Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

A Systematic Quantitative Literature Review of Southeast Asian and Micronesian Rock Art

  • Andrea Jalandoni (a1), Paul Taçon (a1) and Robert Haubt (a2)

Abstract

Even though Southeast Asia is one of the most densely populated regions of the world, its rock art is relatively unknown, and the rock art of Micronesia is even less so. As a starting point for comparing Philippine rock art within the region, a systematic quantitative literature review (SQLR) was conducted to assess the current body of accessible publications. The SQLR resulted in 126 viable references, and characteristics of those references were quantified and analyzed to ascertain the qualities of research published to date. The SQLR results show that scholarship in Southeast Asian rock art is increasing and that the research is dominated by Australia-affiliated scholars. It also quantitatively affirmed that the most noted color for rock art in the region is red and the most commonly identified motif is anthropomorphic. Many motifs found elsewhere in Southeast Asia are notably absent in the known corpus of Philippine rock art. Finally, we discuss SQLR methodology and propose integrating collaborative semantic web applications to increase efficiency and relevance.

A pesar de que el Sudeste Asiático es una de las regiones más densamente pobladas del mundo, su arte rupestre es relativamente desconocido, y el arte rupestre de Micronesia lo es aún menos. Como punto de partida para comparar el arte rupestre Filipino en la región, se realizó una revisión sistemática cuantitativa de la literatura (SQLR por sus iniciales en inglés) para evaluar el cuerpo actual de publicaciones accesibles. El SQLR dio como resultado 126 referencias viables, y las características de esas referencias fueron cuantificadas y analizadas para comprobar las cualidades de la investigación publicada hasta la fecha. Los resultados de SQLR muestran que la investigación en el arte rupestre del Sudeste Asiático está aumentando y que la investigación está dominada por académicos afiliados a Australia. También afirmó cuantitativamente que el color más destacado para el arte rupestre en la región es el rojo y el motivo más comúnmente identificado es el antropomorfo. Muchos motivos encontrados en otras partes del Sudeste Asiático están notablemente ausentes en el corpus conocido del arte rupestre Filipino. Finalmente, nosotros discutimos la metodología SQLR y proponemos integrar aplicaciones web semánticas colaborativas para aumentar la eficiencia y la relevancia.

Copyright

Corresponding author

(a.jalandoni@griffith.edu.au, corresponding author)

References

Hide All
Arifin, Karina, and Delanghe, Philippe 2004 Rock Art in West Papua. UNESCO Publishing, Paris.
Aubert, M., Brumm, A., Ramli, M., Sutikna, T., Saptomo, E. W., Hakim, B., Morwood, M. J., van den Bergh, G. D., Kinsley, L., and Dosseto, A. 2014 Pleistocene Cave Art from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Nature 514(7521):223227.
Aubert, Maxime, O'Connor, Sue, McCulloch, Malcolm, Mortimer, Graham, Watchman, Alan, and Richer-LaFlèche, Marc 2007 Uranium-Series Dating Rock Art in East Timor. Journal of Archaeological Science 34:991996.
Aung, Yee Yee 2013 New Discoveries of Rock Art in Badahlin Caves, Myanmar. Rock Art Research 30(2):253.
Ballard, Chris 1988 Dudumahan: A Rock Art Site on Kai Kecil, SE Moluccas. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 8:139161.
Ballard, Chris 1992 Painted Rock Art Sites in Western Melanesia: Locational Evidence for an “Austronesian” Tradition. In State-of-the-Art Regional Rock Art Studies in Australia and Melanesia, edited by Jo McDonald and Ivan Haskovec, pp. 94106. Melbourne: Australian Rock Art Research Association.
Ballard, Chris, Bradley, Richard, Myhre, Lise Nordenborg, and Wilson, Meredith 2004 The Ship as Symbol in the Prehistory of Scandinavia and Southeast Asia. World Archaeology 35:385403.
Bradley, Richard, Boado, Felipe Criado, and Valcarce, Ramon Fabregas 1994 Rock Art Research as Landscape Archaeology: A Pilot Study in Galicia, Northwest Spain. World Archaeology 25:374390.
Brady, Liam M., and Carson, Anneliese 2012 An Archaic Face from the Woodstock Abydos Protected Reserve, Northwestern Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 74(1):98102.
Bulbeck, David 2008 An Integrated Perspective on the Austronesian Diaspora: The Switch from Cereal Agriculture to Maritime Foraging in the Colonisation of Island Southeast Asia. Australian Archaeology (67):3152.
Chazine, Jean-Michel, and Noury, Arnaud 2006 Sexual Determination of Hand Stencils in the Main Panel of the Gua Masri II Cave (East Kalimantan/Borneo-Indonesia). International Newsletter on Rock Art 44:2126.
Chazine, Jean-Michel, and Setiawan, Pindi 2005 Discovery of a New Rock Art in East Borneo: New Data for Reflexion. Proceedings of the International UNESCO Conference, pp. 101110. Les Eyzies de Taillac, France.
Ching, Min-Liang 2009 A Guidebook of the Special Exhibition of Prehistoric Rock Art. Cardhome Internet Technology Printing, Taipei.
Collins, John A., and Fauser, Bart C. J. M. 2005 Balancing the Strengths of Systematic and Narrative Reviews. Human Reproduction Update 11(2):103104.
Cook, Deborah J., Mulrow, Cynthia D., and Brian Haynes, R. 1997 Systematic Reviews: Synthesis of Best Evidence for Clinical Decisions. Annals of Internal Medicine 126(5):376380.
Cruz Berrocal, María, and Millerstrom, Sidsel 2013 The Archaeology of Rock Art in Fiji: Evidence, Methods and Hypotheses. Archaeology in Oceania 48(3):154165.
Dematte, Paola 2011 Mobile and Settled: The Petroglyphs of Helankou, Ningxia, Western China. Rock Art Research: The Journal of the Australian Rock Art Research Association (AURA) 28(2):197210.
Dizon, Eusebio Z., Santiago, Jose G., and Ornillaneda, Bobby C. 2008 A Preliminary Report on the Investigation of a Group of Stone Ruins at Marorong Islet and the Archaeological Survey at Balut and Saranggani Islands, Sarangani Municipality, Davao del Sur. Copies available from National Museum of the Philippines, Manila.
Fage, Luc-Henri 2005 Hands across Time: Exploring the Rock Art of Borneo. Electronic document, http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/features/world/asia/indonesia/cave-art-text, accessed January 22, 2016.
Fage, Luc-Henri, and Chazine, Jean-Michel 2010 Borneo: Memory of the Caves. Le Kalimanthrope, Jakarta.
Faylona, Marie Grace Pamela G., Lising, Caroline Marie Q., and Dizon, Eusebio Z. 2016 Re-examining Pictograms in the Caves of Cagayan Valley, Philippines. Rock Art Research 33(2):111.
Griffith University School of Environment and Science 2018 Systematic Quantitative Literature Review. Electronic document, https://www.griffith.edu.au/griffith-sciences/school-environment-science/research/systematic-quantitative-literature-review, accessed November 23, 2018.
Haubt, Robert A., and Taçon, Paul S. C. 2016 A Collaborative, Ontological and Information Visualization Model Approach in a Centralized Rock Art Heritage Platform. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 10:837846.
Heng, Than 2011 Kulen Mountain Rock Art: An Initial Assessment. SPAFA Journal (Old series 19912013) 21(2):2934.
Hoerman, Rachel B. 2016 Utilizing Rock Art to Trace Human Migration: Case Studies from Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. PhD dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu.
Hung, Hsiao Chun, Carson, Mike T., Bellwood, Peter, Campos, Fredeliza Z., Piper, Philip J., Dizon, Eusebio, Bolunia, Mary Jane Louise A., Oxenham, Marc, and Chi, Zhang 2011 The First Settlement of Remote Oceania: The Philippines to the Marianas. Antiquity 85:909926.
Jalandoni, Andrea 2018 The Archaeological Investigation of Rock Art in the Philippines. PhD dissertation, School of Humanities, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
Kao, Ye Rong 1991 Wanshan Rock Carvings: The First Discovery of Cliff Art in Taiwan. Ministry of Culture, Taipei.
Lape, Peter V., O'Connor, Sue, and Burningham, Nick 2007 Rock Art: A Potential Source of Information about Past Maritime Technology in the South-East Asia-Pacific Region. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 36(2):238253.
Latinis, D. Kyle, and Stark, Ken 2005 Cave Use Variability in Central Maluku, Eastern Indonesia. Asian Perspectives 44:119136.
Lenik, Edward J. 2002 Picture Rocks: American Indian Rock Art in the Northeast Woodlands. University Press of New England, Lebanon, New Hampshire.
Loendorf, Larry 2001 Rock Art Recording. In Handbook of Rock Art Research, edited by Whitley, David S., pp. 5579. AltaMira, Walnut Creek, California.
Marymor, Leigh (compiler) 2018 Rock Art Studies: A Bibliographic Database. Electronic document, https://musnaz.org/search_rock_art_studies_db/, accessed November 23, 2018.
Mazel, Aron 2017 Valuing Rock Art: A View from Northumberland in North East England. International Journal of Heritage Studies 23(5):421433.
McDonald, Jo 2005 Archaic Faces to Headdresses: The Changing Role of Rock Art across the Arid Zone. In Desert Peoples: Archaeological Perspectives, edited by Veth, Peter, Smith, Mike, and Hiscock, Peter, pp. 116141. Blackwell, Malden, Massachusetts.
Moher, David, Liberati, Alessandro, Tetzlaff, Jennifer, Altman, Douglas G., and Group, Prisma 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS medicine 6(7):e1000097.
Mulvaney, Ken 2010 Murujuga Marni-Dampier Petroglyphs: Shadows in the Landscape, Echoes across Time. PhD dissertation, School of Humanities, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.
Nguyen, Viet 2014 First Archaeological Evidence of Symbolic Activities from the Pleistocene of Vietnam. In Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia, edited by Kaifu, Yousuke, Izuho, Masami, Goebel, Ted, Sato, Hiroyuki, and Ono, Akira, pp. 133139. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.
Novellino, Dario 1999 Towards an Understanding of Pälaqwan Rock Drawings: Between Visual and Verbal Expression. Rock Art Research 16(1):324.
O'Connor, Sue 2003 Nine New Painted Rock Art Sites from East Timor in the Context of the Western Pacific Region. Asian Perspectives 42:96128.
O'Connor, Sue 2015 Rethinking the Neolithic in Island Southeast Asia, with Particular Reference to the Archaeology of Timor-Leste and Sulawesi. Archipel 90:1547.
O'Connor, Sue, Aplin, Ken, Pierre, Emma St, and Feng, Yue-xing 2010 Faces of the Ancestors Revealed: Discovery and Dating of a Pleistocene-Age Petroglyph in Lene Hara Cave, East Timor. Antiquity 84:649665.
O'Connor, Sue, Louys, Julien, Kealy, Shimona, and Mahirta, 2015 First Record of Painted Rock Art in Kupang, West Timor, Indonesia and the Origins and Distribution of the Austronesian Painting Tradition. Rock Art Research 32(2):193201.
O'Connor, Sue, Mahirta, Julian Louys, Kealy, Shimona, and Brockwell, Sally 2018 New Engraving Finds in Alor Island, Indonesia Extend Known Distribution of Engravings in Oceania. Archaeological Research in Asia 15:116128.
Oktaviana, Adhi Agus, Bulbeck, David, O'Connor, Sue, Hakim, Budianto, Wibowo, Unggul Prasetyo, Pierre, Emma St, and Fakhri 2016 Hand Stencils with and without Narrowed Fingers at Two New Rock Art Sites in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Rock Art Research 33(1):3248.
Peralta, Jesus T. 1973 The Petroglyphs of the Angono Rockshelter, Rizal, Philippines. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of the Philippines, Diliman.
Peralta, Jesus T. 2000 The Tinge of Red: Prehistory of Art in the Philippines. Anvil Press, Pasig, Philippines.
Permana, R. Cecep Eka (editor) 2015 Gambar Cadas Prasejarah di Indonesia. 1st ed. Direktorat Pelestarian Cagar Budaya dan Permuseuman, Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Indonesia.
Petticrew, Mark, and Roberts, Helen 2006 Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: A Practical Guide. 1st ed., Blackwell, Malden, Massachusetts.
Pickering, Catherine, and Byrne, Jason 2013 The Benefits of Publishing Systematic Quantitative Literature Reviews for PhD Candidates and Other Early-Career Researchers. Higher Education Research & Development 33(3):534548.
Plagnes, Valérie, Causse, Christiane, Fontugne, Michel, Valladas, Hélène, Chazine, Jean-Michel, and Fage, Luc-Henri 2003 Cross Dating (Th/U-14C) of Calcite Covering Prehistoric Paintings in Borneo. Quaternary Research 60:172179.
Ponomareva, Irina 2018 Continuity in the Rock Art Tradition of the Siberian Lower Amur Basin. Rock Art Research 35(1):3546.
Pyatt, F. B., Wilson, B., and Barker, G. W. 2005 The Chemistry of Tree Resins and Ancient Rock Paintings in the Niah Caves, Sarawak (Borneo): Some Evidence of Rain Forest Management by Early Human Populations. Journal of Archaeological Science 32:897901.
Rainbird, Paul 2008 Settlement, Oral History and Archaeology in Micronesia: Pohnpei Petroglyphs, Communication and Miscommunication. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 22:141146.
Saidin, Mokhtar, Taçon, Paul, Decong, Yang, Nash, George, May, Sally, and Lewis, Barry 2008 Illustrating the Past: The Rock Art of Southeast Asia. Current World Archaeology 29:4048.
Scott, Victoria N., and Tan, Noel H. 2016 Recent Rock Art Studies in Southeast Asia. In Rock Art Studies: News of the World V, edited by Bahn, Paul, Franklin, Natalie, and Strecker, Matthias, pp. 163170. Archaeopress Archaeology, Oxford.
Specht, Jim R. 1979 Rock Art in the Western Pacific. In Exploring the Visual Art of Oceania: Australia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, edited by Mead, Sidney M., pp. 5882. University Press of Hawai'i, Honolulu.
Spriggs, Matthew, Veth, Peter, and O'Connor, Susan 1998 In the Footsteps of Wallace: The First Two Seasons of Archaeological Research in the Aru Islands, Maluku. Cakalele 9(2):6584.
Spriggs, Matthew, Veth, Peter, O'Connor, Sue, Mohammad, Husni, Jatmiko, Ako, Nayati, Widya, Saleh, Aliza Diniasti, and Witjaksono, Djoko 2005 Three Seasons of Archaeological Survey in the Aru Islands, 1995–97. Terra Australis 22:6384.
Sukkham, Atthasit, Taçon, Paul S.C., Tan, Noel Hidalgo, and Muhamad, Asyaari Bin 2017 Ships and Maritime Activities in the North-Eastern Indian Ocean: Re-Analysis of Rock Art of Tham Phrayanaga (Viking Cave), Southern Thailand. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 46(1):108131.
Szabó, Katherine, Piper, Philip J., and Barker, Graeme 2008 Sailing between Worlds: The Symbolism of Death in Northwest Borneo. In Islands of Inquiry: Colonisation, Seafaring and the Archaeology of Maritime Landscapes, edited by Geoffrey Clark, Foss Leach, and Sue O'Connor, pp. 149–70. ANU E Press, Canberra.
Taçon, Paul S.C. 2017 The Rock Art of South and East Asia. In The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art, edited by David, Bruno and McNiven, Ian J., pp. 177196. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Taçon, Paul S. C., Yee Aung, Daw Yee, and Thorne, Alan 2004 Myanmar Prehistory: Rare Rock-Markings Revealed. Archaeology in Oceania 39(3):138139.
Taçon, Paul S. C., Sauffi, Mohammad Sherman, and Datan, Ipoi 2010 New Engravings Discovered at Santubong, Sarawak, Malaysia. The Sarawak Museum Journal 67(88):105121.
Taçon, Paul S.C., Tan, Noel Hidalgo, O'Connor, Sue, Xueping, Ji, Gang, Li, Curnoe, Darren, Bulbeck, David, Hakim, B., Sumantri, Iwan, Than, Heng, Sokrithy, Im, Chia, Stephen, Khun-Neay, Khoun, and Kong, Soeung 2014 The Global Implications of the Early Surviving Rock Art of Greater Southeast Asia. Antiquity 88:10501064.
Taha, Adi Haji 2000 Archaeological Investigations in Ulu Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia. PhD dissertation, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Tan, Noel H. 2009 Tapir, Tiger, Dugong and Deer: A Re-Evaluation of the Rock Art Interpretation at Gua Tambun. Proceedings of the Symposium of USM Fellowship Holders, pp. 750757. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.
Tan, Noel H. 2014a Painted Sites, Sacred Sites: An Examination of Religious Syncretism in Southeast Asia through Rock Art Site Usage. PhD dissertation, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Tan, Noel H. 2014b Rock Art Research in Southeast Asia: A Synthesis. Arts 3(1):73104.
Tan, Noel H. 2016a Rock Art as an Indication of (Austronesian) Migration in Island Southeast Asia. In The International Symposium on Austronesia Diaspora, edited by T. S. N. Truman Simanjuntak Bagyo Prasetyo, pp. 165180. National Research Centre of Archaeology and Directorate Cultural Heritage and Museums, Bali, Indonesia.
Tan, Noel H. 2016b Elephants in Southeast Asian Rock Art: An Overview. Paper presented at the Asian Elephants in Culture & Nature conference, August 20–21, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.
Tan, Noel H., and Chia, Stephen 2010 “New” Rock Art from Gua Tambun, Perak, Malaysia. Rock Art Research 27(1):918.
Tan, Noel H., and Chia, Stephen 2011 Current Research on the Rock Art at Gua Tambun, Perak, Malaysia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 31:93108.
Tan, Noel H., and Chia, Stephen 2012 Revisiting the Rock Art at Gua Tambun, Perak, Malaysia. In Crossing Borders: Selected Papers from the 13th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, edited by Mai Lin Tjoa-Bonatz, Andreas Reinecke, and Dominik Bonatz, pp. 181–198. NUS Press, Singapore.
Tan, Noel H., and Taçon, Paul 2014 Rock Art and the Sacred Landscapes of Mainland: Southeast Asia. In Rock Art and Sacred Landscapes, edited by Donna Gillette, Mavis Greer, Hayward, Michele, and Murray, William, pp. 6784. Springer, New York.
Watson, Ben 2015 The Eyes Have It: Human Perception and Anthropomorphic Faces in World Rock Art. Antiquity 85:8798.
Wilson, Meredith 2002 Picturing Pacific Prehistory: The Rock-Art of Vanuatu in a Western Pacific Context. PhD dissertation, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra.
Wilson, Meredith 2004 Rethinking Regional Analyses of Western Pacific Rock-Art. In A Pacific Odyssey: Archaeology and Anthropology in the Western Pacific. Papers in Honour of Jim Specht. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 29, pp. 173186.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed