Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Analysis and experimental validation of morphing UAV wings

  • Q. Chanzy (a1) and A.J. Keane (a2)

Abstract

The development of new technologies – such as rapid prototyping – and the use of materials with improved properties – such as highly resistant extruded polystyrene foam which can be easily and precisely shaped, while conserving its mechanical properties – allow researchers to improve design concepts. This article details the development of a new set of morphing wings for a 15-kg maximum take-off weight Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) from concept design, to flight tests, including modelling, design optimisation, construction and wind-tunnel tests. A set of comparator-equivalent conventional wings have been used throughout in order to be able to judge any benefits stemming from the adoption of morphing technology. This article shows that the morphing wings provide a controllable aircraft while reducing drag by a factor of 40% compared to the comparator wings with conventional ailerons in a deflected position.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Analysis and experimental validation of morphing UAV wings
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Analysis and experimental validation of morphing UAV wings
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Analysis and experimental validation of morphing UAV wings
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
1. Baugher, J. Joe Baugher's Encyclopedia of American Military Aircraft, 2000. www.joebaugher.com/navy_fighters/f14.html. Accessed 14 November 2017.
2. Maclean, B.J., Carpenter, B.F., Draper, J.L. and Misra, M.S. Shape-memory-actuated compliant control surface, Proc. SPIE, 1993, 1917, pp 809818.
3. Monner, H.P. Realization of an optimized wing camber by using form variable flap structures, Aerosp. Sci. Technol., 2001, 5, (7), pp 445455.
4. Strelec, J.K., Lagoudas, D.C., Khan, K.A. and Yen, J. Design and Implementation of a shape memory alloy actuated reconfigurable airfoil, J Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2003, 14, (4-5), pp 257273.
5. Calkins, F., Butler, G. and Mabe, J. Variable geometry chevrons for jet noise reduction, 12th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference (27th AIAA Aeroacoustics Conference), 2006, Cambridge, MA, US.
6. Bilgen, O., Kochersberger, K., Diggs, E., Kurdila, A. and Inman, D. Morphing wing aerodynamic control via macro-fiber-composite actuators in an unmanned aircraft, AIAA Infotech@Aerospace 2007 Conference and Exhibit, 2007, Kissimmee, FL, US.
7. Monner, H., Kintscher, M., Lorkowski, T. and Storm, S. Design of a Smart droop nose as leading edge high lift system for transportation aircraft, 50th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, 2009, Palm Springs, CA, US.
8. Bilgen, O. and Friswell, M.I. Implementation of a continuous-inextensible-surface piezocomposite airfoil, J Aircraft, 2013, 50, (2), pp 508518.
9. Molinari, G., Quack, M., Arrieta, A.F., Morari, M. and Ermanni, P. Design, realization and structural testing of a compliant adaptable wing, Smart Materials and Structures, 2015, 24, (10).
10. Barbarino, S., Bilgen, O., Ajaj, R., Friswell, M.I. and Inman, D. A review of morphing aircraft, J Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 2011, 22, (9), pp 823877.
11. Vasista, S., Tong, L. and Wong, K. Realisation of morphing wings: A multiplidisciplinary challenge, J Aircr, 2012, 49, (1), pp 1128.
12. Bolinches, M., Keane, A., Forrester, A., Scanlan, J. and Takeda, K. Design, analysis and experimental validation of a morphing UAV wing, Aeronautical J, 2011, 115, (1174), pp 761765.
13. Bolinches, M., Keane, A. and Forrester, A. Modelling of a warping wing for energy consumption minimization, 28th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, Paper ICAS 2012-1.3.4, 23-28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia.
14. DECODE, [Online] www.soton.ac.uk/~decode. Accessed 14 November 2017.
15. Keane, A.J., Sobester, A. and Scanlan, J.P. Small Unmanned Fixed-wing Aircraft Design: A Practical Approach, 2017, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, US.
16. Forrester, A., Sobester, A. and Keane, A. Engineering Design Via Surrogate Modelling: A Practical Guide, 2008, John Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, UK.
17. Sellitto, R., Borrelli, F., Caputo, F., Riccio, A. and Scaramuzzino, F. Application to plate components of a kinematic global‐local approach for non‐matching finite element meshes, Int J Structural Integrity, 2012, 3, (3), pp 260273.
18. Borrelli, R., Riccio, A., Sellitto, A., Caputo, F. and Ludwig, T. On the use of global-local kinematic coupling approaches for delamination growth simulation in stiffened composite panels, Composites Science and Technology, 2015, 115, pp 4351.
19. ESDU 02013. Full-potential (FP) method for three-dimensional wings and wing-body combinations - inviscid flow. Part 1: Principles and results. [Online] www.esdu.com/cgi-bin/ps.pl?sess=unlicensed_1171123103629cnw&t=doc&p=esdu_02013a. Accessed 14 November 2017.
20. Toal, D.J.J. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition & Kriging Strategies for Design, 2009, University of Southampton, School of Engineering Sciences, Doctoral Thesis, Southampton, UK, Appendix E.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed