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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: April 2014

Section 3 - General Problems in Critical Care

Further reading

AndriulliA, LoperfidoS, FocaretaR, et al. High- versus low-dose proton pump inhibitors after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding: a multicentre, randomized study. Am J Gastroenterol 2008;103(12):3011.
BarkunA, BardouM, KuipersE, et al. International consensus recommendations on the management of patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Ann Intern Med 2010;151:101–113.
CookD, FullerH, GyattG, et al. Risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 1994;330:377–381.
HerbertM, HolzerP. Standardized concept for the treatment of gastrointestinal dysmotility in critically ill patients: current status and future options. Clin Nutr 2008;27:25–41.
JackL, CoyerF, CourtneyM, VenkateshB. Diarrhoea, enteral nutrition and intestinal flora relationships in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2010;36:S330.
MalbrainM, De laetI, CheathamM. Consensus conference definitions and recommendations on intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome – the long road to the final publications, and how did we get there? Acta Clin Belg Suppl 2007;62:44–59.
McNicolE, BoyceD, SchumannR, CarrD. Efficacy and safety of mu-opioid antagonists in the treatment of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Pain Med 2008;9(6):634–659.
Reintam BlaserA, MalbrainM, StarkopfJ, et al. Gastrointestinal function in intensive care patients: terminology, definitions and management. Recommendations of the ESICM Working Group on Abdominal Problems. Intensive Care Med 2012;38(3):384–394.
RitzM, FraserR, TamW, DentJ. Impacts and patterns of disturbed gastrointestinal function in critically ill patients. Am J Gastroenterol 2000;95:3044–3052.

Further reading

AndroguéHJ, MadiaNE. Hypernatremia. New Engl J Med 2000;342:1493–1499.
AndroguéHJ, MadiaNE. Hyponatremia. New Engl J Med 2000;342:1581–1589.
BendjelidK. Fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients: a review of indexes used in intensive care. Crit Care Med 2003;29:352–360.
FeihlF. Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part I: basic concepts. Intensive Care Med 2009;35:45–54.
FeihlF. Interactions between respiration and systemic hemodynamics. Part II: practical implications in critical care. Intensive Care Med 2009;35:198–205.
KasperDL. Harrisson’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2005.
PerrenA, MarkmannM, MerlaniG, MaroneC, MerlaniP. Fluid balance in critically ill patients: should we really rely on it? Minerva Anestesiol 2011;77:802–811.
RoseBD. Clinical Physiology of Acid-Base and Electrolyte Disorders, 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2001.

Further reading

BarringerTA, KirkJK, SantanielloAC, FoleyKL, MichielutteR. Effect of multivitamin and mineral supplement on infection and quality of life. Ann Inter Med 2003;138:365–371.
CarsonGL. Insulin resistance in human sepsis: implications for nutritional and metabolic care of the critically ill surgical patient. Ann Royal Coll Surg 2004;86:75–81.
CasterMP, MesottenD, HermansG, et al. Early versus late parenteral nutrition in critically ill adults. New Engl J Med 2011;365:506–517.
ChristiansenC, TolfP, JorgensenHS, AndersenSK, TonnesenE. Hyperglycemia and mortality in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2004;30:1685–1688.
FawziWW, MsamangaGI, SpiegelmanD, et al. A randomized trial of multivitamin supplements and HIV disease progression and mortality. New Engl J Med 2004;35:23–32.
FurnaryAP, GaoG, GrunkemeierGL, et al. Continuous insulin infusion reduces mortality in patients with diabetes undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003;125(5):1007–1021.
HiesmayrM, SchindlerK, PernickaE, et al. Decreased food intake is a risk factor for mortality in hospitalized patients: The Nutrition Day survey 2006. Clin Nutr 2009;28: 484–491.
KoeaJ, ShawJFH. The effect of tumor bulk on the metabolic response to cancer. Ann Surg 1992;215:282–288.
KrinsleyJS. Effect of an intensive glucose management protocol on the mortality of critically ill adult patients. Mayo Clin Proc 2004;79(8):992–1000.
MalmbergK, RydénL, EfendicS, et al. Randomized trial of insulin-glucose infusion followed by subcutaneous insulin treatment in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction (DIGAMI study): effects on mortality at 1 year. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995;26(1):57–65.
MalmbergK, NorhammarA, WedelH, RydénL. Glycometabolic state at admission: important risk marker of mortality in conventionally treated patients with diabetes mellitus and acute myocardial infarction: long-term results from the Diabetes and Insulin-Glucose Infusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction (DIGAMI) study. Circulation 1999;99(20):2626–2632.
McClaveSA, MartindaleRG, VanekVW, et al. Guidelines for the provision and assessment of nutrition support therapy in the adult critically ill. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2009;33;277.
PlankLD, HillGL. Energy balance in critical illness. Proc Nutr Soc 2003;62:545–552.
RamaswamyG, RaoVR, KumaraswamxSV, AnanthaN. Serum vitamin status in oral leucoplakia: a preliminary study. Eur J Cancer 1996;328(2):120–122.
RubinsonL, DietteGB, SongX, GrowerRG, KrishnanJA. Low calorie intake is associated with nosocomial bloodstream infections in patients in the medical intensive care unit. Crit Care Med 2004;32:350–357.
ScjmeoderSM, VeyresP, PivotX, et al. Malnutrition is an independent factor associated with nosocomial infections. Br J Nutr 2004;92:105–111.
TayekJA. A review of cancer cachexia and abnormal glucose metabolism in humans with cancer. J Am Coll Nutr 1992;11:445–456.
TayekJA, BraselJAFailure of anabolism in malnourished cancer patients receiving growth hormone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1995;80:2082–2087.
TayekJA, KatzJ. Glucose production, recycling, and gluconeogenesis in normals and diabetics; mass isotopomer U-13C glucose study. Am J Physiol 1996;270:E709–E717.
TayekJA, KatzJ. Glucose production, recycling, Cori cycle and gluconeogenesis in humans with and without cancer: relationship to serum cortisol concentration. Am J Physiol 1997;272:E476–E484.
TayekCJ, TayekJA. Diabetes patients’ and non-diabetic patients’ intensive care unit and hospital mortality risks associated with sepsis. World J Diabetes 2012;3:29–34.
Van den BergheG, WoutersP, WeekersF, et al. Intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. New Engl J Med 2001;345:1359–1367.
ZieglerTR. Clinical and metabolic efficacy of glutamine-supplemented parenteral nutrition after bone marrow transplantation. Ann Intern Med 1992;116:821.