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Environmental Factors Contributing to The Body Burden of Lead as Determined By In Vivo X-Ray Fluorescence

  • S.J.S. Ryde (a1) (a2), S.J. Jones (a1) (a2), C.J. Evans (a2) (a3), D.G. Lewis (a1) (a3) and W.D. Morgan (a1) (a4)...


Human exposure to lead may induce a variety of adverse effects on health including haematological, neurobehavioural, cardiovascular and renal changes and therefore continues to be a public health concern (Needleman 1989). Lead is dispersed in the environment from where it may be inhaled or ingested by man. Environmental exposure may arise from a number of potential sources: typically industrial emissions, exhaust from petrol engines, drinking water, foodstuffs, paint, soldered cans, lead glazed earthenware, dust and soil. A further source is tobacco smoke.



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