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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: October 2020

13 - Orthodox Monasteries in the Crusader States: A Survey

from Part II - Greek Orthodox Monasticism

Summary

Greek-rite monasticism in the Holy Land and Syria experienced difficulties arising from external conditions in the first millennium, including invasion and conquest, poverty and loss of contact with the political centre of the Byzantine Empire. Nevertheless, monasticism continued to function in some important centres. Before the time of the First Crusade, a revival had already begun, especially in northern Syria and Cyprus. The establishment of the Latin Church as a result of the First Crusade both enhanced and challenged this revival, in ways that are explored in this survey chapter of Orthodox monasteries in the Crusader States.

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