Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: July 2016

17 - Solute and sedimentary fluxes on King George Island

from Part IV - Solute and sedimentary fluxes in sub-Antarctic and Antarctic environments
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments
  • Online ISBN: 9781107705791
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Atkinson, S. L. (2001). Weathering and major-ion chemistry in the Herbert, Eagle and Mendenhall glacial meltwaters. 14th Keck Symposium Volume. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Online:, accessed 27 February 2014.
Battke, Z., Marsz, A. A., and Pudełko, R. (2001). The processes of deglaciation in the region SSSI No. 8 and their climatic and hydrological conditions (Admiralty Bay, King George Islands, South Shetlands). Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej, 11, 121135.
Borysiak, J., Grześ, M., Pulina, M., and Szpikowska, G. (2015). Hydrogeochemical and biogeochemical processes in Kaffiøyra river catchments (Spitsbergen, Norway). Quaestiones Geographicae, 34(1), 111124. doi: 10.1515/quageo-2015-0010.
Braun, M. (2001). Ablation on the ice cap of King George Island (Antarctica)–an approach from field measurements, modelling and remote sensing. Ph.D. thesis, Albert–Ludwigs–Universität Freiburg, 165 pp.
Braun, M., and Goßmann, H. (2002). Glacial changes in the area of Admiralty Bay and Potter Cove, King George Island, Antarctica. In Beyer, M. and Boelter, M., eds., Geoecology of terrestrial Antarctic oases. Ecological Studies, 154, 75–89. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
Braun, M., Saurer, H., Vogt, S., Simoes, J. C., and Grossmann, H. (2001). The influence of large-scale atmospheric circulation on the surface energy balance of the King George Island ice cap. International Journal of Climatology, 21, 2136.
Carrasco, J. F., (2013). Decadal changes in the near-surface air temperature in the western side of the Antarctic Peninsula. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 3, 275281. Online:
Chapman, W. L., and Walsh, J. E. (2007). A synthesis of Antarctic temperatures. Journal of Climate, 20, 40964117.
Chmiel, S., Bartoszewski, S., and Siwek, K. (2011). Chemical denudation rates in the Wydrzyca catchment (Bellsund, Svalbard). Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, 66(1), 115128.
Cogley, J. G., Hock, R., Rasmussen, L. A., Arendt, A. A., Bauder, A., Braithwaite, R. J., Jansson, P., Kaser, G., Möller, M., Nicholson, L., and Zemp, M. (2011). Glossary of glacier mass balance and related terms. IHP-VII Technical Documents in Hydrology No. 86, IACS Contribution No. 2, UNESCO-IHP, Paris: UNESCO.
Domack, E., Leventer, A., Burnett, A., Bindschadler, R., Convey, P., and Kirby, M., eds. (2003). Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability. Antarctic Research Series 79. Washington: American Geophys. Union, 260 pp.
Doran, P. T., Proscu, J. C., Lyons, W. B., Walsh, J. E, Fountain, A. G., McKnight, D. M., Moorhead, D. L., Virginia, R. A., Wall, D. H., Clow, G. D., Fristen, C. H., McKay, C. P., and Parsons, A. N. (2002). Antarctic climate cooling and terrestrial ecosystem response, Nature, 415, 517520.
Embleton, C., and Thornes, J., eds. (1979). Process in Geomorphology. London: Hodder & Stoughton Educational.
Ferron, F. A., Simões, J. C., Aquino, F. E., and Setzer, A. W. (2004). Air temperature time series for King George Island, Antarctica. Pesquisa Antártica Brasileira, 4, 155169.
Finlayson, B. (1979). Electrical conductivity: a useful technique in teaching geomorphology. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 3(2), 6887.
Francelino, M. R., Schaefer, C. E. G. R., and Fernandes Filho, E. I. (2003). Arctowski region map. Non-conventional aerial photographs.
Gurnell, A. M. (1987). Suspended sediment. In Gurnell, A. M. and Clark, M. J., eds., Glaciofluvial Sediment Transfer: An Alpine Perspective. Chichester: Wiley, 305354.
Hodson, A. (1999). Glacio-fluvial sediment and solute transfer in high Arctic basins: examples from Svalbard. Glacial Geology and Geomorphology, 10. Online:
Hodson, A., Gurnell, A., Tranter, M., Bogen, J., Hagen, J. O., and Clarke, M. (1998). Suspended sediment yield and transfer processes in a small High Arctic glacier basin, Svalbard. Hydrol. Proc., 12, 7386.
Hodson, A., Tranter, M., and Vatne, G. (2000). Contemporary rates of chemical denudation and atmospheric CO2 sequestration in glacier basins: an Arctic perspective. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 25, 14471471.
Jacobs, S. S., and Comiso, J. C. (1997). Climate variability in the Amundsen and Bellingshausen Seas. Journal of Climate, 10, 697709.
Kejna, M. (1999). Air temperature on King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Polish Polar Research, 20, 183201.
Kejna, M. (2003). Trends of air temperature of the Antarctic during the period 1958–2000, Polish Polar Research, 24(2), 99-126.
Kejna, M. (2008a). Spatial distribution and variability of air temperature on Antarctica during the second part of the 20th century. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, 272 pp.
Kejna, M. (2008b). Topoclimatic conditions in the vicinity of the H. Arctowski Station (King George Island, Antarctica) during the summer season of 2006/2007. Polish Polar Research, 29(2), 95-116.
Kejna, M., Araźny, A., and Sobota, I. (2013). The climatic change on King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica) in the years of 1948–2011, Polish Polar Research, 2, 213235.
Kejna, M., Láska, K., and Caputa, Z. (1998). Recession of Ecology Glacier (King George Island) in the period 1961–1996. Warszawa: Polish Polar Studies, 121128.
Kostrzewski, A., Kaniecki, A., Kapuściński, J., Klimczak, R., Stach, A., and Zwoliński, Zb. (1989). The dynamics and rate of denudation of glaciated and non-glaciated catchments, central Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, 10(3), 317367.
Kostrzewski, A., Mazurek, M, and Zwoliński, Zb. (1994). Dynamika transportu fluwialnego górnej Parsęty jako odbicie funkcjonowania systemu zlewni. Poznań: Stowarzyszenie Geomorfologów Polskich, 165 pp.
Kostrzewski, A., Rachlewicz, G., and Zwoliński, Zb. (1998). Geomorphological map of the western coast of Admiralty Bay, King George Island. In Repelewska-Pękalowa, J., ed., Relief, Quaternary Paleogeography and Changes of the Polar Environment. Lublin: II. IV Zjazd Geom. Pol., UMCS, 7177.
Kostrzewski, A., Rachlewicz, G., and Zwoliński, Zb. (2001). Contemporary sedimentary covers of western coast of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetlands. In Kostrzewski, A., ed., Geneza, litologia i stratygrafia utworów czwartorzędowych, III. Poznań: Wyd. UAM, Ser. Geografia, 64: 219235.
Kostrzewski, A., Rachlewicz, G., and Zwoliński, Zb. (2003). The relief of the Western Coast of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetlands. Quaestiones Geographicae, 22, 4358.
Kostrzewski, A., and Zwoliński, Zb. (1985). Chemical denudation rate in the upper Parsęta catchment, Western Pomerania: research methods and preliminary results. Quaestiones Geographicae, Spec. Iss., 1, 121138.
Kostrzewski, A., and Zwoliński, Zb. (1992). Udział denudacji chemicznej i mechanicznej we współczsnym systemie geomorficznym górnej Parsęty (Pomorze Zachodnie). In A. Kotarba, ed., System denudacyjny Polski. Pr. Geogr. IGiPZ PAN, 155: 11–45.
Krawczyk, W. E., and Bartoszewski, S. A. (2008). Crustal solute fluxes and transient carbon dioxide drawdown in the Scottbreen Basin, Svalbard in 2002. Journal of Hydrology, 362, 206219.
Lagun, V. E., Ivanov, N. E., and Jagovkina, S. V. (2006). About the warming in the region of the Antarctic Peninsula. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej, 16, 2245 (in Russian).
Macioszczyk, A. (1987). Hydrogeochemia. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, 475 pp.
Marsz, A. A., and Styszyńska, A. (2000). Main features of climate of Henryk Arctowski Polish Polar Station (Western Antarctica, South Shetlands, King George Island). Gdynia: Wyd. WSM, 264 pp.
Martianov, V., and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., (1990). Ten years of climate observations at the Arctowski and Bellingshausen Stations (King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctic). In Breymeyer, A., ed., Global Change Regional Research Centres, Seminar Papers and IGBP WG2 Report. IGSO PAS: 8087.
Mazurek, M. (2000). Zmienność transportu materiałurozpuszczonego w zlewni Kłudy jako przejaw współczesnych procesów denudacji chemicznej (Pomorze Zachodnie). Poznań: Wyd. UAM, 125 pp.
Meredith, M. P., and King, J. C. (2005). Rapid climate change in the ocean west of the Antarctic Peninsula during the second half of the 20th century. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L19604, doi:10.1029/2005GL024042
Monaghan, A. J., Bromwich, D. H., Chapman, W., and Comiso, J. C. (2008). Recent variability and trends of Antarctic near-surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D04105, doi: 10.1029/2007JD009094
Murphy, E. J., Clarke, A., Symon, C., and Priddle, J. (1995). Temporal variation in Antarctic sea-ice: analysis of a long term fast-ice record from the South Orkney Islands. Deep-Sea Res., 42, 118.
Olech, M. A., and Massalski, A. (2001). Plant colonization and community development on the Sphinx Glacier forefield. Folia Facultatis Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis, Geographia, 25, 111119.
Østrem, G., and Brugman, M. (1991). Glacier mass-balance measurements: a manual for field and office work. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: National Hydrology Research Institute, Science Report No. 4, 224 pp.
Parkinson, C. L., and Cavalieri, D. J. (2012). Antarctic sea ice variability and trends, 1979–2010, The Cryosphere, 6, 871880, doi:10.5194/tc-6–871-2012
Project KGIS. (2005). SCAR KGIS, The King George Island GIS Project. Online:
Pudełko, R. 2003). Topographic map of the SSSI No. 8, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 24(1), 5260.
Pudełko, R. (2007). Othophotomap. Western Shore of Admiralty Bay. 1:10000, Department of Antarctic Biology Polish Academy of Science.
Pulina, M. (1974). Denudacja chemiczna na obszarach krasu węglanowego. Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, 159 pp.
Rachlewicz, G. (1997). Mid-winter thawing in the vicinity of Arctowski Station, King George Island. Polish Polar Research, 18(1), 15–24.
Rachlewicz, G. (2001). Wybrane procesy glacjalne w warunkach morskiego klimatu Antarktyki na przykładzie Kopuły Lodowej Warszawy, Wyspa Króla Jerzego (Szetlandy Południowe). In Karczewski, A. and Zwoliński, Zb., eds., Funkcjonowanie geoekosystemów w zróżnicowanych warunkach morfoklimatycznych. Monitoring, ochrona, edukacja. Poznań: Stowarzyszenie Geomorfologów Polskich, Bogucki Wyd. Nauk., 443452.
Rachlewicz, G., Szczuciński, W., and Ewertowski, M. (2007). Post- “Little Ice Age” retreat rates of glaciers around Billefjorden in central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research. 28(3): 159186.
Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. (1999). Ekosystem morskiej Antarktyki. Zmiany i zmienność. Warszawa: PWN Wyd. Nauk., 152 pp.
Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. (2003). Functioning of the geoecosystem for the west side of Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica): outline of research at Arctowski Station. Ocean and Polar Research, 25(4), 653662.
Rakusa-Suszczewski, S., and Sierakowski, K. (1993). Pinnipeds in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, South Shetlands (1988–1992). Polish Polar Research, 14, 439453.
Rodriquez, R., Llasat, C. M., and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. (1996). Analysis of the mean and extreme temperature series of the Arctowski Antarctic Base. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej, 6, 191212.
Rückamp, M., Blindow, N., Suckro, S., Braun, M., and Humbert, A. (2010). Dynamics of the ice cap on King George Island, Antarctica: field measurements and numerical simulations. Annals of Glaciology, 51, 8090.
Rückamp, M., Braun, M., Suckro, S., and Blindow, N. (2011). Observed glacial changes on the King George Island ice cap, Antarctica, in the last decade. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 99-109.
Sharp, M., Tranter, M., Brown, G., and Skidmore, M. (1995). Rates of chemical denudation and CO2 drawdown in a glacier-covered alpine catchment. Geology, 23, 6164.
Sierakowski, K. (1991). Birds and mammals in the region of SSSI No. 8 in the season 1988/89 (South Shetlands, King George Island, Admiralty Bay). Polish Polar Research, 12, 2554.
Simões, J. C., Bremer, U. F., Aquino, F. E., and Ferron, F. A. (1999). Morphology and variations of glacial drainage basins in the King George Island ice field. Antarctica Ann. Glac., 29, 220224.
Smith, R. C., Stammerjohn, S., and Baker, K. S. (1996). Surface air temperature variations in the western Antarctic Peninsula region. In Ross, R. M., Quetin, L. B., and Hofmann, E. E., eds., Foundations for Ecological Research West of the Antarctic Peninsula. AGU Antar. Res. Ser., 70: 105121.
Sobota, I. (2013). Recent changes of cryosphere of north-western Spitsbergen based on Kaffiøyra region. Toruń: Wydawnictwo UMK. 449 pp.
Sobota, I., Kejna, M., and Araźny, A. (2015). Short-term mass changes and retreat of the Ecology and Sphinx glacier system, King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Science, 27(5), 500510.
Sobota, I., and Lankauf, K. R. (2010). Recession of Kaffiøyra Region glaciers, Oscar II Land, Svalbard. Bulletin of Geography, Physical Geography Series, 3, 2745.
Stach, A. (1992). Pomiar przepływu wody metoda konduktometryczna w profilach nieustabilizowanych małych cieków nizinnych. In Kostrzewski, A. and Pulina, M., eds., Metody hydrochemiczne w geomorfologii dynamicznej. Pr. Nauk. UŚl., 1254: 84-105.
Stastna, V. (2010). Spatio-temporal changes in surface air temperature in the region of the northern Antarctic Peninsula and South Shetland Islands during 1950–2003, Polar Science, 4, 1833.
Steig, E. J, Schneider, D. P., Rutherford, S. D., Mann, M. E., Comiso, J. C. and Shindell, D. T. (2009). Warming of the Antarctic ice-sheet surface since the 1957 International Geophysical Year. Nature, 457(22).
Stumm, W., and Morgan, J. (1996). Aquatic chemistry, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Szpikowski, J., Szpikowska, G., Zwoliński, Zb., and Kostrzewski, A. (2014a). Magnitude of fluvial transport and rate of denudation in a non-glacierised catchment in a polar zone, Central Spitsbergen. Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, 96, 447464. doi:10.1111/geoa.12070.
Szpikowski, J., Szpikowska, G., Zwoliński, Zb., Rachlewicz, G., Kostrzewski, A., Marciniak, M., and Dragon, K. (2014b). Character and rate of denudation in a High Arctic glacierized catchment (Ebbaelva, Central Spitsbergen). Geomorphology, 218, 5262. DOI 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.01.012.
Turner, J., Colwell, S. R., and Harangozo, S. (1997). Variability of precipitation over the coastal western Antarctic Peninsula from synoptic observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, D12: 1399914007.
van den Broeke, M. R. (2000). On the interpretation of Antarctic temperature trends. Journal of Climate, 13(21), 38853889.
Vaughan, D. G., Marshall, G. J., Connolley, W. M., Parkinson, C., Mulvaney, R., Hodgson, D. A., King, J. C., Pudsey, C. J., and Turner, J. (2003). Recent rapid regional climate warming on the Antarctic Peninsula. Climatic Change 60, 243274, DOI: 10.1023/A:1026021217991.
Wadham, J. L., Hodson, A. J., Tranter, M., and Dowdeswell, J. A. (1997). The rate of chemical weathering beneath a quiescent, surge-type, polythermal-based glacier, southern Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Annals of Glaciology, 24, 2731.
Zwoliński, Zb. (1989). Geomorficzne dostosowywanie się koryta Parsęty do aktualnego reżimu rzecznego (Geomorphic adjustment of the Parsęta channel to the present-day river regime). Dokum. Geogr., 3/4, 144 pp.
Zwoliński, Zb. (2007a). The mobility of mineral master in paraglacial areas, King George Island, Western Antarctica. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Ser. Geografia, 74, 266 pp.
Zwoliński, Zb. (2007b). Hydrological polar monitoring – methodical proposition. Monitoring Środowiska Przyrodniczego, 8, 2939.
Zwoliński, Zb., Szpikowski, J., Wiśniewska, K. (2012). Provenance of surface waters on the western coast of Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. In: Beylich, A. A., Zwoliński, Zb. (eds.), Hydrogeomorphological processes in catchment geoecosystems. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, 56(SI 1), 123141, DOI: 10.1127/0372-8854/2012/S-00076.