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Making Citizens in Africa
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Book description

Smith argues that citizenship creation and expansion is a pivotal part of political contestation in Africa today. Citizenship is a powerful analytical tool to approach political life in contemporary Africa because the institutional and structural reforms of the past two decades have been inextricably linked with the battle over the 'right to have rights'. Professor Lahra Smith's work advances the notion of meaningful citizenship, referring to the ways in which rights are exercised, or the effective practice of citizenship. Using data from Ethiopia and developing a historically informed study of language policy, ethnicity and gender identities, Smith analyzes the contestation over citizenship that engages the state, social movements and individuals in substantive ways. By combining original data on language policy in contemporary Ethiopia with detailed historical study and a focus on ethnicity, citizenship and gender, this work brings a fresh approach to Ethiopian political development and contemporary citizenship concerns across Africa.

Reviews

'Smith examines the substantial expansion of what she calls ‘meaningful citizenship’ in the country since the 1970s, by which she means the actual exercise of rights inscribed in formal institutions but too often ignored … One particularly worthwhile chapter narrates the evolution of the role of ethnicity in Ethiopian politics and includes a nuanced analysis of the interaction between cultural norms and formal institutions in shaping the role of women in the country.'

Nicolas van de Walle Source: Foreign Affairs

'Ethiopia’s policies of ethnic federalism have generated a great deal of analysis and debate among scholars. Lahra Smith develops the concept of ‘meaningful citizenship’ to make a valuable intervention in these debates … Smith’s conception of ‘meaningful citizenship’ and attention to gender are valuable contributions to scholarship of Ethiopia and African politics, and her balanced accounts of Ethiopia’s history and politics provide a very useful introduction for students who are new to the Ethiopian case.'

Daniel Mains Source: African Studies Review

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Contents

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Newspaper Articles
Degefa, Abera, “Language in Ethiopia.” The Reporter, June 11, 2003.
Addis Tribune. “NEB Says Siltes Vote for Independent Nationality.” Addis Tribune, April 13, 2001.
Gedda, Beshir. “The Question of Ethnicity in Ethiopia.” Addis Tribune, October 6, 2001.
Delsol, Colette, “Interview with Dawud Ibsa Ayanna.” Les Nouvelles, March 29, 2006.
Independent Online. “Ethiopian Court Jails Five for ‘Massacre.’” April 2, 2005, online at .
Jewell, James. “Culture Allies: Ethiopian Government Donates Land for Hundreds of Congregations.” Christianity Today, May 17, 2005.
Bekele, Kelyesus. “The So-Called Independent Newspapers disseminate False Reports on the Conflict in Gambella.” The Reporter, June 23, 2004.
Demissie, Melaku. “Scholar Recommends English as Federal Working Language.” The Reporter, June 11, 2003.
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Assefa, Samuel. “Two Concepts of Sovereignty.” Addis Tribune, March 24, 2000.
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Desta, Tedla. “Over 5 Mln. Children with No Access to Education.” The Daily Monitor, December 12, 2004.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). “At Least 15 Killed in Awasa Riots.” May 27, 2002.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) “Uneasy Calm Restored in Awasa.” June 25, 2002.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) “Focus on Gambella Violence.” January 8, 2004a.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) “Renewed Fighting Reported in the West.” February 9, 2004b.
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) “Soldiers to Be Tried over Gambella Killings.” March 18, 2005.
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Wainaina, Binyavanga. “No Country for Old Hatreds.” New York Times, January 6, 2008.
Wiren, Robert. “Interview with Bulcha Demeksa.” Les Nouvelles, April 14, 2005.
World Organization against Torture. “Ethiopia: ‘From Today Forward There Will Be No Anuak’: the Attempted Elimination of the Anuak People.” Press Release, April 13, 2004.
Interviews
Interview #9: Academic, Addis Ababa, January 2003.
Interview #13: Academic, Addis Ababa, January 2003.
Interview #17: NGO Representative, Addis Ababa, February 2003.
Interview #23: Official, House of Federation, Addis Ababa, February 2003.
Interview #27: NGO Representative, Addis Ababa, March 2003.
Interview #28: NGO Representative, Addis Ababa, March 2003.
Interview #35: Academic, Addis Ababa, April 2003.
Interview #41: Official, Oromiya Regional Education Bureau (REB), Addis Ababa/Finfinee, May 2003.
Interview #42: Academic, Addis Ababa, May 2003.
Interview #43: Official, Wolaitta Zone Education Office (ZEO), Soddo, June 2003.
Interview #46: Official, Southern Nations, Nationalities and People’s Regional Education Bureau (REB), Awassa, June 2003.
Interview #48: NGO Representative, Soddo, June 2003.
Interview #50: Technical Expert, Oromiya Regional Education Bureau (REB), Addis Ababa/Finfinee, July 2003.
Interview #51: Technical Expert, Oromiya Regional Education Bureau (REB), Addis Ababa/Finfinee, July 2003.
Interview #52: Technical Expert, Oromiya Regional Education Bureau (REB), Addis Ababa/Finfinee, July 2003.
Interview #54: Official, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s (SNNPR) Regional Bureau of Education (REB), Awassa, June 2003.
Interview #58: Official, Gurage Zone Education Office (ZEO), Welkite, September 2003.
Interview #61: Head, Local/Regional NGO, Addis Ababa, September 2003.
Interview #64: Academic, Addis Ababa, September 2003.
Interview #65: NGO representative, Addis Ababa, October 2003.
Interview #66: Official, Siltie Zone Education Office (ZEO), Worabe, October 2003.
Interview #67: Official, Siltie Zone Education Office (ZEO), Worabe, October 2003.
Interview #71: Official, Benishangul Gumuz Information Bureau, Assosa, October 2003.
Interview #76: Official, Bale Zone Education Office (ZEO), Robe, October 2003.
Interview #85: Member of Parliament, Addis Ababa, November 2003.
Interview #87: Official, Oromiya Regional Education Bureau (REB), Addis Ababa/Finfinee, May 2003.
Interview #88: Academic, Addis Ababa, December 2003.
Interview #90: Representative, Siltie People’s Democratic Unity Party (SPDUP), Addis Ababa, December 2003.