Skip to main content Accessibility help

X-Ray Emission from High-Temperature Laboratory, Plasmas

  • D. J. Nagel (a1)


The radiation from plasmas hotter than 106 K falls in the x-ray region. Such plasmas are required for fusion power generation. They can also be used as x-ray sources. Measurements of x-ray emission from high temperature plasma yields (a) diagnostic information on the plasma conditions and (b) the characteristics of plasma x-ray sources which determine their applications. Hence, measurements of x-rays from plasmas are finding widespread use.



Hide All
1. Birks, L. S. and Gilfrich, J. V., “X-Ray Absorption and Emission,” Anal. Chem. 46, 360R-366R (1974).
2. Nagel, D. J. and Baun, W. L., “Bonding Effects in X-Ray Spectra,” in L. V. Azaroff, Editor, X-Ray Spectroscopy, p. 445532, McGraw Hill (1974).
3. Nagel, D. J., “Ion Excitation ot X-Rays,” in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, p. 432435, McGraw Hill (1974) and references therein,
4. Nagel, D. J., Dozier, C. M., Burkhalter, P. G., Doschek, G. A. and Lee, T. N., “Comparison of High-Temperature, High-Density Plasma X-Ray Spectroscopic Sources,” Space Science Reviews, to be published.
5. Nagel, D. J., “Approaches to High Photon Energy Lasers,” Physica Fennica, 9(S1). 381388 (1974).
6.See, for example, Barcus, J. R., Brown, R. R., Karas, R. H., Bronstad, K., Trefall, H., Kodama, M. and Rosenberg, T. J., “Balloon Observations of Auroral-Zone X-Rays in Conjugate Regions,” J. Atmos. and Terr. Phys. 35, 497511 (1973).
7. Doschek, G. A., “The Solar Flare Plasma: Observation and Interpretation,” Space Science Rev, 13, 765821 (1972).
8. Friedman, H., “Cosmic X-Ray Sources: A Progress Report,” Science 181, 395407 (1973).
9. Nagel, D. J., “X-Ray Emission Following Ion Beam and Plasma Excitation,” in S. Datz, Editor, Proc, 5th Int. Conf, on Atomic Collisions, to be published.
10. Glasstone, S. and Loveberg, R. H., “Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions,” Van Nostrand (1960).
11. Andrews, R. A., Laser Focus, Nov. 1973, p. 42-46.
12. Doschek, G. A., “X-Ray and EUV Spectra of Solar Flares and Laboratory Plasmas,” to be published.
13. Feldman, U., “XUV Spectra From Laser-Produced Plasmas,” Space Science Reviews, to be published.
14.See, for example, Kunkel, W. B., Editor, “Plasma Physics in Theory and Application,” McGraw-Hill (1966).
15. Kolb, A. and McLean, E. A., unpublished.
16.“World Survey of Major Facilities in Controlled Fusion Research-1973 Edition,” Int. Atomic Energy Agency (1973).
17. Post, R. F., “Prospects for Fusion Power,” Physics Today, Apr. 1973, p. 30-39.
18. Furth, H. P., “Magnetic Confinement of Thermonuclear Plasmas,” in M. D. Fiske and W. W. Havens, Editors, Physics and the Energy Problem-1974, p. 314-336, Am. Inst. Phys. (1974).
19. Ribe, F. L., “Physics Problems of Thermonuclear Reactors,” in ref, 18, p. 337-356.
20.“Proc. of 5th Symp. on Engr. Problems of Fusion Research,” IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sci. Soc. (1974).
21. Robson, A. E., “Linus - An Approach to Controlled Fusion through Use of Megagauss Magnetic Fields,” Reports of NRL Progress, June 1973, p. 7-16.
22. Lubin, M. J. and Fraas, P. P., “Fusion by Laser,” Sci. Am. 224 (6). 21 (1971).
23. Boyer, K., “Power from Laser-Initiated Nuclear Fusion,” Astronautics and Aeronautics, Aug, 1973, p. 44-49.
24. Emmett, J. L., Knuckolls, J. and Wood, L., “Fusion Power by Laser implosion,” Sci. Am. 230, 2437 (1974).
25. Brueckner, K. A. and Jorna, S. “Laser-Driven Fusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 325367 (1974).
26. Yonas, G., “Electron-Beam-Induced Fusion,” in ref, 18, p. 299-313.
27. Askaryan, G. A., Namiot, V. A. and Rabinovich, M. S., “Supercompression of Matter by Reaction Pressure to Obtain Microcritical Masses of Fissioning Matter, to Obtain Ultra-strong Magnetic Fields and to Accelerate Particles,” JETP Lett. 11, 424(1973).
28. Winterberg, F., “Possibility of Microfission Chain Reactions and Their Application to Controlled Release of Thermonuclear Energy,” Z. Naturforsch 28, 900906 (1973).
29. Lerche, R. A., Wehring, B. W. and Wyman, M. E., “Times of Emission of K X-Rays from 1J235 Fission Fragments of Known Mass,” J. Appl. Phys. 45, 23272335 (1974).
30. Lee, T, N., “Solar Flare and Laboratory Plasma Phenomena, Astrophys. J. 190, 467479 (1974) and references therein.
31. Mosher, D., Stephanakis, S. J., Vitkovitsky, I. M., Dozier, C. M., Levine, L. S. and Nagel, D. J., “X-Radiation from High-Energy-Density Exploded-Wire Discharges,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 429430 (1973).
32. Mather, J. W., Clark, R. W., Downing, J. N., Freuwald, D. A., Ware, K. D., Dozier, C. M., Klein, B. M. and Nagel, D. J., “X-Ray Emission from an Argon Plasma Focus,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc 18, 1363 (1973).
33. Mallozzi, P. J., Epstein, H. M., Jung, R. G., Applebaum, D. C., Fairand, B. P. and Gallagher, W. J., “X-Ray Emission from Laser Generated Plasmas,” in M. S. Feld, A. Javan and N. A. Karmit, Editors, Fundamental and Applied Laser Physics, p. 165220, Wiley (1973).
34. Nagel, D. J., Burkhalter, P. G., Dozier, C. M., Holzrichter, J. F., Klein, B. M., McMahon, J. M., Stamper, J. A. and Whitlock, R. R., “X-Rav Emission from Laser-Produced Plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 743746 (1974).
35. Vitkovitsky, I. M., “Pligh-Power Exploding Wire Discharges,” Bull. Am. Phys, Soc. 18, 1331 (1973).
36. Gribkov, V. A., Krokhin, O. N., Sklizkov, G. V., Filippov, N. V. and Filippova, T. I., “Powerful Neutron Source Based on a Z Pinch,” JETP Lett. Translation 18, 319321 (1973).
37. Elton, R. C., “Atomic Processes,” in H. R. Griem and R. H. Loveberg, Editors, Plasma Physics, Vol. 9, Part A, p. 115168, Academic Press (1970).
38. Noci, G., “Atomic Processes in the Solar Corona,” in C. Macres, Editor, Physics of the Solar Corona, p. 13-28, Reidel (1971).
39. Gilfrich, J. V. and Birks, L. S., “Spectral Distribution of X-Ray Tubes for Quantitative X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis,” Anal. Chem. 40, 10771080 (1968).
40.See review by C. Violet and other contributed papers in this volume.
41. Griem, H. R., “Plasma Spectroscopy,” McGraw-Hill (1964).
42. Burgess, D. D., “Spectroscopy of Laboratory Plasmas,” Space Science Rev. 13, 493527 (1972).
43. Stratton, T. F., “X-Ray Spectroscopy,” in R. H. Huddlestone and S. L. Leonard, Editors, Plasma Diagnostic Techniques, p. 359394, Academic Press (1965).
44. Bogen, P., “X-Ray Diagnostics of Plasmas,” in W. Locate - Holtgreven, Editor, Plasma Diagnostics, p. 424477, North-Holland (1968).
45. Cowan, R. D., “Atomic Self-Consistent-Field Calculations Using Statistical Approximations for Exchange and Correlation,” Phys. Rev. 163, 5461 (1967).
46. Cowan, R. D., “Theoretical Calculation of Atomic Spectra Using Digital Computers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 58, 808818 (1968).
47. Feldman, U., Doschek, G. A., Nagel, D. J., Behring, W. E. and Cowan, R. D., “Laser-Plasma Spectra of Highly Ionized Fluorine,” Astrophys. J. 187, 417420 (1974).
48. Burkhalter, P. G., Feldman, U. and Cowan, R. D., “Transitions in Highly Ionized Sn Spectra from a Laser-Produced Plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 64, 10581062 (1974).
49. Feldman, U., Doschek, G. A., Nagel, D. J., Cowan, R. D. and Whitlock, R. R., “Satellite Line Spectra from Laser-Produced Plasmas,” Astrophys, J. 192, 213220 (1974).
50. Burkhalter, P. G., Nagel, D. J. and Cowan, R. D., “Laser-Produced L-Series X-Ray Spectra, to be published.
51. Burkhalter, P. G., Nagel, D. J. and Whitlock, R. R., “Laser-Produced Rare-Earth X-Ray Spectra,” Phys. Rev. A 9 23312336 (1974).
52. Doschek, G. A., et al., “Stark Broadening of CVI X-Ray Lines in. Spectra of Laser-Produced Plasmas,” to be published.
53. Nagel, D. J., et al., “Efficiency for Conversion of Laser- Light to X-Rays, 11 to be published.
54. Klein, B. M., Dozier, C. M., Nagel, D. J. and Whitlock, R. R., “Var iation of the Temperature of Laser-Produced Plasmas with Laser-Pulse and Target Parameters, M Proc. European Conf, on Contr. Fusion and Plasma Physics, Moscow (1973).
55. Clarke, J. S., Fisher, H, N. and Mason, R, J., “Laser-Driven Implosion of Spherical DT Targets to Thermonuclear Burn Conditions, Phys. Rev. Lett, 30, 8992 (1973).
56. Nagel, D. J., “X-Ray Diagnostics of Laser-Compressed Plasmas,” Physica Fennica, 9(S1). 403405 (1974).
57.KMS Fusion, Inc., reported in Physics Today, Aug, 1974, p, 17-19.
58. Whitlock, R. R. and Nagel, D. J., unpublished.
59. Nagel, D. J., Burkhalter, P. G., Dozier, C. M., Klein, B. M. and Whitlock, R. R., “Power Dependence of Laser-Plasma X-Ray Emission,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc, 19, 557 (1974).
60. Nagel, D. J. and Holzrichter, J. F., “Use of a Pyroelectric Device as a Fast X-Ray Detector,” to be published.
61. Holzrichter, J. F., Dozier, C, M. and McMahon, J. M., “X-Ray Point Source Projection Photography with a Laser - Produced Plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett, 23, 687689 (1973).
62. Lee, T. N. and Nagel, D. J., “K X-Ray Emission from a Laser - Produced Mg Plasma,” Bull, Am. Phys. Soc, 18, 684 (1973).

X-Ray Emission from High-Temperature Laboratory, Plasmas

  • D. J. Nagel (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed