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ESS modelling of diploid populations II: stability analysis of possible equilibria

  • W. G. S. Hines (a1)


In order to determine the robustness of the mean-covariance approach to exploring behavioural models of sexual diploid biological populations which are based on the evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) concept, a companion paper explored relevant features of the probability simplex of allelic frequencies for a population which is genetically homogeneous except possibly at a single locus.

The Shahshahani metric is modified in this paper to produce a measure of distance near an arbitrary frequency F in the allelic simplex which can be used when some alleles are given zero weight by F. The equation of evolution for the modified metric can then be used to show that certain sets of frequencies (corresponding to equilibrium mean strategies) act as local attractors, as long as the mean strategies corresponding to those sets are non-singular or even, in most cases, singular. We identify conditions under which the measure of distance from an initial frequency to a nearby set of equilibrium frequencies corresponding to exceptional mean strategies might increase, either temporarily or for a protracted length of time.


Corresponding author

* Postal address: Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1.


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Research supported by NSERC Operating Grant A6187.



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ESS modelling of diploid populations II: stability analysis of possible equilibria

  • W. G. S. Hines (a1)


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