As is well known, the fluorescent yield decreases very rapidly with the atomic number with the result, for example, that sensitive sodium and magnesium analysis is extremely difficult if not impossible with conventional X-ray spectrographs. It is demonstrated, however, that analysis for sodium and magnesium can be accomplished with sensitivity comparable to that conventionally obtained for elements such as aluminum, silicon, and phosphorous, providing that the conditions for excitation and measurement of the associated soft X-radiations are optimized, A high-intensity demountable tube using an aluminum anode has been developed which can be used interchangeably with the conventional spectrographic X-ray source. This provides a large amount of incident radiation, aluminum foil filtered, optimally close in wavelength to that of the line radiation being excited. A gypsum analyzing crystal is used along with greatly reduced beam collimation. The standard flow proportional counter and pulse height discrimination is employed. An appropriate filter, such as aluminum foil, is used as a window for the counter1 to provide further discrimination and enhanced signal-to-background ratio.