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Mitochondrial calcium uniporter as a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer’s disease

  • Anila Venugopal (a1), Mahalaxmi Iyer (a2), Venkatesh Balasubramanian (a1) and Balachandar Vellingiri (a1)

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder, is the leading cause of dementia in the world whose aetiology is still unclear. AD was always related to ageing though there have been instances where people at an early age also succumb to this disease. With medical advancements, the mortality rate has significantly reduced which also makes people more prone to AD. AD is rare, yet the prominent disease has been widely studied with several hypotheses trying to understand the workings of its onset. The most recent and popular hypothesis in AD is the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction and calcium homeostasis in the development of the disease though their exact roles are not known. With the sudden advent of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU), many previously known pathological hallmarks of AD may be better understood. Several studies have shown the effect of excess calcium in mitochondria and the influence of MCU complex in mitochondrial function. In this article, we discuss the possible involvement of MCU in AD by linking the uniporter to mitochondrial dysfunction, calcium homeostasis, reactive oxygen species, neurotransmitters and the hallmarks of AD – amyloid plaque formation and tau tangle formation.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Balachandar Vellingiri, Email: geneticbala@buc.edu.in

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Keywords

Mitochondrial calcium uniporter as a potential therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer’s disease

  • Anila Venugopal (a1), Mahalaxmi Iyer (a2), Venkatesh Balasubramanian (a1) and Balachandar Vellingiri (a1)

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