Araki, T. (2005). Resilience in a personal history of peer victimization : What factors contribute to victims’ adjustment in young adulthood? Japanese Journal of Personality, 14, 54–68 (in Japanese).
Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Brunstein-Klomek, A., Marrocco, F., Kleinman, M., Schonfeld, I. S. and Gould, M. S. (2007). Bullying, depression, and suicidality in adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 40–49.
Finkelhor, D., Turner, D., Hamby, S. and Ormrod, R. (2011). Polyvictimization: Children’s exposure to multiple types of violence, crime, and abuse. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, US Department of Justice. www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/235504.pdf
Hara, H. (2002). Justifications for bullying among Japanese schoolchildren. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 5, 197–204.
Hashimoto, S. (1999). The dynamic process in ‘ijime’ situations: Focusing on the bystanders. Journal of Educational Sociology, 64, 123–142 (in Japanese).
Hatakeyama, M. and Yamazaki, A. (2003). Bullying in early childhood: Preschooler aggression, rejection behaviors, and teacher intervention. Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology, 14, 284–293 (in Japanese).
Hayama, D. and Sakurai, S. (2010). Rejection sensitivity and situational factors as determinants of listeners’ reactions to aversive jokes. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 58, 393–403 (in Japanese).
Hayashi, A. and Tobin, J. (2011). The Japanese preschool’s pedagogy of peripheral participation. Ethos, 39, 139–164.
Honma, T. (2003). Cessation of bullying and intervention with bullies: Junior High School students. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 51, 390–400 (in Japanese).
Inosaki, A. and Nosaka, S. (2010). Perpetration experience of bullying and dating DV among junior high and high school students: victimisation, allowance for violence, and narcissism. Japanese Association for Sex Education Proceedings, 22, 40–51 (in Japanese).
Inoue, K., Toda, Y. and Nakamatsu, M. (1986). Roles in bullying situation. Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, University of Tokyo, 26, 89–106 (in Japanese).
Ishibashi, S., Wakabayashi, S., Naito, T. and Shikano, T. (1999). An investigation of the lasting effects of peer victimization in college students: Relationship to anthropophobic tendencies. Bulletin of Christian Culture Studies, Kinjo Gakuin University, 3, 11–19 (in Japanese).
Kaltiala-Heino, R., Rimpel, M., Marttunen, M., Rimpel, A. and Rantanen, P. (1999). Bullying, depression, and suicidal ideation in Finnish adolescents: School survey. British Medical Journal, 319, 348–351.
Kaltiala-Heino, R., Rimpel, M., Rantanen, P. and Rimpel, A. (2000). Bullying at school: An indicator of adolescents at risk for mental disorders. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 661–674.
Kameda, H. and Sagara, J. (2011). Effect of past bullied experiences and factors that help develop feelings of self-growth: Examination of the development process involving past bullied experiences and the current awareness of self-growth. Japanese Journal of Counseling Science, 44, 277–287 (in Japanese).
Kano, K. and Arisaka, O. (2006). Clinical application of the Stress Barometer in the field of pediatrics. Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences, 33, 249–254 (in Japanese).
Kasai, T. (1998). Cognition of bullying (ijime) by primary and secondary school pupils. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 46, 77–85 (in Japanese).
Kawabata, N. (2001). Adolescent trauma in Japanese schools: Two case studies of Ijime (bullying) and school refusal. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis, 29, 85–103.
Kin, S. (1980). Boku mou gaman dekinai yo: Aru ‘ijimerarekko’ no jisatsu [I cannot stand any more: Suicide of an ijime victim]. Tokyo: Ikkoh-sha (in Japanese).
Kubota, M. (2004). Can the coping behaviors of bullied children provide effective alternatives to bullying? Attempts to modify the stigmatic labels given by gangs of bullies. Journal of Educational Sociology, 74, 249–268 (in Japanese).
Kurokawa, M. (2010). Relationships between victimization and psychological stress, peer relationships, and enjoyment of school life: Traditional and cyber bullying. Japanese Journal of Counseling Science, 43, 171–181 (in Japanese).
Larkin, R. W. (2013). Legitimated adolescent violence: Lessons from Columbine. In Böckler, N., Seeger, T., Sitzer, P. and Heitmeyer, W. (Eds.), School shootings: International research, case studies, and concepts for prevention (pp. 159–176). New York, US: Springer Science + Business Media.
Mainichi-shimbun, shakaibu (1995). Souryoku shuzai ‘ijime’ jiken [Team reports on the ijime incident]. Tokyo: Mainichi-shimbun sha.
Masataka, N. (1998). Ijime wo yurusu shinri (Psychology on allowing bullying). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten (in Japanese).
Matsumoto, M., Yamamoto, M. and Hayamizu, T. (2009). Relation between assumed competence and bullying in High School students. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 57, 432–441 (in Japanese).
Mayama, H. (2002). Discourse analysis as conceptual study: Toward the dismantling of ijime suicide. Journal of Educational Sociology, 70, 145–163 (in Japanese).
Meyer, E. J. (2008). Gendered harassment in secondary schools: Understanding teachers’ (non) interventions. Gender and Education, 20, 555–570.
Mishima, K. (2008). Long-term influence of ‘bullying’ received from intimate friends during upper elementary school grades: Focusing on retrospect of high school students. Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 91–104 (in Japanese).
Mishima, K. (2003). Bullying amongst close friends in elementary school. Japanese Journal of Social Psychology, 19, 41–50 (in Japanese).
Miyake, K. (2004). Adult attachment and victimization of bullying. Journal of Kyushu University of Health and Welfare, 5, 1–10 (in Japanese).
Monks, C. P. and Coyne, I. (Eds.) (2011). Bullying in different contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Morita, Y. and Kiyonaga, K. (1986). Ijime: Kyousitsu no yamai [Ijime: The disease of the classroom]. Tokyo: Kaneko Shobo (in Japanese).
Morita, Y., Soeda, H., Soeda, K. and Taki, M. (1999). Japan. In Smith, P. K., Morita, Y., Junger-Tas, J., Olweus, D., Catalano, R. and Slee, P. (Eds.), The nature of school bullying: A cross-national perspective (pp. 309–323). London: Routledge.
Morita, Y., Soeda, H., Taki, M., Hoshino, K., Takemura, K., Matsu’ura, Y., Hata, M. Yonezato, S., Takekawa, I. and Soeda, K. (2001). Cross-national studies on bullying. Tokyo: Kaneko Shobo (in Japanese).
Naito, T. and Gielen, U. P. (2005). Bullying and ijime in Japanese schools: A sociocultural perspective. In Denmark, F. L., Krauss, H. H., Wesner, R. W., Midlarsky, E. and Gielen, U. P. (Eds.), Violence in schools: Cross-national and cross-cultural perspectives. (pp. 169–190). New York, NY, US: Springer Science + Business Media; US.
Nakai, H. (1997). Ariadone kara no ito [Ariadne’s thread]. Tokyo: Misuzu Shobo.
Ogura, M., Okada, K., Hamada, S., Asaga, R. and Honjo, S. (2012). Ijime in Japan. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 24, 69–76.
Okayasu, T. and Takayama, I. (2000). Psychological stress of victims and bullies in junior high school. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 48, 410–421 (in Japanese).
Onishi, A., Kawabata, Y., Kurokawa, M. and Yoshida, T. (2012). A mediating model of relational aggression, narcissistic orientations, guilt feelings, and perceived classroom norms. School Psychology International, 33, 367–390.
Onishi, A., Kurokawa, M. and Yoshida, T. (2009). Influences of students’ teacher recognition on abuse. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 57, 324–335 (in Japanese).
Ono, A. and Saito, F. (2008). Educational psychological review about understanding and coping with cyber bullying. Journal of Senri Kinran University, 5, 35–47 (in Japanese).
Ono, T. and Hasegawa, Y. (2001). Physical stereotypes of ijime victims. Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 87–94 (in Japanese).
Osofsky, M. J., Bandura, A. and Zimbardo, P. G. (2005). The role of moral disengagement in the execution process. Law and Human Behavior, 29, 371–393.
Pepler, D. J. (2006). Bullying interventions: A binocular perspective. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 15, 16–20.
Rivers, I., Poteat, V.P., Noret, N., and Ashurst, N. (2009). Observing bullying at school: The mental health implications of witness status. School Psychology Quarterly, 24, 211–223.
Roland, E. (2002). Bullying, depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. Educational Research, 44, 55–67.
Sakane, K. and Aoyama, I. (2011). Perceived prevalence of bullying incidents, teachers’ training, and regional differences: Based on the survey from school districts. The Japanese Journal of the Study of Guidance and Counseling, 10, 47–56 (in Japanese).
Salmivalli, C. (1999). Participant role approach to school bullying: Implications for interventions. Journal of Adolescence, 22, 453–459.
Salmivalli, C., Kärnä, A. and Poskiparta, E. (2010). Development, evaluation, and diffusion of a national anti-bullying program, KiVa. In Doll, B., Pfohl, W. and Yoon, J. (Eds.) Handbook of youth prevention science (pp. 238–252). New York: Routledge.
Slee, P. T. (1996). The P.E.A.C.E. Pack: a programme for reducing bullying in our schools. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 6, 63–69.
Smith, P. K., Cowie, H., Olafsson, R. F., Liefooghe, A. P. D. et al. (2002). Definitions of bullying: A comparison of terms used, and age and gender differences, in a fourteen-country international comparison. Child Development, 73, 1119–1133.
Smith, P. K. and Sharp, S. (Eds.) (1994). School bullying: Insights and perspectives. London: Routledge.
Sugawara, Y., Katsurada, E., Sibata, S. and Terui, N. (2003). Dating violence, bullying at school and family-of-origin violence among Japanese college students. Bulletin of the Center for Educational Research and Practice, Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University, 25, 83–87 (in Japanese).
Sutton, J., Smith, P. K. and Swettenham, J. (1999). Social cognition and bullying: Social inadequacy or skilled manipulation? British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 17, 435–450.
Takemura, K. and Takagi, O. (1988). Psychological factors of ijime phenomenon: Negative attitude toward deviant and conformity to majority. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 36, 57–62 (in Japanese).
Takenoyama, K. and Haraoka, K. (2003). The comparison among the bullying judgements on the viewpoints when imagining a bullying situation. Kurume University Psychological Research, 2, 49–62 (in Japanese).
Takeuchi, K., Kanayama, K., Ogiso, M., Minemoto, K. and Toda, Y. (2012). Smartphone as a new gateway to cyberbullying and related problems: Collaborative views on problems and interventions by experts in Japan. Joint Conference COST Action IS0801 on Cyberbullying, Austrian Federal Ministry for Education, the Arts and Culture, Vienna, Austria, 19 October, 2012.
Toda, M. and Watanabe, K. (2012). Social information processing and development of interpretative and reactive behavior toward ambiguous attacks. Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 214–223 (in Japanese).
Toda, Y. (2010). Review of research trends on the development of school-age and adolescence and perspectives on ijime study. Annual Report of Educational Psychology in Japan, 49, 55–66 (in Japanese).
Toda, Y., Strohmeier, D. and Spiel, C. (2008). Hito wo oitsumeru ijime (Process model of bullying). In Katoh, T. and Taniguchi, H. (Eds.), Taijin kankei no da’aku saido [Darkside of interpersonal relationships] (pp.117–131). Kyoto: Kitaohji-Shobo (in Japanese).
Utsumi, S. (2010). Cyberbullying among middle-school students: Association with children’s perception of parental control and relational aggression. Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 58, 12–22 (in Japanese).
Yoneyama, S. and Naito, A. (2003). Problems with the Paradigm: the school as a factor in understanding bullying (with special reference to Japan). British Journal of Sociology of Education, 24, 315–330.