Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

RemoveDEBRIS: An in-orbit demonstration of technologies for the removal of space debris

  • G.S. Aglietti (a1), B. Taylor (a1), S. Fellowes (a1), S. Ainley (a2), D. Tye (a2), C. Cox (a2), A. Zarkesh (a2), A. Mafficini (a2), N. Vinkoff (a2), K. Bashford (a2), T. Salmon (a3), I. Retat (a4), C. Burgess (a5), A. Hall (a5), T. Chabot (a6), K. Kanani (a6), A. Pisseloup (a6), C. Bernal (a7), F. Chaumette (a8), A. Pollini (a9) and W.H. Steyn (a10)...

Abstract

The RemoveDEBRIS mission has been the first mission to successfully demonstrate, in-orbit, a series of technologies that can be used for the active removal of space debris. The mission started late in 2014 and was sponsored by a grant from the EC that saw a consortium led by the Surrey Space Centre to develop the mission, from concept to in-orbit demonstrations, that terminated in March 2019. Technologies for the capture of large space debris, like a net and a harpoon, have been successfully tested together with hardware and software to retrieve data on non-cooperative target debris kinematics from observations carried out with on board cameras. The final demonstration consisted of the deployment of a drag-sail to increase the drag of the satellite to accelerate its demise.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Footnotes

Hide All

A version of this paper was first presented at the RAeS Space Group lecture in May 2019.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
1. Bonnal, C. and McKnight, D.S. IAA Situation Report on Space Debris – 2016, International Academy of Astonautucs, 2017.
2. Kessler, D.J. and Cour-Palais, B.G. Collision frequency of artificial satellites: the creation of a debris belt, J of Geophysical Research, 1978, 83, pp 26372646.
3. Wang, T. Analysis of debris from the collision of the cosmos 2251 and the iridium 33 satellite, Science & Global Security, 2010, 18, pp 87118, Copyright C Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, ISSN: 0892-9882 print 1547-7800 online. doi: 10.1080/08929882.2010.493078.
4. Inter-agency space debris coordination committee, IADC Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines, IADC-02-01 Revision 1 September 2007.
6. Liou, J.-C. and Johnson, N. A sensitivity study of the effectiveness of active debris removal in LEO, Acta Astronautica, 2009, 64, pp 236243.
7. White, A.E. and Lewis, H.G. Quantifying the benefits of active debris removal in a range of scenarios, in the Proceedings of the. ‘6th European Conference on Space Debris’ Darmstadt, Germany, 22-25 April 2013 (ESA SP-723, August 2013).
8. White, A.E. and Lewis, H.G. The many futures of active debris removal, Acta Astronautica, 2014, 95, pp 189197. doi: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2013.11.009.
9. Bonnal, C., Ruault, J.M. and Desjean, M.C. Active debris removal: Recent progress and current trend. Acta Astronautica, 2013, 85, 5160.
10. Shan, M., Guo, J. and Gill, E. Review and comparison of active space debris capturing and removal methods. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 2016, 80, pp 1832.
11. White, A.E. and Lewis, H.G. An adaptive strategy for active debris removal, Advances in Space Research, 2014, 53, (8), pp 11951206.
12. Innocenti, L. Clean space - an overview, in: ESA Clean Space Industrial Days, ESTEC, 2016, Netherlands.
14. Pisseloup, A., Salmon, T., Cougnet, C. and Richard, M. ADR concepts from CNES funded study OTV, in: 64th International Astronautical Congress, 2013, Beijing, China. IAC-13,A6,6,3.
15. Reintsema, D., Sommer, B., Wolf, T., Theater, J., Radthke, A., Naumann, W., Rank, P. and Sommer, J. DEOS - the in-flight technology demonstration of german’s robotics approach to dis- pose malfunctioned satellites, in: ESA 11th Symposium on Advanced Space Technologies in Robotics and Automation, ESTEC, 2011, Netherlands.
16. Astrium Space Transportation, ROGER Phase-A Final Report Executive Summary, Tech. Rep. ROG-SIBRE-EXS, Astrium Space Transportation, 2003.
17. Pisseloup, A., Estable, S., Pegg, K., Ferreira, E., Delage, R., Pairot, J.-M., Salmon, T., Ratcliffe, A. and Frezet, M. Airbus defence and space’s vision and activities in active debris removal and on-orbit servicing, in: CNES 4th International Workshop on Space Debris Modelling and Remediation, Paris, France, 2016.
18. Chiesa, A., Gambacciani, G., Renzoni, D. and Bombaci, G. Enabling technologies for active space debris removal: the CADET (CApture and DE-orbiting Technologies) project, in: CNES 4th Inter- national Workshop on Space Debris Modelling and Remediation, Paris, France, 2016.
19. Bicocca, M. Debris capture technologies overview, Tech. rep., Aviospace, 2014.
20. Antonetti, S. D-SAT mission: an in-orbit demonstration of autonomous decommissioning capabilities in changing space debris mitigation requirements scenario, in: CNES 4th International Workshop on Space Debris Modelling and Remediation, Paris, France, 2016.
21. Merino, M., Ahedo, E., Bombardelli, C., Urrutxua, H., Pelaez, J. and Summerer, L. Space debris removal with an ion beam shep- herd satellite: target-plasma interaction, in: 47th AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, San Diego, US, 2011.
22. Parness, A. Orbital debris removal with gecko-like adhesives; technology development and mission design, in: 66th Interna- tional Astronautical Congress, 2015, Jerusalem, Israel. IAC-15,A6,5,1.
23. Trentlage, C. and Stoll, E. The applicability of gecko adhesives in a docking mechanism for active debris removal missions, in: 13th Symposium on Advanced Space Technologies in Robotics and Automation, ASTRA, ESTEC, 2015, Netherlands.
24. Hobbs, S., Kingston, J., Roberts, P., Juanes, C., Sewell, R., Snapir, B., Robinson, F., Llop, J. V., Hobbs, J. and Patel, M. De-orbit sail design for techdemosat-1, Proceedings of the ‘6th European Conference on Space Debris’ Darmstadt, Germany, 22-25 April 2013 (ESA SP-723, August 2013).
25. Kingston, J., Hobbs, S., Roberts, P., Juanes-Vallejo, C., Robinson, F., Sewell, R., Snapir, B., Llop, J. and Patel, M. Use of CYPRES™ cutters with a Kevlar clamp band for hold-down and release of the Icarus De-Orbit Sail payload on TechDemoSat-1, Acta Astronautica, 2015, 100, (1), pp 8293.
26. Underwood, C., Denis, A., Viquerat, A., Taylor, B., Sanders, , Stewart, B., Massimiani, C., Bridges, C., Masutti, D., Aglietti, G., Schenk, M., Duke, R. and Fellowes, S. InflateSail de-orbit flight demonstration results and follow-on drag-sail applications, Acta Astronautica, 2019, 162, pp 344358.
27. Forshaw, J.L., Aglietti, G.S., Navarathinam, N., Kadhem, H., Salmon, T., Pisseloup, A., Joffre, E., Chabot, T., Retat, I., Axthelm, R., Barraclough, S., Ratcliffe, A., Bernal, C., Chaumette, F., Pollini, A. and Steyn, W.H. Removedebris: an in-orbit active debris removal demonstration mission, ACTA Astronautica, 2016, 127, pp 448463.
28. Forshaw, J.L., Aglietti, G.S., Salmon, T., Retat, I., Roe, M., Burgess, C., Chabot, T., Pisseloup, A., Phipps, A., Bernal, C., Chaumette, F., Pollini, A. and Steyn, W.H. Final payload test results for the RemoveDebris active debris removal mission, Acta Astronautica, 2017, 138, pp 326342.
29. Aglietti, G., Taylor, B., Fellowes, S., Ainley, S., Salmon, T., Retat, I., Burgess, C., Hall, A., Chabot, T., Kanan, K., Pisseloup, A., Bernal, C., Chaumette, F., Pollini, A., and Steyn, W.H. The RemoveDebris mission, from concept to orbit, in the proceedings of the SmallSat Conference, Utah, SSC 18-I-03 USA, 4-9 August 2018.
30. Forshaw, J.L., Aglietti, G.S., Salmon, T., Retat, I., Hall, A., Chabot, T., Pisseloup, A., Tye, D., Bernal, C., Chaumette, F., Pollini, A. and Steyn, W.H. The RemoveDebris adr mission: launch from the ISS, operations and experimental timelines, International Astronautical Congress, Adelaide, Australia 25-29 September 2017.
31. Aglietti, G.S., Forshaw, J., Viquerat, A. and Taylor, B. An overview of the mechanisms and deployables on the removedebris ADR mission, European Conference on Spacecraft Structures Materials and Environmental Testing ECSSMET, Noordwijk Netherlands 28 May 1 June 2018.

Keywords

RemoveDEBRIS: An in-orbit demonstration of technologies for the removal of space debris

  • G.S. Aglietti (a1), B. Taylor (a1), S. Fellowes (a1), S. Ainley (a2), D. Tye (a2), C. Cox (a2), A. Zarkesh (a2), A. Mafficini (a2), N. Vinkoff (a2), K. Bashford (a2), T. Salmon (a3), I. Retat (a4), C. Burgess (a5), A. Hall (a5), T. Chabot (a6), K. Kanani (a6), A. Pisseloup (a6), C. Bernal (a7), F. Chaumette (a8), A. Pollini (a9) and W.H. Steyn (a10)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed