Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 12
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: November 2012

6 - Understanding the Immigrant Paradox in Youth

from Part 2 - Who succeeds and why?


Afable-Munsuz, A., & Brindis, C. D. (2006). Acculturation and the sexual and reproductive health of Latino youth in the Unites States: A literature review. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38(4), 208–19.
Amundsen, E. J., Rossow, I., & Skurtveit, S. (2005). Drinking pattern among adolescents with immigrant and Norwegian backgrounds: A two-way influence?Addiction, 100(10), 1453–63.
Bankston, C. L., & Zhou, M. (1997). The social adjustment of Vietnamese American adolescents: Evidence for a segmented-assimilation approach. Social Science Quarterly, 78(2), 508–23.
Beiser, M., Hou, F., Hyman, I., & Tousignant, M. (2002). Poverty, family process, and the mental health of immigrant children in Canada. American Journal of Public Health, 92, 220–7.
Berry, J. W. (1997). Immigration, acculturation, and adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 46(1), 5–68.
Berry, J. W. (2005). Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29(6), 697–712.
Berry, J. W., Phinney, J. S., Sam, D. L., & Vedder, P. (2006). Immigrant youth: Acculturation, identity and adaptation. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55, 303–32.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1995). Developmental ecology through space and time: A future perspective. In P. Moen, G. H. Elder Jr., and K. Luscher (Eds.), Examining lives in context: Perspectives on the ecology of human development (pp. 619–47). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Bui, H. N. (2009). Parent-child conflicts, school troubles, and delinquency among immigrants. Crime & Delinquency, 55, 412–41.
Bui, H. N., & Thongniramol, O. (2005). Immigration and self-reported delinquency: The interplay of immigration generations, gender, race, and ethnicity. Journal of Crime and Justice, 28, 71–99.
Cavanagh, S. E. (2007). The social construction of romantic relationships in adolescence: Examining the role of peer networks, gender, and race. Sociological Inquiry, 77, 552–80.
Chang, L., Morrissey, R. F., & Koplewicz, H. S. (1995). Prevalence of psychiatric symptoms and their relation to adjustment among Chinese American youth. Journal of Academic Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 91–9.
Collier, V. P., & Thomas, W. P. (2004). The astounding effectiveness of dual language education for all. NABE Journal of Research and Practice, 2(1), 1–20.
Conger, D., Schwartz, A. E., & Stiefel, L. (2003). Who are our students? A statistical portrait of immigrant students in New York City elementary and middle schools. New York: Taub Urban Research Center.
Crosnoe, R. (2005). The diverse experiences of Hispanic students in the American educational system. Sociological Forum, 20(4), 561–88.
Crosnoe, R. (2006a). Health and the education of children from racial/ethnic minority and immigrant families. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 47, 77–93.
Crosnoe, R. (2006b). Mexican Roots, American Schools Helping Mexican Immigrant Children Succeed. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
Fuligni, A. (1997). The academic achievement of adolescents from immigrant families: The roles of family background, attitudes, and behavior. Child Development, 68(2), 351–63.
Fuligni, A. J. (2001). A comparative longitudinal approach to acculturation among children from immigrant families. Harvard Educational Review, 71, 566–78.
Fuller, B., Bridges, M., Bein, E., Jang, H., Jung, S., Rabe-Hesketh, S., Halfon, N., & Kuo, A. (2009). The health and cognitive growth of Latino toddlers: At risk or immigrant paradox?Maternal and Child Health Journal, 13(6), 755–68.
Garcia Coll, C., Lamberty, G., Jenkins, R., McAdoo, H. P., Crnic, K., Wasik, B. H., & Vázquez García, H. (1996). An integrative model for the study of developmental competencies in minority children. Child Development, 67(5), 1891–914.
Garcia Coll, C., & Szalacha, L. A. (2004). The multiple contexts of middle childhood. The Future of Children, 14(20), 81–97.
Georgiades, K., BoyleM., & Duku, E. (2007). Contextual influences on children’s mental health and school performance: The moderating effects of family immigrant status. Child Development, 78(5), 1572–91.
Georgiades, K., Boyle, M., Duku, E., & Racine, Y. (2006). Tobacco use among immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents: Individual and family level influences. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(4), 443.e1–443.e7.
Glick, J. E., & White, M. J. (2003). The academic trajectories of immigrant youths: Analysis within and across cohorts. Demography, 40(4), 759–83.
Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Pena, J., & Goldberg, V. (2005). Acculturation-related variables, sexual initiation, and subsequent sexual behavior among Puerto Rican, Mexican, and Cuban youth. Health Psychology, 24(1), 88–95.
Hahm, H. C., Lahiff, M., & Barreto, R. M. (2006). Asian American adolescents’ first sexual intercourse: Gender and Acculturation Differences. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38(1), 28–36.
Han, W. J. (2006). Academic achievements of children of immigrant families. Educational Research and Review, 1(8), 286–318.
Han, W. J. (in press). Bilingualism and academic achievement: Does generation status make a difference? In C. Garcia Coll and A. Marks (Eds.), Is becoming American a developmental risk?American Psychological Association.
Hao, L., & Bonstead-Bruns, M. (1998). Parent–child differences in educational expectations and the academic achievement of immigrant and native students. Sociology of Education, 71, 175–98.
Harker, K. (2001). Immigrant generation, assimilation, and adolescent psychological well-being. Social Forces, 79(3), 969–1004.
Harris, K. M. (1999). The health status and risk behavior of adolescents in immigrant families. In D. J. Hernandez (Ed.), Children of immigrants: Health, adjustment and public assistance (pp. 286–347). Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences Press.
Harris, K. M., Harker, K., & Guo, G. (2003, May). The role of peers in the adaptation processes of immigrant youth. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the Population Association of America, Minneapolis, MN.
Hummer, R. A., Powers, D. A., Pullum, S. G., Gossman, G. L., & Frisbie, W. P. (2007). Paradox found (again): Infant mortality among the Mexican-origin population in the United States. Demography, 44(3), 441–57.
Jutte, D. P., Burgos, A., Mendoza, F., Ford, C. B., & Huffman, L. C. (2003). Use of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist in a low-income, Mexican American population. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157, 1169–76.
Kandula, N., Kersey, M., & Lurie, N. (2004). Assuring the health of immigrants: What the leading health indicators tell us. Annual Review of Public Health, 25, 357–76.
Kao, G. (1999). Psychological well-being and educational achievement among immigrant youth. In D. J. Hernandez (Ed.), Children of immigrants: Health, adjustment, and public assistance (pp. 410–77). Albany, NY: National Academy Press.
Kao, G. (2004). Parental influences on the educational outcomes of immigrant youth. International Migration Review, 38, 427–50.
Kaplan, M., Huguet, N., Newsom, J., & McFarland, B. (2004). The association between length of residence and obesity among Hispanic immigrants. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(4), 323–6.
Landale, N. S., Oropesa, R. S., Llanes, D., & Gorman, B. K. (1999). Does Americanization have adverse effects on health?: Stress, health habits, and infant health outcomes among Puerto Ricans. Social Forces, 78(2), 613–41.
Lara, M., Gamboa, C., Kahramanian, M., Morales, L. S., & Hayes Bautista, D. H. (2005). Acculturation and Latino health in the United States: A review of the literature and its sociopolitical context. Annual Review of Public Health, 26, 367–97.
Liebkind, K., Jasinskaja-L, I., & Solheim, E. (2004). Cultural identity, perceived discrimination, and parental support as determinants of immigrants’ school adjustments. Journal of Adolescent Research, 19(6), 635–56.
Luthar, S. S. (2006). Resilience in development: A synthesis of research across five decades. In D. Cicchetti and D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Risk, disorder, and adaptation (2nd ed. vol. 3.) (pp. 739–95). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Ma, X. (2002). The first ten years in Canada: A multi-level assessment of behavioral and emotional problems of immigrant children. Canadian Public Policy – Analyse de Politiques, 28(3), 395–418.
Markides, K. S., & Coreil, J. (1986). The health of Hispanics in the Southwestern United States and epidemiological paradox. Public Health Reports, 101(3), 253–65.
Marks, A. K. (April, 2009). Explaining the education immigrant paradox in adolescence: The mediating roles of school context and teacher characteristics. The Jacobs Foundation Conference, “Capitalizing on Migration: The potential of immigrant youth.” Marbach, Germany.
Masten, A. S. (2007). Resilience in developing systems: Progress and promise as the fourth wave rises. Development and Psychopathology, 19(3), 921–30.
Masten, A. S., Burt, K., & Coatsworth, J. D. (2006). Competence and psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti and D. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol 3, Risk, disorder and psychopathology (2nd ed.) (pp. 696–738). New York: Wiley.
Masten, A. S., Garmezy, N., Tellegen, A., Pellegrini, D., Larkin, K., & Larsen, A. (2006). Competence and stress in school children: The moderating effects of individual and family qualities. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 29(6), 745–64.
McDonald, J. A., Manlove, J., & Ikramullah, E. (2009). Immigration measures and reproductive health among Hispanic youth: Findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997–2003. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44, 14–24.
McDonald, J. T., & Kennedy, S. (2005). Is migration to Canada associated with unhealthy weight gain? Overweight and obesity among Canada’s immigrants. Social Science & Medicine, 61(12), 2469–81.
Palacios, N., Guttmannova, K., & Chase-Lansdale, P. L. (2008). Early reading achievement of children in immigrant families: Is there an immigrant paradox?Developmental Psychology, 44(5), 1381–95.
Phinney, J. S., Horenczyk, G., Liebkind, K., & Vedder, P. (2001). Ethnic identity, immigration, and well-being: An interactional perspective. Journal of Social Issues, 57(3), 493–510.
Pong, S., & Hao, L. (2007). Neighborhood and school factors in the school performance of immigrants’ children. International Migration Review, 41(1), 206–41.
Pong, S., Hao, L., & Gardner, E. (2005). The roles of parenting styles and social capital in the school performance of immigrant Asian and Hispanic adolescents. Social Science Quarterly 86(4), 928–50.
Popkin, B., & Udry, J. (1998). Adolescent obesity increases significantly in second and third generation U.S. immigrants: The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The Journal of Nutrition, 128(4), 701–6.
Portes, A., Fernández-Kelly, P., & Haller, W. (2005). Segmented assimilation on the ground: The new second generation in early adulthood. Ethnic and Racial Studies,–v28 28 (6) 1000–1040.
Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (1996). Immigrant America: A portrait (2nd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press.
Portes, A., & Rumbaut, R. G. (2001). Legacies: The story of the immigrant second generation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Portes, A., & Zhou, M. (1993). The new second generation: Segmented assimilation and its variants. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 530, 74–96.
Rosenbaum, E., & Rochford, J. A. (2008). Generational patterns in academic performance: The variable effects of attitudes and social capital. Social Science Research, 37(1), 350–72.
Rumbaut, R. G. (2004). Ages, life stages, and generational cohorts: Decomposing the immigrant first and second generations in the United States. International Migration Review, 38(3), 1160–205.
Sam, D. L., Vedder, P., Liebkind, K., Neto, F., & Virta, E. (2008). Immigration, acculturation and the paradox of adaptation in Europe. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 5(2), 138–58.
Singh, G., & M. Siahpush (2002). Ethnic-immigrant differentials in health behaviors, morbidity, and cause-specific mortality in the United States: An analysis of two national databases. Human Biology, 74(1), 83–109.
Steinhausen, H., Winkler Metzke, C., Meier, M., & Kannenberg, R. (1997). Behavioral and emotional problems reported by parents for ages 6 to 17 in a Swiss epidemiological studyEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 6(3), 136–41.
Strohmeier, D., Spiel, C., & Gradinger, P. (2008). Social relationships in multicultural schools: Bullying and victimization. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 5, 262–85.
Suárez-Orozco, C., & Suárez-Orozco, M. (1995). Transformations: Migration, family life, and achievement motivation among Latino adolescents. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Teller, C. H., & Clyburn, S. (1974). Trends in infant mortality. Texas Business Review,29, 97–108.
Vallet, L. A., & Caille, J-P. (1999). Migration and integration in France. Academic careers of immigrants’ children in lower and upper secondary school. Paper prepared for the Conference European Societies or European Society? Migrations and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Europe, Obernai, September 23–28, 1999.
Vazsonyi, A. T., & Killias, M. (2001). Immigration and crime among youth in Switzerland. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 28, 329–66.
Vedder, P., Boekaerts, M., & Seegers, G. (2005). Perceived social support and well being in school: The role of students’ ethnicity. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 269–78.
Vedder, P., & Horenczyk, G. (2006). Acculturation and the school. In D. L. Sam and J. W. Berry (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of acculturation psychology (pp. 419–38). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Willgerodt, M. A., & Thompson, E. A. (2005). Generational status on parent and family relations among Chinese and Filipino adolescents. Public Health Nursing, 22(6), 460–71.
Wirth, L. (1931) Culture, conflict and delinquency. Social Forces, 9(4), 484–92.
Wong, S. K. (1999). Acculturation, peer relations and delinquent behavior of Chinese-Canadian youth. Adolescence, 34 (133), 107–19.
Yu, S., Huang, Z., Schwalberg, R., Overpeck, M., & Kogan, M. (2003). Acculturation and the health and well-being of U.S. immigrant adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 33(6), 479–88.
Zhou, M. (1997). Segmented assimilation: Issues, controversies, and recent research on the new second generation. International Migration Review, 31(4), 975–1008.