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Values-Based Management of Archaeological Resources at a Landscape Scale

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 January 2017

Francis P. McManamon
Affiliation:
Center for Digital Antiquity, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University; PO Box 872402, Tempe, AZ 85287-2402;, fpmcmanamon@asu.edu.
John Doershuk
Affiliation:
University of Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist, 700 Clinton Street, Iowa City, IA 52242-1030;, john-doershuk@ uiowa.edu.
William D. Lipe
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4910;, lipe@wsu.edu.
Tom McCulloch
Affiliation:
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, 402 F Street NW, Suite 308, Washington, DC 20001-2637;, tmcculloch@achp.gov.
Christopher Polglase
Affiliation:
Gray and Pape, Inc.cpolglase@graypape.com.
Sarah Schlanger
Affiliation:
Taos Field Office, Bureau of Land Management, 226 Cruz Alta Road, Taos, NM 87571-5983;, sschlang@blm.gov.
Lynne Sebastian
Affiliation:
SRI Foundation, 333 Rio Rancho Drive NE, Rio Rancho, NM 87124;, lsebastian@srifoundation.org.
Lynne Sullivan
Affiliation:
McClung Museum, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN;, lsulliv2@utk.edu.
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Abstract

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Public agencies at all levels of government and other organizations that manage archaeological resources often face the problem of many undertakings that collectively impact large numbers of individually significant archaeological resources. Such situations arise when an agency is managing a large area, such as a national forest, land management district, park unit, wildlife refuge, or military installation. These situations also may arise in regard to large-scale development projects, such as energy developments, highways, reservoirs, transmission lines, and other major infrastructure projects that cover substantial areas. Over time, the accumulation of impacts from small-scale projects to individual archaeological resources may degrade landscape or regional-scale cultural phenomena. Typically, these impacts are mitigated at the site level without regard to how the impacts to individual resources affect the broader population of resources. Actions to mitigate impacts rarely are designed to do more than avoid resources or ensure some level of data recovery at single sites. Such mitigation activities are incapable of addressing research question at a landscape or regional scale.

Los organismos públicos de todos los niveles de gobierno y otras organizaciones que administran recursos arqueológicos a menudo se enfrentan al problema de muchas empresas individuales que afectan a un gran número de recursos arqueológicos significativos individualmente. Este tipo de situaciones se presentan cuando una agencia es la gestión de un área grande, como un bosque nacional, distrito de administración, unidad de parque, refugio de vida silvestre, o la instalación militar. También pueden surgir en relación con los proyectos de desarrollo a gran escala, como la evolución de la energía, carreteras, embalses, líneas de transmisión y otros proyectos de infraestructura importantes. Con el tiempo, la acumulación de tales impactos también puede degradar el paisaje o de escala regional los fenómenos culturales. Normalmente, estos efectos se mitigan como acciones individuales sin tener en cuenta cómo los impactos a los recursos individuales afectan a la población en general de los recursos. Acciones para mitigar los impactos rara vez están diseñados para hacer algo más que asegurar un cierto nivel de recuperación de datos en los sitios individuales. Este tipo de actividades de mitigación son incapaces de hacer frente a la pregunta de investigación en un paisaje o escala regional.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Society for American Archaeology 2016

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