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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: July 2019

3 - The Who and the How of Elections: A Theory with Interested Outsiders


In this chapter, we introduce the bare-bones model of electoral interventions in elections. The theoretical argument we develop produces a rich variety of comparative statics. We amend many aspects of the conventional wisdom. A state which acts as a liberal hegemon in a foreign election does not always promote more democratic elections. Two liberal outsiders in conflict are better for democratic elections. Conflicts between liberal and illiberal powers do produce some of the worst outcomes as far as clean elections go.