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The idea of an inevitable conflict between science and religion was decisively challenged by John Hedley Brooke in his classic Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge, 1991). Almost two decades on, Science and Religion: New Historical Perspectives revisits this argument and asks how historians can now impose order on the complex and contingent histories of religious engagements with science. Bringing together leading scholars, this volume explores the history and changing meanings of the categories 'science' and 'religion'; the role of publishing and education in forging and spreading ideas; the connection between knowledge, power and intellectual imperialism; and the reasons for the confrontation between evolution and creationism among American Christians and in the Islamic world. A major contribution to the historiography of science and religion, this book makes the most recent scholarship on this much misunderstood debate widely accessible.

Reviews

'Every student of science and religion will find this book informative, useful, and stimulating.'

Source: Theological Book Review

'… there is a great deal here to interest and stimulate the general reader as well as the academic specialist.'

Source: The Expository Times

'These days, whenever the words 'science' and 'religion' are brought together, they are likely to conjure up other words like 'debate', ‘conflict', and ‘inevitable'. That set of associations, real or imagined, is the underlying subject of this remarkable book. It distills an enormous amount of scholarship relating to a fascinating set of subjects of contemporary importance in the form of well-researched and nicely written set of essays brought together in honor of the British historian John Hedley Brooke. It celebrates his work in redefining, one might almost say, defining away, the notion of conflict between science and religion.'

Source: Science and Education

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Contents

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PRINCIPAL PUBLICATIONS BY JOHN HEDLEY BROOKE
John Hedley, Brooke 1977 ‘Natural theology and the plurality of worlds: Observations on the Brewster–Whewell debate’, Annals of Science 34, 221–86.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Richard Owen, William Whewell and the Vestiges’, British Journal for the History of Science 10, 132–45.
John Hedley, Brooke 1979 ‘The natural theology of the geologists: Some theological strata’, in Jordanova, L. and Porter, R. (eds.), Images of the earth, Chalfont St Giles: British Society for the History of Science monograph no. 1, 1979, pp. 39–64. 2nd rev. edn, 1997, pp. 53–74.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Nebular contraction and the expansion of naturalism’, British Journal for the History of Science 12, 200–11.
John Hedley, Brooke 1985 ‘The relations between Darwin's science and his religion’, in Durant, John R. (ed.), Darwinism and divinity: Essays on evolution and religious belief, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 40–75.
John Hedley, Brooke 1987 ‘Joseph Priestley and William Whewell, apologists and historians of science: A tale of two stereotypes’, in Anderson, R. and Lawrence, C. (eds.), Science, medicine and dissent: Joseph Priestley, London: Wellcome Foundation and Science Museum, pp. 11–27.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Why did the English mix their science and their religion?’, in S. Rossi (ed.), Science and imagination in 18th-century British culture, Milan: Edizioni Unicopli, pp. 57–78.
John Hedley, Brooke 1988 ‘The God of Isaac Newton’, in Fauvel, J., Flood, R., Shortland, M., and Wilson, R. (eds.), Let Newton be!, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 169–83.
John Hedley, Brooke 1989 ‘Science and the fortunes of natural theology: Some historical perspectives’, Zygon 24, 3–22.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and the secularisation of knowledge: Perspectives on some 18th-century transformations’, Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza 4, 43–65.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Scientific thought and its meaning for religion: The impact of French science on British natural theology, 1827–1859’, Revue de Synthèse 4, 33–59.
John Hedley, Brooke 1990 ‘Between science and theology: The defence of teleology in the interpretation of nature, 1820–1876’, Proceedings of the 19th-century Working Group of the American Academy of Religion 16, 80–94. Republished in the Journal for the History of Modern Theology 1 (1994), 47–65.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and religion’, in G. Cantor, J. Christie, J. Hodge, and R. Olby (eds.), A companion to the history of modern science, London: Routledge, pp. 763–82.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘“A sower went forth”: Joseph Priestley and the ministry of reform’, in A. Truman Schwarz and J. G. McEvoy (eds.), Motion toward perfection: The achievement of Joseph Priestley, Boston, MA: Skinner House, pp. 21–56.
John Hedley, Brooke 1991 ‘Indications of a creator: Whewell as apologist and priest’, in Fisch, M. and Schaffer, S. (eds.), William Whewell: A composite portrait, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 149–73.
John Hedley, BrookeScience and religion: Some historical perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Foreign language editions include Chinese, Greek, Portuguese, Romanian, and Russian translations.)
John Hedley, Brooke 1992 ‘Natural law in the natural sciences: The origins of modern atheism?’, Science and Christian Belief 4, 83–103.
John Hedley, Brooke 1995 Thinking about matter: Studies in the history of chemical philosophy, Aldershot: Ashgate.
John Hedley, Brooke 1996 ‘Like minds: The god of Hugh Miller’, in Shortland, Michael (ed.), Hugh Miller and the controversies of Victorian science, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 171–86.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Religious apologetics and the transmutation of knowledge: Was a chemico-theology possible in 18th- and early-19th century Britain?’, in van der Meer (ed.), Facets of faith and science, vol. IV, pp. 215–29.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Religious belief and the natural sciences: Mapping the historical landscape’, in van der Meer (ed.), Facets of faith and science, vol. I, pp. 1–26.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and theology in the enlightenment’, in Richardson and Wildman (eds.), Religion and science, pp. 7–27.
John Hedley, Brooke 1997 ‘L'essor d'une culture scientifique’, in McLeod, H., Mews, S., and d'Haussy, C. (eds.), Histoire religieuse de la Grande-Bretagne, Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, pp. 261–85.
John Hedley, Brooke 1998 Reconstructing Nature: The engagement of science and religion. The 1995–6 Gifford Lectures at Glasgow, Edinburgh: T & T Clark. Jointly authored with Geoffrey Cantor.
John Hedley, Brooke 1999 ‘The history of science and religion: Some evangelical dimensions’, in Hart, Livingstone, and Noll (eds.), Evangelicals and science, pp. 17–40.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Presidential address: Does the history of science have a future?’, British Journal for the History of Science 32, 1–20.
John Hedley, Brooke 2000 ‘“Wise men nowadays think otherwise”: John Ray, natural theology and the meanings of anthropocentrism’, Notes and Records of the Royal Society 54, 199–213.
John Hedley, Brooke 2001 ‘Religious belief and the content of the sciences’, in Brooke, Osler, and van der Meer (eds.), Science in theistic contexts pp. 3–28.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and secularization’, in L. Woodhead (ed.), Reinventing Christianity, Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 229–38.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘The Wilberforce–Huxley debate: Why did it happen?’, Science and Christian Belief 13, 127–41.
John Hedley, Brooke 2002 ‘The changing relations between science and religion’, in Reagan, H. and Worthing, M. (eds.), Interdisciplinary perspectives on cosmology and biological evolution, Adelaide: Australian Theological Forum, pp. 3–18.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Darwin and Victorian Christianity’, in Gregory Radick and Jonathan Hodge (eds.), The Cambridge companion to Darwin, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 192–213.
John Hedley, Brooke 2003 ‘Detracting from divine power? Religious belief and the appraisal of new technologies’, in Deane-Drummond, Celia and Szerszynski, Bronislaw (eds.), Reordering nature: Theology, society and the new genetics, London: T & T Clark, pp. 43–64.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Improvable nature?’, in Willem Drees (ed.), Is nature ever evil?: Religion, science and value, London: Routledge, pp. 149–69.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and religion’, in Roy Porter (ed.), The Cambridge history of science: Vol. IV Eighteenth-century science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 741–61.
John Hedley, Brooke 2004 ‘Science and dissent: Some historiographical issues’, in Wood (ed.), Science and dissent, pp. 19–37.
John Hedley, Brooke 2005 ‘Darwin, design, and the unification of nature’, in Proctor (ed.), Science, religion, and the human experience, pp. 165–83.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Joining natural philosophy to Christianity: The case of Joseph Priestley’, in Brooke and Maclean (eds.), Heterodoxy, pp. 319–36.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Learning from the past’, in Christopher Southgate (ed.), God, humanity and the cosmos, London: T & T Clark, pp. 63–81.
John Hedley, Brooke 2006 ‘Contributions from the history of science and religion’, in Clayton and Simpson (eds.), Oxford handbook pp. 293–310.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Darwin and God: Then and now’, Harvard Divinity Bulletin, Autumn 2006, 76–85.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Friends and enemies: Breaking down the dichotomies’, Modern Believing 47 (no. 4), 5–16.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘“If I were God”: Einstein and Religion’, Zygon 41, 941–54.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Science and the self: What difference did Darwin make?’, in F. Leron Shults (ed.), The evolution of rationality: Interdisciplinary essays in Honor of J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, pp. 253–73.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘The search for extra-terrestrial life: Historical and theological perspectives’, Omega: Indian Journal of Science and Religion 5 (no. 1), 6–22.
John Hedley, Brooke 2007 ‘La ciencia en los Unitarios’, in Montesinos, José and Toledo, Sergio (eds.), Ciencia y religion en la edad moderna, La Orotava: Fundación Canaria Orotava de Historia de la Ciencia, pp. 253–71.
John Hedley, Brooke ‘Overtaking nature? The changing scope of organic chemistry in the nineteenth century’, in Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent and William R. Newman (eds.), The artificial and the natural: An evolving polarity, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pp. 275–92.
John Hedley, Brooke 2009 ‘“Laws impressed on matter by the deity”? The Origin and the question of religion’, in Ruse, Michael and Richards, Robert J. (eds.), The Cambridge companion to the ‘Origin of Species’, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 256–74.
John Hedley, Brooke (forthcoming) ‘Science and secularization’, in P.Harrison (ed.), The Cambridge companion to science and religion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
EDITED COLLECTIONS AND ENCYCLOPAEDIAS
Brooke, John H., and Ihsanoglu, E. (eds.), Religious values and the rise of science in Europe, Istanbul: Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture, 2005.
Brooke, John H.Osler, M. J., and , J. van der Meer and Maclean, Ian (eds.), Heterodoxy in early modern science and religion, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Brooke, John H., Osler, M. J., and , J. van der Meer (eds.), Science in theistic contexts: Cognitive dimensions, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Brooke, John H.Osler, M. J., and , J. van der Meer and Numbers, Ronald L. (eds.), Science and religion around the world, New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Clayton, Philip, and Simpson, Zachary (eds.), The Oxford handbook of religion and science, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Ferngren, Gary B. (ed.), Science and religion: A historical introduction, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Ferngren, Gary B.et al. (eds.), The history of science and religion in the western tradition: An encyclopedia, New York and London: Garland, 2000.
Harrison, Peter (ed.), The Cambridge companion to science and religion, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (forthcoming).
Hart, D., Livingstone, D., and Noll, M. (eds.), Evangelicals and science in historical perspective, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Killeen, Kevin, and Forshaw, Peter (eds.), The Word and the world: Biblical exegesis and early modern science, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Knight, David, and Eddy, Matthew (eds.), Science and beliefs: From natural philosophy to natural science, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005.
Lindberg, David C., and Numbers, Ronald L. (eds.), God and nature: Historical essays on the encounter between Christianity and science, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1986.
Lindberg, David C., and Numbers, Ronald L.When science and Christianity meet, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Numbers, Ronald L. (ed.), Galileo goes to jail and other myths about science and religion, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Proctor, James D. (ed.), Science, religion, and the human experience, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Richardson, W. Mark, and Wildman, Wesley J. (eds.), Religion and science: History, method and dialogue, London: Routledge, 1996.
Meer, Jitse (ed.), Facets of faith and science, 4 vols., New York: University Press of America, 1996.
, Huyssteen, Wentzel, J. (ed.), Encyclopedia of science and religion, 2 vols., New York: Macmillan, 2003.
Wood, Paul (ed.), Science and dissent in England 1688–1945, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.
OVERVIEWS AND GENERAL WORKS
Dixon, Thomas, Science and religion: A very short introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Livingstone, David N., Adam's ancestors: Race, religion, and the politics of human origins, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
McGrath, Alister E., Science and religion: An introduction, Oxford: Blackwell, 1999.
Numbers, Ronald L., Science and Christianity in pulpit and pew, New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Olson, Richard, Science and religion, 1450–1900: From Copernicus to Darwin, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
Russell, Colin A., Cross-currents: Interactions between science and faith, Leicester: Inter-Varsity, 1985.
Taylor, Charles, A secular age, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2007.
PARTICULAR (NON-PROTESTANT) RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS
Bayly, C. A., Empire and information: Intelligence gathering and social communication in India, 1780–1870, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Dodson, Michael, ‘Re-presented for the Pandits: James Ballantyne, “useful knowledge”, and Sanskrit scholarship in Benares College during the nineteenth century’, Modern Asian Studies 36 (2002), 257–98.
Dodson, MichaelOrientalism, empire and national culture: India, 1770–1880, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Killingley, Dermot, ‘Hinduism, Darwinism and evolution in late nineteenth-century India’, in Amigoni, David and Wallace, Jeff (eds.), Charles Darwin's The origin of species: New interdisciplinary essays, Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 1995, pp. 174–202.
Lopez, Donald S., Buddhism and science: A guide for the perplexed, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Sivasundaram, Sujit, ‘“A Christian Benares”: Orientalism and science in the Serampore Mission of Bengal’, Indian Economic and Social History Review 44 (2007), 111–45.
Young, Richard Fox, Resistant Hinduism: Sanskrit sources on anti-Christian apologetics in early nineteenth-century India, Vienna: Institut für Indologie der Universität Wien, 1991.
Young, Richard Fox ‘Receding from antiquity: Hindu responses to science and Christianity on the margins of Empire, 1800–1850’, in Frykenberg, Robert (ed.), Christians and missionaries in India: Cross-cultural communication since 1500, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2003, pp. 183–222.
Young, Richard Fox and Somaratna, G. P. V., Vain debates: The Buddhist–Christian controversies of nineteenth-century Ceylon, Vienna: De Nobili Research Library, 1996.
Ben-Zaken, Avner, ‘Heavens of the sky and the heavens of the heart: The Ottoman cultural context for the introduction of post-Copernican astronomy’, British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2004), 1–28.
Daiber, Hans, ‘Science and technology versus Islam: A controversy from Renan and Afghani to Nasr and Needham and its historical background’, Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies 8 (1993), 169–80.
Edis, Taner, An illusion of harmony: Science and religion in Islam, New York: Prometheus Books, 2007.
Gutas, Dimitri, ‘The study of Arabic philosophy in the twentieth century: An essay on the historiography of Arabic philosophy’, British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 29 (2002), 5–25.
Huff, Toby E., The rise of early modern science: Islam, China, and the West, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Ragep, F. J., ‘Duhem, the Arabs and the history of cosmology’, Revue de Synthèse 83 (1990), 201–14.
Sabra, A. I., ‘The appropriation and subsequent naturalisation of Greek science in medieval Islam’, History of Science 25 (1987), 223–43.
Saliba, George, Islamic science and the making of the European Renaissance, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.
Tibi, Bassa, ‘The worldview of Sunni Arab fundamentalists: Attitudes towards modern science and technology’, in Marty, M. E. and Appleby, R. S. (eds.), Fundamentalisms and society: Reclaiming the sciences, the family, and education, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993, pp. 73–102.
Cantor, Geoffrey, Quakers, Jews, and science: Religious responses to modernity and the sciences in Britain, 1650–1900, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantor, Geoffrey and Swetlitz, Marc (eds.), Jewish tradition and the challenge of Darwinism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Charpa, Ulrich, and Deichmann, Ute (eds.), Jews and sciences in German contexts: Case studies from the 19th and 20th centuries, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007.
Efron, Noah J., Judaism and science: A historical introduction, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2007.
Fisch, Menachem, Rational rabbis: Science and Talmudic culture, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1997.
Hollinger, David A., Science, Jews, and secular culture: Studies in mid-twentieth-century American intellectual history, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Ruderman, David B., Jewish thought and scientific discovery in early modern Europe, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.
Artigas, Mariano, Glick, Thomas F., and Martinez, Rafael A., Negotiating Darwin: The Vatican confronts evolution, 1877–1902, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Finocchiaro, Maurice A., Retrying Galileo, 1633–1992, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2007.
Harris, Ruth, Lourdes: Body and spirit in a secular age, London: Allen Lane, 1999.
Heilbron, J. L., The sun in the church: Cathedrals as solar observatories, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Hess, Peter M. J., and Allen, Paul L., Catholicism and science, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008.
McMullin, Ernan (ed.), The Church and Galileo, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005.
Mullin, Robert B., Miracles and the modern religious imagination, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1996.
O'Leary, Don, Roman Catholicism and modern science: A history, New York: Continuum, 2006.
Turner, Frank, John Henry Newman: The challenge to evangelical religion, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002.
THE EARLY MODERN PERIOD
Barker, Peter, and Goldstein, Bernard R., ‘Theological foundations of Kepler's astronomy’, Osiris 16 (2001), 88–113.
Cohen, I. Bernard (ed.), Puritanism and the rise of modern science: The Merton thesis, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990.
Dear, Peter, Revolutionizing the sciences: European knowledge and its ambitions, 1500–1700, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001.
Finocchiaro, Maurice A. (ed. and trans.), The Galileo affair: A documentary history, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989.
Force, James E., and Richard, H. Popkin, Essays on the context, nature, and influence of Isaac Newton's theology, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 1990.
Funkenstein, Amos, Theology and the scientific imagination, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986.
Harrison, Peter, The Bible, Protestantism, and the rise of natural science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Harrison, Peter ‘Physico-theology and the mixed sciences: Theology and early modern natural philosophy’, in Anstey, Peter and Schuster, John (eds.), The science of nature in the seventeenth century, Dordrecht: Springer, 2005, pp. 165–83.
Harrison, PeterThe fall of man and the foundations of science, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Heilbron, J. L., The sun in the church: Cathedrals as solar observatories, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.
Hooykaas, R., Religion and the rise of science, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1972.
Howell, Kenneth J., God's two books: Copernican cosmology and biblical interpretation in early modern science, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2002.
Iliffe, Rob, Newton: A very short introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Israel, Jonathan I., Radical enlightenment: Philosophy and the making of modernity, 1650–1750, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Israel, Jonathan I., Enlightenment contested: Philosophy, modernity, and the emancipation of man 1670–1752, New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Lindberg, David C., ‘Galileo, the Church, and the cosmos’, in Lindberg and Numbers (eds.), When science and Christianity meet, pp. 33–60.
McMullin, Ernan (ed.), The Church and Galileo, Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2005.
Oakley, Francis, Omnipotence, covenant, and order: An excursion in the history of ideas from Abelard to Leibniz, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1984.
Osler, Margaret J., Divine will and the mechanical philosophy: Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Osler, Margaret J.‘Mixing metaphors: Science and religion or natural philosophy and theology in early modern Europe’, History of Science 3 (1998), 91–113.
Osler, Margaret J.(ed.), Rethinking the scientific revolution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Shapin, Steven, The scientific revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Snobelen, Stephen, ‘Isaac Newton, heretic: The strategies of a Nicodemite’, British Journal for the History of Science 32 (1999), 381–419.
Snobelen, Stephen‘“God of Gods and Lord of Lords”: The theology of Isaac Newton's General Scholium to the Principia’, Osiris 16 (2001), 169–208.
Snobelen, Stephen ‘To discourse of God: Isaac Newton's heterodox theology and his natural theology’, in Wood (ed.), Science and dissent, pp. 39–62.
Westfall, Richard S., Science and religion in seventeenth-century England, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1958.
THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
Astore, William J., Observing God: Thomas Dick, evangelicalism, and popular science in Victorian Britain and America, Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001.
Barton, Ruth, ‘John Tyndall, pantheist: A rereading of the Belfast Address’, Osiris 3 (1987), 111–34.
Cantor, Geoffrey, Michael Faraday: Sandemanian and scientist, London: Macmillan, 1991.
Dixon, Thomas, From passions to emotions: The creation of a secular psychological category, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Dixon, Thomas‘Looking beyond “The Rumpus about Moses and Monkeys”: Religion and the sciences in the nineteenth century’, Nineteenth Century Studies 17 (2003), 25–33.
Dixon, ThomasThe invention of altruism: Making moral meanings in Victorian Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Fichman, Martin, An elusive Victorian: The evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Fyfe, Aileen, ‘The reception of William Paley's Natural theology in the University of Cambridge’, British Journal for the History of Science 30 (1997), 321–35.
Fyfe, Aileen‘Publishing and the classics: Paley's Natural theology and the nineteenth-century scientific canon’, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 33 (2002), 433–55.
Fyfe, AileenScience and salvation: Evangelical popular science publishing in Victorian Britain, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.
Fyfe, Aileen ‘Science and religion in popular publishing in nineteenth-century Britain’, in Meusburger, Peteret al. (eds.), Clashes of knowledge: Orthodoxies and heterodoxies in science and religion, Dordrecht: Springer Science, 2008, pp. 121–32.
Gregory, Frederick, Scientific materialism in nineteenth-century Germany, Dordrecht: Reidel, 1977.
Gregory, FrederickNature lost?: Natural science and the German theological traditions of the nineteenth century, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Lightman, Bernard, The origins of agnosticism: Victorian unbelief and the limits of knowledge, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.
Lightman, Bernard‘Victorian sciences and religions: Discordant harmonies’, Osiris 16 (2001), 343–66.
Lightman, Bernard ‘Scientists as materialists in the periodical press: Tyndall's Belfast Address’, in Cantor, Geoffrey and Shuttleworth, Sally (eds.), Science serialized: Representations of the sciences in nineteenth-century periodicals, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004, 199–238.
Lightman, BernardVictorian popularizers of science: Designing nature for new audiences, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Moore, James, ‘Herbert Spencer's henchmen: The evolution of Protestant liberals in late nineteenth-century America’, in Durant, John (ed.), Darwinism and divinity: Essays on evolution and religious belief, Oxford: Blackwell, 1985, pp. 76–100.
O'Connor, Ralph, ‘Young-earth creationists in early nineteenth-century Britain? Towards a reassessment of “scriptural geology”’, History of Science 45 (2007), 357–403.
Roberts, Jon H., and Turner, James, The sacred and the secular university, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Sivasundaram, Sujit, Nature and the godly empire: Science and evangelical mission in the Pacific, 1795–1850, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Topham, Jonathan R., ‘Science and popular education in the 1830s: The role of the Bridgewater treatises’, British Journal for the History of Science 25 (1992), 397–430.
Topham, Jonathan R.‘Beyond the “common context”: The production and reading of the Bridgewater treatises’, Isis 89 (1998), 233–62.
Topham, Jonathan R. ‘Science, natural theology, and the practice of Christian piety in early nineteenth-century religious magazines’, in Cantor, Geoffrey and Shuttleworth, Sally (eds.), Science serialized: Representations of the sciences in nineteenth-century periodicals, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2004, pp. 37–66.
Turner, Frank M., Between science and religion: The reaction to scientific naturalism in late Victorian England, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1974.
Turner, Frank M.‘The Victorian conflict between science and religion: A professional dimension’, Isis 49 (1978), 356–76.
Turner, Frank M.Contesting cultural authority: Essays in Victorian intellectual life, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Turner, Frank M.John Henry Newman: The challenge to evangelical religion, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002.
Welch, Claude, ‘Dispelling some myths about the split between theology and science in the nineteenth century’, in Richardson and Wildman (eds.), Religion and science, pp. 29–40.
Wilson, David, ‘Victorian science and religion’, History of Science 15 (1977), 52–67.
Yeo, Richard, ‘The principle of plenitude and natural theology in nineteenth-century Britain’, British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1986), 273–81.
Young, Robert M. ‘Natural theology, Victorian periodicals, and the fragmentation of a common context’, in Young, , Darwin's metaphor: Nature's place in Victorian culture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985, pp. 126–63.
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
Bowler, Peter J., Reconciling science and religion: The debate in early twentieth-century Britain, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Dillistone, F. W., Charles Raven: Naturalist, historian, theologian, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1975.
Gilbert, James, Redeeming culture: American religion in an age of science, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Hayward, Rhodri, Resisting history: Popular religion and the invention of the unconscious, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007.
Hollinger, David A., Science, Jews, and secular culture: Studies in mid-twentieth-century American intellectual history, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
Jammer, Max, Einstein and religion: Physics and theology, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Moore, James R., ‘R. A. Fisher: A faith fit for eugenics’, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2007), 110–35.
Richards, Graham, ‘Psychology and the Churches in Britain, 1919–1939’, History of the Human Sciences 13 (2000), 57–84.
Roberts, Jon H., ‘Psychoanalysis and American Christianity, 1900–1945’, in Lindberg and Numbers (eds.), When science and Christianity meet, pp. 225–44.
Rupke, Nicolaas A. (ed.), Eminent lives in twentieth-century science and religion, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2007.
Stanley, Matthew, Practical mystic: Religion, science, and A. S. Eddington, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
DARWINISM, EVOLUTION, AND CREATIONISM
Artigas, Mariano, Glick, Thomas F., and Martinez, Rafael A., Negotiating Darwin: The Vatican confronts evolution, 1877–1902, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.
Bowler, Peter J., Monkey trials and gorilla sermons: Evolution and Christianity from Darwin to intelligent design, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.
Brown, Andrew, The Darwin wars, London: Simon and Schuster, 1999.
Cantor, Geoffrey, and Swetlitz, Marc (eds.), Jewish tradition and the challenge of Darwinism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Clark, Constance A., God or gorilla: Images of evolution in the Jazz Age, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008.
Desmond, Adrian, and Moore, James R., Darwin's sacred cause: Race, slavery and the quest for human origins, London: Allen Lane, 2009.
Durant, John R. (ed.), Darwinism and divinity: Essays on evolution and religious belief, Oxford: Blackwell, 1985.
Ellegård, Alvar, Darwin and the general reader: The reception of Darwin's theory of evolution in the British periodical press, 1859–72, 2nd edn, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1990.
James, Frank, ‘An “open clash between science and the Church”? Wilberforce, Huxley, and Hooker on Darwin at the British Association, Oxford, 1860’, in Knight and Eddy (eds.), Science and beliefs, pp. 171–93.
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