Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: September 2015

36 - Social play: history of the studies at Mahale and a new perspective

from Part VII - Social behavior
Anestis, S. F. (2004). Female genito-genital rubbing in a group of captive chimpanzees. International Journal of Primatology, 25, 477–88.
Aoyagi, M. (1977). [Cultural Anthropology of “Play”.] Tokyo: Kōdan-sha. In Japanese.
Baldwin, J. D. and Baldwin, J. (1977). The role of learning phenomena in the ontogeny of exploration and play. In Primate Bio-Social Development: Biological, Social, and Ecological Determinants, ed. Chevalier-Skolnikoff, S. and Poirier, F. E.. New York: Garland, pp. 343406.
Bateson, G. G. (1972). A theory of play and fantasy. In Steps to an Ecology of Mind, ed. Bateson, G.. New York: Ballantine Books, pp. 177–93.
Bekoff, M. and Byers, J. A. (1981). A critical reanalysis of the ontogeny and phylogeny of mammalian social and locomotor play: An ethological hornet’s nest. In Behavioral Development: The Bielefeld Interdisciplinary Project,. ed. Immelman, K., Barlow, G. W., Petrinovich, L., and Main, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.296337.
Bekoff, M. and Byers, J. A, eds. (1998). Animal Play: Evolutionary, Comparative, and Ecological Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bjorklund, D. F. and Pellegrini, A. D. (2002). The Origins of Human Nature: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology. New York: American Psychological Association.
Borgatti, S. P., Everett, M. G., and Freeman, L. C. (2002). UCINET for Windows: Software for Social Network Analysis. Harvard, MA: Analytic Technologies.
Burghardt, G. M. (2005). The Genesis of Animal Play: Testing the Limits. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Byers, J. A. and Walker, C. (1995). Refining the motor training hypothesis for the evolution of play. American Naturalist, 146, 2540.
Caillois, R. (1961). Man, Play and Games. New York: Free Press of Glencoe.
Cordoni, G. and Palagi, E. (2011). Ontogenetic trajectories of chimpanzee social play: Similarities with humans. PLoS ONE, 6, e27344.
Croft, D. P., James, R., and Krause, J. (2008). Exploring Animal Social Networks. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Davies, N. B., Krebs, J. R., and West, S. A. (2012). An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
Dugatkin, L. A. (2003). Principles of Animal Behavior. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Dunbar, R. I. M. (2010). The social role of touch in humans and primates: Behavioural function and neurobiological mechanisms. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 34, 260–8.
Fagen, R. (1981). Animal Play Behavior. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fagen, R. (1993). Primate juveniles and primate play. In Juvenile Primates: Life History, Development, and Behavior, ed. Pereira, M. E. and Fairbanks, L. A.. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 182–96.
Fink, E. (1960). Spiel als Weltsymbol. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer W.
Furuichi, T. (1989). Social interactions and the life history of female Pan paniscus in Wamba, Zaire. International Journal of Primatology, 10, 173–97.
Goodall, J. (1986). The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Belknap.
Groos, K. (1898). The Play of Animals. New York: D. Appleton.
Hayaki, H. (1985). Social play of juvenile and adolescent chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Primates, 26, 343–60.
Hayaki, H. (1990). [The Human within Chimpanzee.] Tokyo: Shōka-bō. In Japanese.
Heider, F. (1946). Attitudes and cognitive organization. Journal of Psychology, 21, 107–12.
Heider, F. (1958). The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations. New York: Wiley.
Henriot, J. (1969). Le Jeu. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Hirata, S., Yamakoshi, G., Fujita, S., Ohashi, G., and Matsuzawa, T. (2001). Capturing and toying with hyraxes (Dendrohyrax dorsalis) by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Bossou, Guinea. American Journal of Primatology, 53, 93–7.
van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. (1973). A structural analysis of the social behaviour of a semi-captive group of chimpanzees. In Social Communication and Movement, ed. von Caranach, M. and Vine, I.. London: Academic Press, pp. 75162.
Huizinga, J. (1950). Homo Ludens. Boston: Beacon.
Idani, G. (1991). Social relationships between immigrant and resident Bonobo (Pan paniscus) females at Wamba. Folia Primatologica, 57, 8395.
Kano, T. (1998). A preliminary glossary of bonobo behaviors at Wamba. In Comparative Study of the Behavior of the Genus Pan by Compiling Video Ethogram, ed. Nishida, T.. Kyoto: Nisshindo, pp. 3981.
van Lawick-Goodall, J. (1968). The behaviour of free-living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve. Animal Behaviour Monographs, 1, 161311.
Martin, P. and Caro, T. M. (1985). On the function of play and its role in behavioral development. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 15, 59103.
Matsusaka, T. (2004). When does play panting occur during social play in wild chimpanzees? Primates, 45, 221–9.
Mitchell, R. W. (2007). Pretense in animals: The continuing relevance of children’s pretense. In Play and Development: Evolutionary, Sociocultural, and Functional Perspectives, ed. Göncü, A. and Gaskins, S.. New York: Taylor & Francis, pp. 5175.
Nakamura, M. (2003). ‘Gatherings’ of social grooming among wild chimpanzees: Implications for evolution of sociality. Journal of Human Evolution, 44, 5971.
Nakamura, M. (2009). [Chimpanzees: What They Have Told Me without Language.] Tokyo: Chūkō-shinsho. In Japanese.
Nakamura, M. (2010). [What does it mean a society to be complex?: Questions about relationship between society and individual.] Primate Research, 26, 131–42. In Japanese with English summary.
Nishida, T. (1997). Sexual behavior of adult male chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Primates, 38, 379–98.
Nishida, T. (2004). Lack of “group play” in wild chimpanzees. Pan Africa News, 11(1), 23.
Nishida, T. (2012). Chimpanzees of the Lakeshore: Natural History and Culture at Mahale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nishida, T. and Wallauer, W. (2003). Leaf-pile pulling: An unusual play pattern in wild chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology, 60, 167–73.
Nishida, T., Zamma, K., Matsusaka, T., Inaba, A., and McGrew, W. C. (2010). Chimpanzee Behavior in the Wild: An Audio-Visual Encyclopedia. Tokyo: Springer.
Palagi, E., Cordoni, G., and Borgognini Tarli, S. M. (2004). Immediate and delayed benefits of play behaviour: New evidence from chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Ethology, 110, 949–62.
Pellis, S. M., Pellis, V. C., and Bell, H. C. (2010). The function of play in the development of the social brain. American Journal of Play, 2, 278–98.
Perry, S. and Manson, J. (2003). Tradition in monkeys. Evolutional Anthropology, 12, 7181.
Piaget, J. (1945). Play, Dreams, and Imitation in Childhood. New York: Norton.
Plooij, F. X. (1979). How wild chimpanzee babies trigger the onset of mother-infant play and what the mother makes of it. In Before Speech: The Beginning of Interpersonal Communication, ed. Bullowa, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 223–43.
Plooij, F. X. (1984). The Behavioral Development of Free-Living Chimpanzee Babies and Infants. Monographs on Infancy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corporation.
Schino, G., Scucchi, S., Maestripieri, D., and Turillazzi, P. G. (1988). Allogrooming as a tension-reduction mechanism: a behavioral approach. American Journal of Primatology, 16, 4350.
Shimada, M. (2006). Social object play among young Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in Arashiyama, Japan. Primates, 47, 342–9.
Shimada, M. (2010a). [Why do we call the interaction “play”?: From the image analysis of body contacts among juveniles of wild Japanese macaques.] In [Boundary and Conjunction of Social Interaction: Studies in Nonhuman Primates, Humans and Conversation], ed. Kimura, D., Nakamura, M., and Takanashi, K.. Kyoto: Shōwa-dō, pp. 142–63. In Japanese.
Shimada, M. (2010b). Social object play among juvenile Japanese macaques. In The Japanese Macaques, ed. Nakagawa, N., Nakamichi, M., and Sugiura, H.. Tokyo: Springer, pp. 375–85.
Shimada, M. (2011). [Logical justification of the ethological study of play: Ethology meets prototype theory.] Primate Research, 27, 127–39. In Japanese with English summary.
Shimada, M. (2012). Social object play among juvenile Japanese macaques in provisioned Arashiyama troop, compared with that of non-provisioned Kinkazan troop. In The Monkeys of Stormy Mountain: 60 Years of Primatological Research on the Japanese Macaques of Arashiyama, ed. Leca, J-B., Huffman, M. A., and Vasey, P. L.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 258302.
Shimada, M. (2013a). Dynamics of the temporal structures of playing clusters and cliques among wild chimpanzees in Mahale Mountains National Park. Primates, 54, 245–57.
Shimada, M. (2013b). Wild chimpanzees can perform social grooming and social playing behavior simultaneously. Primates, 54, 315–17.
Shimada, M. (2014). Homosexual interactions among young female wild chimpanzees: An example of social pretend play? Pan Africa News, 21, 68.
Shimada, M. and Sueur, C. (2014). The importance of social play networks for wild chimpanzees at Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. American Journal of Primatology, 76, 1025–36.
Špinka, M., Newberry, R. C., and Bekoff, M. (2001). Mammalian play: can training for the unexpected be fun? Quarterly Review of Biology, 76, 141–68.
Symons, D. (1978). Play and Aggression: A Study of Rhesus Monkeys. New York: Columbia University Press.
Terry, R. L. (1970). Primate grooming as a tension reduction mechanism. The Journal of Psychology, 76, 129–36.
Tomasello, M. and Call, J. (1997). Primate Cognition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Trezza, V., Baarendse, P. J. J., and Vanderschuren, L. J. M. J. (2010). The pleasures of play: pharmacological insights into social reward mechanisms. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 31, 463–9.
Vanderschuren, L. J. M. J. (2010). How the brain makes play fun. American Journal of Play, 2, 315–37.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1967). Play and its role in the mental development of the child. Soviet Psychology, 5, 618.
Wasserman, S. and Faust, K. (1994). Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Whitehead, H. (2008). Analyzing Animal Societies. Quantitative Methods for Vertebrate Social Analysis. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.
Wilson, E. O. (1975). Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
Wrangham, R. W. and Peterson, D. (1996). Demonic Males: Apes and the Origins of Human Violence. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Zamma, K. and Fujita, S. (2004). Genito-genital rubbing among the chimpanzees of Mahale and Bossou. Pan Africa News, 11(2), 58.