Skip to main content Accessibility help
Plants of Oceanic Islands
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2

Book description

Bringing together results from over 30 years of research on the Juan Fernández Archipelago off the coast of Chile, this book offers comprehensive coverage of the plants of these special islands. Despite its remote setting in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, the Juan Fernández Archipelago is in many ways an ideal place to ask and attempt to answer basic questions regarding the evolution of vascular plants in an oceanic island environment. By building upon a firm taxonomic base for the flora, a new level of understanding regarding evolution, biogeography, and conservation of the plants is presented. This book is an extensive investigation of the origin and evolution of the flora of an oceanic archipelago, and it serves as a valuable resource for researchers and scholars of island biology as well as for conservation biologists worldwide.


'… the overall conclusion highlights the value of biogeographical studies of islands. This well-illustrated book is a valuable … contribution to the subject.'

A. M. Mannion Source: The Biologist

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Page 1 of 2

Page 1 of 2

Aagesen, L. 1999. Phylogeny of the tribe Colletieae, Rhamnaceae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131: 143.
Aagesen, L., Medan, D., Kellermann, J., and Hilger, H. H. 2005. Phylogeny of the tribe Colletieae (Rhamnaceae): a sensitivity analysis of the plastid region trnL-trnF combined with morphology. Plant Syst. Evol. 250: 197214.
Abbott, R., Albach, D., Ansell, S., Arntzen, J., Baird, S. J. E., et al. 2013. Hybridization and speciation. Evol. Biol. 26: 229246.
Abbott, R. J., Hegarty, M. J., Hiscock, S. J., and Brennan, A. C. 2010. Homoploid hybrid speciation in action. Taxon 59: 13751386.
Abe, T. 2006. Threatened pollination systems in native flora of the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands. Ann. Bot. 98: 317334.
Adhikari, B., Milne, R., Pennington, R. T., Sarkinen, T., and Pendry, C. A. 2015. Systematics and biogeography of Berberis s.l. inferred from nuclear ITS and chloroplast ndhF gene sequences. Taxon 64: 3948.
Adsersen, H. 1995. Research on islands: classic, recent, and prospective approaches. In Vitousek, P. M., Loope, L. L., and Adsersen, H. (eds.), Islands: Biological and Ecosystem Function (pp. 722). New York: Springer.
AFP. 2010. Tsunami kills 5, 11 missing. The Straits Times, Feb. 28 (online).
Agarwal, M., Shrivastava, N., and Padh, H. 2008. Advances in molecular marker techniques in plant science. Plant Cell Rep. 27: 617631.
Aguirre de Maino, I. M. (ed.). 1981. Chile a Color: Biografías, vol. 1. Santiago: Editorial Antártica.
Agurto, B. R. 1943. Sobre el valor económico de las Islas de Juan Fernández. Licenciado Thesis, Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Universidad de Chile, Santiago.
Ahrendt, L. 1961. Berberis and Mahonia, a taxonomic revision. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 57: 1410.
Akin, W. E. 1991. Global patterns: Climate, Vegetation, and Soils. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
Allan, R., Lindesay, J., and Parker, D. 1996. El Niño Southern Oscillation and Climatic Variability. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
Allendorf, F. W., Luikart, G., and Aitken, S. N. 2013. Conservation and the Genetics of Populations (2nd edn.). West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.
Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1988. The genera of Arabideae (Cruciferae, Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 69: 85166.
Alston, R. E., and Turner, B. L. 1963. Biochemical Systematics. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Amundsen, K., and Warnke, S. 2012. Agrostis species relationships based on trnL-trnF and atpI-atpH intergenic spacer regions. Hort. Sci. 47: 1824.
Anderson, A., Haberle, S., Rojas, G., Seelenfreund, A., Smith, I., et al. 2002. An archaeological exploration of Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernandez Archipelago, Chile. In Bedford, S., Sand, C., and Burley, D. (eds.), Fifty Years in the Field: Essays in Honour and Celebration of Richard Shutler Jr.’s Archaeological Career (pp. 239249). Auckland, Private Bag: New Zealand Archaeological Association (Monograph 25).
Anderson, G. and Bernardello, G. 2012. Robinson Crusoe principle: the pollination biology of the flora of the Juan Fernández Archipelago and how the species “made do” with what they had. Columbus, OH: Botany 2012 (Abstr.).
Anderson, G., Bernardello, G., and Engel, M. S. 2001a. Conservation implications of a newly discovered bee species on Isla Robinson Crusoe, Chile. Conserv. Biol. 15: 803805.
Anderson, G., Bernardello, G., Opel, M., Santos Guerra, A., and Anderson, M. 2006. Reproductive biology of the dioecious Canary Islands endemic Withania aristata (Solanaceae). Am. J. Bot. 93: 12951305.
Anderson, G., Bernardello, G., Stuessy, T., and Crawford, D.J. 2001b. Breeding system and pollination of selected plants endemic to Juan Fernández Islands. Am. J. Bot. 88: 220233.
Anderson, G., Crawford, D. J., and Bernardello, G. 2013. The reproductive biology of island plants: the Juan Fernández and Canary Islands (facilitated by the work of Arnoldo Santos-Guerra). Vieraea 41: 109121.
Anderson, G. J. 1979. Dioecious Solanum of hermaphroditic origin is an example of a broad convergence. Nature 282: 836838.
Anderson, G. J., Anderson, M. K. J., and Patel, N. 2015. The ecology, evolution and biogeography of dioecy in the genus Solanum: with paradigms from the strong dioecy in Solanum polygamum to the unsuspected and cryptic dioecy in Solanum conocarpum. Am. J. Bot. 102: 471486.
Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., López, P., Crawford, D. J., and Stuessy, T. 2000a. Reproductive biology of Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae) endemic to Robinson Crusoe Island (Chile). Plant Syst. Evol. 223: 109123.
Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., López, P., Stuessy, T., and Crawford, D. J. 2000b. Dioecy and wind pollination in Pernettya rigida (Ericaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 132: 121141.
Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., and Santos-Guerra, A. 2014. Reproductive biology of Solanum vespertilio (Solanaceae), a zygomorphic, heterantherous, enantiostylous, and andromonoecious rare Canary Islands endemicPlant Syst. Evol301: 11911206.
Andrus, N., Tye, A., Nesom, G., Bogler, D., Lewis, C., et al. 2009. Phylogenetics of Darwiniothamnus (Asteraceae: Astereae): molecular evidence for multiple origins in the endemic flora of the Galápagos Islands. J. Biogeogr. 36: 10551069.
Anonymous. 1978. Isla Robinson Crusoe, from Surveys by the Chilean Navy, map. No. 22492. Defense Mapping Agency Hydrographic Center, Washington, DC.
APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group). 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: 531553.
APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group). 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 399436.
APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group). 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 105121.
APG (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group). 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 181: 120.
Appelhans, M. C., Wen, J., Wood, K. R., Allan, G. J., Zimmer, E. A., et al. 2014. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Hawaiian Rutaceae (Melicope, Platydesma and Zanthoxylum) and their different colonization patterns. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 174: 425448.
Arana, P. 1987. Perspectivas históricas y proyecciones de la actividad pesquera realizada en el Archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile. In Castilla, J. C. (ed.), Islas Oceánicas Chilenas; Conocimiento Científico y Necesidades de Investigaciones. Santiago: Universidad Católica de Chile.
Arana, P. 2010. La Isla de Robinson Crusoe. Valparaíso: Ediciones Universitarias de Valparaíso.
Arana E., P. 1985. Análisis y recomendaciones sobre medidas de regulación en la pesquería de la langosta de Juan Fernández (Jasus frontalis). In Arana E., P. (ed.), Investigaciones Marinas en el Archipiélago de Juan Fernández (pp. 291300). Valparaíso: Escuela de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.
Archibald, J. K., Crawford, D. J., Santos-Guerra, A., and Mort, M. E. 2006. The utility of automated analysis of inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) loci for resolving relationships in the Canary Island species of Tolpis (Asteraceae). Am. J. Bot. 93: 11541162.
Arditti, J., and Ghani, A. K. A. 2000. Numerical and physical properties of orchid seeds and their biological implications. New Phytol. 145: 367421.
Arellano, G. 2012. Evaluación de la dinámica de invasión de Aristotelia chilensis (Elaeocarpaceae) y Rubus ulmifolius (Rosaceae) en claros de dosel en un bosque de la isla Robinson Crusoe. Tesis Magíster en Áreas Silvestres y Conservación de la Naturaleza, Universidad de Chile (Santiago), Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y de la Conservacion de la Naturaleza.
Armada de Chile. 1965. Mapa Hidrográfico de Isla Mas a Tierra. Valparaíso: Instituto Hidrográfico.
Astudillo, M. 2014. Geomorfología y evolución geológica de la Isla Robinson Crusoe, Archipiélago Juan Fernández. Thesis, Título de Geología, Depto. de Geología, Universidad de Chile, Santiago.
August-Schmidt, E. M., Haro, G., Borager, A., and D’Antonio, C. M. 2015. Preferential associations of invasive Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) in a seasonally dry Hawaiian woodland. Pacific Sci. 69: 385397.
Bacon, C. D., McKenna, M. J., Simmons, M. P., and Wagner, W. H. 2012. Evaluating multiple criteria for species delimitation: an empirical example using Hawaiian palms (Arecaceae: Pritchardia). BMC Evol. Biol. 2012(12): 23.
Baeza, C., Bastías, C., Stuessy, T., Ruiz, E., Greimler, J., et al. 2013. Cytological investigations on populations of Taraxacum (Asteraceae) from the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. Gayana Bot. 70: 401403.
Baeza, C., Vosyka, E., and Stuessy, T. 2004. Recuentos cromosómicos en plantas que crecen en Chile. Darwiniana 42: 2529.
Baeza, C. M., Marticorena, C., Stuessy, T., Ruiz, E., and Negritto, M. 2007. Poaceae en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández (Robinson Crusoe). Gayana Bot. 64: 125174.
Baeza, C. M., Rodríguez, R., Hoeneisen, F., and Stuessy, T. 1999. Consideraciones anatómicas del leño secundario de Santalum fernandezianum F. Phil. (Santalaceae), especie extinta del Archipiélago de Juan Fernández, Chile. Gayana Bot. 56: 6365.
Baeza, C. M., Stuessy, T. F., and Marticorena, C. 2002. Notes on the Poaceae of the Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernández) Islands, Chile. Brittonia 54: 154163.
Bahamonde, N. 1966. Capitulo VIII. El mar y sus recursos. In Anonymous (ed.), Geografía Económica de Chile, Primer Apéndice (pp. 8189). Santiago, Chile: Corporación de Fomento de la Producción (CORFO).
Bailey, C. D., Koch, M. A., Mummenhoff, K., Mayer, M., O’Kane, S. L. Jr., et al. 2006. Toward a global phylogeny of the Brassicaceae. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23: 21422160.
Bailey, I. W., and Smith, A. C. 1942. Degeneriaceae, a new family of flowering plants from Fiji. J. Arnold Arbor. 23: 356365.
Baker, H. G. 1955. Self-compatibility and establishment after “long-distance” dispersal. Evolution 9: 347348.
Baker, H. G. 1967. Support for Baker’s law – as a rule. Evolution 21: 853856.
Baker, H. G., and Cox, P. A. 1984. Further thoughts on dioecism and islands. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 71: 244253.
Baker, P. E., Gledhill, A., Harvey, P. K., and Hawkesworth, C. J. 1987. Geochemical evolution of the Juan Fernandez Islands, SE Pacific. J. Geol. Soc. 144: 933944.
Baker, P. E., and Keyvan-Scocouhi, F. A. 1982. Petrology and geochemistry of the Juan Fernández Islands, south east Pacific. In Schmincke, H.-U., Baker, P. E., Forjaz, V. H. (eds.), Proceedings Symposium on the Activity of Ocean Volcanoes (pp. 255264). Ponta Delgada: Universidade do Açores.
Baldwin, B. G. 2003. A phylogenetic perspective on the origin and evolution of Madiinae. In Carlquist, S., Baldwin, B. G., and Carr, G. D. (eds.), Tarweeds & Silverswords: Evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae) (pp. 193228). St. Louis, MO: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
Baldwin, B. G., Crawford, D. J., Francisco-Ortega, J., Kim, S.-C., Sang, T., et al. 1998. Molecular phylogenetic insights on the origin and evolution of oceanic island plants. In Soltis, D. E., Soltis, P., and Doyle, J. J. (eds.), Molecular Systematics of Plants, vol. II: DNA Sequencing (pp. 410441). New York: Kluwer Academic.
Ball, P. W. 1990. Some aspects of the phytogeography of Carex. Canad. J. Bot. 68: 14621472.
Barker, W. R. 1982. Taxonomic studies in Euphrasia L. (Scrophulariaceae): a revised infrageneric classification, and a revision of the genus in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 5: 1304.
Barrera, M. E. 1997. Helechos de Juan Fernández. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Chile Publ. Ocas. 51: 1103.
Barrera, V. H. 1963. Cambio de nombre a las islas de Juan Fernández. Rev. Chil. Hist. Geograf. 131: 425430.
Barrett, S. C. H. 1995. Mating-system evolution in flowering plants: micro- and macroevolutionary approaches. Acta Bot. Neerl. 44: 385402.
Barría, A. 1996. Incendio penetró bosque nativo en Juan Fernández. El Mercurio, February 22.
Barrier, M., Baldwin, B. G., Robichaux, R. H., and Purugganan, M. D. 1999. Interspecific hybrid ancestry of a plant adaptive radiation: allopolyploidy of the Hawaiian silversword alliance (Asteraceae) inferred from floral homeotic gene duplications. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16: 11051113.
Barrington, D. 2014. A world-level phylogenetic and biogeographic perspective on the fern genus Polystichum. Boise, ID: Botany 2014 (Abstr.).
Barros Arana, D. 1904. El Doctor Don Rodolfo Amando Philippi. Su Vida i Sus Obras (1808–1904). Santiago: Imprenta Cervantes.
Bate-Smith, E. C. 1958. Plant phenolics as taxonomic guides. Proc. Linn. Soc. 169: 198211.
Bate-Smith, E. C. 1962. The phenolic constituents of plants and their taxonomic significance: I. Dicotyledons. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 58: 7395.
Beardsley, P. M., and Olmstead, R. G. 2002. Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma. Am. J. Bot. 89: 10931102.
Beardsley, P. M., Schoenig, S. E., Whittall, J. B., and Olmstead, R. G. 2004. Patterns of evolution in western North American Mimulus (Phrymaceae). Am. J. Bot. 91: 474489.
Beheregaray, L. B., Gibbs, J. P., Havell, N., Fritts, T. H., Powell, J. R., et al. 2004. Giant tortoises are not so slow: rapid diversification and biogeographic consensus in the Galápagos. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101: 65146519.
Bellin, J.-N. 1764. Le Petit Atlas Maritime, vol. 2 (map 68). Paris.
Bennett, J. R., and Mathews, S. 2006. Phylogeny of the parasitic plant family Orobanchaceae inferred from phytochrome A. Am. J. Bot. 93: 10391051.
Bernardello, G., Aguilar, R., and Anderson, G. J. 2004. The reproductive biology of Sophora fernandeziana (Leguminosae), a vulnerable endemic species from Isla Robinson Crusoe. Am. J. Bot. 91: 198206.
Bernardello, G., Anderson, G., Lopez, P., Cleland, M. A., Stuessy, T. F., et al. 1999. Reproductive biology of Lactoris fernandeziana (Lactoridaceae). Am. J. Bot. 86: 829840.
Bernardello, G., Anderson, G. J., Stuessy, T. F., and Crawford, D. J. 2001. A survey of floral traits, breeding systems, floral visitors, and pollination systems of the angiosperms of the Juan Fernández Islands (Chile). Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 67: 255308.
Bernardello, G., Anderson, G. J., Stuessy, T. F., and Crawford, D. J. 2006. The angiosperm flora of the Archipelago Juan Fernández (Chile): origin and dispersal. Can. J. Bot. 84: 12661281.
Bernardello, G., Galetto, L., and Anderson, G. J. 2000. Floral nectary structure and nectar chemical composition of some species from Robinson Crusoe Island (Chile). Can. J. Bot. 78: 862872.
Berry, E. W. 1911. A revision of the fossil ferns from the Potomac Group which have been referred to the genera Cladophlebis and Thyrsopteris. Proc. US Nat. Mus. 41: 307332.
Bertero, C. G. L. 1830. Notice sur l’histoire naturelle de l’ile Juan Fernandez, extraite d’une lettre de M. Bertero. Ann. Sci. Nat. 21 : 344351.
Beurton, C. 1994. Gynoecium and perianth in Zanthoxylum s.l. (Rutaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 189: 165191.
Biffin, E., Lucas, E. J., Craven, L. A., Ribeiro da Costa, I., Harrington, M. G., and Crisp, M. D. 2010. Evolution of exceptional species richness among lineages of fleshy-fruited Myrtaceae. Ann. Bot. 106: 7993.
Biodiversa. 2009a. Archipiélago Juan Fernández. Sitio Prioritario para la Conservación de la Biodiversidad Global. Sistematización del Estado Actual del Conocimiento. Santiago: DIPROREN-SAG.
Biodiversa. 2009b. Priorización y Definición de Objectos de Conservación y Líneas de Acción para la Elaboración del Plan de Conservación de la Biodiversidad Terrestre del Archipiélago Juan Fernández. Santiago: DIPROREN-SAG.
Bitter, G. 1910. Die Gattung Acaena. Vorstudien zu einer Monographie. Bibliothec. Bot. 74: 1336.
Bitter, G. 1921. Ein Gattungsbastard zwischen Acaena und Margyricarpus: Margyracaena. Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 239243.
Bittner, M., Silva, M., Rozas, Z., Jakupovic, J., and Stuessy, T. 1994. Estudio químico del género Gunnera en Chile: II. Metabolitos secundários de dos especies continentales y dos especies de las islas de Juan Fernández. Bol. Soc. Chil. Quim. 39: 7983.
Boeger, M. R. T., Cavichiolo, L. E., Pil, M. W., and Labiak, P. H. 2007. Variabilidade fenotípica de Rumohra adiantiformis (G.Forst) Ching (Dryopteridaceae). Hoehnea 34: 553561.
Böhle, U. R., Hilger, H. H., and Martin, W. F. 1996. Island colonization and evolution of the insular woody habit in Echium L. (Boraginaceae). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 1174011745.
Bohm, B. A. 1998a. Introduction to Flavonoids. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.
Bohm, B. A. 1998b. Secondary compounds and evolutionary relationships of island plants. In Stuessy, T. F. and Ono, M. (eds.), Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants (pp. 233295). Cambridge University Press.
Bohm, B. A., and Fong, C. 1990. Non-polar flavonoids of Wilkesia and Argyroxiphium. Phytochemistry 29: 11751177.
Bohm, B. A., and Stuessy, T. F. 2001. Flavonoids of the Sunflower Family (Asteraceae). Wien: Springer-Verlag.
Bohm, B. A., and Yang, J. Y. 2003. Secondary metabolites of Madiinaae and the tarweeds. In Carlquist, S., Baldwin, B. G., and Carr, G. D. (eds.), Tarweeds & Silverswords: Evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae) (pp. 145170). St. Louis, MO: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
Bolnick, D. I., and Fitzpatrick, B. M. 2007. Sympatric speciation: models and empirical evidence. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 38: 459487.
Bonin, A., Ehrich, D., and Manel, S. 2007. Statistical anaysis of amplified fragment length polymorphism data: a toolbox for molecular ecologists and evolutionists. Mol. Ecol. 16: 37373758.
Booker, J., Bullard, E. C., and Grasty, R. L. 1967. Palaeomagnetism and age of rocks from Easter Island and Juan Fernandez. Geophys. J. R. Astronom. Soc. 12: 469471.
Borgen, L. 1976. Analysis of a hybrid swarm between Argyranthemum adauctum and A. filifolium in the Canary Islands. Norweg. J. Bot. 23: 121137.
Borregaard, M. K., Matthews, T. J., and Whittaker, R. J. 2016. The general dynamic model: towards a unified theory of island biogeography? Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 25: 805816.
Bottini, M. C. J., De Bustos, A., Jouve, N., and Poggio, L. 2002. AFLP characterization of natural populations of Berberis (Berberidaceae) in Patagonia, Argentina. Plant Syst. Evol. 231: 133142.
Bottini, M. C. J., De Bustos, A., Sanso, A. M., Jouve, N., and Poggio, L. 2007. Relationships in Patagonian species of Berberis (Berberidaceae) based on the characterization of rDNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 153: 321328.
Bourne, W. R. P., Brooke, M. de L., Clark, G. S., and Stone, T. 1992. Wildlife conservation problems in the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. Oryx 26: 4351.
Bouzat, J. L. 2010. Conservation genetics of population bottlenecks: the role of chance, selection, and history. Conserv. Genet. 11: 463478.
Bozek, M., Leitch, A. R., Leitch, I. J., Záveská Drábková, L., and Kuta, E. 2012. Chromosome and genome size variation in Luzula (Juncaceae), a genus with holocentric chromosomes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 170: 529541.
Bramwell, D. and Caujapé-Castells, J. (eds.). 2011. The Biology of Island Floras. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bräuchler, C., Meimberg, H., and Heubl, G. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Menthinae (Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae, Mentheae): taxonomy, biogeography and conflicts. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 55: 501523.
Braun-Blanquet, J. 1928. Pflanzensoziologie, Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde. Berlin: Springer.
Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964. Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzüge der Vegetationskunde (3rd edn.). Wien: Springer.
Brauner, S., Crawford, D. J., and Stuessy, T. F. 1992. Ribosomal and RAPD variation in the rare plant family Lactoridaceae. Am. J. Bot. 79: 14361439.
Bremer, K. 1994. Asteraceae: Cladistics and Classification. Portland, OR: Timber Press.
Briquet, J. 1935. International Rules of Botanical Nomenclature … Revised by the International Botanical Congress of Cambridge 1930. Jena: Gustav Fischer.
Britton, N. L. 1901. Manual of the Flora of the Northern States and Canada. New York: Henry Holt.
Brizicky, G. K. 1962. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Zanthoxylum and Glycosmis (Rutaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 43: 8093.
Brochmann, C., Borgen., L., and Stabbetorp, O. E. 2000. Multiple diploid hybrid speciation of the Canary Island endemic Argyranthemum sundingii (Asteraceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 220: 7792.
Brooke, M. de L. 1987a. The Birds of the Juan Fernández Islands, Chile. Cambridge: International Council for Bird Preservation, Fauna and Flora Preservation Society, World Wildlife Fund.
Brooke, M. de L. 1987b. Population estimates and breeding biology of the petrels Pterodroma externa and P. longirostris on Isla Alejandro Selkirk, Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Condor 89: 581586.
Brotherus, V. F. 1924. The musci of the Juan Fernández Islands. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.), The Natural History of the Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, vol. 2: Botany (pp. 409448). Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Brüggen, J. O. 1950. Fundamentos de la Geología de Chile. Santiago: Instituto Geográfico Militar.
Bruhl, J. J. 1995. Sedge genera of the world: relationships and a new classification of the Cyperaceae. Austral. Syst. Bot. 8: 125305.
Brummitt, R. K. 2014. Taxonomy versus cladonomy in the dicot families. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 100: 8999.
Brys, R., Vanden Broeck, A., Mergeay, J., and Jacquemyn, H. 2013. The contribution of mating system variation to reproductive isolation in two closely related Centaurium species (Gentianaceae) with a generalized flower morphology. Evolution 68: 12811293.
Buckley, R. C., and Knedlhans, S. B. 1986. Beachcomber biogeography: interception of dispersing propagules by islands. J. Biogeogr. 13: 6970.
Burrows, C. J. 1994. The seeds always know best. New Zealand J. Bot. 32: 349363.
Bush, C. M., Lu, L., Fritsch, P. W., Li, D.-Z., and Kron, K. A. 2009. Phylogeny of Galutherieae (Ericaceae: Vaccinioideae) based on DNA sequence data from matK, ndhF, and nrITS. Int. J. Plant Sci. 170: 355364.
Butlin, R. K., Galindo, J., and Grahame, J. W. 2008. Sympatric, parapatric or allopatric: the most important way to classify speciation? Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 363: 29973007.
Cabrera, A. L. 1949. El género “Senecio” en Chile. Lilloa 15: 27501.
Callander, J. 1768. Terra Australis Cognita, or Voyages to the Terra Australis, or Southern Hemisphere, during the Sixteenth, Seventeenth, and Eighteenth Centuries, vol. 2. Edinburgh (see pp. 528534 for Capt. Cowley, A.).
Calviño, C. I., Martínez, S. G., and Downie, S. R. 2008a. The evolutionary history of Eryngium (Apiaceae, Saniculoideae): rapid radiations, long distance dispersals, and hybridizations. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 46: 11291150.
Calviño, C. I., Martínez, S. G., and Downie, S. R. 2008b. Morphology and biogeography of Apiaceae subfamily Saniculoideae as inferred by phylogenetic analysis of molecular data. Am. J. Bot. 95: 196214.
Calviño, C. I., Martínez, S. G., and Downie, S. R. 2010. Unraveling the taxonomic complexity of Eryngium L. (Apiaceae, Saniculoideae): phylogenetic analysis of 11 non-coding cpDNA loci corroborates rapid radiations. Plant Div. Evol. 128: 137149.
Camus, P., Castro, S., and Jaksic, F. 2008. El conejo europeo en Chile: historia de una invasión biológica. Historia 41: 305339.
Candolle, A. P. de. 1833. Genres nouveaux appartenant a la famille des Composées ou Synantherées. Arch. Bot. 2: 330334.
Candolle, A. P. de. 1836. Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, vol. 5. Paris: Treuttel et Würtz.
Candolle, A. P. 1838. Balbisia and Robinsonia. In Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, Part 6 (pp. 447448). Paris: Treuttel et Würtz.
Cantley, J. T., Swenson, N. G., Markey, A., and Keeley, S. C. 2014. Biogeographic insights on Pacific Coprosma (Rubiaceae) indicate two colonizations to the Hawaiian Islands. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 174: 412424.
Carlquist, S. 1964. Morphology and relationships of Lactoridaceae. Aliso 5: 421435.
Carlquist, S. 1965. Island Life. Garden City, NY: Natural History Press.
Carlquist, S. 1966. The biota of long-distance dispersal: IV. Genetic systems in the floras of oceanic islands. Evolution: 20: 433455.
Carlquist, S. 1967. Anatomy and systematics of Dendroseris (sensu lato). Brittonia 19: 99121.
Carlquist, S. 1970. Wood anatomy of insular species of Plantago and the problem of raylessness. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 97: 353361.
Carlquist, S. 1974. Island Biology. New York: Columbia University Press.
Carlquist, S. 1980. Hawaii: A Natural History (2nd edn.). Honolulu: Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden.
Carlquist, S. 1981. Chance dispersal. Am. Sci. 69: 509516.
Carlquist, S. 1990. Wood anatomy and relationships of Lactoridaceae. Am. J. Bot. 77: 14981505.
Carlquist, S. 1992. Wood anatomy and stem of Chloranthus: summary of wood anatomy of Chloranthaceae, with comments on relationships, vessellessness, and the origin of monocotyledons. IAWA Bull. 13: 316.
Carlquist, S. 2009. Darwin on island plants. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161: 2025.
Carlsen, T., Bleeker, W., Hurka, H., Elven, R., and Brochmann, C. 2009. Biogeography and phylogeny of Cardamine (Brassicaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 96: 215236.
Caro, T., Darwin, J., Forrester, T., Ledoux-Bloom, C., and Wells, C. 2011. Conservation in the Anthropocene. Conserv. Biol. 26: 185188.
Carpenter, K. J. 1986. The History of Scurvy and Vitamin C. Cambridge University Press.
Carr, G. D. 1985. Monograph of the Hawaiian Madiinae (Asteraceae): Argyroxiphium, Dubautia, and Wilkesia. Allertonia 4: 1123.
Carr, G. D. 1998. Chromosome evolution and speciation in Hawaiian flowering plants. In Stuessy, T. F. and Ono, M. (eds.), Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants (pp. 547). Cambridge University Press.
Carr, G. D. 2003. Hybridization in Madiinae. In Carlquist, S., Baldwin, B. G., and Carr, G. D. (eds.), Tarweeds & Silverswords: Evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae) (pp. 79104). St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.
Carr, G. D., and Kyhos, D. W. 1981. Adaptive radiation in the Hawaiian silversword alliance (Compositae-Madiinae): I. Cytogenetics of spontaneous hybrids. Evolution 35: 543556.
Carr, G. D., and Kyhos, D. W. 1986. Adaptive radiation in the Hawaiian silversword alliance (Compositae-Madiinae): II. Cytogenetics of artificial and natural hybrids. Evolution 40: 959976.
Castilla, J. C., and Oliva, D. 1987. Islas oceánicas Chilenas: aspectos descriptivos y potencialidades. In Castilla, J. C. (ed.), Islas Oceánicas Chilenas: Conocimiento Científico y Necesidades de Investigaciones (pp. 1735). Santiago: Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile.
Castro, M., and Rosselló, J. A. 2007. Karyological observations on plant taxa endemic to the Balearic Islands. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 153: 463476.
Caujapé-Castells, J. 2010. General Gst and Ø inflation due to biased intra-population sampling, and its consequences for the conservation of the Canarian Flora. Conserv. Genet. 11: 709720.
Caujapé-Castells, J. 2011. Jesters, red queens, boomerangs and surfers: a molecular outlook on the diversity of the Canarian endemic flora. In Bramwell, D. and Caujapé-Castells, J. (eds.), The Biology of Island Floras (pp. 284324). Cambridge University Press.
Caujapé-Castells, J., Marrero-Rodríguez, A., Baccarani-Rosas, M., Carrera-García, N., and Vilches-Navarrete, B. 2008a. Population genetics of the endangered Canarian endemic Atractylis arbuscula (Asteraceae): implications for taxonomy and conservation. Plant Syst. Evol. 273: 99109.
Caujapé-Castells, J., Naranjo-Suárez, J., Santanna, I., Baccarani-Rosas, M., Carrera-García, N., et al. 2008b. Population genetic suggestions to offset the extinction ratchet in the endangered Canarian endemic Atractylis preauxiana (Asteraceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 273: 191199.
Caujapé-Castells, J., Sabbagh, I., Castllano, J. J., Ramos, R., Henriquez, V., et al. 2013. Transformer-4 version 2.0.1, a free multi-platform software to quickly reformat genotype matrices of any marker type, and archive them in the Demiurge information system. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 13: 484493.
Caujapé-Castells, J., Tye, A., Crawford, D. J., Santos-Guerra, A., Sakai, A., et al. 2010. Conservation of oceanic island floras: present and future global challenges. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 12: 107129.
Cavieres, A., Mellado, F., Tramón, S., and Rebolledo, S. 2011. Plan de Conservación. Biodiversidad Terrestre. Archipiélago Juan Fernández. Santiago: Fundación Biodiversa.
Cereceda, P., Schemenauer, R. S., and Zunino, H. 1994. Distribución de la precipitación en isla Robinson Crusoe. Rev. Geografía Norte Grande 21: 3336.
Chamorro, S., Ruben, H., Olesen, J., McMullen, C., and Traveset, A. 2012. Pollination patterns and plant breeding systems in the Galápagos: a review. Ann. Bot. 110: 14891501.
Chao, Y.-S., Rouhan, G., Amoroso, V. B., and Chiou, W.-L. 2014. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the fern genus Pteris (Pteridaceae). Ann. Bot. 114: 109124.
Chase, M. W., Knapp, S., Cox, A. V., Clarkson, J. J., Butsko, Y., et al. 2003. Molecular systematics, GISH and the origin of hybrid taxa in Nicotiana (Solanaceae). Ann. Bot. 92: 107127.
Chase, M. W., Morton, C. M., and Kallunki, J. A. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Rutaceae: a cladistic analysis of the subfamilies using evidence from rbcL and atpB sequence variation. Am. J. Bot. 86: 11911199.
Chase, M. W., Zmarzty, S., Lledo, M. D., Wurdack, K. J., Swensen, S. M., et al. 2002. When in doubt, put it in Flacourtiaceae: a molecular phylogenetic analysis based on plastid rbcL DNA sequences. Kew Bull. 57: 141181.
Chemisquy, M. A. 2009. Novedades nomenclaturales en el género Gavilea (Orchidaceae, Chloraeinae), con especial énfasis en las especies chilenas. Darwiniana 47: 315320.
Chemisquy, M. A., and Morrone, O. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of the subtribe Chloraeinae (Orchidaceae): a preliminary approach based on three chloroplast markers. Austral. Syst. Bot. 23: 3846.
Chemisquy, M. A., and Morrone, O. 2012. Molecular phylogemy of Gavilea (Chloraeinae: Orchidaceae) using plastid and nuclear markers. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 62: 889897.
Christenhusz, M. J. M., and Chase, M. W. 2014. Trends and concepts in fern classification. Ann. Bot. 113: 571594.
Christenhusz, M. J. M., Zhang, X.-C., and Schneider, H. 2011. A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns. Phytotaxa 19: 754.
Christensen, C. 1910. On some species of ferns collected by Dr. Carl Skottsberg in temperate South America. Arkiv för Bot. 10: 132.
Christensen, C., and Skottsberg, C. 1920. The Pteridophyta of the Juan Fernandez Islands. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.), The Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, vol. 2 (pp. 146). Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Christophersen, E. 1968. Flowering plants from Tristan da Cunha. Results Norweg. Scient. Exped. Tristan da Cunha 1937–1938, 55: 129.
Cisternas, M. A., Salazar, G. A., Verdugo, G., Novoa, P., Calderon, X., et al. 2012. Phylogenetic analysis of Chloraeinae (Orchidaceae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 168: 258277.
Clark, L. G. 1989. Systematics of Chusquea section Swallenochloa, section Verticillatae, section Serpentes, and section Longifoliae (Poaceae-Bambusoideae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 27: 1127.
Clarke, T. 2001. Searching for Crusoe: A Journey Among the Last Real Islands. New York: Ballantine Books.
Clarkson, J. J., Knapp, S., Garcia, V. F., Olmstead, R. G., Leitch, A. R., et al. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in Nicotiana (Solanaceae) inferred from multiple plastid DNA regions. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 33: 7590.
Coates, D. J., and Byrne, M. 2005. Genetic variation in plant populations: assessing cause and pattern. In Henry, R. J. (ed.), Plant Diversity and Evolution: Genotypic and Phenotypic Variation in Higher Plants (pp. 139164). Wallingford: CAB International.
Cody, M. 2006. Plants on Islands: Diversity and Dynamics on a Continental Archipelago. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cody, M. L., and Overton, J. M. 1996. Short-term evolution of reduced dispersal in island plant populations. J. Ecol. 84: 5361.
Cole, F. R., Medeiros, A. C., Loope, L. L., and Zuehlke, W. 1992. Effects of the Argentine ant on arthropod fauna of Hawaiian high-elevation shrubland. Ecology 73: 13131322.
Colla, A. 1835. Plantae rariores in regionibus Chilensibus a clarissimo M. D. Bertero nuper detectae. Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 38: 142.
Colla, A. 1836. Herbarium Pedemontanum Justa Methodum Naturalem Dispositum Additis nonnullis Stirpibus Exoticis ad Universos ejusdem Methodi Ordines Exhibendos, vol. 6. Torino (cf. pp. 215216).
Colwell, R. K. 1989. Hummingbirds of the Juan Fernández Islands: natural history, evolution and population status. Ibis 131: 548566.
CONAF. 1976. Plan de Manejo Parque Nacional Juan Fernández. Santiago: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación.
CONAF. 2009. Plan de Manejo Parque Nacional Archipiélago Juan Fernández. Valparaíso: Gobierno de Chile, Ministerio de Agricultura.
Conner, J. K., and Hartl, D. L. 2004. A Primer of Ecological Genetics. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Constance, L. 1964. Systematic botany: an unending synthesis. Taxon 13: 257273.
Contreras-M., A., and Spooner, D. M. 1999. Revision of Solanum section Etuberosum (subgenus Potatoe). In Nee, M., Symon, D. E., Lester, R. N., and Jessop, J. P. (eds.), Solanaceae IV (pp. 227245). Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.
Cooke, E. 1712. A Voyage to the South Seas and Round the World Performed in the Years 1708, 1709, 1710 and 1711. London.
Cordingly, D. 2007. Cochrane the Dauntless. The Life and Adventures of Admiral Thomas Cochrane, 1775–1860. London: Bloomsbury.
Correa, M. N. 1956. Las especies argentinas del género Gavilea. Bot. Soc. Argent. Bot. 6: 7386.
Correa, M. N. 1966. Una especie nueva y algunas observaciones críticas del género Gavilea (Orchidaceae). Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 11: 6066.
Correa, M. N. 1968. Una nueva especie del género Gavilea (Orchidaceae). Rev. Mus. de la Plata, secc. Bot. 11: 7577.
Cowie, R. H., and Holland, B. S. 2006. Dispersal is fundamental to biogeography and the evolution of biodiversity on oceanic islandsJ. Biogeogr33: 193198.
Cox, C. B., and Moore, P. D. 1993. Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach (5th edn.). Oxford: Blackwell Science.
Coyne, J. A., and Orr, H. A. 2004. Speciation. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Crawford, D. J. 1978. Flavonoid chemistry and angiosperm evolution. Bot. Rev. 44: 431456.
Crawford, D. J. 1983. Phylogenetic and systematic inferences from electrophoretic studies. In Tanksley, S. D. and Orton, T. J. (eds.), Isozymes in Plant Genetics and Breeding, Part A (pp. 257287). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Crawford, D. J. 1985. Electrophoretic data and plant speciation. Syst. Bot. 10: 405416.
Crawford, D. J. 1989. Enzyme electrophoresis and plant systematics. In Soltis, D. E. and Soltis, P. S. (eds.), Isozymes in Plant Biology (pp. 146164). Portland, OR: Dioscorides.
Crawford, D. J. 1990. Plant Molecular Systematics: Macromolecular Approaches. New York: Wiley.
Crawford, D. J. 2010. Progenitor-derivative species pairs and plant speciation. Taxon 59: 14131423.
Crawford, D. J. 2014. Genetic diversity in plant populations. In Stuessy, T. F., Crawford, D. J., Soltis, D. E., and Soltis, P. S. (eds.), Plant Systematics: The Origin, Interpretation, and Ordering of Plant Biodiversity (pp. 8598). Königstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.
Crawford, D. J., Anderson, G. J., and Bernardello, G. 2011. The reproductive biology of island plants. In Bramwell, D. and Caujapé-Castells, J. (eds.), The Biology of Island Floras (pp. 1136). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crawford, D. J., Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., and Santos-Guerra, A. 2013. The peproductive biology of island plants: the Juan Fernández and Canary Islands. In Caujapé-Castells, J., Niet, G., and Fernández-Palacios, J. M. (eds.), Proceedings of the Amurga International Conferences on Island Biodiversity 2011: Present and Emerging Knowledge on the Evolution, Diversity and Conservation of the Canarian Flora (pp. 166175). Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Fundación Canaria Amurga-Maspalomas, Jardin Botanico Canario “Viera y Clavijo.”
Crawford, D. J., Anderson, G. J., Silva, L. B., Menezes de Sequeira, M., Moura, M., et al. 2015. Breeding systems in Tolpis (Asteraceae) in the Macaronesian islands: the Azores, Madeira and the Canaries. Plant Syst. Evol. 301: 11911206.
Crawford, D. J., Archibald, J. K., Mort, M. E., and Santos-Guerra, A. 2009. Pollen fertility of synthetic intra- and interspecific F1 hybrids in Canary Island Tolpis (Asteraceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 279: 103113.
Crawford, D. J., Brauner, S., Cosner, M. B., and Stuessy, T. F. 1993a. Use of RAPD markers to document the origin of the intergeneric hybrid ×Margyracaena skottsbergii (Rosaceae) on the Juan Fernandez Islands. Am. J. Bot. 80: 8992.
Crawford, D. J., Lowrey, T. K., Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., Santos-Guerra, A., et al. 2009a. Genetic diversity in the colonizing ancestors of Asteraceae endemic to oceanic islands: Baker’s law and polyploidy. In Funk, V. A., Susanna, A., Stuessy, T. F., and Bayer, R. (eds.), Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of the Compositae (pp. 137151). Vienna: International Association of Plant Taxonomy
Crawford, D. J., Ruiz, E., Stuessy, T. F., Tepe, E., Aqueveque, P., et al. 2001b. Allozyme diversity in the endemic flowering plant species of the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile: ecological and historical factors with implications for conservation. Am. J. Bot. 88: 21952203.
Crawford, D. J., Sang, T., Stuessy, T. F., Kim, S.-C., and Silva O., M. 1998. Dendroseris (Asteraceae: Lactuceae) and Robinsonia (Asteraceae: Senecioneae) on the Juan Fernández Islands: similarities and differences in biology and phylogeny. In Stuessy, T. F. and Ono, M. (eds.), Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants (pp. 97119). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Crawford, D. J., and Stuessy, T. F. 1997. Plant speciation on oceanic islands. In Iwatsuki, K. and Raven, P. H. (eds.), Evolution and Diversification of Land Plants (pp. 249267). Tokyo: Springer-Verlag.
Crawford, D. J., and Stuessy, T. F. 2016. Cryptic variation, molecular data, and the challenge of conserving plant diversity in oceanic archipelagos: the critical role of plant systematics. Korean J. Plant Taxon. 46: 129148.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Cosner, M. B., Haines, D. W., and Silva O., M. 1993b. Ribosomal and chloroplast DNA restriction site mutations and the radiation of Robinsonia (Asteraceae, Senecioneae) on the Juan Fernández Islands. Plant Syst. Evol. 184: 233239.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Cosner, M. B., Haines, D. W., Silva, O., , M., et al. 1992a. Evolution of the genus Dendroseris (Asteraceae: Lactuceae) on the Juan Fernández Islands: evidence from chloroplast and ribosomal DNA. Syst. Bot. 17: 676682.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Cosner, M. B., Haines, D., Wiens, D., et al. 1994. Lactoris fernandeziana (Lactoridaceae) of the Juan Fernández Islands: allozyme uniformity and field observations. Conserv. Biol. 8: 277280.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Haines, D. W., Cosner, M. B., Silva O., M., et al. 1992b. Allozyme diversity within and divergence among four species of Robinsonia (Asteraceae: Senecioneae), a genus endemic to the Juan Fernandez Islands, Chile. Am. J. Bot. 79: 962966.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Lammers, T. G., Silva O., M., and Pacheco, P. 1990. Allozyme variation and evolutionary relationships among three species of Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae) in the Juan Fernández Islands. Bot. Gaz. 151: 119124.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., Rodríguez, R., and Rondinelli, M. 1993c. Genetic diversity in Rhaphithamnus venustus (Verbenaceae), a species endemic to the Juan Fernández Islands. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 120: 2328.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., and Silva, M. 1986. Leaf flavonoid chemistry and the relationships of Lactoridaceae. Plant Syst. Evol. 153: 133139.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., and Silva O., M. 1987a. Allozyme divergence and the evolution of Dendroseris (Compositae: Lactuceae) on the Juan Fernández Islands. Syst. Bot. 12: 435443.
Crawford, D. J., Stuessy, T. F., and Silva O., M. 1988. Allozyme variation in Chenopodium sanctae-clarae, an endemic species of the Juan Fernández Islands, Chile. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 16: 279284.
Crawford, D. J., Tago-Nakazawa, M., Stuessy, T. F., Anderson, G. J., Bernardello, G., et al. 2001a. Intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) variation in Lactoris fernandziana (Lactoridaceae), a rare endemic of the Juan Fernández archipelago, Chile. Plant Species Biol. 16: 185192.
Crawford, D. J., Whitkus, R., and Stuessy, T. F. 1987b. Plant evolution and speciation on oceanic islands. In Urbanska, K. (ed.), Differentiation Patterns in Higher Plants (pp. 184199). London: Academic Press.
Crisp, M. D., Gilmore, S., and Van Wyk, B.-E. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes. In Herendeen, P. S. and Bruneau, A. (eds.), Advances in Legume Systematics, part 9 (pp. 249276). Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.
Cronk, Q. C. B. 1997. Islands: stability, diversity, conservation. Biodiv. Conserv. 6: 477493.
Cronk, Q. C. B., and Fuller, J. K. 2001. Plant Invaders: The Threat to Natural Ecosystems. London: Earthscan Publications.
Cronquist, A. 1943. The separation of Erigeron from Conyza. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 70: 629632.
Cronquist, A. 1947. Revision of the North American species of Erigeron, north of Mexico. Brittonia 6: 121302.
Cronquist, A. 1981. An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New York: Columbia University Press.
Crutzen, P. J., and Stoermer, E. F. 2000. The “Anthropocene.” Global Change Newsl. 41: 1718.
Cuddihy, L. W., and Stone, C. P. 1990. Alteration of Native Hawaiian Vegetation: Effects of Humans, Their Activities and Introductions. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit.
Cuevas, J. G. 2002. Informe técnico no. 29. Distribución y abundancia de la flora vascular del Archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Il Parte Final. Unpublished report, Corporación Nacional Forestal V Región, Viña del Mar.
Cuevas, J. G., and Le Quesne, C. 2006. Low vegetation recovery after short-term cattle exclusion on Robinson Crusoe Island. Plant Ecol. 183: 105124.
Cuevas, J. G., Marticorena, A., and Cavieres, L. A. 2004. New additions to the introduced flora of the Juan Fernández islands: origin, distribution, life history traits, and potential of invasion. Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 77: 523538.
Cuevas, J. G., and van Leersum, G. 2001. Project “Conservation, restoration, and development of The Juan Fernández islands, Chile.” Rev. Chil. Hist. Nat. 74: 899910.
D’Arcy, W. G. 1976. New names and taxa in the Solanaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 63: 363369.
Daly, H., and Magnacca, K. 2003. Hawaiian Hylaeus (Nesoprosopis) bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). In Insects of Hawaii, vol. 17. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Dampier, W. 1697. A New Voyage Round the World. London.
Dandy, J. E. (ed.). 1958. The Sloane Herbarium. An annotated list of the Horti Sicci composing it; with biographical accounts of the principal contributors. Based on records compiled by the late James Britten. British Museum: London.
Danton, P. 1998. Redécouverte de l’orchidée des îles de Robinson (Chili): Gavilea insularis M. N. Correa. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 67: 226232.
Danton, P. 2000. Une ascension au Mont Yunque dans l’île de Robinson Crusoe (Chili). Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 69: 205216.
Danton, P. 2004. Plantas Silvestres de la Isla Robinson Crusoe. Viña del Mar: CONAF.
Danton, P. 2006a. Contribution à la flore de l’archipel Juan Fernández (Chili): Description de deux taxons nouveaux: Nicotiana cordifolia subsp. sanctaclarae subsp. nov. (Solanaceae), Robinsonia saxatilis sp. nov. (Asteraceae). Acta Bot. Gallica 153: 249255.
Danton, P. 2006b. La “myrtisylve” de l´archipel Juan Fernandez (Chili), une forêt en voie de disparation rapide. Acta Bot. Gallica 153: 179199.
Danton, P. 2014. Contribution à la flore de l’archipel Juan Fernández (Chili): description de 4 taxons nouveaux: Angiospermae – Erigeron corrales-molinensis sp. nov. (Asteraceae), Euphrasia formossissima Skottsb. subsp. cucharensis subsp. nov. (Orobanchaceae), Haloragis masatierrana var. applanata var. nov. et var. scabrida var. nov. (Haloragidaceae). Acta Bot. Gallica 161: 355371.
Danton, P., Boudrie, M., Bizot, A., and Viane, R. L. L. 2015. Pleopeltis ×cerro-altoensis (Polypodiaceae), a new fern hybrid from Robinson Crusoe Island (Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile). Fern Gaz. 20: 6578.
Danton, P., Breteau, E., and Baffray, M. 1999. Les Îles de Robinson: Trésor Vivant des Mers du Sud. Entre Légende et Realité. Paris: Nathan.
Danton, P., Buord, S., and Stutzin, M. 2013. Las islas de Robinson Crusoe: riqueza biológica amenazada y propuesta de creación de los Jardin y Conservatorio Botánicos. Chagual 11: 1229.
Danton, P., and Perrier, C. 2005. Notes sur la disparition d’une espèce emblématique: Robinsonia berteroi (DC.) Sanders, Stuessy & Martic. (Asteraceae), dans l’île Robinson Crusoe, archipel Juan Fernández (Chili). J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 31: 38.
Danton, P., and Perrier, C. 2017. Monografía de las Plantas Vasculares del Archipiélago Juan Fernández, Chile. Ensayo de Valoración para su Preservación. Gignac: Museo Editions.
Danton, P., Perrier, C., and Martínez, R. G. 2006. Nouveau catalogue de la flore vasculaire de l’archipel Juan Fernández (Chili) [Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular del Archipiélago Juan Fernández (Chile)]. Acta Bot. Gallica 153: 399587.
Darlington, P. J. 1957. Zoogeography. New York: Wiley.
Darwin, C. 1855. Letter to J. D. Hooker, March 7, 1855. In Darwin, F. (ed.), Life and Letters of Charles Darwin. New York: Basic Books.
Darwin, C. 1859. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: John Murray.
Davis, M. A., Chew, M. K., Hobbs, R. J., Lugo, A. E., Ewel, J. J., et al. 2011. Don’t judge species on their origins. Nature 474: 153154.
de Joode, D. R., and Wendel, J. F. 1992. Genetic diversity and origin of the Hawaiian Islands cotton, Gossypium tomentosum. Am. J. Bot. 79: 13111319.
de la Sota, E. R. 1972. Notas sobre especies austrosudamericanas del género Blechnum L. (Blechnaceae-Pteridophyta). V. Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 14: 190197.
de la Sota, E. R., Salino, A., and Costa Asis, F. 2007. Nuevas combinaciones en Polypodiaceae. Darwiniana 45: 239.
de Queiroz, A. 2005. The resurrection of oceanic dispersal in historical biogeographyTrends Ecol. Evol20: 6873.
de Queiroz, K. 1998. The general lineage concept of species, species criteria, and the process of speciation. In Howard, D. J. and Berlocher, S. H. (eds.), Endless Forms: Species and Speciation (pp. 5775). New York: Oxford University Press.
de Queiroz, K. 2007. Species concepts and species delimitation. Syst. Biol. 56: 879886.
Decaisne, J. 1834. Monographie des genres Balbisia et Robinsonia, de la famille des Composées. Ann. Sc. Natur. Bot. Ser. 2 1: 115.
Defoe, D. 1719. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. London.
Delano, A. 1817. A Narrative of Voyages and Travels in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres: Comprising Three Voyages Round the World; Together with a Voyage of Survey and Discovery, in the Pacific and Oriental Islands. Boston.
Delprete, P. G., Forneris, G., and Pistarino, A. 2002. Carlo Bertero (1789–1831) in the New World. Sida 20: 621644.
Dempster, L. T. 1980. The genus Galium section Lophogalium (Rubiaceae) in South America. Allertonia 2: 247279.
Dempster, L. T. 1981. The genus Galium (Rubiaceae) in South America. II. Allertonia 2: 393426.
Devey, C. W., Hémond, C., and Stoffers, P. 2000. Metasomatic reactions between carbonate plume melts and mantle harzburgite: the evidence from Friday and Domingo seamounts (Juan Fernandez chain, SE Pacific). Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 139: 6884.
Diaz, H. F., and Markgraf, V. (eds.). 1992. El Niño: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Diem, J., and de Lichtenstein, J. S. 1959. Las Himenofiláceas del área argentino-chilena del sud. Darwiniana 11: 611760.
Dirnböck, T., Greimler, J., López S., P., and Stuessy, T. F. 2003. Predicting future threats to the native vegetation of Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Archipelago, Chile. Conserv. Biol. 17: 16501659.
Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. New York: Columbia University Press.
Dohzono, I., and Yokoyama, J. 2010. Impacts of alien bees on native plant-pollinator relationships: a review with special emphasis on plant reproduction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45: 3747.
Don, D. 1832. Descriptive catalogue of the Compositae contained in the herbarium of Dr. Gillies; with some additions from other sources. Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 11: 387392.
Donoso Zegers, C. 1993. Bosques Templados de Chile y Argentina. Santiago: Editorial Universitaria.
Douglas, D. 1914. Journal Kept by David Douglas during His Travels in North America 1823–1817. London: Royal Horticultural Society (reprint 1959. New York: Antiquarian Press).
Drábková, L., Kirschner, J., Seberg, O., Petersen, G., and Vlček, Č. 2003. Phylogeny of the Juncaceae based on rbcL sequences, with special emphasis on Luzula DC. and Juncus L. Plant Syst. Evol. 240: 133147.
Drábková, L., Kirschner, J., and Vlček, Č. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships within Luzula DC. and Juncus L. (Juncaceae): a comparison of phylogenetic signals of trnL-trnF intergenic spacer, trnL intron and rbcL plastome sequence data. Cladistics 22: 132143.
Drábková, L., Kirschner, J., Vlček, Č., and Pačes, V. 2004. TrnL-trnF intergenic spacer and trnL intron define major clades within Luzula and Juncus (Juncaceae): importance of structure mutations. J. Mol. Evol. 59: 110.
Driscoll, H. E., and Barrington, D. S. 2007. Origin of Hawaiian Polystichum (Dryopteridaceae) in the context of a world phylogeny. Am. J. Bot. 94: 14131424.
Dubuisson, J.-Y. 1997a. Systematic relationships within the genus Trichomanes sensu lato (Hymenophyllaceae, Filicopsida): cladistic analysis based on anatomical and morphological data. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 265296.
Dubuisson, J.-Y. 1997b. rbcL sequences: a promising tool for the molecular systematics of the fern genus Trichomanes (Hymenophyllaceae)? Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 8: 128138.
Dubuisson, J.-Y., Hennequin, E. J. P., Douzery, R. B., Cranfill, A. R., Smith, A. R., et al. 2003. rbcL phylogeny of the fern genus Trichomanes (Hymenophyllaceae) with special reference to Neotropical taxa. Int. J. Plant Sci. 164: 753761.
Duek, J. J., and Rodríguez, R. 1972. Lista preliminar de las especies de Pteridophyta en Chile continental e insular. Bol. Soc. Bol. Concepción 45: 129174.
Dunbar-Co, S., Wieczorek, A. M., and Morden, C. W. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and adaptive radiation of the endemic Hawaiian Plantago species (Plantaginaceae). Am. J. Bot. 95: 11771188.
Dupont, Y. L., and Skov, C. 2004. Influence of geographical distribution and floral traits on species richness of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) visiting Echium species (Boraginaceae) of the Canary Islands. Int. J. Plant Sci. 165: 377386.
Ebihara, A., Dubuisson, J.-Y., Iwatsuki, K., Hennequin, S., and Ito, M. 2006. A taxonomic revision of Hymenophyllaceae. Blumea 51: 221280.
Ebihara, A., and Iwatsuki, K. 2007. The Hymenophyllaceae of the Pacific Area: 1. Hymenophyllum subgenus Hymenophyllum. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. B 33: 5568.
Ebihara, A., Iwatsuki, K., Ito, M., Hennequin, S., and Dubuisson, J.-Y. 2007. A global molecular phylogeny of the fern genus Trichomanes (Hymenophyllaceae) with special reference to stem anatomy. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 155: 127.
Ebihara, A., Nitta, J. H., and Iwatsuki, K. 2010. The Hymenophyllaceae of the Pacific Area: 2. Hymenophyllum (excluding subgen. Hymenophyllum). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. B 36: 4359.
Edmands, S. 2007. Between a rock and a hard place: evaluating the relative risks of inbreeding and outbreeding for conservation and management. Mol. Ecol. 16: 463475.
Edwards, C. E. 2015. Looking to the future of conservation genetics: the case for using quantitative genetic experiments to estimate the ability of rare plants to withstand climate change. Am. J. Bot. 102: 10111013.
Ehrendorfer, F. 1979. Reproductive biology in island plants. In Bramwell, D. (ed.), Plants and Islands (pp. 293306). London: Academic Press.
Eizaguirre, C., and Baltazar-Soares, M. 2014. Evolutionary conservation: evaluating the adaptive potential of species. Evol. Appl. 7: 963967.
Ekblom, R., and Wolf, J. B. W. 2014. A field guide to whole-genome sequencing, assembly and annotation. Evol. Appl. 7: 10261042.
Eliasson, U. 1995. Patterns of diversity in island plants. In Vitousek, P. M., Loope, L. L., and Adsersen, H. (ed.), Islands: Biological Diversity and Ecosystem Functions (pp. 3550). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Ellstrand, N., and Elam, D. 1993. Population genetic consequences of small population size: Implications for plant conservation. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 24: 217242.
Emerson, B. C. 2002. Evolution on oceanic islands: molecular phylogenetic approaches to understanding pattern and processMol. Ecol11: 951966.
Emerson, B. C., and Kolm, N. 2005a. Species diversity can drive speciation. Nature 434: 10151017.
Emerson, B. C., and Kolm, N. 2005b. Emerson and Kolm reply. Nature 438: E2.
Engel, M. S. 2000. A new Lasioglossum from the Juan Fernández Islands (Hymenoptera: Halictidae). Rev. Chilena Entomol. 27: 510.
Engler, A. 1882. Versuch einer Entwicklunsgeschichte der Pflanzenwelt, insbesondere der Florengebiete, seit der Tertiärperiode. Leipzig: W. Engelman.
Ernst, B., Chamorro, J., Manríquez, P., Orensanz, J. M. L., Parma, A. M., et al. 2013. Sustainability of the Juan Fernández lobster fishery (Chile) and the perils of generic science-based prescriptions. Global Environ. Change 23: 13811392.
Esquemeling, J. 1685. The Buccaneers of America, the Second Volume Containing the Dangerous Voyage and Bold Attempts of Captain Bartholomew Sharp and Others Performed upon the Coasts of the South Sea for the Space of Two Years from the Original Journal of the Said Voyage Written by Mr. Basil Ringrose, Gent., Who Was All Along Present at Those Transactions (2nd edn., English translation). London.
Esselman, E. J., Crawford, D. J., Brauner, S., Stuessy, T. F., Anderson, G. J., et al. 2000. RAPD marker diversity within and divergence among species of Dendroseris (Asteraceae: Lactuceae). Am. J. Bot. 87: 591596.
Evans, A. 1930. The thallose Hepaticae of the Juan Fernandez Islands. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.), The Natural History of the Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, vol. 2: Botany (pp. 5515860). Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Evans, T. M., Jabaily, R. S., Faria, A. P. G., Sousa, L. O. F., Wendt, T., et al. 2015. Phylogenetic relationships in Bromeliaceae subfamily Bromelioideae based on chloroplast DNA sequence data. Syst. Bot. 40: 116128.
Faith, D. P. 1994. Phylogenetic diversity: a general framework for the prediction of feature diversity. In Forey, P. L., Humphries, C. J., and Vane-Wright, R. I. (eds.), Systematics and Conservation Evaluation (pp. 251268). Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Fanning, E. 1833. Voyages Round the World; With Selected Sketches of Voyages to the South Seas, North and South Pacific Oceans, China, etc. New York: Collins & Hannay (new edition 1924, under the title of Voyages & Discoveries in the South Seas, 1792–1832, edited and published by the Marine Research Society, Salem, MA).
Farías, M., Vargas, G., Tassara, A., Carretier, S., Baize, S., et al. 2010. Land-level changes produced by the Mw 8.8 2010 Chilean earthquake. Science 329: 916.
Farley, K. A., Basu, A. R., and Craig, H. 1993. He, Sr and Nd isotopic variations in lavas from the Juan Fernandez Archipelago, SE Pacific. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 115: 7587.
Felsenstein, J. 2004. Inferring Phylogenies. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Fernández-Palacios, J. M., Kueffer, C., and Drake, D. 2015. A new golden era in island biogeography. Front. Biogeog. 7: 1420.
Ferrara, G., Clarke, W. B., Rama Murthy, V., and Bass, M. N. 1969. K-Ar ages of Juan Fernandez Islands and southeast Pacific dredge hauls. Eos Transact. Am. Geophys. Union 50 (4): 329 (Abstr.).
Ferreyra, M. L., Rius, S. P., and Casati, P. 2012. Flavonoids: biosynthesis, biological functions, and biotechnological applications. Front. Plant Sci. 3(222): 115.
Fior, S., Karis, P. O., Casazza, G., Minuto, L., and Sala, F. 2006. Molecular phylogeny of the Caryophyllaceae (Caryophyllales) inferred from chloroplast matK and nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Am. J. Bot. 93: 399411.
Fisher, A. E., Clark, L. G., and Kelcher, S. A. 2014. Molecular phylogeny estimation of the bamboo genus Chusquea (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae) and description of two new subgenera. Syst. Bot. 39: 829844.
Fishman, L., Stathos, A., Beardsley, P. M., Williams, C. F., and Hill, J. P. 2013. Chromosomal rearrangements and the genetics of reproductive barriers in Mimulus (monkey flowers). Evolution 67: 25472560.
Fitzpatrick, B. M., Fordyce, J. A., and Gavrilets, S. 2008. What, if anything, is sympatric speciation? J. Evol. Biol. 21: 14521459.
Fitzpatrick, B. M., Fordyce, J. A., and Gavrilets, S. 2009. Pattern, process and geographic modes of speciation. J. Evol. Biol. 22: 23422347.
Fjellheim, S., Jogensen, M. H., Kjos, M., and Borgen, L. 2009. A molecular study of hybridization and homoploid hybrid speciation in Argyranthemum (Asteraceae) on Tenerife, Canary Islands. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 1931.
Fleischer, R. C., and McIntosh, C. E. 2001. Molecular systematics and biogeography of the Hawaiian avifauna. Stud. Avian Biol. 22: 5160.
Forde, M. G. 1964. Haloragis erecta: a species complex in evolution. New Zealand J. Bot. 2: 425453.
Fosberg, F. R. 1967. Some ecological effects of wild and semi-wild exotic species of vascular plants. In IUCN (ed.), Towards a New Relationship of Man and Nature in Temperate Lands, Part III: Changes due to Introduced Species (pp. 98109). Morges: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.
Fosberg, F. R. 1968. Studies in Pacific Rubiaceae: VI–VIII. Brittonia 20: 287294.
Frakes, L. A. 1979. Climates through Geologic Time. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Francisco-Ortega, J, Crawford, D. J., Santos-Guerra, A., and Carvalho, J. A. 1996. Isozyme variation in the endemic genus Argyranthemum (Asteraceae: Anthemideae) in the Macaronesian Islands. Plant Syst. Evol. 202: 137152.
Francisco-Ortega, J., Crawford, D. J., Santos-Guerra, A., and Jansen, R. K. 1997. Origin and evolution of Argyranthemum (Asteraceae: Anthemideae) in Macaronesia. In Givnish, T. J. and Sytsma, K. J. (eds.), Molecular Evolution and Adaptive Radiation (pp. 407431). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Francisco-Ortega, J., Santos-Guerra, A., Kim, S.-C., and Crawford, D. J. 2000. Plant genetic diversity in the Canary Islands: a conservation perspective. Am. J. Bot. 87: 909919.
Frankham, R. 1997. Do island populations have less genetic variation than mainland populations? Heredity 78: 311327.
Frankham, R. 2010. Where are we in conservation genetics and where do we need to go? Conserv. Genet. 11: 661663.
Frankham, R. 2015. Genetic rescue of small inbred populations: metaanalysis reveals large and consistent benefits of gene flow. Mol. Ecol. 24: 26102618.
Frankham, R., Ballou, J. D., and Briscoe, D. A. 2010. Introduction to Conservation Genetics (2nd edn.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Franzke, A., Pollmann, K., Bleeker, W., Kohrt, R., and Hurka, H. 1998. Molecular systematics of Cardamine and allied genera (Brassicaceae): ITS and non-coding chloroplast DNA. Folia Geobot. 33: 225240.
Freire, S. E., Salomón, L., Bayón, N. D., Baeza, C. M., Muñoz-Schick, M., et al. 2016. Taxonomic revision of the genus Gamochaeta (Gnaphalieae, Asteraceae) in Chile. Gayana Bot. 73: 252305.
Frenzke, L., Scheiris, E., Pino, G., Symmank, L., Goetghebeur, P., et al. 2015. A revised infrageneric classification of the genus Peperomia (Piperaceae). Taxon 64: 424444.
Fries, R. E. 1920. Die Myxomyceten der Juan Fernandez-Inseln. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.), The Natural History of the Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, vol. 2: Botany (pp. 5558). Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Fries, T. C. E. 1921. Die Gasteromyceten der Juan Fernandez- und Osterinseln. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.), The Natural History of the Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, vol. 2: Botany (pp. 5960). Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells.
Fritsch, P. W., Lu, L., Bush, C. M., Cruz, B. C., Kron, K. A., et al. 2011. Phylogenetic analysis of the wintergreen group (Ericaceae) based on six genic regions. Syst. Bot. 36: 9901003.
Fritts, T. H., and Rodda, G. H. 1998. The role of introduced species in the degradation of island ecosystems. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 29: 113140.
Fuentes-Bazan, S., Mansion, G., and Borsch, T. 2012a. Towards a species level tree of the globally diverse genus Chenopodium (Chenopodiaceae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 62: 359374.
Fuentes-Bazan, S., Uotila, P., and Borsch, T. 2012b. A novel phylogeny-based generic classification for Chenopodium sensu lato, and a tribal rearrangement of Chenopodioideae (Chenopodiaceae). Willdenowia 42: 524.
Fuenzalida P., H. 1966. Climatología. In Corporación de Fomento de la Producción (CORFO) (ed.), Geografía Económica de Chile (2nd edn., pp. 3144). Santiago de Chile: Editorial Universitaria.
Fuenzalida V., H. 1944. Don Claudio Gay y el Museo Nacional de Historia Natural. Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 22: 516.
Funk, J. L., and Vitousek, P. M. 2007. Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature 446: 10791081.
Funk, V. A., and Wagner, W. L. 1995. Biogeographic patterns in the Hawaiian Islands. In Wagner, W. L. and Funk, V. A. (eds.), Hawaiian Biogeography: Evolution on a Hot Spot Archipelago (pp. 379419). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Funnell, W. 1707. A Voyage Round the World; Containing an Account of Captain Dampier’s expedition into the South-Seas in the Ship St. George, in the Years 1703 and 1704. London.
Fürstenberg, P. 1906. Dr. Rudolph Amandus Philippi. Sein Leben und seine Werke. Verhandl. Deutsch. Wissenschafl. Vereins (Santiago) 5: 139.
Gabel, J. D., Les, D. H., Charlton, W. A., and Coombes, A. J. 2000. Phylogeny of Azara (Flacourtiaceae). Am. J. Bot. 87(6): 128 (Abstr.).
Gabriel y Galán, J. M., Prada, C., Rolleri, C., Ainouche, A., and Vicent, M. 2013. cpDNA supports the identification of the major lineages of American Blechnum (Blechnaceae, Polypodiopsida) established by morphology. Turk. J. Bot. 37: 769777.
Galapagos Conservancy. 2015. Ecosystem Restoration: Project Isabela. Available at (accessed March 11, 2016).
Gallagher, R. E. 1964. Byron’s Journal of His Circumnavigation 1764–1766. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Hakluyt Society).
Gamerro, J. C., and Barreda, V. 2008. New fossil record of Lactoridaceae in southern South America: a palaeobiogeographical approach. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158: 4150.
Ganders, F. R., Berbee, M., and Pirseyedi, M. 2000. ITS base sequence phylogeny in Bidens (Asteraceae): evidence for the continental relatives of Hawaiian and Marquesan Bidens. Syst. Bot. 25: 122133.
Ganders, F. R., Bohm, B. A., and McCormick, S. P. 1990. Flavonoid variation in Hawaiian Bidens. Syst. Bot. 15: 231239.
Ganders, F. R., and