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Turbulence modelling and turbulent-flow computation in aeronautics

  • M. A. Leschziner (a1) and D. Drikakis (a2)

Abstract

Competitive pressures and economic constraints are driving aircraft manufacturers towards an ever-increasing exploitation of CFD for design, optimisation and prediction of off-design conditions. Such exploitation is favoured by rapid advances in meshing technology, numerical algorithms, visualisation tools and computer hardware. In contrast, the predictive capabilities of mathematical models of turbulence are limited — indeed, are often poor in regions of complex strain — and improve only slowly. The intuitive nature of turbulence modelling, its strong reliance on calibration and validation and the extreme sensitivity of model performance to seemingly minor variations in modelling details and flow conditions all conspire to make turbulence modelling an especially challenging component of CFD, but one that is crucially important for the correct prediction of complex flows.

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