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A clinimetric analysis of a BPRS-6 scale for schizophrenia severity

  • Per Bech (a1), Stephen F Austin (a1), Nina Timmerby (a1), Thomas A Ban (a2) and Stine Bjerrum Møller (a1)...

Abstract

Objective

A restricted Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-6) with the six schizophrenia specific items from the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) has been investigated. These six items from the PANSS have recently been found to have both clinical validity and ‘unidimensionality’ in measuring the severity of schizophrenic states. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical validity of the BPRS-6. The secondary objective was to evaluate the ‘unidimensionality’ of the BPRS-6 by an ‘item response theory’ model.

Methods

The BPRS-6 was scored independently by two psychiatrists and two psychologists while viewing six open-ended videotaped interviews in patients with a DSM-III diagnosis of schizophrenia. The interviews were conducted by Heinz E. Lehmann, an experienced psychiatrist. They were focused on the psychopathology that contributed most to the ‘severity’ of the patient’s clinical state.

Results

The BPRS-6 with three positive symptoms (delusions, conceptual disorganisation, hallucinations) and three negative symptoms (blunted affect, emotional withdrawal, poverty of speech) was found to be clinically valid and captured the variables that contribute most to the severity of schizophrenia. The BPRS-6 was also found to have acceptable ‘unidimensionality’ (coefficient of homogeneity 0.45) and inter-rater reliability (inter-class-coefficient 0.81).

Conclusion

The BPRS-6 was found to capture the information that translates into the severity of schizophrenia. It has also acceptable psychometric validity.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Per Bech, Psychiatric Research Unit, Mental Health Centre North Zealand, University of Copenhagen, Dyrehavevej 48, DK-3400 Hillerød, Denmark. Tel: +45 38 64 30 95; Fax: +45 38 64 30 99; E-mail: Per.bech@regionh.dk

References

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Keywords

A clinimetric analysis of a BPRS-6 scale for schizophrenia severity

  • Per Bech (a1), Stephen F Austin (a1), Nina Timmerby (a1), Thomas A Ban (a2) and Stine Bjerrum Møller (a1)...

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