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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: April 2014

1 - Nutritional physiology of the critically ill patient

from Section 1 - General Concepts

Further reading

BartlettRH, DechertRE, MaultJR, et al. Measurement of metabolism in multiple organ failure. Surgery 1982;92:771–779.
BurgeJC, GoonA, ChobanPS, FlancbaumL. Efficacy of hypocaloric total parenteral nutrition in hospitalized obese patients: a prospective, double-blind randomized trial. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1994;18:203–207.
FrankenfieldDC. Energy expenditure and protein requirements after traumatic injury. Nutr Clin Pract 2006;21:430–437.
FrankenfieldDC. Validation of a metabolic rate equation in older obese critically ill people. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2011;35:264–269.
FrankenfieldDC, SmithJS, CooneyRN, BlosserSA. Relative association of fever and injury with hypermetabolism in critically ill patients. Injury 1997;28:617–621.
FrankenfieldDC, SmithJS, CooneyRN. Accelerated nitrogen loss after traumatic injury is not attenuated by achievement of energy balance. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1997;21:324–329.
FrankenfieldDC. Energy expenditure and protein requirements after traumatic injury. Nutr Clin Pract 2006;21:430–437.
FrankenfieldDC, SchubertA, AlamS, CooneyRN. Validation study of predictive equations for resting metabolic rate in critically ill patients. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2009;33:27–36.
FrankenfieldDC, AshcraftCM, GalvanDA. Longitudinal assessment of metabolic rate in critically ill patients. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2012;36:700–712.
HeideggerCP, GrafS, ThibaultR, et al. Supplemental parenteral nutrition (SPN) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients for optimal energy coverage: improved clinical outcome. Clin Nutr 2011;1(S):2–3.
McClaveSA, MartindaleRG, VanekVW, et al. Guidelines for the provision and assessment of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill patient. Society for Critical Care Medicine, American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2009;33:277–316.
MullerMJ, Bosy-WestphalA, KutznerD, HellerM. Metabolically active components of fat-free mass and resting energy expenditure in humans: recent lessons from imaging technologies. Obes Rev 2002;3:113–122.
Pontes-ArrudaA, AragaoAM, AlbuquerqueJD. Effects of enteral feeding with eicosapentaenoic acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidants in mechanically ventilated patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Crit Care Med 2006;34:2325–2333.
RiceTW, WheelerAP, ThompsonBT, et al. Enteral omega-3 fatty acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidant supplementation in acute lung injury. J Am Med Assoc 2011;306:1574–1581.
ScheinkestelCD, KarL, MarshallK, et al. Prospective randomized trial to assess caloric and protein needs of critically ill, anuric, ventilated patients requiring continuous renal replacement therapy. Nutrition 2003;19:909–916.
ShawJHF, WildboreM, WolfeRR. Whole-body protein kinetics in severely septic patients: the response to glucose infusion and total parenteral nutrition. Ann Surg 1987;205:288–294.
SingerP, AnbarR, CohenJ, et al. The tight calorie control study (TICACOS): a prospective randomized clinical pilot study of nutrition support in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2011;37:601–609.
WeijsPJM, StapelSN, de GrootSDW, et al. Optimal protein and energy nutrition decreases mortality in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients: a prospective observational cohort study. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2012;36:60–68.
WolfeRR, GoodenoughRD, BurkeJF, et al. Response of protein and urea kinetics in burn patients to different levels of protein intake. Ann Surg 1983;197:163–171.