Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5c569c448b-4wdfl Total loading time: 0.324 Render date: 2022-07-04T04:08:59.650Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Abnormal dose-response melatonin suppression by light in bipolar type I patients compared with healthy adult subjects

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 June 2014

Karen T. Hallam*
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia Department of Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
Denovan P. Begg
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia School of Psychology, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
James S. Olver
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Trevor R. Norman
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Austin Hospital, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
*
K. T. Hallam, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Melbourne, Level 10 Lance Townsend Building, Austin Health, Heidelberg, 3084, Victoria, Australia. Tel: +61 (03) 9496-6407; Fax: +61 (03) 9496-4366; E-mail: khallam@unimelb.edu.au

Abstract

Objective:

Among potential endophenotypes proposed for bipolar affective disorder focusing on circadian abnormalities associated with the illness has particularly high face validity. Melatonin sensitivity to light is one circadian endophenotype proposed as useful in bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate melatonin sensitivity to light over a range of light intensities in order to compare and contrast responses in bipolar I patients with those of healthy adult volunteers.

Methods:

The study included seven patients (4 females, 3 males) with bipolar I disorder and 34 control participants (22 females, 12 males) with no personal or family history of affective illness. Melatonin sensitivity to light was determined in all patients and participants across a range of light intensities (0, 200, 500 and 1000 lux).

Results:

The results indicated that patients showed melatonin super-sensitivity to light in comparison with controls, a response that was consistent across the entire light intensity range investigated.

Conclusion:

The study provides further evidence for a super sensitive response in bipolar I patients and suggests that its potential usefulness as an endophenotypic marker of the illness is deserving of further research.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Lewy, AJ, Wehr, TA, Goodwin, FK, Newsome, DA.Manic-depressive patients may be supersensitive to light (letter). Lancet 1981;1:383384. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lewy, AJ, Nurnberger, JI Jr, Wehr, TAet al. Supersensitivity to light: possible trait marker for manic-depressive illness. Am J Psychiatry 1985;142:725727. Google ScholarPubMed
Nathan, PJ, Burrows, GD, Norman, TR.Melatonin sensitivity to dim white light in affective disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology 1999;21:408413. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nurnberger, JI Jr, Berrettini, W, Tamarkin, L, Hamovit, J, Norton, J, Gershon, E.Supersensitivity to melatonin suppression by light in young people at high risk for affective disorder. A preliminary report. Neuropsychopharmacology 1988;1:217223. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Whalley, LJ, Perini, T, Shering, A, Bennie, J.Melatonin response to bright light in recovered, drug-free, bipolar patients. Psychiatry Res 1991;38:1319. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nurnberger, JI Jr, Foroud, T.Genetics of bipolar affective disorder. Curr Psychiatry Rep 2000;2:147157. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lam, RW, Berkowitz, AL, Berga, SL, Clark, CM, Kripke, DF, Gillin, JC.Melatonin suppression in bipolar and unipolar mood disorders. Psychiatry Res 1990;33:129134. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nurnberger, JI, Adkins, S, Lahiri, DKet al. Melatonin suppression by light in euthymic bipolar and unipolar patients. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000;57:572579. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hallam, KT, Olver, JS, Horgan, JE, McGrath, C, Norman, TR. Low doses of lithium carbonate reduce melatonin light sensitivity in healthy volunteers. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2005;8:255259. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hallam, KT, Olver, JS, Norman, TR.Effect of sodium valproate on nocturnal melatonin sensitivity to light in healthy volunteers. Neuropsychopharmacology 2005;30:14001404. Google ScholarPubMed
Aoki, H, Yamada, N, Ozeki, Y, Yamane, H, Kato, N.Minimum light intensity required to suppress nocturnal melatonin concentration in human saliva. Neurosci Lett 1998;252:9194. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cajochen, C, Zeitzer, JM, Czeisler, CA, Dijk, D, Dijk, DJ.Dose-response relationship for light intensity and ocular and electroencephalographic correlates of human alertness. Behav Brain Res 2000;115:7583. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hashimoto, S, Nakamura, K, Honma, S, Tokura, H, Honma, K.Melatonin rhythm is not shifted by lights that suppress nocturnal melatonin in humans under entrainment. Am J Physiol 1996;270:10731077. Google Scholar
McIntyre, IM, Norman, TR, Burrows, GD, Armstrong, SM.Quantal melatonin suppression by exposure to low intensity light in man. Life Sci 1989;45:327332. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nathan, PJ, Wyndham, EL, Burrows, GD, Norman, TR.The effect of gender on the melatonin suppression by light: a dose response relationship. J Neural Transm 2000;107:271279. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Skene, DJ, Lockley, SW, Thapan, K, Arendt, J.Effects of light on human circadian rhythms. Reprod Nutr Dev 1999;39:295304. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Strassman, RJ, Peake, GT, Qualls, CR, Lisansky, EJ. A model for the study of the acute effects of melatonin in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1987;65:847852. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zeitzer, JM, Dijk, DJ, Kronauer, R, Brown, E, Czeisler, C.Sensitivity of the human circadian pacemaker to nocturnal light: melatonin phase resetting and suppression. J Physiol 2000;526:695702. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cummings, MA, Berga, SL, Cummings, KLet al. Light suppression of melatonin in unipolar depressed patients. Psychiatry Res 1989;27:351355. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ketter, TA, Warrington, L, Loebel, A, Kolb, S, Sui, C.Early onset of antipsychotic action and time course in the treatment of acute bipolar mania. European Neuropsychocharmacology 2005;17(suppl. 4): S384S385. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mottram, P, Wislson, K, Copeland, J.Validation of the Hamilton depression rating scale and Montgommery and Asberg rating scales in terms of AGECAT depression cases. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2000;15:11131119. 3.0.CO;2-Y>CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Goldberg, DP, Hillier, VF.A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychol Med 1979;9:139145. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Spitzer, RL, Williams, JB, Kroenke, et al. Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care. The PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA 1994;272:17491756. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hamilton, M. A rating scale for depression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1960;23:5662. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Young, RC, Biggs, JT, Ziegler, VE, Meyer, DA.A rating scale for mania: reliability, validity and sensitivity. Br J Psychiatry 1978;133:429435. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Voultsious, A, Kennaway, DJ, Dawson, D.Salivary melatonin as a circadian phase marker: Validation and comparison with plasma melatonin. J Biol Rhythms 1997;12:457466. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Earl, CR, D’Occhio, MJ, Kennaway, DJ, Seamark, RF.Serum melatonin profiles and endocrine responses of ewes exposed to a pulse of light late in the dark phase. Endocrinology 1985;117:226230. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Vaughan, GM.New sensitive serum melatonin radioimmunoassay employing the Kennaway G280 antibody: Syrian hamster morning adrenergic response. J Pineal Res 1993;15:88103. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leibenluft, E, Turner, EH, Feldman-Naim, S, Schwartz, PJ, Wehr, TA, Rosenthal, NE.Light therapy in patients with rapid cycling bipolar disorder: Preliminary results. Psychopharmacol Bull 1995;31:705710. Google ScholarPubMed
Wehr, TA.Sleep loss: a preventable cause of mania and other exrefd states. J Clin Psychiatry 1989;50:816. Google ScholarPubMed
Hallam, KT, Olver, JS, Norman, TR. Melatonin sensitivity to light in monozygotic twins discordant for bipolar I disorder. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2005;39:947. Google Scholar
Wirz-Justice, A, Quinto, C, Cagochen, C, Werth, E, Hock, C.A rapid-cycling bipolar patient treated with long nights, bedrest and light. Biol Psychiatry 1999;45:10751077. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Frank, E, Swartz, A, Kupfer, DJ.Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy: managing the chaos of bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry 2000;48:593604. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lewy, AJ, Kern, HA, Rosenthal, NE, Wehr, TA.Bright artificial light treatment of a manic-depressive patient with a seasonal mood cycle. Am J Psychiatry 1982;139:14961498. Google ScholarPubMed
Beck-Friis, J, Ljunggren, JG, Thoren, M, Von Rosen, D, Kjellman, BF, Wetterberg, L.Melatonin, cortisol and ACTH in patients with major depressive disorder and healthy humans with special reference to the outcome of the dexamethasone suppression test. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1985;10:173186. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Checkley, SA, Murphy, DG, Abbas, Met al. Melatonin rhythms in seasonal affective disorder. British Journal of Psychiatry 1993;163:332337. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Pacchierotti, C, Iapichino, S, Bossini, L, Pieraccini, F, Castrogiovanni, P.Melatonin in psychiatric disorders: a review on the melatonin involvement in psychiatry. Front Neuroendocrinol 2001;22:1832. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kennedy, SH, Kutcher, S.P, Ralevski, E, Brown, GM.Nocturnal melatonin and 24 h 6-sulfatoxymelatonin levels in various phases of bipolar affective disorder. Psychiatry Res 1996;63:219222. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wahlund, B, Saaf, J, Grahn, H, Wetterberg, L.Diagnostic subgrouping of depressed patients by principal component analysis and visualized pattern recognition. Psychiatry Res 1998;81:393401. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leibenluft, E, Feldman-Naim, S, Turner, EH, Schwartz, PJ, Wehr, TA.Salivary and plasma measures of dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) in patients with rapid cycling bipolar disorder. Biol Psychiatry 1996;40:731735. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ghaemi, SN, Sachs, G, Chiou, AK, Goodwin, FK.Is bipolar disorder still underdiagnosed? Are antidepressants overutilized? J Affect Disord 1999;52:135144. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Nathan, P, Burrows, GD, Norman, TR.The effect of age and pre-light melatonin concentration on the melatonin sensitivity to dim light. Int J Clin Pharmacol 1999;14:189192. Google ScholarPubMed
Gershon, ES, Hamovit, J, Guroff, JJet al. A family study of schizoaffective, bipolar I, bipolar II, unipolar, and normal control probands. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1982;39:11571167. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kendler, KS, Pedersen, N, Johnson, L, Neale, MC, Mathe, AA.A pilot Swedish twin study of affective illness, including hospital- and population-ascertained subsamples. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993;50:699700. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kendler, KS, Pedersen, NL, Farahmand, BY, Persson, PG.The treated incidence of psychotic and affective illness in twins compared with population expectation: a study in the Swedish Twin and Psychiatric Registries. Psychol Med 1996;26:11351144. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rice, J, Reich, T, Andreasen, NCet al. The familial transmission of bipolar illness. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1987;44:441447. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Faraone, SV, Tsuang, MT.Heterogeneity and the genetics of bipolar disorder. Am J Med Genet 2003;123C:19. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Badner, JA, Gershon, ES.Meta-analysis of whole-genome linkage scans of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Mol Psychiatry 2002;7:405411. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradbury, J.Teasing out the genetics of bipolar disorder. Lancet 2001;357:1596. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Tsuang, MT, Taylor, L, Faraone, SV.An overview of the genetics of psychotic mood disorders. J Psychiatr Res 2004;38:315. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Chang, K, Steiner, H, Ketter, T.Studies of offspring of parents with bipolar disorder. Am J Med Genet 2003;123C:2635. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McGuffin, P, Rijsdijk, F, Andrew, M, Sham, P, Katz, R, Cardno, A.The heritability of bipolar affective disorder and the genetic relationship to unipolar depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2003;60:497502. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
DePaulo, JR Jr. Genetics of bipolar disorder: where do we stand? American Journal of Psychiatry 2004;161:595597. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McQueen, MB, Devlin, B, Faraone, SVet al. Combined analysis from eleven linkage studies of bipolar disorder provides strong evidence of susceptibility loci on chromosomes 6q and 8q. Am J Hum Genet 2005;77:582595. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Smoller, JW, Finn, CT.Family, twin, and adoption studies of bipolar disorder. Am J Med Genet 2003;123C:4858. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hallam, KT, Olver, JS, Chambers, V, Begg, DP, McGrath, C, Norman, TR.The heritability of melatonin sensitivity to bright nocturnal light in twins. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2006;31:867875. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sit, D, Wisner, KL, Hanusa, BH, Stull, S, Terman, M.Light therapy for bipolar disorder: a case series in women. Bipolar Disord 2007;9:918927. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Wehr, TA, Turner, EH, Shimada, JM, Lowe, CH, Barker, C, Leibenluft, E.Treatment of a rapid cycling bipolar patient by using extended bed rest and darkness to stabilize the timing and duration of sleep. Biol Psychiatry 1998;43:822828. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lenox, RH, Gould, TD, Manji, HK.Endophenotypes in bipolar disorder. Am J Med Genet 2002;114:391406. CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
20
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Abnormal dose-response melatonin suppression by light in bipolar type I patients compared with healthy adult subjects
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Abnormal dose-response melatonin suppression by light in bipolar type I patients compared with healthy adult subjects
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Abnormal dose-response melatonin suppression by light in bipolar type I patients compared with healthy adult subjects
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *