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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: April 2014

Section 2 - Nutritional Delivery and Dietetics

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Further reading

BarrJ, HechtM, FlavinK, et al. Outcomes in critically ill patients before and after the implementation of an evidence-based nutritional management protocol. Chest 2004;125:1446–1457.
DoigG, SimpsonF, FinferS, et al. Effect of evidence-based feeding guidelines on mortality of critically ill adults. A cluster randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2008;300:2731–2741.
FaisyC, LerolleN, DachraouiF, et al. Impact of energy deficit calculated by a predictive method on outcome in medical patients requiring prolonged acute mechanical ventilation. Br J Nutr 2009;101:1079–1087.
HeylandD, CahillN, DhaliwalR, et al. Impact of enteral feeding protocols on enteral nutrition delivery: results of a multicenter observational study. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2010;34:675–684.
KozarR, McQuigganM, MooreE, et al. Postinjury enteral tolerance is reliably achieved by a standardized protocol. J Surg Res 2002;104:70–75.
MackenzieS, ZygunD, WhitmoreB, et al. Implementation of a nutrition support protocol increases the proportion of mechanically ventilated patients reaching enteral nutrition targets in the adult intensive care unit. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2005;29:74–80.
MartinC, DoigG, HeylandD, et al. Multicentre, cluster-randomized clinical trial of algorithms for critical-care enteral and parenteral therapy. Can Med Assoc J 2004;170:197–204.
MillerKR, KiralyLN, LowenCC, MartindaleRG, McClaveSA. “CAN WE FEED?” A mnemonic to merge nutrition and intensive care assessment of the critically ill patient. J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2011;35(5):643–659.
PousmanRM, PepperC, PandharipandeP, et al. Feasibility of implementing a reduced fasting protocol for critically ill trauma patients undergoing operative and nonoperative procedures. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2009;33(2):176–180.
SingerP, AnbarR, CohenJ, et al. The tight calorie control study (TICACOS): a prospective, randomized, controlled pilot study of nutritional support in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2011;37(4):601–609.
SpainD, McClaveS, SextonL, et al. Infusion protocol improves delivery of enteral tube feeding in the critical care unit. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 1999;23:288–292.
SoguelL, RevellyJP, SchallerMD, et al. Energy deficit and length of hospital stay can be reduced by a two-step quality improvement of nutrition therapy: the intensive care unit dietitian can make the difference. Crit Care Med 2012;40:412–419.
TaylorS, FettesS, JewkesC, et al. Prospective, randomized, controlled trial to determine the effect of early enhanced enteral nutrition on clinical outcome of head-injured patients. Crit Care Med 1999;27:2525–2531.

Further reading

AndrewsPJD, AvenellA, NobleDW, et al. Randomised trial of glutamine, selenium, or both, to supplement parenteral nutrition for critically ill patients. BMJ 2011;342:d1542.
de Aguilar-NascimentoJE, Prado SilveiraBR, Dock-NascimentoDB. Early enteral nutrition with whey protein or casein in elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke: a double-blind randomized trial. Nutrition 2011;27(4):440–444.
DroverJW, DhaliwalR, WeitzelL, et al. Perioperative use of arginine-supplemented diets: a systematic review of the evidence. J Am Coll Surg 2011;212(3):385–399.e1.
HalmosEP, MuirJG, BarrettJS, et al. Diarrhoea during enteral nutrition is predicted by the poorly absorbed short-chain carbohydrate (FODMAP) content of the formula. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2010;32(7):925–933.
HeylandDK, DhaliwalR, DroverJW, et al. Canadian clinical practice guidelines for nutrition support in mechanically ventilated, critically ill adult patients. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2003:27(5):355–373.
HeylandD, MuscedereJ, WischmeyerPE, et al. A randomized trial of glutamine and antioxidants in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 2013;368(16):1489–1497.
KreymannKG, BergerMM, DeutzNEP, et al. ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: intensive care. Clin Nutr 2006;25(2):210–223.
PlauthM, SchützT. Branched-chain amino acids in liver disease: new aspects of long known phenomena. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2011;14(1):61–66.
RiceTW, WheelerAP, ThompsonBT, et al. Enteral omega-3 fatty acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidant supplementation in acute lung injury. JAMA 2011;306(14):1574–1581.
SingerP, BergerMM, Van den BergheG, et al. ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: intensive care. Clin Nutr 2009;28(4):387–400.

Further reading

DuncanA, DeanP, SimmM, O’ReillyDS, KinsellaJ. Zinc supplementation in intensive care: results of a UK survey. J Crit Care 2012;27:102.e1–102.e6.
HardyG, HardyI, ManzanaresW. Selenium supplementation in the critically ill. Nutr Clin Pract 2012;27:21–33.
HeylandD, NovakF, DroverJW, JainM, SuX, SuchnerU. Should immunonutrition become routine in critically ill patients?JAMA 2001;286:944–953.
KreymannKG, BergerMM, DeutzNE, et al. ESPEN guidelines on enteral nutrition: intensive care. Clin Nutr 2006;25:210–223.
Pontes-ArrudaA, DemicheleS, SethA, SingerP. The use of an inflammation-modulating diet in patients with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis of outcome data. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2006;32:596–605.
ReddelL, CottonBA. Antioxidants and micronutrient supplementation in trauma patients. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2012;15:181–187.
RiceTW, WheelerAP, ThompsonBT, et al. Enteral omega-3 fatty acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidant supplementation in acute lung injury. JAMA 2011;306:1574–1581.
SantoraR, KozarRA. Molecular mechanism of pharmaconutrients. J Surg Res 2010;161:288–294.
SingerP, BergerMM, van den BergheG, et al. ESPEN Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition: intensive care. Clin Nutr 2009;28:327–400.
WangX, LiW, ZhangF, PanL, LiN, LiJ. Fish oil-supplemented parenteral nutrition in severe acute pancreatitis patients and effects on immune function and infectious risk: a randomized controlled trial. Inflammation 2009;32:304–309.
WeitzelLR, WischmeyerPE. Glutamine in critical illness: The time has come, the time is now. Crit Care Clin 2012;26:515–525.
WernermanJ. Glutamine supplementation. Ann Intensive Care 2011;12(1):25.