Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: February 2019

Chapter Seven - Rewilding and restoration

Allison, S.K. (2012). Ecological restoration and environmental change: renewing damaged ecosystems. London: Routledge.
Allison, S.K. (2017). Ecological restoration and environmental change. In Allison, S.K., and Murphy, S.D. (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of ecological restoration (pp. 485495). London: Routledge.
Allison, S.K., and Murphy, S.D. (2017). The Routledge handbook of ecological restoration. London: Routledge.
Aronson, J., Murcia, C., Kattan, G.H., Moreon-Mateosa, D., Kixon, K., and Simberloff, D. (2014). The road to confusion is paved with novel ecosystem labels: a reply to Hobbs et al. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29, 646647.
Boitaini, L., and Linnell, J.D.C. (2015). Bringing large mammals back: large carnivores in Europe. In Pereira, H.M., and Navarro, L.M. (Eds.), Rewilding European landscapes (pp. 6784). Heidelberg: Springer.
Bond, W.J. (2016). Ancient grasslands at risk. Highly biodiverse tropical grasslands are at risk from forest-planting efforts. Science, 351, 120122.
Bradshaw, C.J.A., and Ehrlich, P.R. (2015). Killing the koala and poisoning the prairie. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Bugalho, M.N., Caldeira, M.C., Pereira, J.S., Aronson, J., and Pausas, J.G. (2011). Mediterranean cork oak savannas require human use to sustain biodiversity and ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9, 278286.
Caro, T. (2007). The Pleistocene re-wilding gambit. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22, 281283.
Chapron, G., Kaczensky, P., Linnell, J.D.C., et al. (2014). Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes. Science, 346, 15171519
Corlett, R.T. (2013). The shifted baseline: prehistoric defaunation in the tropics and its consequences for biodiversity conservation. Biological Conservation, 163, 1321.
Corlett, R.T. (2016). Restoration, reintroduction, and rewilding in a changing world. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 31, 453462.
Cramer, V.A., and Hobbs, R.J. (2007). Old fields: dynamics and restoration of abandoned farmland. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Cramer, V.A., Hobbs, R.J., & Standish, R.J. (2008). What’s new about old fields? Land abandonment and ecosystem assembly. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23, 104112.
David, J., and Hammond, R. (2011). High Line: the inside story of New York City’s park in the sky. New York, NY:Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Deinet, S., Ieronymidou, C., McRae, L., et al. (2013). Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species. Final Report to Rewilding Europe by ZSL, Birdlife International and the European Bird Census Council, Zoological Society of London, UK.
Donlan, C.J., Greene, H.W., Berger, J., et al. (2005). Re-wilding North America. Nature, 436, 913914.
Donlan, C.J., Berger, J., Bock, C.E., et al. (2006). Pleistocene rewilding – an optimistic agenda for twenty-first century conservation. The American Naturalist, 168, 660681.
Estes, J.A., Terborgh, J., Brashares, J.S., et al. (2011). Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science, 333, 301306.
Fernández, N., Navarro, L.M., and Pereira, H.M. (2017). Rewilding: a call for boosting ecological complexity in conservation. Conservation Letters, 10, 276278.
Flannery, T. (1994). The future eaters. Kew, Victoria: Reed Books.
Fraterrigo, J.M. (2012). Landscape legacies. In Levin, S.A. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of biodiversity, 2nd edition (chapter 388). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Gammage, B. (2011). The biggest estate on Earth: how Aborigines made Australia. Crows Nest, New South Wales: Allen & Unwin.
Grant, C.D. (2006). State-and-transition successional model for bauxite mining rehabilitation in the jarrah forest of Western Australia. Restoration Ecology, 14, 2837.
Griffiths, C.J., Jones, C.G., Hansen, D.M., et al. (2010). The use of extant non-indigenous tortoises as a restoration tool to replace extinct ecosystem engineers. Restoration Ecology, 18, 17.
Griffiths, C.J., Hansen, D.M., Jones, C.G., Zuël, N., and Harris, S. (2011). Resurrecting extinct interactions with extant substitutes. Current Biology, 21, 762765.
Griffiths, C.J., Zuë, L.N., Jones, C.G., Ahamud, Z., and Harris, S. (2013). Assessing the potential to restore historic grazing ecosystems with tortoise ecological replacements. Conservation Biology, 27, 690700.
Hansen, D.M., Donlan, C.J., Griffiths, C.J., and Campbell, K.J. (2010). Ecological history and latent conservation potential: large and giant tortoises as a model for taxon substitutions. Ecography, 33, 272284.
Harris, J.A., Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E., and Aronson, J. (2006). Ecological restoration and global climate change. Restoration Ecology, 14, 170176.
Higgs, E. (1997). What good is ecological restoration? Conservation Biology, 11, 338348.
Higgs, E. (2003). Nature by design: people, natural process, and ecological restoration. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Higgs, E. (2017). Novel and designed ecosystems. Restoration Ecology, 25, 813.
Higgs, E., Falk, D.A., Guerrini, A., et al. (2014). The changing role of history in restoration ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12, 499506.
Hilderbrand, R.H., Watts, A.C., and Randle, A.M. (2005). The myths of restoration ecology. Ecology and Society, 10, 19 [online].
Hobbs, R.J. (2008). Woodland restoration in Scotland: ecology, history, culture, economics, politics and change. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 28572865.
Hobbs, R.J. (2009). Looking for the silver lining: making the most of failure. Restoration Ecology, 17, 13.
Hobbs, R.J. (2017). Where to from here? Challenges for restoration and revegetation in a fast-changing world. The Rangeland Journal, 39, 563566.
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E., and Harris, J.A. (2009). Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24, 599605.
Hobbs, R.J., Cole, D.N., Yung, L., et al. (2010). Guiding concepts for park and wilderness stewardship in an era of global environmental change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 483490.
Hobbs, R.J., Hallett, L.M., Ehrlich, P.R., and Mooney, H.A. (2011). Intervention ecology: applying ecological science in the 21st century. BioScience, 61, 442450.
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E.S., and Hall, C.M. (2013). Defining novel ecosystems. In Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E.S., and Hall, C.M. (Eds.), Novel ecosystems: intervening in the new ecological world order (pp. 5860). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E., Hall, C.M., et al. (2014). Managing the whole landscape: historical, hybrid, and novel ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12, 557564.
Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E.S., and Hall, C.M. (2017). Expanding the portfolio: Conserving nature’s masterpieces in a changing world. BioScience, 67, 568575.
Hobbs, R.J., Valentine, L.E., Standish, R.J., and Jackson, S.T. (2018). Movers and stayers: novel assemblages in changing environments. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 33, 116128.
Hughes, F.M.R., Stroh, P.A., Adams, W.M., Kirby, K.J., Mountford, J.O., and Warrington, S. (2011). Monitoring and evaluating large-scale, ‘open-ended’ habitat creation projects: a journey rather than a destination. Journal for Nature Conservation, 19, 245253.
Hughes, F.M.R., Adams, W.M., and Stroh, P.A. (2012). When is open-endedness desirable in restoration projects? Restoration Ecology, 20, 291295.
Johnson, C.N. (2006). Australia’s mammal extinctions: a 50,000 year history. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Johnson, J. (2017). Scaling up restoration in a time of change – observations from Western Australia. SER News, 31, 915.
Kerley, G.I.H., Kowalczyk, R., and Cromsigt, J.P.G.M. (2012). Conservation implications of the refugee species concept and the European bison: king of the forest or refugee in a marginal habitat? Ecography, 35, 519529.
Kirby, K.J. (2009). Policy in or for wilderness. British Wildlife, 20, 5962.
Lawler, J.J., Tear, T.H., Pyke, C., et al. (2010). Resource management in a changing and uncertain climate. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 3543.
Lockwood, J.L., and Pimm, S.L. (1999). When does restoration succeed? In Weiher, E., and Keddy, P. (Eds.), Ecological assembly rules: perspectives, advances, retreats (pp. 363392). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Luken, J.O. (1990). Directing ecological succession. New York, NY: Chapman and Hall.
Mann, C.C. (2005). 1491: new revelations of the Americas before Columbus. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
Marris, E. (2011). Rambunctious garden: saving nature in a post-wild world. New York, NY: Bloomsbury.
McAlpine, C., Catterall, C.P., Mac Nally, R., et al. (2016). Integrating plant- and animal-based perspectives for more effective restoration of biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 3745.
McDonald, T., Gann, G.D., Jonson, J., & Dixon, K.W. (2016a). International standards for the practice of ecological restoration – including principles and key concepts. Washington, DC: Society for Ecological Restoration.
McDonald, T., Jonson, J., & Dixon, K.W. (2016b). National standards for the practice of ecological restoration in Australia. Restoration Ecology, 24, S4S32.
Miller, J.R., and Bestelmeyer, B.T. (2016). What’s wrong with novel ecosystems, really? Restoration Ecology, 24, 577582.
Miller, J.R., and Bestelmeyer, B.T. (2017). What the novel ecosystems concept provides: a reply to Kattan et al. Restoration Ecology, 25, 488490.
Miller, J.R., and Hobbs, R.J. (2002). Conservation where people live and work. Conservation Biology, 16, 330337.
Miller, J.R., and Hobbs, R.J. (2007). Habitat restoration – do we know what we’re doing? Restoration Ecology, 15, 382390.
Morse, N.B., Pellissier, P.A., Cianciola, E.N., et al. (2014). Novel ecosystems in the Anthropocene: a revision of the novel ecosystem conceprt for pragmatic applications. Ecology and Society, 19, 2.
Murcia, C., Aronson, J., Kattan, G.H., Moreno-Mateos, D., Dixon, K., and Simberloff, D. (2014). A critique of the ‘novel ecosystem’ concept. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 29, 548553.
Navarro, L.M., and Pereira, H.M. (2012). Rewilding abandoned landscapes in Europe. Ecosystems, 15, 900912.
Nogués-Bravo, D., Simberloff, D., Rahbek, C., and Sanders, N.J. (2016). Rewilding is the new Pandora’s box in conservation. Current Biology Magazine, 26, R83R101.
Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R., and Fernández, F.A.S. (2009). Pleistocene rewilding, Frankenstein ecosystems, and an alternative conservation agenda. Conservation Biology, 24, 45.
Palmer, M.A., Ambrose, R.F., and Poff, N.L. (1997). Ecological theory and community restoration ecology. Restoration Ecology, 5, 291300.
Pereira, H.M., and Navarro, L.M. (Eds) (2015). Preface. In Rewilding European landscapes (pp. vx). Heidelberg: Springer.
Perring, M.P., Standish, R.J., Price, J.N., et al. (2015). Advances in restoration ecology: rising to the challenges of the coming decades. Ecosphere, 6, 131.
Prach, K., and Hobbs, R.J. (2008). Spontaneous succession vs. technical reclamation in the restoration of disturbed sites. Restoration Ecology, 16, 363366.
Ripple, W.J., and Beschta, R.L. (2012). Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: the first 15 years after wolf reintroduction. Biological Conservation, 145, 205213.
Ripple, W.J., Estes, J.A., Beschta, R.L., et al. (2014). Status and ecological effects of the world’s largest carnivores. Science, 343, 1241484.
Rubenstein, D.R., and Rubenstein, D.I. (2016). From Pleistocene to trophic rewilding – a wolf in sheep’s clothing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, E1.
Rubenstein, D.R., Rubenstein, D.I., Sherman, P.W., and Gavin, T.A. (2006). Pleistocene Park – does re-wilding North America represent sound conservation for the 21st century? Biological Conservation, 132, 232238.
Seddon, P.J., Griffiths, C.J., Soorae, P.S., and Armstrong, D.P. (2014). Reversing defaunation – restoring species in a changing world. Science, 345, 407412.
SER Science and Policy Working Group. (2004). The SER primer on ecological restoration. and Society for Ecological Restoration, Tucson, Arizona.
Simberloff, D., Murcia, C., and Aronson, J. (2015). ‘Novel ecosystems’ are a Trojan horse for conservation. (accessed 6 March 2015).
Soulé, M., and Noss, R. (1998). Rewilding and biodiversity. Wild Earth, 8, 211.
Soulé, M., and Terborgh, J. (1999). Continental conservation: scientific foundations of regional reserve networks. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Sudduth, E.B., Hassett, B.A., Cada, P., and Bernhardt, E.S. (2011). Testing the field of dreams hypothesis: functional responses to urbanization and restoration in stream ecosystems. Ecological Applications, 21, 19721988.
Suding, K.N. (2011). Toward an era of restoration ecology: successes, failures, and opportunities ahead. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 42, 465487.
Svenning, J.C., Pedersen, P.B.M., Donlan, C.J., et al. (2016). Science for a wilder Anthropocene – synthesis and future directions for trophic rewilding research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113, 898906.
Temperton, V.M., and Hobbs, R.J. (2004). The search for ecological assembly rules and its relevance to restoration ecology. In Temperton, V.M., Hobbs, R.J., Nuttle, T., and Halle, S. (Eds.), Assembly rules and restoration ecology: bridging the gap between theory and practice (pp. 3454). Washington, DC: Island Press.
Temperton, V.M., Hobbs, R.J., Nuttle, T., and Halle, S. (Eds.) (2004). Assembly rules and restoration ecology: bridging the gap between theory and practice. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Terborgh, J., and Estes, J.A. (2010). Trophic cascades: predators, prey, and the changing dynamics of nature. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Toledo, D., Agudelo, M.S., and Bentley, A.L. (2011). The shifting of ecological restoration benchmarks and their social impacts: digging deeper into Pleistocene re-wilding. Restoration Ecology, 19, 565568.
Truitt, A.M., Granek, E.F., Duveneck, M.J., Goldsmith, K.A., Jordan, M.P., and Yazzie, K.C. (2015). What is novel about novel ecosystems: managing change in an ever-changing world. Environmental Management, 55, 12171226.
Veldman, J.W., Overbeck, G.E., Negreiros, D., et al. (2015). Where tree planting and forest expansion are bad for biodiversity and ecosystem services. BioScience, 65, 10111018.
Walker, L.R., Walker, J., and Hobbs, R.J. (2007). Linking restoration and ecological succession. New York, NY: Springer.
World Resources Institute. (2014). Atlas of forest and landscape restoration opportunities. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.