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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: March 2013

7 - Status of crop biotechnology and biosafety in Africa

from Part 2 - New genetic crops across the emerging world

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References

Brookes, G., and Barfoot, P. (2010). GM Crops: Global Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts, 1996–2008. PG Economics Ltd, Dorchester, UK. www.pgeconomics.co.uk.
Concern (2008). Responding to the Needs of Marginal Farmers: A Review of Selected District Agriculture Development Plans in Tanzania. www.concern.net/sites/concern.net/files/resource/2009/03/3515-tanzania-research.
FARA (Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa) (2011). Status of Biotechnology and Biosafety in Sub-Saharan Africa: A FARA 2009 Study Report. FARA Secretariat, Accra, Ghana.
IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute) (2011). Draft Report: A ‘State of Affairs’ Assessment of Agricultural Biotechnology for Africa for the African Development Bank. IFPRI, Washington, DC.
Heinemann, J. (2009). Hope not Hype: The Future of Agriculture Guided by the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development. Third World Network. http://twnside.org.sg/title2/books.
James, C. (2010). Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2010, ISAAA Brief No. 42. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications, Ithaca, NY.
Johnston, S., Monagle, C., Green, J., and Mackenzie, R.(2008). Internationally Funded Training in Biotechnology and Biosafety: Is It Bridging the Biotech Divide?United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies, Yokohama, Japan. www.ias.unu.edu/sub_page.aspx?catID=111&ddlID=673.
Juma, C., and Serageldin, I. (2007). Freedom to Innovate: Biotechnology in Africa's Development. African Union and New Partnership for Africa's Development. http://nepadst.org/doclibrary/pdfs/biotech_africa_2007.pdf.
Laursen, L. (2010). How green biotech turned white and blue. Nature Biotechnology 28, 393–395.
Ledermann, S. T., and Novy, A. (2012). GMOs and Bt Cotton in Tanzania: The Smallholder Perspective, ANSAF Report. Agricultural Non-State Actors Forum, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Maredia, K. M., Weebadde, C., Komen, J., and Ghosh, K. (2011). Capacity building in biosafety. In R. Grumet, J. F. Hancock, K. M. Maredia, and C. Weebadde (eds.) Environmental Safety of Genetically Engineered Crops, pp. 189–207. Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, MI.
Morris, E. J. (2008). The Cartagena Protocol: implications for regional trade and technology development in Africa. Development Policy Review 26, 29–57.
Morris, E. J. (2010). A semi-quantitative approach to GMO risk-benefit analysis. Transgenic Research 20, 1055–1071.
National Research Council (2010). Impact of Genetically Engineered Crops on Farm Sustainability in the United States. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Qaim, M. (2009). The economics of genetically modified crops. Annual Review of Resource Economics 1, 665–693.
South Africa Department of Agriculture (2010). www.nda.agric.za/docs/FactSheet/fieldcrops
Vitale, J., Ouattarra, M., and Vognan, G. (2011). Enhancing sustainability of cotton production systems in West Africa: a summary of empirical evidence from Burkina Faso. Sustainability 3, 1136–1169.

Key further resources

1. International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA). www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/42/executivesummary/default.asp
2.Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. http://bch.cbd.int/protocol/cpb_faq.shtml
3. South African Association for Science and Technology Advancement (SAASTA). Public Understanding of Biotechnology. www.pub.ac.za/resources/docs/survey_pub_feb2005.pdf
4. AfricaBio (Biotechnology Stakeholders Association). www.africabio.com
5. African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF). www.aatf-africa.org
6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). www.fao.org/documents
7. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)Program for Biosafety Systems (PBS). www.ifpri.org/themes/pbs/pbs.htm
8. Thurow, R., and Kilman, S. (2009). Enough: Why the World's Poorest Starve in an Age of Plenty. PublicAffairs, New York.
9. Juma, C. (2011). The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa. Oxford University Press, New York.
10. NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. www.nepad.org
11. NEPAD Agency African Biosafety Network of Expertise. www.nepadbiosafety.net