A kind of compressible miscible displacement problems which include molecular diffusion and dispersion in porous media are investigated. The mixed finite element method is applied to the flow equation, and the transport one is solved by the symmetric interior penalty discontinuous Galerkin method. Based on a duality argument, employing projection estimates and approximation properties, a posteriori residual-type hp error estimates for the coupled system are presented, which is often used for guiding adaptivity. Comparing with the error analysis carried out by Yang (Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids, 65(7) (2011), pp. 781–797), the current work is more complicated and challenging.