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  • Cited by 3
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

Chapter 4 - The succession to Mao and the end of Maoism, 1969–1982

Summary

Introduction

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was an attempt to shape the future of China. Its method was to change the nature of the Chinese people. It was to be a “great revolution that touches people to their very souls.” The masses were to liberate themselves by class struggle against the main target, “those within the Party who are in authority and are taking the capitalist road,” These so-called Soviet-style revisionists were alleged to be seeking to corrupt the masses by using old ideas to restore capitalism. By transforming the ideological realm – education, literature, the arts – and embracing Mao Zedong Thought, the Chinese people were to inoculate themselves against poisonous contagion.

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