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Dementia care-giving and employment: a mixed-studies review on a presumed conflict

  • Lydia Neubert (a1), Hans-Helmut König (a1), Claudia Mietzner (a1) and Christian Brettschneider (a1)

Abstract

Many persons with dementia live at home and are cared for by their relatives. If the relatives are still employed, this can lead to higher burden and losses in their work-life. The interplay between informal care-giving and working is complex. Different studies have explored this issue, but the results have not been yet synthesised. In this mixed-studies review, we elucidate the underlying complexity. Our objective is to identify the factors related to care-giving that influence employment, and to describe their impact on dementia care-givers’ employment. We performed a literature search of primary studies using four databases and one meta-database, and retrieved English- and German-language articles. We used the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool to assess their methodological quality. Evidence identified was synthesised by a parallel-results convergent synthesis design. We included 55 qualitative, quantitative and mixed-method studies published up to January 2018. The emerging model identified factors linked to the care recipient with dementia, the informal care-giver and the care-giving context. The impacts of these factors on care-givers’ employment are mostly negative (e.g. stopped/reduced work, decreased job performance). Nevertheless, the results provide encouraging insights as working can counterbalance care-giving strain, and managing both roles can enhance care-givers’ wellbeing. Practical efforts should focus on enabling informal care-givers to better manage the balance between care-giving and work responsibilities.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author. Email: c.brettschneider@uke.de

References

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Keywords

Dementia care-giving and employment: a mixed-studies review on a presumed conflict

  • Lydia Neubert (a1), Hans-Helmut König (a1), Claudia Mietzner (a1) and Christian Brettschneider (a1)

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