Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An analysis of exit availability, exit usage and passenger exit selection behaviour exhibited during actual aviation accidents

  • E. R. Galea (a1), K. M. Finney (a1), A. J. P. Dixon (a1), A. Siddiqui (a1) and D. P. Cooney (a1)...

Abstract

The exits which passengers select in evacuation situations and the exits which are available post-crash is of great interest to aviation safety regulators who make rulings defining exit separation and aircraft evacuation certification, aircraft designers who develop the interior layout of aircraft cabins and position exits within the fuselage, cabin safety specialists who develop procedures for managing aircraft evacuation and cabin crew who must control aircraft evacuations. In this paper we examine issues associated with passenger exit selection behaviour and exit configurations frequently experienced during survivable crashes. This work makes use of the latest version of the Aircraft Accident Statistics and Knowledge database AASK V4.0, which contains information from 105 survivable crashes and over 2,000 survivors.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Transportation Safety Board of Canada. A safety study of evacuations of large, passenger-carrying aircraft. Report number SA9501, 1995.
2. FAR Part 25.807 airworthiness standards. Transport category airplanes. Including amendment 25-67 as published in the Federal Register on 16 June 1989, Washington DC, USA.
3. Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L., AASK – aircraft accident statistical knowledge: A database of human experience in evacuation reports, Aeronaut J, August/September 1998, 102, (1017), pp 353363.
4. Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P., An analysis of human behaviour during aircraft evacuation situations using the AASK V3.0 database. Aeronaut J, April 2003, 107, (1070), pp 219231.
5. Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Siddiqui, A. and Cooney, D.P., THE AASK Database V4.0: Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge. A database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents. Report for CAA Project 560/SRG/R+AD, December 2003.
6. Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D. and Siddiqui, A., The AASK Database V4.0: Aircraft accident statistics and knowledge, A database to record human experience of evacuation in aviation accidents, to appear in proceedings of the international aircraft fire and cabin safety conf, 15-18 November 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.
7. Galea, E.R., Finney, K.M.., Dixon, A.J.P., Cooney, D. and Siddiqui, A., The AASK V4.0 database: A tool to analyse passenger behaviour in aviation accidents. Paper in preparation.
8. Schaeffer, F., Passenger emergency exit usage in actual emergencies of jet airliners 1960 – 1989, Proceedings European Cabin Safety Conference, 1990, CAP 583, pp 6889.
9. Galea, E.R. and Gwynne, S., Principles and practice of evacuation modelling – A collection of lecture notes for a short course prepared by the fire safety engineering group, University of Greenwich, 03/IM/104, ISBN 1 904521 05 3, March 2003.
10. Snow, C., Carroll, J.J. and Allgood, M.A., Survival in emergency escape from passenger aircraft, Survival in emergency escape from passenger aircraft, DOT/FAA/AM/70-16, Department of Transport, Federal Aviation Administration, 1970.
11. Owen, M., Galea, E.R., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L., The numerical simulation of aircraft evacuation and its application to aircraft design and certification. Aeronaut J, June/July 1998, 102, (1016), pp 301312.
12. Blake, S.J., Galea, E.R., Gwynne, S., Lawrence, P.J. and Filippidis, L., Examining the effect Of exit separation on aircraft evacuation performance during 90-Second certification trials using evacuation modelling techniques, Aeronaut J, January 2002, 106, (1055), pp 116.
13. Owen, M., Galea, E.R. and Dixon, A.J.P., 90-second certification trial data archive report, Confidential, Prepared for the UK CAA for project 049/SRG/R&AD, March 1999.
14. Muir, H. and Cobbett, A., Influence of cabin crew during emergency evacuations at floor level exits, Technical Report, CAA Paper 95006, 1996, Part A, ISBN 0 86039 649 5.
15. Muir, H. and Cobbett, A., Influence of cabin crew during emergency evacuations at floor level exits, Technical Report, 1996, CAA Paper 95006, Part B, ISBN 0 86039 649 5.
16. Muir, H., Marrison, C. and Evans, A., Aircraft evacuations: the effect of passenger motivation and cabin configuration adjacent to the exit, Technical Report, 1989, CAA Paper 89019, ISBN 0 86039 406 9.
17. Galea, E.R., The use of computer simulation for aircraft evacuation certification: A report from the VERRES project. To appear in Proceedings of the International aircraft fire & cabin safety conference, 15-18 November 2004, Lisbon, Portugal.

An analysis of exit availability, exit usage and passenger exit selection behaviour exhibited during actual aviation accidents

  • E. R. Galea (a1), K. M. Finney (a1), A. J. P. Dixon (a1), A. Siddiqui (a1) and D. P. Cooney (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed