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  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: March 2016

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Bodleian Library, Oxford University, Oxford

  • Lewis Harcourt Papers

  • Lionel Curtis/Round Table Papers

British Library, London

  • Alfred Harmsworth (Lord Northcliffe) Papers

  • Arthur Balfour Papers

  • Edward Hutton Papers

  • Evelyn Wrench Papers

  • Imperial Federation League Papers

  • J.A. Spender Papers

Caird Library, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

  • Arnold White Papers

  • Journals and Diaries

Lionel Horton-Smith Papers

  • Churchill Archives Center, Cambridge University, Cambridge

  • Archibald Hurd Papers

  • Leo Amery Papers

  • Reginald Brett (Lord Esher) Papers

  • Reginald McKenna Papers

  • Winston Churchill Papers

Imperial War Museum, London

  • Henry Wilson Papers

  • Poster Collection

  • Sound Archives

Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London

  • Richard Jebb Papers

National Archives, Kew

  • Admiralty Papers

  • Cabinet Office Papers (Committee of Imperial Defence)

  • Colonial Office Papers

  • Fourth Earl of Carnarvon Papers

  • Henry Kitchener Papers

  • Henry Stafford Northcote Papers

  • Imperial Institute Papers

  • Lord Chamberlain Papers

  • Privy Council Papers

  • War Office Papers

National Army Museum, London

  • Frederick Roberts Papers

Parliamentary Archives, London

  • John St Loe Strachey

Scout Association Archives, Gilwell Park

  • Robert Baden-Powell Papers

University of Birmingham Library, Birmingham

  • Joseph Chamberlain Papers

Archives of Ontario, Toronto

  • Newton McConnell Papers

Library and Archives of Canada, Ottawa

  • Canadian Boy Scout Papers

  • Charles Tupper Papers

  • Fourth Earl Grey Papers

  • Fourth Earl of Minto Papers

  • George Parkin Papers

  • Lord Strathcona Papers

  • Wilfrid Laurier Papers

Alexander Turnbull Library of New Zealand, Wellington

  • John Hall Papers

  • William Slinn Papers

National Scout Museum, Kaipoi

  • New Zealand Scouting Archives

Australian War Memorial, Canberra

  • National Defence League of Australia Papers

  • W.D. Walster Papers

National Archives of Australia, Canberra and Melbourne

  • Department of Defence Papers

  • Governor General Papers

National Library of Australia, Canberra

  • Alfred Deakin Papers

  • Andrew Fisher Papers

  • Charles Cox Papers

  • Phillip Fargher Papers

Boy Scouts of America Archives, Irving, Texas

  • Robert Baden-Powell Papers

Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas, Austin

  • J.L. Garvin Papers

  • British Parliamentary Debates

  • British Parliamentary Papers

  • Commonwealth of Australia Parliamentary Debates

  • Dominion of Canada Parliamentary Debates

  • New Zealand Parliamentary Debates

  • Advertiser (Adelaide)

  • The Argus (Melbourne)

  • Auckland Star

  • Auckland Weekly News

  • Belfast News-Letter

  • Brisbane Courier

  • Bristol Times and Mirror

  • Bulletin (Sydney)

  • Calgary Daily Herald

  • Cape Argus (Cape Town)

  • Le Clarion (Saint-Hyacinthe)

  • The Colonist (Nelson, New Zealand)

  • Daily Chronicle (London)

  • Daily Express (London)

  • Daily Mail (London)

  • Daily Mail and Empire (Toronto)

  • Daily News (London)

  • Daily Star (Montreal)

  • Daily Telegraph (London)

  • The Dominion (Wellington)

  • The Era (London)

  • Evening Post (Wellington)

  • Le Figaro (Paris)

  • The Friend of India and Statesmen (Calcutta)

  • The Gazette (Montreal)

  • Glasgow Evening News

  • Glasgow Herald

  • The Globe (Toronto)

  • Graphic (London)

  • Halifax Chronicle

  • Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle (Portsmouth)

  • Herald (Melbourne)

  • Illustrated London News

  • Illustrated London Times

  • Illustrated Police News (London)

  • Illustrated Sydney News

  • Ipswich Journal

  • Labour Leader (London)

  • Lantern (Capetown)

  • Leeds Mercury

  • Liverpool Courier

  • Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper (London)

  • Mail and Empire (Toronto)

  • Manchester Guardian

  • Manchester Times

  • Manitoba Free Press

  • Maoriland Worker (Christchurch)

  • Mataura Ensign (New Zealand)

  • Le Matin (Paris)

  • Mercury (Hobart)

  • Mercury (London)

  • Morning Post (London)

  • La Nationaliste (Montreal)

  • Newcastle Weekly Courant

  • The News (Toronto)

  • New York Times

  • New Zealand Free Lance (Wellington)

  • New Zealand Herald (Auckland)

  • New Zealand Observer (Auckland)

  • New Zealand Truth (Auckland)

  • Observer (London)

  • Otago Daily Times

  • Otago Witness

  • Ottawa Citizen

  • Ottawa Evening Journal

  • Ottawa Free Press

  • Pall Mall Gazette (London)

  • Penny Illustrated News and Illustrated Times (London)

  • La Presse (Paris)

  • Queanbeyan Age (New South Wales)

  • Queenslander (Brisbane)

  • Singapore Free Press

  • Standard (London)

  • Surbiton Times and Surrey County Journal

  • Sydney Daily Telegraph

  • Sydney Mail

  • Sydney Morning Herald

  • The Star (Canterbury, NZ)

  • The Star (Toronto)

  • Times (London)

  • Times of India (Bombay)

  • Victoria Daily Colonist

  • West Australian (Perth)

  • West Middlesex Advertiser (London)

  • Western Mail (Cardiff)

  • West London Press

  • Westminster Gazette (London)

  • The Worker (Brisbane)

  • Anglo-Saxon Review

  • The Australasian

  • Big Budget

  • Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine

  • Bookman

  • Boys of England

  • Boys Own Paper

  • British Hatter

  • The Call: The Journal of the Australian National Defence

  • Cape Illustrated Magazine

  • Chums

  • Contemporary Review

  • Cornhill Magazine

  • Country Life Illustrated

  • Dominion Scout

  • The Economist

  • Edinburgh Review

  • Educational Monthly of Canada

  • Empire Review

  • English Illustrated Magazine

  • Examiner

  • Fabian News

  • Fortnightly Review

  • Headquarters Gazette of the Boy Scouts

  • Hearth and Home

  • Illustrated Chips

  • Imperial Federation

  • India

  • The Islander: Journal of the Society of Islanders

  • Judy

  • MacMillan’s Magazine

  • Melbourne Punch

  • National Review

  • National Service League Journal/Nation in Arms

  • The Navy/The Navy League Journal

  • Navy and Army Illustrated

  • New Zealand Graphic and Ladies Journal

  • Nineteenth Century/The Nineteenth Century and After

  • The Outlook

  • Punch

  • Queensland Figaro

  • The Round Table

  • Saturday Review

  • The Scout

  • Spectator

  • Union Jack

  • Westminster Review

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Gilbert, Sharrad, Rhodesia-and After, Being the Story of the 17th and 18th Battalions of Imperial Yeomanry in South Africa (London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent, 1901).
Graham, Gerald, Tides of Empire (Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1972).
Hales, A.G, Driscoll, King of Scouts: A Romance of the South African War (Bristol: J.W. Arrowsmith, 1901).
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Hemyng, Bracebridge, Jack Harkaway in the Transvaal; or Fighting for the Flag (London: Edwin J. Brett, 1900).
Hobson, J.A., Imperialism: A Study (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965).
Hobson, J.A., Illustrated Programme of the Jubilee Royal Procession (London: n.a., 1897).
Jebb, Richard, Colonial Nationalism (London: Edward Arnold, 1905).
Jebb, Richard, The Britannic Question: A Survey of Alternatives (London: Longmans, Green and Co, 1913).
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Jose, Arthur W., A Short History of Australasia (Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1899).
Le Queux, William, The Great War in England in 1897 (London: Tower Publishing Company, 1894).
Mahan, Alfred Thayer, The Influence of Seapower upon History, 1660–1783 (Boston: Little, Brown, & Co., 1890).
Marder, Arthur (ed.), Fear God and Dread Nought: The Correspondence of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher of Kilverstone (London: Jonathan Cape, 1956).
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Milner, AlfredThe Nation and the Empire (London: Constable Press, 1913).
Newbolt, Henry, The Island Race (London: Elkin Matthews, 1898).
Parkin, George, Imperial Federation: The Problem of National Unity (London: MacMillan Press, 1892).
Parkin, George, Round the Empire (Toronto: Copp Clark and Company, 1892).
Parrott, Edward, Britain Overseas: The Empire in Picture and Story (London: Thomas Nelson, 1908).
Phillipps, L. March, With Remington (London: Edward Arnold, 1902).
Peel, Sidney, Trooper 8008 I.Y. (London: Edward Arnold, 1901).
Rankin, Reginald, A Subaltern’s Letter’s to His Wife (London: Longmans, Green, 1901).
Reid, George, My Reminiscence’s (London: Cassell and Company, Ltd., 1917).
Roberts, Charles, A History of Canada (Toronto: Morang Press, 1897)
Roberts, Robert, The Classic Slum (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1971).
Robinson, John, “The Colonies and the Century,” in Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute Volume 30 (London: The Institute Press, 1899), 324367.
Roe-Innes, Cosmo, With Paget’s Horse to the Front (London: John MacQueen, 1901).
Salmon, Edward, The Story of the Empire (London: George Newnes, 1902).
Seaforth, A. Nelson (Pseudonym for George Clarke), The Last Great Naval War (London: Cassell and Company, 1891).
Seeley, John, Expansion of England (London: MacMillan Press, 1883).
Shee, George, The Briton’s First Duty: The Case for Conscription (London: Grant Richards, 1901).
Skelton, O.D., Life and Letters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier Volume II (Toronto: S.B. Gundy, 1921).
Smith, Goldwin, The Empire: A Series of Letters (Oxford: J. Henry & J. Parker, 1863).
Smuts, Jan Christian, Toward a Better World (New York: World Book Company, 1944).
Stirling, John Featherstone, The Colonials in South Africa, 1899–1902 (London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1907).
Sturrock, J.P., The Fifes in South Africa: Being a History of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry (Cupar-Fife: A. Westwood & Sons, 1903).
Tracy, Louis, The Final War: A Story of the Great Betrayal (London: C. Arthur Pearson, 1896).
Twain, Mark, The Complete Essays of Mark Twain (New York: Da Capo Press, 2000).
Vogel, Julius, Anno Domini 2000: or, Women’s Destiny (London: Hutchinson, 1889).
Wilkinson, Frank, Australia at the Front: A Colonial View of the Boer War (London: John Long, 1901).
Wilkinson, Frank, Australian Cavalry: The New South Wales Lancer Regiment and the First Australian Horse (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1901).
Wilson, Herbert, With the Flag to Pretoria: A History of the Boer War of 1899–1900 (London: Harmsworth Brothers, 1900).
Woods, Frederick (ed.), Young Winston’s Wars: Original Dispatches of Winston S. Churchill War Correspondent, 1897–1900 (New York: Viking Press, 1972).
Wrench, John Evelyn, Uphill: The First Stage in A Strenuous Life (London: I. Nicholson and Watson, 1934).
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Adams, R.J.Q. and Poirier, Philip, The Conscription Controversy in Great Britain, 1900–1918 (London: MacMillan, 1987).
Alessio, Dominic, “Promoting Paradise: Utopianism and National Identity in New Zealand, 1870–1930,” New Zealand Journal of History, 42 (2008), 2241.
Anderson, Benedict, Imagined Communities (London: Verso, 1991).
Andrews, E.M., The ANZAC Illusion: Anglo-Australian Relations During World War I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
Arnold, Guy, Held Fast for England: G.A. Henty Imperialist Boys’ Writer (London: Hamish Hamilton, 1980).
Attridge, Steve, Nationalism, Imperialism, and Identity in Late Victorian Culture: Civil and Military Worlds (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2003).
Badsey, Stephen, Doctrine and Reform in the British Cavalry 1880–1918 (Farham: Ashgate, 2008).
Baines, Dudley, Emigration from Europe, 1861–1930 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).
Barnett, Corelli, Britain and Her Army, 1509–1970: A Military, Political and Social Survey (New York: W. Morrow, 1970).
Barrett, John, Falling In: Australians and “Boy Conscription” 1911–1915 (Sydney: Hale & Ironmonger, 1979).
Beckett, Ian, “The British Army, 1914–1918: The Illusion of Change,” in Turner, John (ed.), Britain and the First World War (London: Unwin Hyman, 1988), 99116.
Beckett, Ian, The Amateur Military Tradition, 1558–1945 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1991).
Beckett, Ian, The Victorians at War (London: Hambledon and London, 2003).
Beckett, Ian F.W. and Simpson, Keith (eds.), A Nation in Arms: A Social Study of the British Army in the First World War (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1985).
Beeler, John F., Birth of the Battleship: British Capital Ship Design, 1870–1881 (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2001).
Beeler, John F., British Naval Policy in the Gladstone-Disraeli Era 1866–1880 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997).
Behrman, Cynthia, Victorian Myths of the Sea (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1977).
Bélanger, Réal, “L’élite politique canadienne-française et l’Empire britannique: trois reflets représentatifs des perceptions canadiennes-françaises 1890–1917,” in Coates, Colin (ed.), Imperial Canada 1867–1917 (Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Centre of Canadian Studies, 1997), 122140.
Belich, James, Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).
Belich, James, “The Rise of the Anglo-World: Settlement in North America and Australasia, 1784–1918,” in Buckner, Phillip and Francis, R. Douglas (eds.), Rediscovering the British World (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2005), 3958.
Belich, James, Paradise Reforged: A History of the New Zealanders from the 1880s to the Year 2000 (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2001).
Bell, Christopher M., Churchill and Seapower (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Bell, Christopher M., “Sir John Fisher’s Naval Revolution Reconsidered: Winston Churchill at the Admiralty, 1911–1914,” War in History, 18 (2011), 333356.
Bell, Christopher M., “Sentiment vs Strategy: British Naval Policy, Imperial Defence, and the Development of Dominion Navies, 1911–1914,” International History Review, 37 (2015), 262281.
Bell, Duncan, The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860–1900 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007).
Berger, Carl, The Sense of Power: Studies in the Ideas of Canadian Imperialism, 1867–1914 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970).
Bergeron, David, English Civic Pageantry, 1558–1642 (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1971).
Bönker, Dirk, Militarism in a Global Age: Naval Ambitions in Germany and the United States before World War I (Cornell: Cornell University Press, 2012).
Bou, Jean, Light Horse: A History of Australia’s Mounted Arm (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Brennan, Patrick, “The Other Battle: Imperialist Versus Nationalist Sympathies Within the Officer Corps of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914–1919,” in Buckner, Phillip and Francis, R. Douglas (eds.), Rediscovering the British World (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2005), 251266.
Bridge, Carl and Fedorowich, Kent (eds.), The British World: Culture, Diaspora, and Identity (London: Frank Cass, 2003).
Bristow, Joseph, Empire Boys: Adventure in a Man’s World (New York: Harper Collins, 1991).
Buckner, Philip, “Whatever Happened to the British Empire?Journal of Canadian Historical Association, 4 (1993), 332.
Buckner, Philip, “The Royal Tour of 1901 and the Construction of an Imperial Identity in South Africa,” South African Historical Journal, 41 (2000), 324348.
Buckner, Philip, “Creation of the Dominion of Canada 1860–1901,” in Buckner, Philip (ed.), Canada and the British Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 6689.
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Burke, Timothy, Lifebuoy Men, Lux Women: Commodification, Consumption, and Cleanliness in Modern Zimbabwe (Durham: Duke University Press, 1996).
Burton, Antoinette, At the Heart of the Empire: Indians and the Colonial Encounter in Late Victorian Britain (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).
Cain, Jimmie, Bram Stoker and Russophobia: Evidence of the British Fear of Russia in Dracula and the Lady of the Stroud (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2006).
Cain, P.J., “Economics: The Metropolitan Context,” in Porter, Andrew and Low, Alaine (eds.), The Oxford History of the British Empire Volume III: The Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).
Cain, P.J. and Hopkins, A.J., British Imperialism: Innovation and Expansion, 1688–1914 (London: Longman, 1993).
Cannadine, David, “The British Monarchy, c. 1820–1977,” in Hobsbawm, Eric and Ranger, Terrance (eds.), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), 101164.
Cannadine, David, Ornamentalism: How the British Saw Their Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).
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Conley, Mary, From Jack Tar to Union Jack: Representing Naval Manhood in the British Empire 1870–1918 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009).
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Cotrell, Stella, “The Devil on Two Sticks: Franco-phobia in 1803,” in Samuel, Raphael (ed.), Patriotism: The Making and Unmaking of British National Identity Volume I (London: Routledge, 1983), 259274.
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Cross, Anthony, “The Crimean War and the Caricature War,” The Slavonic and East European Review, 84 (July 2006), 460480.
Crotty, Martin, Making the Australian Male: Middle-Class Masculinity 1870–1920 (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2001).
Culliford, S.G., New Zealand Scouting: The First Fifty Years (Wellington: Boy Scout Association of New Zealand, 1958).
Curthoys, Ann, “White, British, and European: Historicizing Identity in Settler Societies,” in Carey, Jane and McLisky, Claire (eds.), Creating White Australia (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1999), 324.
Damousi, Joy, “War and Commemoration: The Responsibility of Empire,” in Schruder, Dereyck and Ward, Stuart (eds.), Australia’s Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), 288311.
Darwin, John, The Empire Project: The Rise and Fall of the British World-System, 1830–1970 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Daunton, Martin, “The Greatest and Richest Sacrifice Ever Made on the Altar of Militarism’: The Finance of Naval Expansion, c. 1890–1914,” in Bluth, Robert, Lambert, Andrew, and Rüger, Jan (eds.), The Dreadnought and the Edwardian Age (Farham: Ashgate, 2011), 3150.
Davis, John, Britain and the German Zollverein, 1846–66 (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997).
Dawson, Graham, Soldier Heroes: British Adventure, Empire, and the Imaging of Masculinity (New York: Routledge Press, 1994).
Dedman, Martin, “Baden-Powell, Militarism, and the ‘Invisible Contributors’ to the Boy Scout Scheme, 1904–1920,” Twentieth Century British History, 4 (1993), 201223.
Delaney, Douglas, “Mentoring the Canadian Corps: Imperial Officers and the Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914–1918,” Journal of Military History, 77 (July 2013), 931953.
Dirks, Patricia, “Canada’s Boys – An Imperial or National Asset? Responses to Baden-Powell’s Boy Scout Movement in Pre-War Canada,” in Buckner, Philip and Francis, R. Douglas (eds.), Canada and the British World: Culture, Migration, and Identity (Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 2006), 111128.
Eddy, John and Schreuder, Deryck (eds.), The Rise of Colonial Nationalism: Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa First Assert their Nationalities, 1880–1914 (Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1988).
Ellinghaus, Katherine, Carey, Jane, and Boucher, Leigh (eds.), Re-Orienting Whiteness (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2009).
Ellis, John, “Reconciling the Celt: British National Identity, Empire, and the 1911 Investiture of the Prince of Wales,” Journal of British Studies, 37 (October 1998), 391418.
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Fieldhouse, David, Economics and Empire, 1830–1914 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1973).
Francis, Daniel, National Dreams: Myth, Memory, and Canadian History (Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press, 1997).
French, David, “The British Army and the Empire, 1856–1956,” in Kennedy, Greg (ed.), Imperial Defence: The Old World Order 1856–1956 (New York: Routledge, 2008), 133151.
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Gibson, Robert, Best of Enemies: Anglo-French Relations since the Norman Conquest (Exeter: Impress Books, 1995).
Ginzburg, Carlo, “‘Your Country Needs You’: A Case Study in Political Iconography,” History Workshop Journal, 52 (Autumn 2001), 122.
Gooch, John, The Plans of War: The General Staff and British Military Strategy, c. 1900–1916 (London: Routledge & K. Paul, 1974).
Gordon, Donald, Dominion Partnership in Imperial Defense 1870–1914 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1965).
Gordon, Donald, “Review of ‘Canada and ‘Imperial Defense’: A Study of the Origins of the British Commonwealth’s Defense Organization, 1867–1919,’” Military Affairs, 31 (Winter 1967), 199.
Gorman, Daniel, Imperial Citizenship: Empire and the Question of Belonging (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006).
Gould, Ashley, “Different Race, Same Queen: Maori and the War,” in Crawford, John and McGibbon, Ian (eds.), One Flag, One Queen, One Tongue: New Zealand, the British Empire, and the South African War, 1899–1902 (Auckland: Auckland University Press, 2003), 119127.
Granatstein, J.L., Canada’s Army: Waging War and Keeping the Peace (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002).
Greenhut, Jeffrey, “The Imperial Reserve: The Indian Expeditionary Corps on the Western Front, 1914–1915,” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 12 (1983), 5473.
Greenlee, Paul, Education and Imperial Unity, 1901–1926 (New York: Garland Press, 1987).
Grey, Jeffrey, A Military History of Australia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Hale, Dana, Races of Display: French Representations of Colonized Peoples, 1886–1940 (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008).
Hall, Catherine, Civilising Subjects: Colony and Metropole in the English Imagination, 1830–1867 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002).
Hamilton, W. Mark, The Nation and the Navy: Methods and Organization of British Navalist Propaganda, 1889–1914 (New York: Garland Publishers, 1986).
Hammerton, Elizabeth and Cannadine, David, “Conflict and Consensus on a Ceremonial Occasion: The Diamond Jubilee in Cambridge in 1897,” Historical Journal, 24 (1981), 114146.
Harper, Marjory (ed.), Emigrant Homecomings: The Return Movement of Emigrants, 1600–2000 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2005).
Harper, Marjory and Constantine, Stephen, Migration and Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010).
Harris, Stephen, Canadian Brass: The Making of a Professional Army, 1860–1939 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988).
Haseler, Stephen, The English Tribe: Identity, Nation, and Europe (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996).
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