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Hoarding pet animals in obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • André L. Campos-Lima (a1), Albina R. Torres (a2), Murat Yücel (a3), Ben J. Harrison (a4), Jorge Moll (a5), Gabriela M. Ferreira (a1) and Leonardo F. Fontenelle (a1) (a3) (a5)...

Abstract

Background

Although severe hoarding symptoms have been considered rare among obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) samples, the prevalence of animal hoarding in OCD is unknown. To help clarifying this issue, we searched for cases of animal hoarding among patients attending a university OCD clinic (n=420).

Methods

Chart review.

Results

Only two patients from our sample exhibited animal hoarding (<0.5%) and only one of them presented additional obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Both cases also collected inanimate objects, presented low insight, exhibited poor response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors and did not adhere to therapy.

Conclusions

There seems to be a lack of relationship between animal hoarding and OCD. However, further studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to better define their psychopathological profile and more appropriate nosological insertion.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Dr. Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua Visconde de Pirajá, 547, Sala 617, Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22410-003, Brazil. Tel and Fax: +55 21 2239 4919; E-mail: lfontenelle@gmail.com

References

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