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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: February 2020

6 - Gender, State, and Citizenships

from I - Theories of Political Sociology

Summary

The concept of citizenships, in the plural, reflects different research traditions in citizenship theorizing: citizenship as legal status in a sovereign state, as a bearer of rights and obligations; citizenship as participation (civic republicanism); and citizenship as social membership. Each of these enhances capabilities of individuals to become participants in political, economic, and social spheres of life. Citizenships as a concept also embraces practices: how these aspects of citizenship are experienced in everyday encounters and the relationships of power – in families, workplaces, welfare offices, social movements – and their variations in institutional contexts.

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