Allan, S. 1991. The Shape of the Turtle: Myth, Art, and Cosmos in Early China. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Allan, S. 2007. “Erlitou and the Formation of Chinese Civilization: Toward a New Paradigm.” Journal of Asian Studies, 66:461–96.
Alcock, S. E. 2002. Archaeologies of the Greek Past: Landscape, Monuments, and Memories. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bagley, R. 1999. “Shang Archaeology.” In The Cambridge History of Ancient China, eds. Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., pp. 124–231. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Bagley, R., ed. 2001. Ancient Sichuan. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bradley, R. 2000. An Archaeology of Natural Places. London: Routledge.
Brunson, K. 2008. “Shifting Animal Exploitation Strategies in Late Neolithic China: A Zooarchaeological Analysis of the Longshan Culture Site of Taosi, Shanxi Province.” Honors Paper, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Burger, R. L. 1992. Chavin and the Origins of Andean Civilization. London: Thames & Hudson.
Burger, R. L. 1993. “The Chavin Horizon: Stylistic Chimera or Socioeconomic Metamorphosis.” In Latin American Horizons, ed. Rice, D. S., pp. 41–82. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Campbell, R. B. 2009. “Toward a Networks and Boundaries Approach to Early Complex Polities: The Late Shang Case.” Current Anthropology, 50(6):821–48.
Chang, K. C. 1983. Art, Myth, and Ritual: The Path to Political Authority in Ancient China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chang, K. C. 1980. Shang Civilization. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Chang, K. C. 1986. The Archaeology of Ancient China, 4th edn. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Chernykh, E. N. 1992. Ancient Metallurgy in the USSR: The Early Metal Age. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Chernykh, E. N. 2009. “Formation of the Eurasian Steppe Belt Cultures: Viewed Through the Lens of Archaeometallurgy and Radiocarbon Dating.” In Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia: Monuments, Metals, and Mobility, eds. Hanks, B. K. and Linduff, K. M., pp. 115–45. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Longwen, Chen. 2011. “Youxia zhiju kaobian (On the Phrase ‘At the Xia Homeland’).” Gudai wenming, 5 (1):45–49.
Fangmei, Chen. 2002. “Jin hou mudi qingtongqi suojian xingbie yanjiu de xin xiansuo (New Clues for Gender Research From the Jin Cemetery Bronzes).” In Jinhou mudi chutu qingtongqi guoji xueshu yantaohui, ed. Bowuguan, Shanghai, pp. 157–96. Shanghai: Shanghai shuhua chubanshe.
Fangmei, Chen. 2005. “Shang Zhou xiyou qingtongqilei de wenhua yihan: suowei bianyuan wenhua yanjiu de yiyi (The Cultural Meaning of the Atypical Categories in Shang and Zhou Bronze Vessels: The Significance of a Study of the Peripheral Cultures).” Guoli Taiwan Daxue meishushi yanjiu jikan, 19:1–62.
Yingxin, Dai. 1993. “Shenmu Shimao Longshan wenhua yuqi (On the Longshan Jade Objects From the Shimao Site in Shenmu).” Gugong wenwu yuekan, 125:44–55; 126:46–61.
Davis, Jack L. 2007. “Memory Groups and the State: Erasing the Past and Inscribing the Present in the Landscapes of the Mediterranean and Near East.” In Negotiating the Past in the Past: Identity, Memory, and Landscape in Archaeological Research, ed. Yoffee, N., pp. 227–56. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Demattè, P. 1999. “Longshan-Era Urbanism: The Role of Cities in Predynastic China.” Asian Perspectives, 38(2):119–53.
Cong, Deng. 1997. “Dongya Xianqin yazhang zhu wenti (Several Questions on the Yazhang Jade Scepters of the pre-Qin Period).” Zhongguo wenhua yanjiusuo xuebao, 6:325–32.
Shuping, Deng. 1993. “Yetan Huaxi xitong de yuqi (On the Jade Objects of the Western China Tradition).” Gugong wenwu yuekan, 125:56–65; 126:62–71.
Drennan, R. D. and Xiangming, Dai. 2010. “Chiefdoms and States in the Yuncheng Basin and the Chifeng Region: A Comparative Analysis of Settlement Systems in North China.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 29:455–68.
Zuobin, Dong, Dunzhen, Liu, and Pingzi, Gao. 1939. Zhougong cejingtai diaocha baogao (Report on the Survey of the Duke of Zhou’s Observatory). Changsha: Shangwu yinshuguan.
Durrant, S., Li, Wai-yee, and Schaberg, D. trans. 2016. Zuo Tradition: Zuozhuan (Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals). Seattle: University of Washington Press.
von Falkenhausen, L. 1993. Suspended Music: Chime-Bells in the Culture of Bronze Age China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Shi, Feng. 2008. “Wenyi kao (A Study of the Inscription ‘Wenyi’).” Kaogu xuebao, 3:3–20.
Fentress, J. and Wickham, C. 1992. Social Memory. Oxford: Blackwell.
Fitzgerald-Huber, L. 1995. “Qijia and Erlitou: The Question of Contacts With Distant Cultures.” Early China, 20:17–67.
Fitzgerald-Huber, L. 2003. “The Qijia Culture: Paths East and West.” Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 75:55–78.
Flad, R. 2008. “Divination and Power: A Multi-Regional View of the Development of Oracle Bone Divination in Early China.” Current Anthropology, 49(3):403–37.
Flad, R. 2013. “The Sichuan Basin Neolithic.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 125–46. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Flad, R., Yuan, J., and Li, S.. 2009. “Zhongguo xibei diqu zuizao dongwu xunhua de dongwu kaoguxue ziliao (Zooarchaeological Data on Animal Domestication in Northwestern China).” Kaogu, 5:80–86.
Frachetti, M. D. 2012. “Multiregional Emergence of Mobile Pastoralism and Non-Uniform Institutional Complexity Across Eurasia.” Current Anthropology, 53:1–38.
Gao, W. 1993. “Zhongyuan Longshan wenhua zangzhi yanjiu (The Study of the Mortuary Tradition of the Central Plains Longshan Culture).” In Zhongguo kaoguxue luncong, ed. yanjiusuo, Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan kaogu, pp. 90–105. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Gao, T. 2010. “Shantaisi Longshan wenhua yanjiu (A Study of the Longshan Culture Remains at the Shantaisi Site).” Kaogu, 10:52–60.
Gao, W., Gao, T., and Zhang, D.. 1983. “Guanyu Taosi mudi de jige wenti (Several Questions on the Taosi Cemetery).” Kaogu, 6:531–36.
Gao, T., Zhang, D., and Gao, W.. 1984. “Longshan wenhua Taosi leixing de niandai yu fenqi (Chronology and Periodization for the Taosi Type of the Longshan Culture).” Shiqian yanjiu, 3:22–31.
Gao, W., Zhang, D., and Gao, T.. 1985. “Taosi yizhi de fajue yu Xia wenhua de tantao (The Taosi Excavation and the Investigation of the Xia Culture).” In Zhongguo kaogu xuehui disici nianhui lunwenji, ed. xuehui, Zhongguo kaogu, pp. 25–33. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Gao, W., Yang, X., Wang, W., and Du, J.. 1998. “Yanshi Shangcheng yu Xia Shang wenhua fenjie (The Yanshi Shang City and the Demarcation Between the Xia and Shang Cultures).” Kaogu, 10:66–79.
Gotlib, A. I. and Podol’skii, M. L.. 2008. Sve-gornye sooruzheniia Minusinskoy Kotloviny (Sve-Mountain Constructions of the Minusinsk Valley). St. Petersburg: Elexis-Print.
Jiegang, Gu. 1926. Gushi bian (Critique on Early History). Beijing: Jingshan shushe.
Guo, Wu. 2013. “Cong Shimao yizhi de shiren kan Longshan shidai Zhongguo beifang tong Ouya caoyuan de jiaoliu (Eurasian Interaction Seen Through the Stone Statues From the Shimao Site).” Zhongguo wenwubao, August 2, p. 6.
wenwuju, Guojia, yanjiusuo, Shanxisheng kaogu, xi, Jilin daxue kaoguxue. 1998. Jinzhong kaogu (Archaeology of Central Shanxi). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Jianye, Han. 2007. “Laohushan wenhua de kuozhang yu duiwan yingxiang.” Zhongyuan wenwu, 1:20–26, 41.
He, N. 2013. “The Longshan Period Site of Taosi in Southern Shanxi Province.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 255–77. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Henansheng wenwu. 2004. Yuzhou Wadian (The Wadian Site in Yuzhou). Beijing: Shijie tushu chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Henansheng wenwu and kaogu yanjiusuo, Zhengzhoushi wenwu. 1999. Zhengzhou Shangdai tongqi jiaocang (Shang Bronze Hoards in Zhengzhou). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Henansheng wenwu, daxue renleixuexi, Misuli zhouli, daxue renleixuexi, Huashengdun. 2008. Yinghe wenming (The Ying River Civilization, Survey and Test Excavation in the Upper Ying River Valley). Zhengzhou: Daxiang chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Henansheng wenwu and bowuguan kaogubu, Zhongguo lishi. 1992. Dengfeng Wangchenggang yu Yangcheng (The Wangchenggang and Yangcheng Site in Yuzhou). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Hiebert, F. T. 1994. Origins of the Bronze Age Civilization in Central Asia. American School of Prehistoric Research Bulletin, 42. Harvard University. Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.
Hiebert, F. T. 2000. “Bronze Age Central Eurasian Cultures in Their Steppe and Desert Environments.” In Environmental Disaster and the Archaeology of Human Response, eds. Bawden, G. and Reycraft, R. M., pp. 51–62. Maxwell Museum of Anthropology. Anthropological Papers, No. 7. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico.
Cho-yun, Hsü and Linduff, K.. 1988. Western Chou Civilization. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Jones, M., Hunt, H, Lightfoot, E., Liste, D., and Liu, X. 2011. “Food Globalization in Prehistory.” World Archaeology, 43(4):665–75.
Jia, X, Dong, G., Li, H., Brunson, K., Chen, F., Ma, M., Wang, H., An, C. and Zhang, K.. 2013. “The Development of Agriculture and Its Impact on Cultural Expansion During the Late Neolithic in the Western Loess Plateau, China.” The Holocene, 23:85–92.
Karlgren, B. 1946. “Legends and Cults in Ancient China.” Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 18:199–365.
Keightley, D. N. 1978. “The Bamboo Annals and Shang-Chou Chronology.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 38(2):423–38.
Keightley, D. N. 2000. Ancestral Landscape: Time, Space, and Community in Late Shang China, ca. 1200–1045 B.C. Berkeley: Institute of East Asian Studies.
Kenoyer, J. M. 1998. Ancient Cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. American Institute of Pakistan Studies. Karachi: Oxford University Press.
Kohl, P. 2007. The Making of Bronze Age Eurasia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kontonicolas, M. 2014. “By Land and by Sea: The Cowrie Shell Trade, c. 3000–1000 B.C.E.” Paper presented in the graduate seminar “Imagining the Third Millennium: Formative China and Its World,” Department of Anthropology, UCLA, Los Angeles, California.
Kuzmina, E. E. 2008. The Prehistory of the Silk Road. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Lee, Y. K. 2002. “Building the Chronology of Early Chinese History.” Asian Perspectives, 41(1):15–42.
Lewis, M. E. 2006. The Flood Myths of Early China. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Li, Boqian. 1986. “Erlitou leixing de wenhua xingzhi yu zushu wenti (On the Cultural Attributes and the Cultural Identity of the Erlitou Type).” Wenwu, 6:41–47.
Li, Boqian. 1998. “Tianma Qucun yizhi fajue yu Jinguo shifengdi de tuiding (The Excavation at the Tianma-Qucun Site and the Location of the Founding Capital of the Jin State).” In Zhongguo qingtong wenhua jiegou tixi yanjiu, ed. Li, Boqian, pp. 114–23. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Li, Daoyuan (annotated by Chen Qiaoyi). 2007. Shuijingzhu jiaozheng (Annotated Shuijingzhu). Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Li, Feng. 2006. Landscape and Power in Early China: The Crisis and Fall of the Western Zhou (1045–771 B.C.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Li, Ling. 2003. “Sandai kaogu de lishi duanxiang cong zuijin fabiao de Shangbo Chujian Rongchengshi Suigongxu he Yu Qiu zhuqi xiangdao de (Historical Reflection on Three Dynasties Archaeology, Reflections From the Recently Published Rongchengshi Text on Chu State Bamboo Slips in the Shanghai Museum Collection, Suigong Xu Vessel and Other Bronze Vessels).” Zhongguo xueshu, 2:188–213.
Li, Ling. 2010. “Zhongguo guren de shanchuan (The Conception of Landscape in the Ancient Chinese).” Huaxia dili, 1:40–64.
Li, Min. 1985. “Yaoshun shidai yu Taosi yizhi (The Yao-Shun Era and the Taosi Site).” Shiqian yanjiu, 4:34–38.
Li, Min. 2013. “The Longshan Transition: Expanded Horizon and Political Experimentation.” Paper presented at the SAA 78th Annual Meeting, Society for American Archaeology, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Li, Yung-Ti and Ming-Chong, Hwang. 2013. “Archaeology of Shanxi During the Yinxu Period.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 367–87. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Li, Liu 2004. The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Li, Liu and Xingcan, Chen. 2003. State Formation in Early China. London: Duckworth.
Li, Liu 2012. Archaeology of China: From the Paleolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Li, Liu and Hong, Xu. 2007. “Rethinking Erlitou: Legend, History and Chinese Archaeology.” Antiquity, 81:886–901.
Li, Liu, Chen, Xingcan, Lee, Yun Kuen, Wright, H., and Rosen, A.. 2004. “Settlement Patterns and Development of Social Complexity in the Yiluo Region, North China.” Journal of Field Archaeology, 29(1–2):75–100.
Liu, Xu. 1991. “Jianlun Taosi leixing bushi Xia wenhua jiantan Erlitou wenhua de xingzhi (Taosi Type Is Not the Xia Culture and the Nature of Erlitou Culture).” Shiqian yanjiu (Jikan), 1990–1991:181–85.
Xin, Luo and Jianwen, Tian. 1991. “Taosi wenhua zai yanjiu (Rethinking the Taosi Culture).” Zhongyuan wenwu, 2:17–21.
Peng, Lü. 2010. “Zhongguo jiayang huangniu de qiyuan jiqi zai zongjiao yishi zhong de yingyong.” Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan gudai wenming yanjiu zhongxin tongxun, 20:10–16.
Machinist, P. 1986. “On Self-Consciousness in Mesopotamia.” In The Origins and Diversity of Axial Age Civilizations, ed. Eisenstadt, S., pp. 183–202. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Mei, Jianjun. 2009. “Early Metallurgy and Socio-Cultural Complexity: Archaeological Discoveries in Northwest China.” In Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia: Monuments, Metals, and Mobility, eds. Hanks, B. K. and Linduff, K. M., pp. 215–34. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Mills, B. J. and Walker, W. H., eds. 2008. Memory Work: Archaeologies of Material Practices. Santa Fe, NM: SAR Press.
Nivison, D. S. 1999. “The Key to the Chronology of the Three Dynasties. The ‘Modern Text’ Bamboo Annals.” In Sino-Platonic Papers 93, ed. Mair, V. H., pp. 1–68. Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Okamura, H. 1995. “Zhongguo shiqian yuqi de shengchan yu liutong (The Production and Exchange of Jade in Prehistoric China).” Kaogu yu wenwu, 6:78–87.
Okamura, H. 2003. Ka Ōchō: ōken tanjō no kōkogaku (The Xia Dynasty: Archaeology of the Emergence of the Kingship). Tokyo: Kodansha.
Pauketat, T. R. 2004. Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Pauketat, T. R. 2007. Chiefdoms and Other Archaeological Delusions. Lanham, MD: AltaMira.
Ke, Peng and Yanshi, Zhu. 1995. “New Research on the Origin of Cowries in Ancient China.” In Sino-Platonic Papers 68, ed. Mair, V. H., pp. 1–21. Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Pohl, J. M. D. 2012. “The Odyssey of the Plumed Serpent.” In Children of the Plumed Serpent: The Legacy of Quetzalcoatl in Ancient Mexico, eds. Fields, V. M., Pohl, J. M. D., and Lyall, V. I., pp. 95–107. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
Possehl, G. L. 2002. The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.
Ling, Qin. 2013. “The Liangzhu Culture.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 574–96. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Rawson, J. 2010. “Carnelian Beads, Animal Figures and Exotic Vessels: Traces of Contact Between the Chinese States and Inner Asia, c. 1000–650BC.” In Bridging Eurasia: Archäologie in China, vol. 1, eds. Wagner, Mayke and Wang, W., pp.1–42. Darmstadt: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Ricoeur, P. 2004. Memory, History, Forgetting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rosen, A. M. 2008. Civilizing Climate. Lanham, MD: AltaMira.
Shanxisheng kaogu, yanjiusuo, kaogu kantandui, Yulinshi wenwu, and wentiju, Shenmuxiang 2013. “Shanxi Shenmu shimao yizhi (The Shimao Site in Shenmu, Shaanxi).” Kaogu, 7:15–24.
Shanxisheng kaogu, yanjiusuo and lianhe kaogudui, Dahekou mudi. 2011. “Shanxi Yichengxian Dahekou Xizhou mudi (The Western Zhou Cemetery at Dahekou, Yicheng, Shanxi).” Kaogu, 7:1–8.
Shanxisheng kaogu, yanjiusuo and baohu yanjiusuo, Yulinshi wenwu. 2005. Shenmu Xinhua (The Xinhua Site in Shenmu). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Wangping, Shao. 1987. “Yugong jiuzhou de kaoguxue yanjiu jianlun zhongguo wenming qiyuan de duoyuanxing (An Archaeological Study of the Nine Regions Cultural Landscape in the Text Yugong and on the Plural Origins for Early Chinese Civilization).” Jiuzhou xuekan, 2(1):9–18.
Wangping, Shao. 2002. “The Formation of the Civilization: The Interaction Sphere of the Longshan Period.” In The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective, eds. Chang, K. C., Pingfang, Xu, and Allan, S., pp. 85–123. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Shelach, G. 1996. “The Qiang and the Question of Human Sacrifice in the Late Shang Period.” Asian Perspectives, 35(1):1–26.
Sherratt, A. 2006. “The Trans-Eurasian Exchange: The Prehistory of Chinese Relations With the West.” In Contact and Exchange in the Ancient World, ed. Mair, V. M., pp. 32–53. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press.
Qian, Sima. 1959. Shiji (Treaties of History). Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju.
Snead, J. E. 2004. “Ancestral Pueblo Settlement Dynamics: Landscape, Scale, and Context in the Burnt Corn Community.” Kiva, 69:243–69.
Bingqi, Su. 1994. Huaren longed chuanren zhongguoren (Chinese and the Descendants of Dragon). Shenyang: Liaoning daxue chubanshe.
Bingqi, Su. 2000. Zhongguo wenming qiyuan xintan (New Investigation on the Rise of Chinese Civilization). Beijing: Sanlian shudian.
Qingwei, Sun. 2008. Zhoudai yongyu zhidu yanjiu (A Study on the Zhou Ritual Use of Jade). Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.
Changwu, Tian. 1981. “Xiawenhua tansuo (Research on the Xia Culture).” Wenwu, 5:18–26.
Jianwen, Tian and Li, Junfeng. 2008. “Shanxi Qiaobei mudi Xian zi mingwen (The Xian Inscription From the Qiaobei Cemetery in Shanxi).” Gudai wenming yanjiu tongxun, 36:12–16.
Thorp, R. L. 1991. “Erlitou and the Search for the Xia.” Early China, 16:1–38.
Thorp, R. L. 2006. China in the Early Bronze Age. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania.
Enzheng, Tong. 1986. “Shilun woguo cong dongbei zhi xinan de biandi banyuexing wenhua chuanbodai (The Crescent-Shaped Cultural Transmission Belt From Northeastern to Southwestern China Borderland).” In Wenwu yu kaogu lunji, ed. editorial committee of the Wenwu chubanshe, pp. 17–43. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Underhill, A. 2002. Craft Production and Social Change in Northern China. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Underhill, A. P., Feinman, G. M., Nicholas, L. M., Fang, Hui, Luan, Fengshi, Yu, Haiguang, and Ca, Fengshu. 2008. “Changes in Regional Settlement Patterns and the Development of Complex Societies in Southeastern Shandong, China.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 27:1–29.
Weilin, Wang and Zhouyong, Sun. 2011. “Shimao yuqi de niandai ji xiangguan wenti (On the Dates and Related Issues of the Shimao Jades).” Kaogu yu wenwu, (4):40–49.
Yongbo, Wang. 1993. “Chengshan yuqi yu rizhuji jianlun taiyangshen chongbai de youguan wenti (Chengshan Jade Deposits and the Cult of Sun Master: On Issues of Sun Worship).” Wenwu, 1:64–70.
Wang, Y., Cheng, H., Edwards, R. L., He, Y., Kong, X., An, Z., Wu, J., Kelly, M. J., Dykoski, C. A., and Li, X. 2005. “The Holocene Asian Monsoon: Links to Solar Changes and North Atlantic Climate.” Science, 308:854–57.
Wright, H. T. 2006. “Early State Dynamics as Political Experiment.” Journal of Anthropological Research, 62(3):305–19.
Wenxiang, Wu and Tungsheng, Liu. 2004. “Possible Role of the ‘Holocene Event 3’ on the Collapse of Neolithic Cultures Around the Central Plain of China.” Quaternary International, 117:153–66.
Hung, Wu. 1995. Monumentality in Early Chinese Art and Architecture. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Yang, Bojun. 1990. Chunqiu Zuozhuan zhu (Annotated Chunqiu Zuozhuan), 2nd edn. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Yin, W. C. 1986. “A Re-Examination of the Erh-li-t’ou Culture.” In Studies of Shang Archaeology, ed. Chang, K. C., pp. 1–13. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Yoffee, N. 2005. Myths of the Archaic State. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Yoffee, N., ed. 2007. Negotiating the Past in the Past: Identity, Memory, and Landscape in Archaeological Research. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Nai, Xia. 1978. “Tantao Xia wenhua de jige wenti (Several Issues on the Investigation of the Xia Culture).” Henan Wenbo Tongxun, 1:32–3.
Nai, Xia. 1985. Zhongguo wenming de qiyuan (Origins of the Chinese Civilization). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
gongcheng zhuanjiazu, Xiashangzhou duandai. 2000. Xiashangzhou duandai gongcheng 1996–2000 nian jieduan chengguo baokao (The Preliminary Report for the Xia Shang Zhou Chronology Project 1996–2000). Beijing: Shijie tushu chuban gongsi.
Jian, Xu. 2000. “Zhuixun Xia wenhua ershi shiji chu de Zhongguo guojia zhuyi kaoguxue (Searching for the Xia Culture: Nationalist Archeology in Early 20th Century China).” Hanxue yanjiu, 18:291–307.
Hong, Xu. 2009. Zuizao de zhongguo (The First Central Kingdom). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Hong, Xu. 2013. “The Erlitou Culture.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 300–22. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hong, Xu and Yezhi, An. 1991. “Taosi leixing wei Youyushi yicun lun (The Taosi Cultural Type as the Remains of the Youyu Clan).” Kaogu yu wenwu, 6:34–39.
Xusheng, Xu. 1959. “1959 nian xia Yuxi diaocha Xiaxu de chubu baogao (A Preliminary Report on the 1959 Summer Season Reconnaissance of the ‘Xia Ruins’ in Western Henan).” Kaogu, 11:592–600.
Xusheng, Xu. 1960. Zhongguo gushi de chuanshuo shidai (The Legendary Era in Chinese History). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Chi, Zhang. 2013. “The Qujialing-Shijiahe Culture in the Middle Yangtze River Valley.” In A Companion to Chinese Archaeology, ed. Underhill, A. P., pp. 510–34. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hai, Zhang. 2007. A Study of Cultural History and Social Complexity in the Central Plain of China Between 4000–1500 BC. PhD dissertation, Peking University, Beijing, China.
Li, Zhang. 2012. Social Transformation From the Longshan Period to the Erlitou Period: Songshan and Beyond. PhD dissertation, Peking University, Beijing, China.
Zhang, X., Xiu, S., Cai, L., Bo, G., Wang, J. and Zhong, J. 2007. “Xinzhai Erlitou Erligang wenhua kaogu niandai xulie de jianli yu wanshan (The Establishment and Refinement of the Chronology for Xinzhai, Erlitou, and Erligang Archaeological Cultures).” Kaogu, 8:74–89.
Baojin, Zhao, ed. 2008. Yicheng xianzhi (Gazetteer of Yicheng). Taiyuan: Shanxi chuban jituan and Shanxi renmin chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan and Bengbushi bowuguan, Anhui gongzuodui. 2013. “Anhui Bengbushi Yuhui Longshan wenhua yizhi jisi taiji fajue jianbao (Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Excavations of the Longshan Period Ritual Platform at the Yuhui Site, Bengbu City in Anhui).” Kaogu, 7:7–31.
bowuguan kaogubu, Zhongguo guojia. 2007. Yuanqu pendi juluo kaogu yanjiu (Settlement Archaeology in the Yuanqu Basin). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan. 1999. Yanshi Erlitou (The Erlitou Site in Yanshi). Beijing: Zhongguo dabaike quanshu chubanshe.
kaogu yanjiusuo, Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan, lishi bowuguan, Zhongguo, and yanjiusuo, Shanxisheng kaogu. 1988. Xiaxian Dongxiafeng (The Dongxiafeng Site in Xiaxian). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
lianhe kaogudui, Zhongmei Liangcheng diqu. 2004. “Shandong Rizhaoshi Liangchengzhen yizhi 1998–2001 nian fajue jianbao (Preliminary Report on the 1998–2001 Season Excavation of the Liangchengzhen Site in Rizhao).” Kaogu, 9:7–18.
Hongxiang, Zhou. 1990. Xiashi wenhua yanjiu shumu (Bibliography on the Study of the Xia Culture). Hong Kong: Xianggang Daxue Zhongwenxi.
Heng, Zou. 1980. Xia Shang Zhou kaoguxue lunwenji (The Collection of Papers on Xia Shang Zhou Archaeology). Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Heng, Zou. 1996. “Jin shifengdi kaolue (On the Location of the First Jin State Center).” In Jinxinji, ed. Rongzeng, Wu, pp. 215–21. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Heng, Zou. 2000. Tianma Qucun 1980–1989 (The 1980–1989 Excavation of Tianma-Qucun Site). Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.