X-ray stress analyses were performed on seven (7) nickel-plated camshafts from helicopter transmissions. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if this residual stress technique was useful in determining the state of stress in load-bearing plated surfaces of critical reworked aircraft components. Specifically, it was desired to characterize six different stages of nickel plating processing. These were: as-plated, plated and baked, machined, machined and baked, ground, and ground and baked. Three different radiation wavelengths with different penetrations were used In this investigation. CrKα , CoKα , and CuKα, radiations were each used on all of the camshafts. These wavelengths were selected to determine if there were stress gradients in the plated layers. This paper presents and discusses the results of these studies.