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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: April 2014

8 - Gastrointestinal disturbances in critically ill patients

from Section 3 - General Problems in Critical Care

Further reading

AndriulliA, LoperfidoS, FocaretaR, et al. High- versus low-dose proton pump inhibitors after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with peptic ulcer bleeding: a multicentre, randomized study. Am J Gastroenterol 2008;103(12):3011.
BarkunA, BardouM, KuipersE, et al. International consensus recommendations on the management of patients with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Ann Intern Med 2010;151:101–113.
CookD, FullerH, GyattG, et al. Risk factors for gastrointestinal bleeding in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 1994;330:377–381.
HerbertM, HolzerP. Standardized concept for the treatment of gastrointestinal dysmotility in critically ill patients: current status and future options. Clin Nutr 2008;27:25–41.
JackL, CoyerF, CourtneyM, VenkateshB. Diarrhoea, enteral nutrition and intestinal flora relationships in critically ill patients. Intensive Care Med 2010;36:S330.
MalbrainM, De laetI, CheathamM. Consensus conference definitions and recommendations on intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome – the long road to the final publications, and how did we get there? Acta Clin Belg Suppl 2007;62:44–59.
McNicolE, BoyceD, SchumannR, CarrD. Efficacy and safety of mu-opioid antagonists in the treatment of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Pain Med 2008;9(6):634–659.
Reintam BlaserA, MalbrainM, StarkopfJ, et al. Gastrointestinal function in intensive care patients: terminology, definitions and management. Recommendations of the ESICM Working Group on Abdominal Problems. Intensive Care Med 2012;38(3):384–394.
RitzM, FraserR, TamW, DentJ. Impacts and patterns of disturbed gastrointestinal function in critically ill patients. Am J Gastroenterol 2000;95:3044–3052.