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Simulated patients and objective structured clinical examinations: review of their use in medical education

  • Jeremy Wallace, Ranga Rao and Richard Haslam

Extract

Simulated or standardised patients have been used in medical education and other medical settings for some 30 years (Box 1). Their use encompasses undergraduate and postgraduate learning, the monitoring of doctors' performance and standardisation of clinical examinations. Simulation has been used for instruction in industry and the military for much longer (Jason et al, 1971) but the first known effective use of simulated patients was by Barrows & Abrahamson (1964), who used them to appraise students' performance in clinical neurology examinations.

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References

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Simulated patients and objective structured clinical examinations: review of their use in medical education

  • Jeremy Wallace, Ranga Rao and Richard Haslam
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