Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: July 2017

11 - Estuaries and Lagoons

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
Able, K.W. (2005). A re-examination of fish estuarine dependence: evidence for connectivity between estuarine and ocean habitats. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 64, 517.
Allwood, A.C., Walter, M.R., Kamber, B.S., Marshall, C.P. & Burch, I.W. (2006). Stromatolite reef from the early Archaean era of Australia. Nature 441, 714–18.
Alzieu, C. (1998). Tributyltin: case study of a chronic contaminant in the coastal environment. Ocean & Coastal Management, 40, 2336.
Ambrose, W.G. Jr (1986). Estimate of removal rate of Nereis virens (Polychaeta: Nereidae) from an intertidal mudflat by gulls (Larus spp.). Marine Biology, 90, 243–7.
Andrews, M.J. & Rickard, D.G. (1980). Rehabilitation of the inner Thames estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 11, 327–32.
Antizar-Ladislao, B. (2008). Environmental levels, toxicity and human exposure to tributyltin (TBT)-contaminated marine environment: a review. Environment International, 34, 292308.
Baird, D., Evans, P.R., Milne, H. & Pienkowski, M.W. (1985). Utilization by shorebirds of benthic invertebrate production in intertidal areas. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 23, 573–97.
Bamber, R.N., Batten, S.D., Sheader, M. & Bridgwater, N.D. (1992). On the ecology of brackish water lagoons in Great Britain. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2, 6594.
Barnes, R.S.K. (1980). Coastal Lagoons. The Natural History of a Neglected Habitat. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Barnes, R.S.K. (1989). The coastal lagoons of Britain: an overview and conservation appraisal. Biological Conservation, 49, 295313.
Barnes, R.S.K. (1991). European estuaries and lagoons: a personal overview of problems and possibilities for conservation and management. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 1, 7987.
Beck, M.W., Brumbaugh, R.D., Airoldi, L., et al. (2011). Oyster reefs at risk and recommendations for conservation, restoration, and management. BioScience, 61, 107–16.
Beer, N.A. &. Joyce, C.B. (2013). North Atlantic coastal lagoons: conservation, management and research challenges in the twenty-first century. Hydrobiologia, 701, 111.
Beukema, J.J. (1995). Long-term effects of mechanical harvesting of lugworms Arenicola marina on the zoobenthic community of a tidal flat in the Wadden Sea. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research, 33, 219–27.
Birch, G.F., Murray, O., Johnson, I. & Wilson, A. (2009). Reclamation in Sydney estuary, 1788–2002. Australian Geographer, 40, 347–68.
Bird, E.C.F. (1994). Physical setting and geomorphology of coastal lagoons. In Coastal Lagoon Processes, ed. Kjerfve, B., pp. 939. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Bishop, R.E., Humphreys, W.F., Cukrov, N., et al. (2015). ‘Anchialine’ redefined as a subterranean estuary in a crevicular or cavernous geological setting. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 35, 511–14.
Blaber, S.J.M., Cyrus, D.P., Albaret, J.-J., et al. (2000). Effects of fishing on the structure and functioning of estuarine and nearshore ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 590602.
Bricker, S.B., Longstaff, B., Dennison, W., et al. (2008). Effects of nutrient enrichment in the nation’s estuaries: a decade of change. Harmful Algae, 8, 2132.
Briggs, J.C. (2012). Marine species invasions in estuaries and harbors. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 449, 297302.
Burton, N.H.K., Rehfisch, M.N., Clark, N.A. & Dodd, S.G. (2006). Impacts of sudden winter habitat loss on the body condition and survival of redshank Tringa totanus. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 464–73.
Cabezas, P., Alda, F., Macpherson, E. & Machordom, A. (2012). Genetic characterization of the endangered and endemic anchialine squat lobster Munidopsis polymorpha from Lanzarote (Canary Islands): management implications. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69, 1030–7.
Carlton, J.T., Thompson, J.K., Schemel, L.E. & Nichols, F.H. (1990). Remarkable invasion of San Francisco Bay (California, USA) by the Asian clam Potamocorbula amurensis. I. Introduction and dispersal. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 66, 8194.
Carr, A. III (1982). Tropical forest conservation and estuarine ecology. Biological Conservation, 23, 247–59.
Chivas, A.R., Torgersen, T. & Polach, H.A. (1990). Growth rates and Holocene development of stromatolites from Shark Bay, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 37, 113–21.
Clark, R.B. (2001). Marine Pollution, 5th edn. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Coen, L.D., Brumbaugh, R.D., Bushek, D., et al. (2007). Ecosystem services related to oyster restoration. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 341, 303–7.
Colclough, S.R., Gray, G., Bark, A. & Knights, B. (2002). Fish and fisheries of the tidal Thames: management of the modern resource, research aims and future pressures. Journal of Fish Biology, 61 (Suppl. A), 6473.
Colombo, G (1977). Lagoons. In The Coastline, ed. Barnes, R.S.K., pp. 6381. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Colwell, M.A. (2010). Shorebird Ecology, Conservation, and Management. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Connor, M.S., Davis, J.A., Leatherbarrow, J., et al. (2007). The slow recovery of San Francisco Bay from the legacy of organochlorine pesticides. Environmental Research, 105, 87100.
Costanza, R., d’Arge, R., de Groot, R., et al. (1997). The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387, 253–60.
Culbertson, J.B., Valiela, I., Olsen, Y.S. & Reddy, C.M. (2008). Effect of field exposure to 38-year-old residual petroleum hydrocarbons on growth, condition index, and filtration rate of the ribbed mussel, Geukensia demissa. Environmental Pollution, 154, 312–19.
Davidson, N.C. (1990). The conservation of British North Sea estuaries. Hydrobiologia, 195, 145–62.
Davidson, N.C. (1991). Human activities and wildlife conservation on estuaries of different sizes: a comment. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 1, 8992.
Davidson, N.C. & Evans, P.R. (1986). The role of potential man-made and man-modified wetlands in the enhancement of the survival of overwintering shorebirds. Colonial Waterbirds, 9, 176–88.
Day, J.H. (1981). The estuarine fauna. In Estuarine Ecology with Particular Reference to Southern Africa, ed. Day, J.H., pp. 147–78. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
Dittel, A.I. & Epifanio, C.E. (2009). Invasion biology of the Chinese mitten crab Eriochier sinensis: a brief review. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 374, 7992.
Drinkwater, K.F. & Frank, K.T. (1994). Effects of river regulation and diversion on marine fish and invertebrates. Aquatic Conservation: Freshwater and Marine Ecosystems, 4, 135–51.
Edgar, G.J., Barrett, N.S., Graddon, D.J. & Last, P.R. (2000). The conservation significance of estuaries: a classification of Tasmanian estuaries using ecological, physical and demographic attributes as a case study. Biological Conservation, 92, 383–97.
Elliott, M. & Quintino, V. (2007). The Estuarine Quality Paradox, environmental homeostasis and the difficulty of detecting anthropogenic stress in naturally stressed areas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54, 640–5.
Engle, V.D., Kurtz, J.C., Smith, L.M., Chancy, C. & Bourgeois, P. (2007). A classification of U.S. estuaries based on physical and hydrologic attributes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 129, 397412.
Evans, S.M. (1999). Tributyltin pollution: the catastrophe that never happened. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38, 629–36.
Evans, S.M. (2000). Marine antifoulants. In Seas at the Millennium: an Environmental Evaluation, ed. Sheppard, C., pp. 247–56. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science Ltd.
FAO (2012). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2012. Rome: FAO.
Foden, J., Rogers, S.I. & Jones, A.P. (2009). Recovery rates of UK seabed habitats after cessation of aggregate extraction. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 390, 1526.
Forrest, B.M., Keeley, N.B., Hopkins, G.A., Webb, S.C. & Clement, D.M. (2009). Bivalve aquaculture in estuaries: review and synthesis of oyster cultivation effects. Aquaculture, 298, 115.
Goss-Custard, J.D., Stillman, R.A., West, A.D., Caldow, R.W.G. & McGrorty, S. (2002). Carrying capacity in overwintering migratory birds. Biological Conservation, 105, 2741.
Greene, V.E., Sullivan, L.J., Thompson, J.K. & Kimmerer, W.J. (2011). Grazing impact of the invasive clam Corbula amurensis on the microplankton assemblage of the northern San Francisco Estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 431, 183–93.
Gundlach, E.R. & Hayes, M.O. (1978). Vulnerability of coastal environments to oil spill impacts. Marine Technology Society Journal, 12 (4), 1827.
Haedrich, R.L. (1983). Estuarine fishes. In Estuaries and Enclosed Seas, ed. Ketchum, B.H., pp. 183207. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Hale, W.G. (1980). Waders. London: Collins.
Hawkins, S.J., Allen, J.R. & Bray, S. (1999). Restoration of temperate marine and coastal ecosystems: nudging nature. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 9, 2346.
Heiman, K.W. & Micheli, F. (2010). Non-native ecosystem engineer alters estuarine communities. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50, 226–36.
Ivanov, M.V., Smagina, D.S., Chivilev, S.M. & Kruglikov, O.E. (2013). Degradation and recovery of an Arctic benthic community under organic enrichment. Hydrobiologia, 706, 191204.
Jackson, J.B.C., Kirby, M.X., Berger, W.H., et al. (2001). Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science, 293, 629–38.
Jackson, M.J. & James, R. (1979). The influence of bait digging on cockle, Cerastoderma edule populations in north Norfolk. Journal of Applied Ecology, 16, 671–9.
Kaiser, M.J., Attrill, M.J., Jennings, S., et al. (2011). Marine Ecology: Processes, Systems, and Impacts, 2nd edn. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Katsanevakis, S., Wallentinus, I.W., Zenetos, A., et al. (2014). Impacts of invasive alien marine species on ecosystem services and biodiversity: a pan-European review. Aquatic Invasions, 9, 391423.
Kennish, M.J. (1992). Ecology of Estuaries: Anthropogenic Effects. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc.
Langston, W.J., Pope, N.D., Davey, M., et al. (2015). Recovery from TBT pollution in English Channel environments: a problem solved? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 95, 551–64.
Lebeuf, M., Noël, M., Trottier, S. & Measures, L. (2007). Temporal trends (1987–2002) of persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) chemicals in beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence Estuary, Canada. Science of the Total Environment, 383, 216–31.
Lee, H. II, Thompson, B. Lowe, S. (2003). Estuarine and scalar patterns of invasion in the soft-bottom benthic communities of the San Francisco Estuary. Biological Invasions, 5, 85102.
Leignel, V., Stillman, J.H., Baringou, S., Thabet, R. & Metais, I. (2014). Overview on the European green crab Carcinus spp. (Portunidae, Decapoda), one of the most famous marine invaders and ecotoxicological models. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, 9129–44.
Lellis-Dibble, K.A., McGlynn, K.E. & Bigford, T.E. (2008). Estuarine Fish and Shellfish Species in U.S. Commercial and Recreational Fisheries: Economic Value as an Incentive to Protect and Restore Estuarine Habitat. U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-90, 94 pp.
Lincoln, R.J. & Boxshall, G.A. (1987). The Cambridge Illustrated Dictionary of Natural History. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Little, C. (2000). The Biology of Soft Shores and Estuaries. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Lubell, M. (2004). Resolving conflict and building cooperation in the National Estuary Program. Environmental Management, 33, 677–91.
McLusky, D.S., Bryant, D.M. & Elliott, M. (1992). The impact of land-claim on macrobenthos, fish and shorebirds on the Forth Estuary, eastern Scotland. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 2, 211–22.
McLusky, D.S., Bryant, V. & Campbell, R. (1986). The effects of temperature and salinity on the toxicity of heavy metals to marine and estuarine invertebrates. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 24, 481520.
McLusky, D.S. & Elliott, M. (2004). The Estuarine Ecosystem: Ecology, Threats and Management, 3rd edn. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
McQuaid, K.A. & Griffiths, C.L. (2014). Alien reef-building polychaete drives long-term changes in invertebrate biomass and diversity in a small, urban estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 138, 101–6.
Mitchell, J.R., Moser, M.E. & Kirby, J.S. (1988). Declines in midwinter counts of waders roosting on the Dee estuary. Bird Study, 35, 191–8.
Mitchell, R. (1978). Nature conservation implications of hydraulic engineering schemes affecting British estuaries. Hydrobiological Bulletin, 12, 333–50.
Molnar, J.L. Gamboa, R.L.; Revenga, Carmen, R. & Spalding, M.D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6, 485–92.
Moreira, F. (1995). Diet of black-headed gulls Larus ridibundus on emerged intertidal areas in the Tagus estuary (Portugal): predation or grazing? Journal of Avian Biology, 26, 277–82.
Myers, J.P., Morrison, R.I.G., Antas, P.Z., et al. (1987). Conservation strategy for migratory species. American Scientist, 75, 1826.
National Research Council (2003). Oil in the Sea III: Inputs, Fates, and Effects. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Navedo, J.G. & Herrera, A.G. (2012). Effects of recreational disturbance on tidal wetlands: supporting the importance of undisturbed roosting sites for waterbird conservation. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 16, 373–81.
Neely, A.E. & Zajac, R.N. (2008). Applying marine protected area design models in large estuarine systems. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 373, 1123.
Neiber, M.T., Hartke, T.R., Stemme, T., et al. (2011) Global biodiversity and phylogenetic evaluation of Remipedia (Crustacea). PLoS ONE, 6, e19627.
Newell, R.C., Seiderer, L.J. & Hitchcock, D.R. (1998). The impact of dredging works in coastal waters: a review of the sensitivity to disturbance and subsequent recovery of biological resources on the sea bed. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 36, 127–78.
Newman, S. J. & Smith, S. A. (2006). Marine mammal neoplasia: a review. Veterinary Pathology, 43, 865–80.
Oliveira, O.M.P. (2007). The presence of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Oslofjorden and considerations on the initial invasion pathways to the North and Baltic Seas. Aquatic Invasions, 2, 185–9.
OSPAR Commission (2014). OSPAR Guidelines for the Management of Dredged Material at Sea. Agreement 2014–06. 39 pp. London: OSPAR.
O’Sullivan, A.J. & Jacques, T.G. (2001). Impact Reference System. Effects of Oil in the Marine Environment: Impact of Hydrocarbons on Fauna and Flora. European Commission, Directorate General Environment, original edn 1991, revised edn 1998, Internet edn 2001., p. 79.
Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R. (1976). A comparative study of the effects on the marine environment of wastes from cellulose industries in Scotland and Sweden. Ambio, 5, 77–9.
Pearson, T.H. & Rosenberg, R. (1978). Macrobenthic succession in relation to organic enrichment and pollution of the marine environment. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 16, 229311.
Pérez-Ruzafa, A. & Marcos, C. (2012). Fisheries in coastal lagoons: an assumed but poorly researched aspect of the ecology and functioning of coastal lagoons. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 110, 1531.
Piersma, T (1987). Production by intertidal benthic animals and limits to their predation by shorebirds: a heuristic model. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 38, 187–96.
Piersma, T., Koolhaas, A., Dekinga, A., et al. (2001). Long-term indirect effects of mechanical cockle-dredging on intertidal bivalve stocks in the Wadden Sea. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 976–90.
Poole, S. (1996). The United States National Estuary Program. Ocean & Coastal Management, 30, 63–7.
Preisler, R.K., Wasson, K., Wolff, W.J. & Tyrrell, M.C. (2009). Invasions of estuaries vs. the adjacent open coast: a global perspective. In Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems: Ecological, Management and Geographic Perspectives, ed. Rilov, G. & Crooks, J.A., pp. 587617. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Purcell, J.E., Shiganova, T.A., Decker, M.B. & Houde, E.D. (2001). The ctenophore Mnemiopsis in native and exotic habitats: U.S. estuaries versus the Black Sea basin. Hydrobiologia, 451, 145–76.
Raffaelli, D. (2000). Interactions between macro-algal mats and invertebrates in the Ythan estuary, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Helgoland Marine Research, 54, 71–9.
Raffaelli, D., Hull, S. & Milne, H. (1989). Long-term changes in nutrients, weed mats and shorebirds in an estuarine system. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 30, 259–70.
Raffaelli, D.G., Raven, J.A. & Poole, L. J. (1998). Ecological impact of green macroalgal blooms. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 36, 97125.
Ramsar Convention Secretariat (2010). Wise Use of Wetlands: Concepts and Approaches for the Wise Use of Wetlands. Ramsar Handbooks for the Wise Use of Wetlands, 4th edn, vol. 1. Gland, Switzerland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat.
Reading, C.J. & McGrorty, S. (1978). Seasonal variations in the burying depth of Macoma balthica (L.) and its accessibility to wading birds. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 6, 135–44.
Runge, C.A., Watson, J.E.M., Butchart, S.H.M., et al. (2015). Protected areas and global conservation of migratory birds. Science, 350, 1255–8.
Schneider, M., Scholz, J., Lubell, M., Mindruta, D. & Edwardsen, M. (2003). Building consensual institutions: networks and the National Estuary Program. American Journal of Political Science, 47, 143–58.
Shepherd, P.C.F. & Boates, J.S. (1999). Effects of a commercial baitworm harvest on semipalmated sandpipers and their prey in the Bay of Fundy Hemispheric Shorebird Reserve. Conservation Biology, 13, 347–56.
Siegfried, W.R. (1981). The estuarine avifauna of southern Africa. In Estuarine Ecology with Particular Reference to Southern Africa, ed. Day, J.H., pp. 223–50. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
Sket, B. (1996). The ecology of anchihaline caves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11, 221–5.
Smetacek, V. & Zingone, A. (2013). Green and golden seaweed tides on the rise. Nature, 504, 84–8.
Smith, J.T., Walker, L.A., Shore, R.F., et al. (2009). Do estuaries pose a toxic contamination risk for wading birds? Ecotoxicology, 18, 906–17.
Sonak, S., Pangam, P., Giriyan, A. & Hawaldar, K. (2009). Implications of the ban on organotins for protection of global coastal and marine ecology. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, S96S108.
Sousa, R., Gutiérrez, J.L. & Aldridge, D.C. (2009). Non-indigenous invasive bivalves as ecosystem engineers. Biological Invasions, 11, 2367–85.
Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Allen, G.R., et al. (2007). Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. BioScience, 57, 573–83.
Sypitkowski, E., Ambrose, W.G. Jr, Bohlen, C. & Warren, J. (2009). Catch statistics in the bloodworm fishery in Maine. Fisheries Research, 96, 303–7.
Thomas, M. (1998). Temporal changes in the movements and abundance of Thames estuary fish populations. In A Rehabilitated Estuarine Ecosystem: The Environment and Ecology of the Thames Estuary, ed. Attrill, M.J., pp. 115–39. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Van Niekerk, L., Adams, J.B., Bate, G.C., et al. (2013). Country-wide assessment of estuary health: an approach for integrating pressures and ecosystem response in a data limited environment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 130, 239–51.
Wilson, J.G. (1988). The Biology of Estuarine Management. London: Croom Helm.
Wilson, J.G. & Fleeger, J.W. (2013). Estuarine benthos. In Estuarine Ecology, 2nd edn, ed. Day, J.W. Jr, Crump, B.C., Kemp, W.M. & Yáñez-Arancibia, A., pp. 303–25. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Woodwell, G.M., Rich, P.H. & Hall, C.A.S. (1973). Carbon in estuaries. In Carbon and the Biosphere, ed. Woodwell, G.M. & Pecan, E.V., Proceedings of the 24th Brookhaven Symposium in Biology, pp. 221–40. Springfield, VA: Technical Information Center, Office of Information Services, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
Zharikov, Y. & Skilleter, G.A. (2003). Depletion of benthic invertebrates by bar-tailed godwits Limosa lapponica in a subtropical estuary. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 254, 151–62.