Biopsychosocial assessment of patients
Carry out a full biopsychosocial assessment of patients, in medical and surgical settings, with physical health problems, physical symptoms and mental health symptoms, impaired mental well-being or psychological distress, including:
• systematic documentation of the chronology of the patient's medical history, including use of timelines
• working with other clinical members of the liaison team
• know the epidemiology and common presentations of psychological problems in medical and surgical settings
• use of appropriate questionnaires in medical ' surgical settings and recognise their limitations.
The trainee should be observed interviewing a patient who is not previously known to them. This competency will usually be assessed using an Assessed Clinical Encounter (ACE); however, subcomponents may be assessed using a mini-ACE (e.g. in the context of a patient review).
The trainee should be able to take a history in a physically ill patient or in a patient with medically unexplained symptoms, exploring aspects such as previous medical problems, family illness and associated life events or ongoing stressors. Trainees should focus on the importance of timelines and illness chronology, as well as exploring the patient's understanding of their illness. Trainees should utilise the full range of available information, such as patient notes, informants, carers and staff on the ward. They should also be able to suggest, initiate and interpret appropriate investigations, including physical investigations and collecting corroborative information.
Mental state examination
Carry out a basic mental state examination identifying specifically:
This could be done with a new patient or during a ward review, most commonly using a mini-ACE. Several workplace-based assessments will be required to cover the range and depth of psychopathology.
The trainee should be able fully to differentiate between overvalued ideas, delusions, illusions and hallucinations, and explore the patient's health beliefs, expectations and understanding. The trainee should be able to diagnose delirium (acute confusional state), using appropriate historytaking and examination, including cognitive testing. Trainees should explore all perceptual areas and use appropriate questions in order to determine mood disturbance in physically ill patients.