To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This paper introduces an algebro-geometric setting for the space of bifurcation functions involved in the local Hilbert’s 16th problem on a period annulus. Each possible bifurcation function is in one-to-one correspondence with a point in the exceptional divisor E of the canonical blow-up BI ℂn of the Bautin ideal I. In this setting, the notion of essential perturbation, first proposed by Iliev, is defined via irreducible components of the Nash space of arcs Arc(BI ℂn, E). The example of planar quadratic vector fields in the Kapteyn normal form is further discussed.
We establish new oscillation criteria for nonlinear differential equations of second order. The results here make some improvements of oscillation criteria of Butler, Erbe, and Mingarelli , Wong [8, 9], and Philos and Purnaras .
In this work we are concerned with the existence of fixed points for multivalued maps defined on Banach spaces. Using the Banach spaces scale concept, we establish the existence of a fixed point of a multivalued map in a vector subspace where the map is only locally Lipschitz continuous. We apply our results to the existence of mild solutions and asymptotically almost periodic solutions of an abstract Cauchy problem governed by a first-order differential inclusion. Our results are obtained by using fixed point theory for the measure of noncompactness.
We study the existence and uniqueness of
-asymptotically periodic solutions for a general class of
abstract differential equations with state-dependent delay. Some examples
related to problems arising in population dynamics are presented.
Using the Leray–Schauder degree, we study the existence of solutions for the following periodic differential equation with relativistic acceleration and singular nonlinearity:
where μ > 1 and the weight h: [0, T] → ℝ is a continuous sign-changing function. There are no a priori estimates on the set of positive solutions (a condition used in general to apply the Leray–Schauder degree), and we prove that no solution of the equation appears on the boundary of an unbounded open set during the deformation to an autonomous problem.
Semi-analytical solutions are derived for the Brusselator system in one- and two-dimensional domains. The Galerkin method is processed to approximate the governing partial differential equations via a system of ordinary differential equations. Both steady-state concentrations and transient solutions are obtained. Semi-analytical results for the stability of the model are presented for the identified critical parameter value at which a Hopf bifurcation occurs. The impact of the diffusion coefficients on the system is also considered. The results show that diffusion acts to stabilize the systems better than the equivalent nondiffusive systems with the increasing critical value of the Hopf bifurcation. Comparison between the semi-analytical and numerical solutions shows an excellent agreement with the steady-state transient solutions and the parameter values at which the Hopf bifurcations occur. Examples of stable and unstable limit cycles are given, and Hopf bifurcation points are shown to confirm the results previously calculated in the Hopf bifurcation map. The usefulness and accuracy of the semi-analytical results are confirmed by comparison with the numerical solutions of partial differential equations.
A nonlinear mathematical model for innovation diffusion is proposed. The system of ordinary differential equations incorporates variable external influences (the cumulative density of marketing efforts), variable internal influences (the cumulative density of word of mouth) and a logistically growing human population (the variable potential consumers). The change in population density is due to various demographic processes such as intrinsic growth rate, emigration, death rate etc. Thus the problem involves two dynamic variables viz. a non-adopter population density and an adopter population density. The model is analysed qualitatively using the stability theory of differential equations, with the help of the corresponding characteristic equation of the system. The interior equilibrium point can be stable for all time delays to a critical value, beyond which the system becomes unstable and a Hopf bifurcation occurs at a second critical value. Employing normal form theory and a centre manifold theorem applicable to functional differential equations, we derive some explicit formulas determining the stability, the direction and other properties of the bifurcating periodic solutions. Our numerical simulations show that the system behaviour can become extremely complicated as the time delay increases, with a stable interior equilibrium point leading to a limit cycle with one local maximum and minimum per cycle (Hopf bifurcation), then limit cycles with more local maxima and minima per cycle, and finally chaotic solutions.
We consider boundary-value problems for differential equations of second order containing a Brownian motion (random perturbation) and a small parameter and prove a special existence and uniqueness theorem for random solutions. We study the asymptotic behaviour of these solutions as the small parameter goes to zero and show the stochastic averaging theorem for such equations. We find the explicit limits for the solutions as the small parameter goes to zero.
We study a novel class of numerical integrators, the adapted nested force-gradient schemes, used within the molecular dynamics step of the Hybrid Monte Carlo (HMC) algorithm. We test these methods in the Schwinger model on the lattice, a well known benchmark problem. We derive the analytical basis of nested force-gradient type methods and demonstrate the advantage of the proposed approach, namely reduced computational costs compared with other numerical integration schemes in HMC.
This paper analyses the pseudo almost periodicity of the impulsive neoclassical growth model. We investigate the existence, uniqueness and exponential stability of the pseudo almost periodic solution. Moreover, an example is given to illustrate the significance of the main findings.
The Jiles-Atherton (J-A) model is a commonly used physics-based model in describing the hysteresis characteristics of ferromagnetic materials. However, citations and interpretation of this model in literature have been non-uniform. Solution methods for solving numerically this model has not been studied adequately. In this paper, through analyzing the mathematical properties of equations and the physical mechanism of energy conservation, we point out some unreasonable descriptions of this model and develop a relatively more accurate, modified J-A model together with its numerical solution method. Our method employs a fixed point method to compute anhysteretic magnetization. We obtain the susceptibility value of the anhysteretic magnetization analytically and apply the 4th order Runge-Kutta method to the solution of total magnetization. Computational errors are estimated and then precisions of the solving method in describing various materials are verified. At last, through analyzing the effects of the accelerating method, iterative error and step size on the computational errors, we optimize the numerical method to achieve the effects of high precision and short computing time. From analysis, we determine the range of best values of some key parameters for fast and accurate computation.
Using variational methods and depending on a parameter
we prove the existence of solutions for the following class of nonlocal boundary value problems of Kirchhoff type defined on an exterior domain
We show the existence of connecting orbits for a class of singular second-order Hamiltonian systems
where, as opposed to most of the existing literature, we assume that the potential V has not one but any finite number of maxima of equal value. We use variational methods under the assumption that V (t, u) satisfies the so-called ‘strong-force’ condition at the singularity.
Motivated by a problem in neural encoding, we introduce an adaptive (or real-time) parameter estimation algorithm driven by a counting process. Despite the long history of adaptive algorithms, this kind of algorithm is relatively new. We develop a finite-time averaging analysis which is nonstandard partly because of the point process setting and partly because we have sought to avoid requiring mixing conditions. This is significant since mixing conditions often place restrictive history-dependent requirements on algorithm convergence.
This article studies propagating traveling waves in a class of reaction-diffusion systems which model isothermal autocatalytic chemical reactions as well as microbial growth and competition in a flow reactor. In the context of isothermal autocatalytic systems, two different cases will be studied. The first is autocatalytic chemical reaction of order m without decay. The second is chemical reaction of order m with a decay of order n, where m and n are positive integers and m>n≥1. A typical system in autocatalysis is A+2B→3B and B→C involving two chemical species, a reactant A and an auto-catalyst B and C an inert chemical species.
The numerical computation gives more accurate estimates on minimum speed of traveling waves for autocatalytic reaction without decay, providing useful insight in the study of stability of traveling waves.
For autocatalytic reaction of order m = 2 with linear decay n = 1, which has a particular important role in chemical waves, it is shown numerically that there exist multiple traveling waves with 1, 2 and 3 peaks with certain choices of parameters.
We give an alternative proof of the theorem of Alikakos and Fusco concerning existence of heteroclinic solutions U : ℝ → ℝN to the system
Here a± are local minima of a potential W ∈ C2(ℝN) with W(a±) = 0. This system arises in the theory of phase transitions. Our method is variational but differs from the original artificial constraint method of Alikakos and Fusco and establishes existence by analysing the loss of compactness in minimizing sequences of the action in the appropriate functional space. Our assumptions are slightly different from those considered previously and also imply a priori estimates for the solution.