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Photon Scattering from Single Crystals

  • Charles S. Barrett (a1)

Abstract

Protons and other energetic particles when back-scattered from a single crystal emerge with anisotropic Intensity distributions. There are minima In the intensities along crystallographic directions and planes. The indices of these directions and planes and the relative intensities of these crystallographic features can be readily established by photographing the pattern of emerging particles. The patterns disclose the symmetry of the scatterer but cannot be expected to reveal the presence or absence of a symmetry center, so that the symmetry of a pattern should be related to the symmetry of one of the 11 Laue-symmetry groups, Photographs made with 50-150 keV protons are found to differ not only for crystals that belong to different Laue groups, but also for crystals belonging to the same Laue group but having different space lattices. The patterns reveal a limited amount of structural information including information on orientation, crystal perfection, and axial ratios, but not unit cell dimensions, The interpretation of patterns on the basis of particle trajectories has had major successes in the past; interpretation on the basis of diffraction has also been proposed but the inherent complexities associated, with this are very severe. Some intensity relationships observed for various crystals a-re presented, and highly simplified approximate ways of predicting relative intensities of lines are compared with the observations.

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Photon Scattering from Single Crystals

  • Charles S. Barrett (a1)

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