980.

4 Simpson, I. and McKinney, J. (eds), Social Aspects of Aging. Duke University Press, Durham, N.C., 1966.

5 Palmore, E. (ed). Normal Aging, vol. II. Duke University Press, Durham, N.C., 1974.

6 Atchley, R., ‘The process of retirement: the female experience’, in Szinovacz, M. (ed.) Women's Retirement. Sage Publications, Beverley Hills, Ca., 1982.

7 Barfield, R. E. and Morgan, J. N., Early Retirement: The Decision and the Experience. Institute of Social Research, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1969.

8 Atchley, R., The Sociology of Retirement. Schenkman, New York, 1976; Palmore, E.Why do people retire? Aging and Human Development, 2 (1971), 269283; Sheppard, H., ‘Work and retirement’, in Binstock, R. H. and Shanas, E. (eds), Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976.

9 Burkhauser, R., The pension acceptance decision of older workers. Journal of Political Economy, 14 (1979), 6375; Parnes, H., op. cit.; Streib, G. F. and Schneider, C. J., Retirement in American Society: Impact and Process. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, N.Y., 1971.

10 Barfield, R. E. and Morgan, J. N., op. cit.; Barfield, R. and Morgan, J., Trends in satisfaction with retirement. The Gerontologist, 18 (1978), 1923; Morgan, J., ‘Retirement in prospect and retrospect’, in Morgan, J. and Duncan, G., op. cit.;, Parnes, H. and Nestel, G., ‘The retirement experience’, in Parnes, H., op. cit.

11 Atchley, R., op. cit., 1976; Bengston, V., ‘Differences between subsamples in level of present role activity’, in Havinghurst, B., Neugarten, B., Munnichs, J. and Thomae, H. (eds.), Adjustment to Retirement. Van Gorkum, The Netherlands, 1969; Bixby, L., Kolodurbetz, W., Lauriat, P. and Murray, J., Demographic and Economic Characteristics of the Aged: 1968 Social Security Survey. Social Security Administration Office of Research and Statistics, Washington, D.C., 1975; Cottrell, F. and Atchley, R., Women in Retirement: A Preliminary Report. Scripps Foundation, Oxford, Ohio, 1969; Epstein, L. and Murray, J., The Aged Population of the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1967; Havinghurst, B. et al. , op. cit.; Nadelson, T., A survey of the literature on the adjustment of the aged to retirement. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 3 (1969), 320; Shanas, E. ‘Adjustment to retirement’, in Carp, F. (ed.), Retirement. Behavioural Publications, New York, 1972; Shanas, E., Townsend, P., Wedderburn, D., Friis, H., Milhoj, P. and Stehouwer, H., Older People in Three Industrial Societies. Atherton, New York, 1968; Simpson, I. and McKinney, J., op. cit.; Thompson, G., Work versus leisure roles. Journal of Gerontology, 28 (1973), 339344; Thompson, G., Work experience and income of the population aged 60 and over. Social Security Bulletin, 37 (1974), 320.

12 Haynes, S., McMichael, A. and Tyroler, H., Survival after early and normal retirement. Journal of Gerontology, 33 (1978), 269279; Morgan, J., ‘Antecedents and consequences of retirement’, in Hill, M., Hill, O. and Morgan, J. (eds.), Five Thousand American Families, vol. ix. Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1981; Parnes, H., op. cit.; Streib, G. F. and Schneider, C. J., op. cit.

13 George, L., Role Transitions in Later Life. Brooks/Cole, Monterey, Ca., 1980; George, L. and Bearon, L., Quality of Life in Older Persons: Meaning and Measurement. Human Sciences Press, New York, 1980.

14 Simpson, I. and McKinney, J., op. cit.; Atchley, R., Retirement and work orientation. Gerontologist, II (1971), 2932; Cottrell, F. and Atchley, R., op. cit.

15 Streib, G. F. and Schneider, C. J., op. cit.; George, L. and Maddox, G., Subjective adaptation to loss of the work role: a longitudinal study. Journal of Gerontology, 32, (1977), 356362.

16 Morgan, J., op. cit.; Motley, D., Availability of retired persons for work. Social Security Bulletin, 41 (1978), 1828; Palmore, E., op. cit., 1971; Parnes, H., op. cit.; Streib, G. F. and Schneider, C. J., op. cit.

17 Kimmel, D., Price, K. and Walker, J., Retirement choice and retirement satisfaction. Journal of Gerontology, 33 (1978), 575585; Peretti, P. and Wilson, C., Voluntary and involuntary retirement of aged males and their effect on emotional satisfaction, usefulness, self-image, emotional stability, and interpersonal relationships. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 6 (1975), 131138.

18 Fillenbaum, G. G. and Maddox, G. L., Work after retirement: an investigation into some psychologically relevant variables. Gerontologist, 14 (1974), 418424; Kell, D. and Patton, C. V., Reaction to induced early retirement. The Gerontologist, 18 (1978), 173179; Barfield, R. E. and Morgan, J. N. et al. , 1969; Stagner, R., Propensity to work: an important variable in retiree behaviour. Aging and Work, 2 (1979), 161172.

1 Atchley, Robert C., The Sociology of Retirement, Schenkman Publishing Co., Cambridge, Mass., 1976, p. 5.

2 Palmore, Erdman B.The Honorable Elders. A Cross-cultural Analysis of Ageing in Japan, Duke University Press, Durham, 1975, p. 12.

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Retirement: Causes and Consequences

  • John Bond (a1), John McCallum (a2) and Victor Marshall (a3)

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