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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: July 2019

9 - Conclusion


In this chapter, we consider the fallout of intervention. Allies can be bought but this polarizes electorates. Coups can be sponsored but this antagonizes future voters. Brazil and Greece are cases. Interventions drain the resources of the interveners, often for a paltry return. These sound a cautionary note. Interventions should nonethelss be studied. We go over the implications of the rise of China as a global power. We outline directions of research on what we call games of elections in international relations.