Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The housing situation and residential strategies of older people in France

  • CATHERINE BONVALET (a1) and JIM OGG (a2)

Abstract

During the later 20th century, France experienced a dramatic turn around in the quality of its housing. The current cohort of older people witnessed and lived through the transformation. Most people aged over 50 years in France are homeowners and almost one-in-four own a second home. Although the oldest age groups are much less residentially mobile than younger people, home moves are more likely around the age of retirement or widowhood. In recent years, new forms of residential mobility in later life have been emerging. These include a weakening of the commonly observed pattern of a permanent drift away from cities and towns towards areas of childhood origin or family connections. One current trend suggests a preference for preserving residential links with areas of relatively high population density and good access to amenities, coupled with being able to spend time elsewhere, whether in second homes, in children's and grandchildren's homes, or elsewhere. The arrival of the post-1945 baby-boom cohort at retirement has begun, and this may increase the current level of residential mobility and lead to more diverse types, although the change will depend on the development of the housing market as well as residential preferences in old age.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Catherine Bonvalet, Institut National d'Études Démographiques, 133, boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris, France. E-mail: bonvalet@ined.fr

References

Hide All
Arrondel, L. and Masson, A. 2006. Altruism, exchange or indirect reciprocity: what do the data on family transfers show? In Mercier-Ythier, J. and Kolm, S. (eds) Handbook on the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism. Elsevier, North Holland, 9711053.
Arrondel, L. 2007. Patrimoine logement et cycle de vie [Housing conditions and the life cycle]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 181207.
Attias-Donfut, C. and Wolff, F.-C. 2005. Transmigration et choix de vie à la retraite [Transmigration and lifestyle in retirement]. Retraite et Société, 44, 1, 79105.
Attias-Donfut, C. 2006. L'enracinement [Social Integration]. Armand Colin, Paris.
Bardy, J. P. 2001. Les conditions de logement des personnes âgées à Paris [Housing Conditions of Older People in Paris]. Agence départementale pour l'information sur le logement (ADIL75), Paris.
Blanchet, D. and Laferrère, A. 2007. Les conséquences des évolutions démographiques sur le marché du logement: premières pistes de réflexion [The consequences of demographic change for the housing market: first reflections]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 209–33.
Bonnet, C. and Gobillon, L. 2007. Choix de logement et mobilité résidentielle suite au décès du conjoint [Housing choice and residential mobility after the death of a partner]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op cit., 337–50.
Bonnin, P. and Villanova, R. (eds)1999. D'une maison à l'autre [From One House to Another]. Créaphis, Paris.
Bonvalet, C. 2007. Histoire résidentielle des Franciliens nés entre 1930 et 1950 [The residential histories of the 1930–1950 birth cohort of people living in the Paris region]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 283302.
Bonvalet, C. and Merlin, P. (eds)1988. Transformation de la famille et habitat [Family Transformations and Environment]. Travaux et Documents 120, Direction regionale de l'équipement d'Ile-de-France (DREIF), Institut de l'enfance et de la famille (IDEF), Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques (INED), Paris.
Bonvalet, C. and Fribourg, A. M. (eds)1990. Stratégies résidentielles [Residential Strategies]. Congrès et Colloques 2, Plan Construction Architecture (PUCA), Ministère de l'Equipement (MELT), INED, Paris.
Bonvalet, C. and Gotman, A. (eds)1993. Le logement: une affaire de famille [Housing: A Family Affair]. L'Harmattan, Paris.
Bonvalet, C., Drosso, F., Benguigui, F. and Huynh, M. (eds)2007. Vieillissement de la population et logement. Les stratégies résidentielles et patrimoniales [Population Ageing and Housing: Residential Strategies and Asset Management]. La Documentation Française, Paris.
Cahen, L. 1957. Évolution des conditions de logement en France depuis cent ans [The evolution of housing conditions during the past 100 years]. Études et conjoncture, 10–11, octobre–novembre, Institut Nationale de la Statistique et d'Economie [INSEE], Paris, 9851374.
Caradec, V. 1996. Les formes de la vie conjugale des ‘jeunes’ couples ‘âgés’ [Living patterns and marital arrangements amonger ‘younger older’ people]. Population, 4–5, 897928.
Caradec, V. 2006. Sociologie de la vieillesse et du vieillissement [The Sociology of Age and Ageing]. Armand Colin, Paris.
Caradec, V. 2004. Vieillir après la retraite: approche sociologique du vieillissement [Life After Retirement: A Sociological Approach to Ageing]. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.
Christel, V. 2006. Trajectoires résidentielles des personnes âgées [Residential trajectories of older people]. In Données sociales – La société française [Social Statistics: French Society]. INSEE, Paris, 95102.
Clément, C. and Bonvalet, C. 2006. L'espace de vie des familles recomposées [New Family Forms and Geographical Space]. Collection Recherche 161, PUCA, Ministère de l'Equipement, des Transports et du Logement, Paris.
Coloos, B. and Quinton, E. 2007. Le lien entre l'immobilier et les retraites: aspects macro-économiques [The link between housing and pensions: macro-economic perspectives]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op cit., 449–62.
Cribier, F., Duffau, M. L. and Kych, A. 1990. Mobilité résidentielle et stratégies dans les quinze ans qui suivent la retraite: suivi d'une génération [Residential mobility and strategies in the 15 years following retirement: the follow-up of a generation]. In Bonvalet, C. and Fribourg, A. M. (eds) Stratégies résidentielles [Residential Strategies]. Congrès et Colloque 2, PUCA, MELT, INED, Paris, 283–96.
Cribier, F. 1988. Le logement à l'heure de la retraite: l'exemple des Parisiens [Housing conditions at retirement: the case of Parisians]. In Bonvalet, C. and Merlin, P. (eds), Transformation de la Famille et Habitat [Family Transformations and Environment], op. cit., 107–24.
Cribier, F. 2005. Changes in the experiences of life between two cohorts of Parisian pensioners, born in circa 1907 and 1921. Ageing & Society, 25, 5, 637–54.
Cuturello, P. 1993. Le poids de l'origine et la force de la parenté: la dualité familiale dans les pratiques résidentielles [The weight of place of origin and family: the duality of the family in residential behaviour]. In Bonvalet, C. and Gotman, A. (eds) Le logement, une affaire de famille [Housing: A Family Matter]. L'Harmattan, Paris, 111–27.
Delbès, C. and Gaymu, J. 2004. La retraite quinze ans après [Retirement after 15 years]. Les Cahiers de l' INED 154, INED, Paris.
Driant, J. C. 2007. La mobilité des personnes âgées dans le marché du logement: une approche dynamique à l'aide de l'enquête logement de 2002 [The mobility of older people in housing markets: a dynamic approach to the 2002 housing survey]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op cit., 247–66.
Drosso, F. 2007. Le viager en France: enjeux, blocages et perspectives [The viager system in France: challenges and problems]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 463–72.
Erlinghagen, M. and Hank, K. 2006. The participation of older Europeans in volunteer work. Ageing & Society, 26, 4, 567–84.
Feller, E. 2005. Histoire de la vieillesse en France, 1900–1960: Du vieillard au retraité [A History of Older People in France, 1900–1960: From the Impoverished Elderly to the Retired]. Editions Seli Arslan, Paris.
Grundy, E. and Henretta, J. 2006. Between elderly parents and adult children: a new look at the intergenerational care provided by the ‘sandwich generation’. Ageing & Society, 26, 5, 707–22.
Gallou, R. 2007. Situations et perspectives résidentielles des ménages immigrés vieillissant en France [Residential perspectives of minority ethnic households in France]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 303–21.
Gobillon, L. 2006. Emploi, logement et mobilité résidentielle [Employment, housing and residential mobility]. Economie et Statistiques, 349–50, 7798.
Gobillon, L. and Laferrère, A. 2007. Une synthèse économique sur les choix de logement des personnes âgées [An economic analysis of the housing choices of older people]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op cit., 163–80.
Gotman, A. 1989. Familles, générations, patrimoine: une question urbaine [Families, generations and wealth: an urban question]. In Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine, 41, 8797.
Gustafson, P. 2001. Retirement migration and transnational lifestyles. Ageing & Society, 21, 4, 371–94.
Gustafson, P. 2008. Transnationalism in retirement migration: the case of North European retirees in Spain. Ethnic and Racial Studies, First online paper, 25 pp., DOI:10.1080/01419870701492000.
Hourriez, J. M. and Legris, B. 1995. Le niveau de vie relatif des personnes âgées [Relative living standards of older people]. In Economie et Statistique, 283–84, 137–58.
Jacquot, A. 2007. Vieillissement de la population et demande de logement [Ageing populations and housing demand]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 6386.
Laferrere, A. 2000. Housing inheritance: an empirical analysis of French data. In Mason, A. and Tapinos, G. (eds) Sharing the Wealth, Demographic Change and Economic Transfers Between Generations. International Studies in Demography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 358–83.
Laferrere, A. 1998. Comment le logement est-il transmis d'une génération à la suivante? [How is Housing Transmitted from One Generation to Another?]. Cahiers de l'Institut d'Aménagement et d'Urbanisme de la Région Ile-de-France (IAURIF) 122, IAURIF Paris.
Laferrere, A. and Le Blanc, D. 2001. Structure par âge et marché du logement [The age and market structure of housing]. In Conseil National du Crédit et du Titre, Les aspects financiers du vieillissement de la population [Financial Aspects of an Ageing Population]. Conseil National du Crédit et du Titre, Paris, 153–73.
Laferrere, A. 2007. L'héritage de logement en France. Faits et théories [Inheritance and housing in France: facts and theory]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 403–15.
Lelievre, E. and Bonvalet, C. 1994. A comparative cohort history of residential mobility, social change, and home-ownership in Paris and the rest of France. Urban Studies, 31, 10, 1647–65.
Lévy, J. P. 2007. Les 50 ans et plus dans la hiérarchisation sociale du parc immobilier français (1978–2002): un rôle prépondérant [Social hierarchies of people aged 50 or more years in social housing (1978–2002): the predominant effect]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 267–81.
Loiseau, M. and Bonvalet, C. 2005. L'impact de loi de 1948 sur les trajectoires résidentielles en Ile de France [The impact of the 1948 legislation on residential mobility in the Île de France]. Population, 60, 3, 351–66.
Louchart, P. 2007. Où vieilliront les générations du baby-boom? [Where will the baby-boomer generation live?]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 129–44.
Merlin, P. 1988. Géographie de l'aménagement [Geography and Mobility]. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.
Merlin, P. 2005. L'impressionnante évolution des conditions de logement des Français depuis la deuxième guerre mondiale [The spectacular improvement in housing conditions of the French population since the Second World War]. In Bergouignan, C., Blayo, C., Parant, A., Sardon, J. P. and Tribalat, M. (eds) La Population de la France. Evolutions démographiques depuis 1946 [The Population of France: Demographic Change Since 1946]. Tome 2, Proceedings of Conférence Universitaire de Démographie et d'Etudes de Population (CUCEP), CUDED, Paris, 771–83.
Minodier, C. and Rieg, C. 2004. Le patrimoine immobilier des retraités [The Housing Wealth of Retired People]. Insee Première 984, INSEE, Paris.
Minodier, C. and Rieg, C. 2007. Le patrimoine immobilier des retraités: une approche descriptive [The housing wealth of retired people: a descriptive approach]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 87127.
Mouillart, M. 1993. Splendeur et misères du locatif intermédiaire [The ups and downs of renting]. Revue Française de Finances Publiques, 44, 7584.
Ogg, J. 2005. Heat Wave: The Implications of the 2003 French Heat Wave for the Social Care of Older People. Working Paper, Young Foundation, London. Available online at http://www.youngfoundation.org.uk/publications/reports/heatwave [Accessed 28 October 2007].
Ogg, J. 2007. L'immobilier et le logement dans le contexte du support familial aux personnes âgées. Données comparées pour l'Europe [Housing and family support for older people: comparative European data]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 417–31.
Ogg, J. and Renaut, S. 2006. The support of parents in old age by those born during 1945–1954: a European comparison. Ageing & Society, 26, 5, 723–43.
Pourcher, G. 1964. Le peuplement de Paris. Origine régionale. Composition sociale. Attitudes et motivations [The Population of Paris: Regional Origins, Social Composition, Attitudes and Values]. Cahier Travaux et Documents 43, INED, Paris.
Renaut, S. 2001. Vivre en institution après 75 ans [Residential care after the age 75]. In Colin, C. and Kerjosse, R. (eds) Handicaps-Incapacités-Dépendance. Premiers travaux d'exploitation de l'enquête Handicap, Incapacité et Dépendance (HID) [Disability, Incapacity and Dependence: First Results from the HID Survey]. Colloque scientifique, Montpellier, 30 November–1 December 2000. Série Etudes 16, Document de travail, DREES, 273–97.
Renaut, S. 2003. L'entraide familiale dans un environnement multigénérationnel [Family support in multigenerational settings]. Recherches et Prévisions, 71, CNAF, Paris, 2144.
Renaut, S. 2007. Face au vieillissement et au handicap, changer de logement ou l'adapter? [Stay or leave? The dilemma of older people with a disability]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 351–71.
Renaut, S. and Ogg, J. 2003. Vivre à domicile après 75 ans: une comparaison entre l'Angleterre et la France [Living at home after the age of 75 years: a comparison between England and France]. Retraite et Société, 38, 174–95.
Robert-Bobée, I. 2007. Vieillissement de la population en France [The ageing of the French population]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 3543.
Taffin, C. 2007. Le prêt viager hypothécaire [The viager annuity]. In Bonvalet, C., Drosso, F., Benguigui, F. and Huynh, M. (eds) Vieillissement de la population et logement. Les stratégies résidentielles et patrimoniales [Population Ageing and Housing: Residential Strategies and Asset Management]. Documentation Française, Paris, 473–84.
Terry, R. and Gibson, R. 2006. Obstacles to Equity Release. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York.
Vanderschelden, M. 2006. Les ruptures d'unions: plus fréquentes, mais pas plus précoces [Divorce and Separation: More Frequent but Not More Precarious]. Insee Première 1107. INSEE, Paris.
Warnes, A. M. 2007. Migrants âgés en Europe: parcours et statuts sociaux multiples [Older foreign migrants in Europe: multiple pathways and welfare positions]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 323–35.
Wolf, F. C. and Attias-Donfut, C. 2007. Les transferts intergénérationnels et la propriété du logement [Intergenerational transfers and property ownership]. In Bonvalet, C. et al. 2007. op. cit., 391401.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed