Alonso, William and Starr, Paul. 1987. “Introduction” pp. 1–6 in Alonso, William and Starr, Paul (eds.) The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Anderson, Benedict. 1991 . Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
Anderson, Margo J. 1988. The American Census: A Social History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Anderson, Margo and Fienberg, Stephen E.. 2000. “Race and Ethnicity and the Controversy Over the US Census.” Current Sociology 48(3): 87–110.
Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Atkinson, David. 2003. “Geographical Knowledge and Scientific Survey in the Construction of Italian Libya.” Modern Italy 8(1): 9–29.
Balogh, Brian. 2009. A Government Out of Sight: The Mystery of National Authority in Nineteenth-Century America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Balogh, Brian. 2015. The Associational State: American Governance in the Twentieth Century. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Berger, Peter L. and Luckmann, Thomas. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Boltanski, Luc. 1987. The Making of a Class: Cadres in French Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boltanski, Luc and Thévenot., Laurent 2006. On Justification: Economies of Worth. Translated by Catherine Porter. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1999. “Rethinking the State: Genesis and Structure of the Bureaucratic Field,” translated by Loïc J. D. Wacquant and Samar Farage, pp. 53–75 in Steinmetz, George (ed.) State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2000. Pascalian Meditations. Translated by Richard Nice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2012. Sur l’état: Cours au collège de France, 1989–1992. Paris: Raisons d’agir/Seuil.
Bowker, Geoffrey C. and Star, Susan Leigh. 1999. Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Brubaker, Rogers and Cooper, Frederick. 2000. “Beyond ‘Identity.’” Theory and Society 29(1): 1–47.
Bruno, Isabelle and Didier, Emmanuel. 2013. Benchmarking: L’État sous pression statistique. Paris: Zones.
Bruno, Isabelle, Didier, Emmanuel, and Vitale, Tommaso. 2014. “Statactivism: Forms of Action between Disclosure and Affirmation.” PArtecipazione e COnflitto 7(2): 198–220.
Buck, Peter. 1982. “People Who Counted: Political Arithmetic in the Eighteenth Century.” ISIS 73(266): 28–45.
Callon, Michel. 1986. “Some Elements of a Sociology of Translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St. Brieuc Bay” pp. 196–233 in Law, John (ed.) Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge? London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Callon, Michel. 1998. “Introduction: The Embeddedness of Economic Markets in Economics” pp. 1–57 in Callon, Michel (ed.) The Laws of the Markets. Oxford: Blackwell.
Carroll, Patrick. 2006. Science, Culture, and Modern State Formation. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Choldin, Harvey M. 1994. Looking for the Last Percent: The Controversy Over Census Undercounts. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Clemens, Elisabeth S. 2006. “Lineages of the Rube Goldberg State: Building and Blurring Public Programs, 1900–1940” pp. 187–215 in Shapiro, Ian, Skowronek, Stephen, and Galvin, Daniel (eds.) Rethinking Political Institutions: The Art of the State. New York: New York University Press.
Cohen, Patricia Cline. 1982. A Calculating People: The Spread of Numeracy in Early America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cohn, Bernard S. 1987. An Anthropologist among the Historians and Other Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Comaroff, Jean and Comaroff, John L.. 2006. “Figuring Crime: Quantifacts and the Production of the Un/Real.” Public Culture 18(1): 209–246.
Crook, Tom and O’Hara, Glen. 2011. “The ‘Torrent of Numbers’: Statistics and the Public Sphere in Britain, c. 1800–2000” pp. 1–31 in Crook, Tom and O’Hara, Glen (eds.) Statistics and the Public Sphere: Numbers and the People in Modern Britain, c. 1800–2000. New York: Routledge.
Curtis, Bruce. 2001. The Politics of Population: State Formation, Statistics, and the Census of Canada, 1840–1875. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Curtis, Bruce. 2002. “Foucault on Governmentality and Population: The Impossible Discovery.” The Canadian Journal of Sociology 27(4): 505–533.
DaCosta, Kimberly McClain. 2007. Making Multiracials: State, Family, and Market in the Redrawing of the Color Line. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Dandeker, Christopher. 1990. Surveillance, Power and Modernity: Bureaucracy and Discipline from 1700 to the Present Day. Cambridge: Polity.
Desrosières, Alain. 1998. The Politics of Large Numbers: A History of Statistical Reasoning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Duany, Jorge. 2002. The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Identities on the Island and in the United States. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Ellis, Mark. 2000. “‘Mark One or More’: Counting and Projecting by Race on US Census 2000 and Beyond.” Social & Cultural Geography 1(2): 183–195.
Emigh, Rebecca Jean, Riley, Dylan, and Ahmed, Patricia. 2015. “The Racialization of Legal Categories in the First U.S. Census.” Social Science History 39(4): 485–519.
Emigh, Rebecca Jean, Riley, Dylan, and Ahmed, Patricia. 2016a. How Societies and States Count, Volume 1: Antecedents of Censuses from Medieval to Nation States. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Emigh, Rebecca Jean, Riley, Dylan, and Ahmed, Patricia. 2016b. How Societies and States Count, Volume II: Changes in Censuses from Imperialist to Welfare States. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Epstein, Steven. 2007. Inclusion: The Politics of Difference in Medical Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Espeland, Wendy Nelson and Sauder, Michael. 2007. “Rankings and Reactivity: How Public Measures Recreate Social Worlds.” American Journal of Sociology 113(1): 1–40.
Espeland, Wendy Nelson and Stevens, Mitchell L.. 2008. “A Sociology of Quantification.” European Journal of Sociology/Archives Européennes de Sociologie 49(3): 401–436.
Espiritu, Yen Le. 1992. Asian American Panethnicity: Bridging Institutions and Identities. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Foucault, Michel. 1978. The History of Sexuality, Volume 1: An Introduction. Translated by Hurley, Robert. New York: Pantheon Books.
Foucault, Michel. 1979a. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage.
Foucault, Michel. 1979b. “Governmentality.” Ideology & Consciousness 6(Autumn): 5–21.
Frankel, Oz. 2006. States of Inquiry: Social Investigations and Print Culture in Nineteenth-Century Britain and the United States. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Furner, Mary O. and Supple, Barry. 1990. “Ideas, Institutions, and State in the United States and Britain: An Introduction” pp. 3–39 in Furner, Mary O. and Supple, Barry (eds.) The State and Economic Knowledge: The American and British Experiences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Garfield, Simon. 2013. On the Map: A Mind-Expanding Exploration of the Way the World Looks. New York: Gotham Books.
Giddens, Anthony. 1981. A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism, Volume 1: Power, Property and the State. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Giddens, Anthony. 1985. A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism, Volume 2: The Nation-State and Violence. Cambridge: Polity.
Gigerenzer, Gerd, Swijtink, Zeno, Porter, Theodore, Daston, Lorraine, Beatty, John, and Krüger., Lorenz 1989. The Empire of Chance: How Probability Changed Science and Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Goldberg, David Theo. 1997. Racial Subjects: Writing on Race in America. New York: Routledge.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1989. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. Translated by Thomas Burger with the assistance of Frederick Lawrence. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Hacking, Ian. 1981. “How Should We Do the History of Statistics?” Ideology & Consciousness 8(Spring): 15–26.
Hacking, Ian. 1982. “Biopower and the Avalanche of Printed Numbers.” Humanities in Society 5(3–4): 279–295.
Hacking, Ian. 1986. “Making Up People” pp. 222–236 in Heller, Thomas C., Sosna, Morton, Wellbery, David E., Davidson, Arnold I., Swidler, Ann, and Watt, Ian (eds.) Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality, and the Self in Western Thought. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Hacking, Ian. 1990. The Taming of Chance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hacking, Ian. 1995. “The Looping Effects of Human Kinds” pp. 351–394 in Sperber, Dan, Premack, David, and Premack, Ann James (eds.) Casual Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Debate. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hannah, Matthew G. 2000. Governmentality and the Mastery of Territory in Nineteenth-Century America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harley, J. B. 1989. “Deconstructing the Map.” Cartographica 26(2): 1–20.
Hess, Volker. 2005. “Standardizing Body Temperature: Quantification in Hospitals and Daily Life, 1850–1900” pp. 109–126 in Jorland, Gérard, Opinel, Annick, and Weisz, George (eds.) Body Counts: Medical Quantification in Historical and Sociological Perspective. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Higgs, Edward. 2004. The Information State in England: The Central Collection of Information on Citizens since 1500. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Higgs, Edward. 2011. “The State and Statistics in Victorian and Edwardian Britain: Promotion of the Public Sphere of Boundary Maintenance?” pp. 67–83 in Crook, Tom and O’Hara, Glen (eds.) Statistics and the Public Sphere: Numbers and the People in Modern Britain, c. 1800–2000. New York: Routledge.
Hirschman, Charles. 1987. “The Meaning and Measurement of Ethnicity in Malaysia: An Analysis of Census Classifications.” Journal of Asian Studies 46(3): 555–582.
Hochschild, Jennifer L. and Powell, Brenna Marea. 2008. “Racial Reorganization and the United States Census 1850–1930: Mulattoes, Half-Breeds, Mixed Parentage, Hindoos, and the Mexican Race.” Studies in American Political Development 22(1): 59–96.
Humes, Karen and Hogan, Howard. 2009. “Measurement of Race and Ethnicity in a Changing, Multicultural America.” Race and Social Problems 1(3): 111–131.
Igo, Sarah E. 2007. The Averaged American: Surveys, Citizens, and the Making of a Mass Public. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Jepperson, Ronald L. 2002. “Political Modernities: Disentangling Two Underlying Dimensions of Institutional Differentiation.” Sociological Theory 20(1): 62–85.
Kertzer, David I. and Arel, Dominique. 2002. “Censuses, Identity Formation, and the Struggle for Political Power” pp. 1–42 in Kertzer, David I. and Arel, Dominique (eds.) Census and Identity: The Politics of Race, Ethnicity, and Language in National Censuses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kertzer, David I. and Arel, Dominique. 2006. “Population Composition as an Object of Political Struggle” pp. 664–677 in Goodin, Robert E. and Tilly, Charles (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
King, Rebecca Chiyoko. 2000. “Racialization, Recognition, and Rights: Lumping and Splitting Multiracial Asian Americans in the 2000 Census.” Journal of Asian American Studies 3(2): 191–217.
Kitsuse, John I. and Cicourel, Aaron V.. 1963. “A Note on the Uses of Official Statistics.” Social Problems 11(2): 131–139.
Lam, Tong. 2011. A Passion for Facts: Social Surveys and the Construction of the Chinese Nation-State, 1900–1949. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Lampland, Martha. 2010. “False Numbers as Formalizing Practices.” Social Studies of Science 40(3): 377–404.
Latour, Bruno. 1986. “The Powers of Association” pp. 264–280 in Law, John (ed.) Power, Action and Belief: A New Sociology of Knowledge? London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Latour, Bruno. 1987. Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
Lave, Jean. 1988. Cognition in Practice: Mind, Mathematics and Culture in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Levitan, Kathrin. 2011. A Cultural History of the British Census: Envisioning the Multitude in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Loveman, Mara. 2005. “The Modern State and the Primitive Accumulation of Symbolic Power.” American Journal of Sociology 110(6): 1651–1683.
Loveman, Mara. 2007a. “Blinded Like a State: The Revolt against Civil Registration in Nineteenth-Century Brazil.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 49(1): 5–39.
Loveman, Mara. 2007b. “The U.S. Census and the Contested Rules of Racial Classification in Early Twentieth-Century Puerto Rico.” Caribbean Studies 35(2): 13–47.
Loveman, Mara. 2014. National Colors: Racial Classification and the State in Latin America. New York: Oxford University Press.
Loveman, Mara and Muniz, Jeronimo O.. 2007. “How Puerto Rico Became White: Boundary Dynamics and Intercensus Racial Reclassification.” American Sociological Review 72(6): 915–939.
MacKenzie, Donald A. 1981. Statistics in Britain, 1865–1930: The Social Construction of Scientific Knowledge. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
MacKenzie, Donald. 2006. “Is Economics Performative? Option Theory and the Construction of Derivatives Markets.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 28(1): 29–55.
Marcuse, Herbert. 1968. Negations: Essays in Critical Theory. Translated by Jeremy J. Shapiro. Boston: Beacon Press.
Martin, Aryn and Lynch, Michael. 2009. “Counting Things and People: The Practices and Politics of Counting.” Social Problems 56(2): 243–266.
Mayrl, Damon and Quinn, Sarah. 2016. “Defining the State from within: Boundaries, Schemas, and Associational Policymaking.” Sociological Theory 34(1): 1–26.
Mettler, Suzanne. 2011. The Submerged State: How Invisible Government Policies Undermine American Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Mezey, Naomi. 2003. “Erasure and Recognition: The Census, Race and the National Imagination.” Northwestern University Law Review 97(4): 1701–1768.
Miller, Peter and Rose, Nikolas. 1990. “Governing Economic Life.” Economy and Society 19(1): 1–31.
Mitchell, Timothy. 1999. “Society, Economy, and the State Effect” pp. 76–97 in Steinmetz, George (ed.) State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Mitchell, Timothy. 2002. Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Mora, G. Cristina. 2014. “Cross-Field Effects and Ethnic Classification: The Institutionalization of Hispanic Panethnicity, 1965 to 1990.” American Sociological Review 79(2): 183–210.
Mukerji, Chandra. 2009. Impossible Engineering: Technology and Territoriality on the Canal du Midi. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Murdoch, Jonathan and Ward, Neil. 1997. “Governmentality and Territoriality: The Statistical Manufacture of Britain’s ‘National Farm.’” Political Geography 16(4): 307–324.
Nobles, Melissa. 2000. Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Nobles, Melissa. 2002. “Racial Categorization and Censuses” pp. 43–70 in Kertzer, David I. and Arel, Dominique (eds.) Census and Identity: The Politics of Race, Ethnicity, and Language in National Census. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ostler, Jeffrey. 2002. “Review of Matthew G. Hannah, Governmentality and the Mastery of Territory in Nineteenth-Century America.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History 33(2): 312–313.
Panofsky, Aaron and Bliss, Catherine. 2017. “Ambiguity and Scientific Authority: Population Classification in Genomic Science.” American Sociological Review 82(1): 59–87.
Patriarca, Silvana. 1996. Numbers and Nationhood: Writing Statistics in Nineteenth-Century Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Perlmann, Joel and Waters, Mary C.. 2002. “Introduction” pp. 1–30 in Perlmann, Joel and Waters, Mary C. (eds.) The New Race Question: How the Census Counts Multiracial Individuals. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Petersen, William. 1987. “Politics and the Measurement of Ethnicity” pp. 187–233 in Alonso, William and Starr, Paul (eds.) The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Poovey, Mary. 1998. A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Porter, Theodore M. 1995. Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science in Public Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Prévost, Jean-Guy. 2009. A Total Science: Statistics in Liberal and Fascist Italy. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.
Prewitt, Kenneth. 1987. “Public Statistics and Democratic Politics” pp. 261–274 in Alonso, William and Starr, Paul (eds.) The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Prewitt, Kenneth. 2013. What Is Your Race?: The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Robbin, Alice. 2000. “Administrative Policy as Symbol System: Political Conflict and the Social Construction of Identity.” Administration & Society 32(4): 398–431.
Rodríguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press.
Rose, Nikolas. 1991. “Governing by Numbers: Figuring out Democracy.” Accounting, Organizations and Society 16(7): 673–692.
Rose, Nikolas. 1999. Powers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rose, Nikolas and Miller, Peter. 1992. “Political Power beyond the State: Problematics of Government.” British Journal of Sociology 43(2): 173–205.
Rose-Redwood, Reuben. 2012. “‘A Regular State of Beautiful Confusion’: Governing by Numbers and the Contradictions of Calculable Space in New York City.” Urban History 39(4): 624–638.
Rule, James B. 1973. Private Lives and Public Surveillance. London: Allen Lane.
Saiani, Paolo Parra. 2012. “Democracy and Public Knowledge: An Issue for Social Indicators” pp. 225–242 in Maggino, Filomena and Nuvolati, Giampaolo (eds.) Quality of Life in Italy: Research and Reflections. Dordrecht: Springer.
Schaffer, Simon. 1988. “Astronomers Mark Time: Discipline and the Personal Equation.” Science in Context 2(1): 115–145.
Schiaffino, Andrea. 1974. “L’organizzazione e il funzionamento dello stato civile nel regno italico (1806–1814). Problemi di utilizzazione a fini di ricerca demografica.” Cahiers internationaux d’histoire économique et sociale 3: 341–420.
Schware, Robert. 1981. Quantification in the History of Political Thought: Toward a Qualitative Approach. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Schweber, Libby. 2006. Disciplining Statistics: Demography and Vital Statistics in France and England, 1830–1885. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Scott, James C. 1998. Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Shaw, Martin and Miles, Ian. 1979. “The Social Roots of Statistical Knowledge” pp. 27–38 in Irvine, John, Miles, Ian, and Evans, Jeff (eds.) Demystifying Social Statistics. London: Pluto Press.
Sherman, Sandra. 2001. Imagining Poverty: Quantification and the Decline of Paternalism. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Skerry, Peter. 2000. Counting on the Census? Race, Group Identity, and the Evasion of Politics. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.
Snipp, C. Matthew. 2003. “Racial Measurement in the American Census: Past Practices and Implications for the Future.” Annual Review of Sociology 29: 563–588.
Spencer, Rainier. 1999. Spurious Issues: Race and Multiracial Identity Politics in the United States. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Stapleford, Thomas A. 2009. The Cost of Living in America: A Political History of Economic Statistics, 1880–2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Starr, Paul. 1987. “The Sociology of Official Statistics” pp. 7–57 in Alonso, William and Starr, Paul (eds.) The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Sudnow, David. 1967. Passing On: The Social Organization of Dying. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Thompson, Debra. 2010. “The Politics of the Census: Lessons from Abroad.” Canadian Public Policy 36(3): 377–382.
Timmermans, Stefan and Epstein, Steven. 2010. “A World of Standards but not a Standard World: Towards a Sociology of Standards and Standardization.” Annual Review of Sociology 36: 69–89.
Urla, Jacqueline. 1993. “Cultural Politics in an Age of Statistics: Numbers, Nations, and the Making of Basque Identity.” American Ethnologist 20(4): 818–843.
Vertesi, Janet. 2015. Seeing Like a Rover: How Robots, Teams, and Images Craft Knowledge of Mars. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology, Volume 1. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Weiss, Robert S. 1994. Learning from Strangers: The Art and Method of Qualitative Interview Studies. New York: Free Press.
Williams, Kim M. 2006. Mark One or More: Civil Rights in Multiracial America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Woolf, Stuart J. 1984. “Towards the History of the Origins of Statistics: France 1789–1815” pp. 79–194 in Perrot, Jean-Claude and Woolf, Stuart J. (eds.) State and Statistics in France 1789–1815. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers.
Woolf, Stuart J.. 1989. “Statistics and the Modern State.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 31(3): 588–604.
Zaret, David. 2000. Origins of Democratic Culture: Printing, Petitions, and the Public Sphere in Early-Modern England. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Zuberi, Tukufu. 2001. Thicker than Blood: How Racial Statistics Lie. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.