Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: May 2018

References

Adelaar, W.F.H., 2004. The languages of the Andes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Allen, C., 1995. Case marking and reanalysis: grammatical relations from Old to Early Modern English, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Allen, W.S., 1951. A study in the analysis of Hindi sentence-structure. Acta Linguistica, 6, pp. 68–86.
Andersen, H., 1973. Abductive and deductive change. Language, 49(4), pp. 765–793.
Anderson, S.R., 1977. The mechanisms by which languages become ergative. In Li, C. (ed.) Mechanisms of syntactic change, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 317–363.
Anglade, J., 1921. Grammaire de l’ancien provençal, Paris: Klincksieck.
Ashby, W.J., 1981. The loss of the negative particle ne in French. Language, 57(3), pp. 674–687.
Ball, D., 2007. On ergativity and accusativity in Proto-Polynesian and Proto-Central Pacific. Oceanic Linguistics 46(1), pp. 128–153.
Barðdal, J., 2007. The semantic and lexical range of the ditransitive construction in the history of (North) Germanic. Functions of Language, 14(1), pp. 9–30.
Bateman, N., 2010. The change from labial to palatal as glide hardening. Linguistic Typology, 14(2/3), pp.167–211.
Beekes, R.S.P., 1995. Comparative Indo-European linguistics: an introduction, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Benveniste, É., 1968. Mutations of linguistic categories. In Lehmann, W.P. and Malkiel, Y. (eds.) Directions for historical linguistics, Austin and London: University of Texas Press, pp. 83–94.
Bergem, D. Van, 1995. Acoustic and lexical vowel reduction, Amsterdam: IFOTT.
Berman, R., 1985. The acquisition of Hebrew. In Slobin, D. (ed.) Crosslinguistic study of language acquisition, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 255–371.
Bickerton, D., 1975. Dynamics of a creole system, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bickerton, D., 1981. Roots of language, Ann Arbor: Karoma.
Bisang, W., 2004. Grammaticalization without coevolution of form and meaning: the case of tense-aspect-modality in East and mainland Southeast Asia. In Bisang, W., Himmelmann, N., and Wiemer, B (eds.) What makes grammaticalization? A look from its fringes and its components, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 109–138.
Blevins, J., 2004. Evolutionary phonology: the emergence of sound patterns, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Blevins, J. and Garrett, A., 1998. The origins of consonant–vowel metathesis. Language, 74(3), pp. 508–556.
Bloomfield, L., 1933. Language, Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Blythe, R. and Croft, W., 2012. S-curves and the mechanisms of propagation in language change. Language, 88, pp. 269–304.
Boer, B. De, 2000. Self-organization in vowel systems. Journal of Phonetics, 28(4), pp. 441–465.
Bolinger, D., 1978. Intonation across languages. In Greenberg, J.H., Ferguson, C.A., and Moravcsik, E.A. (eds.) Universals of human language, Vol. 2 Phonology,Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 471–524.
Brinton, L.J. and Traugott, E.C., 2005. Lexicalization and language change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Browman, C. and Goldstein, L., 1986. Towards an articulatory phonology. Phonology Yearbook, 3, pp. 219–252.
Browman, C. and Goldstein, L., 1995. Gestural syllable position effects in American English. In Bell-Berti, F. and Raphael, L.J. (eds.) Producing speech: contemporary issues, Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics, pp. 19–34.
Brown, E.L., 2006. Velarization of labial, coda stops in Spanish: a frequency account. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada, 44(2), pp.47–56.
Brown, E.L. and Raymond, W.D., 2012. How discourse context shapes the lexicon: explaining the distribution of Spanish f- / h- words. Diachronica, 92(2), pp. 139–161.
Brown, G., 1972. Phonological rules and dialect variation: A study of the phonology of Lumasaaba, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Buck, C.D., 1933. Comparative grammar of Greek and Latin, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burridge, K., 1995. Evidence for grammaticalization in Pennsylvania German. In Andersen, H. (ed.) Historical linguistics 1993, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 59–75.
Bybee, J., 1985. Morphology: a study of the relation between meaning and form, Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Bybee, J., 2000a. Lexicalization of sound change and alternating environments. In Broe, M. and Pierrehumbert, J. (eds.) Papers in laboratory phonology, Vol. 5 Acquisition and the lexicon, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 250–268.
Bybee, J., 2000b. The phonology of the lexicon: evidence from lexical diffusion. In Barlow, M. and Kemmer, S. (eds.) Usage-based models of language, Stanford: CSLI Publications, pp. 65–85.
Bybee, J., 2001. Phonology and language use, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bybee, J., 2002. Word frequency and context of use in the lexical diffusion of phonetically-conditioned sound change. Language Variation and Change, 14, pp. 261–290.
Bybee, J., 2003. Mechanisms of change in grammaticalization: the role of frequency. In Joseph, B.D. and Janda, R.D. (eds.) The handbook of historical linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bybee, J., 2006. From usage to grammar: the mind’s response to repetition. Language, 82, pp. 711–733.
Bybee, J., 2010. Language, usage and cognition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bybee, J. and Brewer, M.A., 1980. Explanation in morphophonemics: changes in Provençal and Spanish preterite forms. Lingua, 52, pp. 201–242.
Bybee, J., Chakraborti, P., Jung, D., and Scheibman, J., 1998. Prosody and segmental effect: some paths of evolution for word stress. Studies in Language, 22(2), pp. 267–314.
Bybee, J. and Dahl, Ö., 1989. The creation of tense and aspect systems in the languages of the world. Studies in Language, 13(1), pp. 51–103.
Bybee, J. and Moder, C.L., 1983. Morphological classes as natural categories. Language, 59, pp. 251–270.
Bybee, J. and Pagliuca, W., 1987. The evolution of future meaning. In Giacalone Ramat, A., Carruba, O., and Bernini, G. (eds.) Papers from the 7th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 109–122.
Bybee, J., Pagliuca, W., and Perkins, R.D., 1991. Back to the future. In Traugott, E.C. and Heine, B. (eds.) Approaches to grammaticalization, Vol. 2. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 17–58.
Bybee, J., Perkins, R.D., and Pagliuca, W., 1994. The evolution of grammar: tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bybee, J. and Slobin, D.I., 1982. Rules and schemas in the development and use of the English past. Language, 58, pp. 265–289.
Campbell, A., 1959. Old English Grammar, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Campbell, L., 1999. Historical linguistics: an introduction, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Capell, A. and Layard, J., 1980. Materials in Atchin, Malekula: grammar, vocabulary and texts, Canberra: Australian National University.
Chevrot, J.-P., Beaud, L., and Varga, R., 2000. Developmental data on a French sociolinguistic variable: post-consonantal word-final /R/. Language Variation and Change, 12, pp. 295–319.
Chung, S., 1977. On the gradual nature of syntactic change. In Li, C.N. (ed.) Mechanisms of syntactic change, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 3–55.
Coates, J., 1983. The semantics of the modal auxiliary, London: Croom Helm.
Colleman, T. and De Clerk, B., 2011. Constructional semantics on the move: on semantic specialization in the English double object construction. Cognitive Linguistics, 22(1), pp. 183–209.
Company Company, C., 2002. Grammaticalization and category weakness. In Diewald, G. and Fischer, I. (eds.) New reflections on grammaticalization, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 201–215.
Company Company, C., 2006. Subjectification of verbs into discourse markers: semantic-pragmatic change only? In Cornillie, B. and Delbecque, N. (eds.) Topics in subjectification and modalization, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 97–121.
Comrie, B., 1976. Aspect, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cooper, D.L., 1999. Linguistic attractors: the cognitive dynamics of language acquisition and change, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Cristófaro-Silva, T. and Oliveira Guimarães, D., 2006. Patterns of lenition in Brazilian Portuguese. In Féry, C., van de Vijer, R., and Kügler, F. (eds.) Variation and Gradience in Phonetics and Phonology, Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, Vol. 1, pp. 25–35.
Croft, W., 2000. Explaining language change, Harlow, England: Longman Linguistic Library.
Croft, W., 2005. Preface. In Croft, W. (ed.), Genetic linguistics: essays on theory and method by Joseph H. Greenberg, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 35–64.
Croft, W., Beckner, C., Sutton, L., Wilkins, J., Bhattacharya, T., and Hruschka, D., 2009. Quantifying semantic shift for reconstructing language families. Poster Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America.
Crothers, J., 1975. Areal features and natural phonology: the case of front rounded vowels. Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of the Berkeley Linguistic Society, 2, pp.124–136.
Crowley, T., 1997. An introduction to historical linguistics, 3rd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cyffer, N., 1998. A sketch of Kanuri, Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
Dahl, Ö., 1985. Tense and aspect systems, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Dahl, Ö., 2013. Tea. In Dryer, M.S. and Haspelmath, M. (eds.) The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (Available online at , accessed on 26 September 2014.)
Díaz-Campos, M., 2004. Acquisition of sociolinguistic variables in Spanish: Do children acquire individual lexical forms or variable rules? In Face, T. (ed.) Laboratory approaches to Spanish phonology, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 221–236.
Dobson, E.J., 1957. English pronunciation 1500–1700, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Dressler, W.U., 2003. Naturalness and morphological change. In Joseph, B.D. and Janda, R.D. (eds.) The handbook of historical linguistics, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 461–471.
Dressler, W.U., Mayerthaler, W., and Würzel, W., 1987. Leitmotifs in natural morphology, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Dryer, M., 1988. Object-verb order and adjective-noun order: dispelling a myth. Lingua, 74, pp.185–217.
Erman, B. and Warren, B., 2000. The Idiom Principle and the Open Choice Principle. Text, 20, pp. 29–62.
Fairbanks, G.H. and Stevick, E.W. 1958. Spoken East Armenian, New York: American Council of Learned Societies.
Fidelholtz, J., 1975. Word frequency and vowel reduction in English. Chicago Linguistics Society, 11, pp. 200–213.
Foley, J., 1977. Foundations of theoretical phonology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Foulkes, P. and Docherty, G., 2006. The social life of phonetics and phonology. Journal of Phonetics, 34(4), pp. 409–438.
Garrett, A., 1990. The origin of NP split ergativity. Language 66(2), pp. 261–296.
Geeraerts, D., 1997. Diachronic prototype semantics: a contribution to historical lexicology, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Givón, T., 1971. Historical syntax and synchronic morphology: an archaeologist’s field trip. Chicago Linguistics Society, 7, pp. 394–415.
Givón, T., 1975. Serial verbs and syntactic change. In Li, C.N. (ed.) Word order and word order change, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 47–112.
Givón, T., 1976. Topic, pronoun and grammatical agreement. In Li, C.N (ed.) Subject and topic, New York: Academic Press, pp. 149–188.
Givón, T., 1979. On understanding grammar, New York: Academic Press.
Givón, T., 1982. Tense-aspect-modality: the creole prototype and beyond. In Hopper, P.J. (ed.) Tense-aspect: between semantics and pragmatics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 115–163.
Givón, T., 1984. Syntax: a functional-typological introduction, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Goldberg, A., 1995. Constructions: a construction grammar approach to argument structure, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goldberg, A., 2006. Constructions at work: the nature of generalization in language, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Görlach, M., 1991. Introduction to Early Modern English, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Greenberg, J., 1963. Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements. In Greenberg, J.H. (ed.) Universals of language. Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 73–113.
Greenberg, J., 1966. Language universals: with special reference to feature hierarchies, The Hague: Mouton.
Greenberg, J.H., 1970. The languges of Africa, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Greenberg, J., 1978a. Diachrony, synchrony and language universals. In Greenberg, J.H., Ferguson, C.A., and Moravcsik, E.A. (eds.) Universals of human language, Vol. 1 Method and theory. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 61–92.
Greenberg, J., 1978b. How do languages acquire gender markers? In Greenberg, J.H., Ferguson, C.A., and Moravcsik, E.A. (eds.) Universals of human language, Vol. 3.Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 47–82.
Greenberg, J.H., 1987. Language in the Americas, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Guion, S.G., 1998. The role of perception in the sound change of velar palatalization. Phonetica, 55, pp. 18–52.
Guy, G., 1980. Variation in the group and the individual: the case of final stop deletion. In Labov, W. (ed.) Locating language in time and space, New York: Academic Press, 1–36.
Haiman, J., 1994. Ritualization and the development of language. In Pagliuca, W. (ed.) Perspectives on grammaticalization, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 3–28.
Hajek, J., 1997. Universals of sound change in nasalization, Oxford and Boston: Blackwell.
Hale, K., 1973. Deep-surface canonical disparities in relation to analogy and change: an Australian example. In Sebeok, T. (ed.) Current trends in linguistics, 11: diachronic, areal and typological linguistics, The Hague: Mouton, pp. 401–458.
Halle, M., 1962. Phonology in generative grammar. Word, 18, pp. 54–72.
Harlow, R., 2007. Māori: a linguistic introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Harris, A.C. and Campbell, L., 1995. Historical syntax in cross-linguistic perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hawkins, J.A., 1979. Implicational universals as predictors of word order change. Language, 55(3), pp. 618–648.
Hawkins, J.A., 2004. Efficiency and complexity in grammars, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hay, J., 2001. Lexical frequency in morphology: is everything relative? Linguistics, 39(6), pp. 1041–1070.
Hayes, L., 1992. Vietic and Viet-Muong: a new subgrouping in Mon-Khmer. Mon Khmer Studies, 21, pp. 211–228.
Heine, B., Claudi, U., and Hünnemeyer, F., 1991a. From cognition to grammar: evidence from African languages. In Traugott, E. and Heine, B. (eds.) Approaches to grammaticalization, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 149–187.
Heine, B., Claudi, U., and Hünnemeyer, F., 1991b. Grammaticalization: a conceptual framework, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Heine, B. and Kuteva, T., 2002. World lexicon of grammaticalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heine, B. and Kuteva, T., 2005. Language contact and grammatical change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heine, B. and Kuteva, T., 2008. Constraints on contact-induced linguistic change. Journal of Language Contact, 2(Thema 2), pp. 57–90.
Heine, B. and Reh, M., 1984. Grammaticalization and reanalysis in African languages, Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.
Heine, B. and Song, K.-A., 2011. On the grammaticalization of personal pronouns. Journal of Linguistics, 47(3), pp. 587–630.
Henderson, J., 1996. Phonology and grammar of Yele, Papua New Guinea, Canberra: Australian National University.
Hock, H.H., 1986. Principle of historical linguistics, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Hock, H.H. 2003. Analogical change. In Joseph, B.D. and Janda, R.D. (eds.) The handbook of historical linguistics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 441–460.
Hockett, C.F., 1958. A course in modern linguistics, New York: MacMillan.
Hoffman, C., 1963. A grammar of the Margi language, London: Oxford University Press.
Holland, J.H., 1995. Hidden order: how adaptation builds complexity, Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.
Honeybone, P., 2001. Lenition inhibition in Liverpool English. English Language and Linguistics, 5(2), pp. 213–249.
Hopper, P.J., 1973. Glottalized and murmured occlusives in Indo-European. Glossa, 7(2), pp. 141–166.
Hopper, P.J. 1987. Emergent grammar. Berkeley Linguistics Society, 13, pp. 139–157.
Hopper, P.J. 1991. On some principles of grammaticization. In Traugott, E.C. and Heine, B. (eds.) Approaches to grammaticalization, Vol. 1. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 17–35.
Hopper, P.J. 1994. Phonogenesis. In Pagliuca, W. (ed.) Perspectives on grammaticalization, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 29–45.
Hopper, P.J. and Traugott, E., 1993. Grammaticalization, 1st edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Huback, A.P., 2011. Irregular plurals in Brazilian Portuguese: an exemplar model approach. Language variation and change, 23(2), pp. 245–256.
Hume, E., 2004. The indeterminacy/attestation model of metathesis. Language, 80(2), pp. 203–237.
Hyman, L., 1975. Phonology: theory and analysis, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Hyman, L. 1977. On the nature of linguistic stress. In Hyman, L.M. (ed.) Studies in stress and accent. Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, Los Angeles:University of Southern California, pp. 37–82.
Hyman, L.M., 2007. Universals of tone rules: 30 years later. In Riad, T. and Gussenhoven, C. (eds.) Tones and tunes: studies in word and sentence prosody, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 1–34.
Hyman, L.M., 2011. Tone: Is it different? In Goldsmith, J., Riggle, J., and Yu, A.C.L. (eds.) The handbook of phonological theory, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 197–239.
Hyman, L. and Moxley, J., 1996. The morpheme in phonological change: velar palatalization in Bantu. Diachronica, 13, pp. 259–282.
Hyman, L. and Tadadjeu, M., 1976. Floating tones in Mbam-Nkam. In Hyman, L.M. (ed.) Studies in Bantu tonology, Southern California Occasional Papers in Linguistics, Los Angeles: University of Southern California, pp. 57–111.
Israel, M., 1996. The way constructions grow. In Goldberg, A.E. (ed.) Conceptual structure, discourse and language, Stanford: CSLI Publications, pp. 217–230.
Jakobson, R., 1939. Signe zéro. In Roman Jakobson, Selected Writings, The Hague: Mouton, pp. 211–219.
Jakobson, R. 1942. Child language, aphasia, and language universals, The Hague: Mouton.
Jespersen, O., 1942. A modern English grammar on historical principles, Part VI: Morphology, London: George Allen and Unwin.
Jones, S.W., 1788. Third anniversary discourse, on the Hindus. Asiatic Researches, 1(422).
Kaiser, M. and Shevoroshkin, V., 1988. Nostratic. Annual Review of Anthropology, 17, pp. 309–329.
Keating, P., Cho, T., Fougeron, C., and Hsu, C.-S., 2003. Domain-initial articulatory strengthening in four languages. In Local, J., Ogden, R., and Temple, R. (eds.) Phonetic interpretation, Papers in Laboratory Phonology 6, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 143–161.
Keller, R., 1994. On language change: the invisible hand in language, London and New York: Routledge.
Kenstowicz, M., 2006. Tone loans: the adaptation of English loans into Yoruba. In Mugane, John (ed.) Selected proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference on African Linguistics, Somerville, MA: Cascadila Proceedings Project, pp. 136–146.
Kent, R., 1945. The sounds of Latin, Baltimore, MD: The Linguistic Society of America.
Krishnamurti, B., 2003. The Dravidian languages, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kuryłowicz, J., 1947. La nature des procès dits analogiques. Acta Linguistica, 5, pp. 17–34.
Labov, W., 1972. Sociolinguistic patterns, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Labov, W. 1981. Resolving the neogrammarian controversy. Language, 57, pp. 267–308.
Labov, W. 1982. Building on empirical foundations. In Lehmann, W.P. and Malkiel, Y. (eds.) Perspective on historical linguistics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 17–92.
Labov, W. 1994. Principles of linguistic change, Vol. 1 Internal factors, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Labov, W. 2001. Principles of linguistic change, Vol. 2 Social factors, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Labov, W. 2010. Principles of linguistic change: cognitive and cultural factors, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Labov, W., Ash, S., and Boberg, C., 2006. The atlas of North American English, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Lakoff, R., 1972. Another look at drift. In Stockwell, R. and Macaulay, R.S.K. (eds.) Linguistic change and generative theory, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp. 172–198.
Lancelot, C. and Arnould, A., 1660. Grammaire générale et raisonnée, Paris: Pierre le Petit.
Langacker, R., 1987. Foundations of cognitive grammar, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Lehmann, C., 1982. Thoughts on grammaticalization: a programmatic sketch, Cologne: Universität zu Köln, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft.
Lehmann, W., 1952. Proto-Indo-European phonology, Austin: University of Texas Press and Linguistic Society of America.
Lehmann, W. 1973. A structural principle of language and its implications. Language, 49, pp. 47–66.
Lehmann, W.P., 1992. Historical linguistics: an introduction, 3rd edition, London and New York: Routledge.
Li, C.N. and Thompson, S.A., 1981. Mandarin Chinese: a functional reference grammar, Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Lichtenberk, F., 1991. On the gradualness of grammaticalization. In Traugott, E.C. and Heine, B. (eds.) Approaches to grammaticalization, Vol. 1, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 37–80.
Lightfoot, D., 1979. Principles of diachronic syntax, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Liljencrants, J. and Lindblom, B., 1972. Numerical simulation of vowel quality systems: the role of perceptual contrast. Language, 48, pp. 839–862.
Lindblom, B., MacNeilage, P., and Studdert-Kennedy, M., 1984. Self-organizing processes and the explanation of phonological universals. In Butterworth, B., Comrie, B., and Dahl, Ö. (eds.) Explanations for language universals, New York: Mouton, pp. 181–203.
Lord, C., 1976. Evidence for syntactic reanalysis: from verb to complementizer in Kwa. In Steever, S.B., Walker, C.A., and Mufwene, S.S. (eds.) Papers from the parasession on diachronic syntax, Chicago: Chicago Linguistics Society, pp. 179–191.
Lord, C. 1993. Historical change in serial verb constructions, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
MacWhinney, B., 1978. The acquisition of morphophonology, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 174, Vol. 43, nos. 1–2, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Maddieson, I., 1984. Patterns of sounds. With a chapter contributed by Sandra Ferrari Disner, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mańczak, W., 1958. Tendances générales des changements analogiques. Lingua, 7, pp. 298–325, 387–420.
Marchese, L., 1986. Tense/aspect and the development of auxiliaries in Kru languages, Arlington, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
Martinet, A., 1952. Function, structure and sound change. Word, 8, pp. 1–32.
Mattoso Camara, J., 1972. The Portuguese language, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McWhorter, J.H., 1998. Identifying the creole prototype: vindicating a typological class. Language, 74(4), pp. 788–818.
McWhorter, J.H. 2001. The world’s simplest grammars are creole grammars. Linguistic Typology, 5(2/3), pp. 125–166.
Meillet, P., 1912. L’évolution des formes grammaticales. Scientia (Rivista di Scienza), 6 (vol.12), pp.130–148.
Menéndez-Pidal, R., 1968. Manual de gramática histórica española, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe.
Moore, S. and Knott, T.A., 1968. The elements of Old English, 10th edition, Ann Arbor: The George Wahr Publishing Co.
Moore, S. and Marckwardt, A.H., 1951. Historical outlines of English sounds and inflections, Ann Arbor: George Wahr Publishing Co.
Morin, Y.-C. and Kaye, J.D., 1982. The syntactic bases for French liaison. Journal of Linguistics, 18, pp. 291–330.
Mossé, F., 1952. A handbook of Middle English. Translated by James A. Walker, Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press.
Mowrey, R. and Pagliuca, W., 1995. The reductive character of articulatory evolution. Rivista di Linguistica, 7(1), pp. 37–124.
Mühlhäusler, P., 1986. Pidgin and creole linguistics, Oxford and New York: Basil Blackwell.
Murray, R.W., 1982. Consonant developments in Pali. Folia linguistica historica, 3, pp.163–184.
Murray, R.W. and Vennemann, T., 1983. Sound change and syllable structure in Germanic phonology. Language, 59(3), pp. 514–528.
Neu, H., 1980. Ranking of constraints on /t,d/ deletion in American English: a statistical analysis. In Labov, W. (ed.) Locating language in time and space, New York: Academic Press, pp. 37–54.
Newman, P., 1974. The Kanakuru language, Leeds: Institute of Modern English Studies, University of Leeds in association with The West African Linguistic Society.
Newman, P. 2000. The Hausa language: an encyclopedic reference grammar, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Noël, D., 2007. Diachronic construction grammar and grammaticalization theory. Functions of Language, 14(2), pp. 177–202.
Nyrop, K.R., 1914. Grammaire historique de la langue française, Copenhagen.
Ogura, M., Wang, W.S.-Y., and Cavalli-Sforza, L.L., 1991. The development of Middle English i in England: a study in dynamic dialectology. In Eckert, P. (ed.) New ways of analyzing sound change, New York: Academic Press, pp. 63–106.
Ohala, J.J., 2003. Phonetics and historical phonology. In Joseph, B. and Janda, R. (eds.) Handbook of historical linguistics, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 669–686.
O Siadhail, M., 1980. Learning Irish, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Otsuka, Y., 2011. Neither accusative nor ergative: an alternative analysis of case in Eastern Polynesian. In Moyse-Faurie, C. and Sabel, J. (eds.) Topics in Oceanic morphosyntax, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 289–318.
Page, B.R., 1999. The Germanic Verscharfung and prosodic change. Diachronica, 16(2), pp. 297–334.
Patterson, J.L., 1992. The development of sociolinguistic phonological variation patterns for (ing) in young children, Dissertation, University of New Mexico.
Pawley, A. and Hodgetts Syder, F., 1983. Two puzzles for linguistic theory: nativelike selection and nativelike fluency. In Richards, J.C. and Schmidt, R.W. (eds.) Language and communication, London: Longmans, pp. 191–226.
Peirce, C.S., 1965. Collected papers, ed. by Charles Hartshorn and Paul Weiss, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Belknap.
Penny, R., 2002. A history of the Spanish language, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Perkins, R.D., 1989. Statistical techniques for determining language sample size. Studies in Language, 13(2), pp. 293–315.
Petré, P. and Cuyckens, H., 2009. Constructional change in Old and Middle English copular constructions and its impact on the lexicon. Folia linguistica historica, 30, pp. 311–365.
Phillips, B.S., 2006. Word frequency and lexical diffusion, New York: Palgrave.
Plank, F., 1984. The modals story retold. Studies in Language, 8(3), pp. 305–364.
Poplack, S., 2011. Grammaticalization and linguistic variation. In Narrog, H. and Heine, B. (eds.) The Oxford handbook of grammaticalization, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 209–224.
Poplack, S. and Levey, S., 2010. Contact-induced grammatical change: a cautionary tale. In Auer, P. and Schmidt, J.E. (eds.) Language and space: an international handbook of linguistic variation. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 391–419.
Poplack, S., Sankoff, D., and Miller, C., 1988. The social correlates and linguistic processes of lexical borrowing and assimilation. Linguistics, 26, pp. 47–104.
Poppe, N.N., 1960. Buriat grammar, The Hague: Mouton.
Rand, M.K., Hikosaka, O., Miyachi, S., Lu, X., and Miyashita, K., 1998. Characteristics of a long-term procedural skill in the monkey. Experimental Brain Research, 118, pp. 293–297.
Raymond, W.D. and Brown, E.L., 2012. Are effects of word frequency effects of context of use? An analysis of initial fricative reduction in Spanish. In Gries, S.Th. and Divjak, D.S. (eds.) Frequency effects in language, Vol. 2 Learning and processing, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 35–52.
Recasens, D., 1999. Lingual coarticulation. In Hardcastle, W.J. and Hewlett, N. (eds.) Coarticulation: theory, data and techniques, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 80–104.
Reich, D. et al., 2012. Reconstructing Native American population history. Nature, 488, pp. 370–374.
Renfrew, C., 1991. Before Babel: speculations on the origins of linguistic diversity. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 1(1), pp. 3–23.
Rhodes, B.J., Bullock, D., Verwey, W.B., Averbeck, B.B., and Page, M.P.A., 2004. Learning and production of movement sequences: behavioral, neurophysiological, and modeling perspectives. Human Movement Science, 23, pp. 699–746.
Riddle, E.M., 1985. A historical perspective on the productivity of the suffixes ‑ness and ‑ity. In Fisiak, J. (ed.) Historical semantics, historical word-formation, Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs, The Hague: Mouton, pp. 435–461.
Robert, S., 2008. Words and their meanings. In Vanhove, M. (ed.) From polysemy to semantic change, Studies in Language Companion Series, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 55–92.
Roberts, I. and Roussou, A., 2003. Syntactic change: a minimalist approach to grammaticalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Roberts, J., 1997. Acquisition of variable rules: a study of (t/d) deletion in preschool children. Journal of Child Language, 24, pp. 351–372.
Romaine, S., 1988. Pidgin and creole languages, London: Longman Linguistic Library.
Romaine, S. 1995. The grammaticalization of irrealis in Tok Pisin. In Bybee, J. and Fleischmann, S. (eds.) Modality in grammar and discourse, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 389–427.
Rosch, E. and Mervis, C., 1975. Family resemblances: studies in the internal structure of categories. Cognitive Psychology, 8, pp. 382–439.
Rudes, B.A., 1980. On the nature of verbal suppletion. Linguistics, 18(7/8), pp. 665–676.
Ruhlen, M., 1978. Nasal vowels. In Greenberg, J.H., Ferguson, C.A., and Moravcsik, E.A. (eds.) Universals of human language, Vol. 2 Phonology, Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 203–241.
Salmons, J.C. and Joseph, B.D., 1998. Nostratic: sifting the evidence, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Samarin, W., 1967. A grammar of Sango, The Hague: Mouton.
Sankoff, G., 2002. Linguistic outcomes of language contact. In Chambers, J.K., Trudgill, P., and Shilling-Estes, N. (eds.) The handbook of language variation and change, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, pp. 638–668.
Sapir, E., 1921. Language: an introduction to the study of speech, New York: Harcourt, Brace.
Schachter, P. and Fromkin, V., 1968. A phonology of Akan: Akuapem, Asante and Fante. UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, 9.
Schwenter, S.A. and Torres Cacoullos, R., 2008. Defaults and indeterminacy in temporal grammaticalization: the ‘perfect’ road to perfective. Language Variation and Change, 20(1), pp. 1–39.
Ségéral, P. and Scheer, T., 2008. Positional factors in lenition and fortition. In de Carvalho, J.B., Scheer, T., and Ségéral, P. (eds.) Lenition and fortition, Studies in Generative Grammar, Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 131–172.
Seoane, E., 2006. Information structure and word order change: the passive as an information-rearranging strategy in the history of English. In van Kemenade, A. and Los, B. (eds.) The handbook of the history of English, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 360–391.
Silva-Corvalán, C., 2008. The limits of convergence in contact. Journal of Language Contact, 2(Thema 2), pp. 213–224.
Slobin, D.I., 1997. The origins of grammaticizable notions: beyond the individual mind. In Slobin, D.I. (ed.) The cross-linguistic study of language acquisition, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 1–39.
Smith, K.A. and Nordquist, D., 2012. A critical and historical investigation into semantic prosody. Journal of Historical Pragmatics, 13(2), pp. 291–312.
Smoczynska, M., 1985. The acquisition of Polish. In Slobin, D. (ed.) Crosslinguistic study of language acquisition, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, pp. 595–686.
Spagnolo, L.M., 1933. Bari grammar, Verona: Missioni Africane.
Stahlke, H., 1970. Serial verbs. Studies in African Languages, 1(1), pp. 60–99.
Stebbins, J.R., 2010. Usage frequency and articulatory reduction in Vietnamese tonogenesis, Dissertation, University of Colorado.
Stubbs, M., 2002. Words and phrases: corpus studies of lexical semantics, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Sturtevant, E.H., 1947. An introduction to linguistic science, New Haven: Yale University Press.
Suwilai, Premsritat, 2004. Register complex and tonogenesis in Khmu dialects. Mon Khmer Studies, 34, pp. 1–17.
Svorou, S., 1994. The grammar of space, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Tao, L., 2006. Classifier loss and frozen tone in spoken Beijing Mandarin: the yi+ge phono-syntactic conspiracy. Linguistics, 44(1), pp. 91–133.
Terrell, T., 1977. Constraints on the aspiration and deletion of final /s/ in Cuban and Puerto Rican Spanish. The Bilingual Review, 4, pp. 35–51.
Thomason, S.G., 2001. Language contact: an introduction, Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Thomason, S.G. and Kaufman, T., 1988. Language contact, creolization, and genetic linguistics, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Thurgood, G., 2002. Vietnamese and tonogenesis: revising the model and the analysis. Diachronica, 19(2), pp. 333–363.
Thurgood, G. 2007. Tonogenesis revisited: revising the model and the analysis. In Harris, J.G., Burusphat, S., and Harris, J.E. (eds.) Studies in Tai and southeast Asian linguistics, Bangkok: Ek Phim Thai, pp. 263–291.
Thurneysen, R., 1956. A grammar of Old Irish, trans. Binchy, D.A. and Bergin, O., Dublin: The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Tiersma, P., 1982. Local and general markedness. Language, 58, pp. 832–849.
Timberlake, A., 1978. Uniform and alternating environments in phonological change. Folia Slavica, 2, pp. 312–328.
Torres Cacoullos, R., 2000. Grammaticization, synchronic variation, and language contact: a study of Spanish progressive -ndo constructions, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
Torres Cacoullos, R. 2001. From lexical to grammatical to social meaning. Language in Society, 30, pp. 443–478.
Tranel, B., 1981. Concreteness in generative phonology: evidence from French, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Trask, R.L., 1995. Historical linguistics, London: Arnold Van Bergem.
Traugott, E.C., 1972. A history of English syntax, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Traugott, E.C. 1989. On the rise of epistemic meaning: an example of subjectification in semantic change. Language, 65, pp.31–55.
Traugott, E.C. and Dasher, R.B., 2002. Regularity in semantic change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Travis, C.E. and Silveira, A., 2009. The role of frequency in first-person plural variation in Brazilian Portuguese: nós vs. a gente. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 2(2), pp.347–376.
Trousdale, G., 2008. Words and constructions in grammaticalization: the end of the English impersonal construction. In Fitzmaurice, Susan M. and Minkova, Donka (eds.) Studies in the History of the English Language, Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 301–326.
Trudgill, P. and Hannah, J., 1994. International English: a guide to the varieties of standard English, New York and London: Edward Arnold.
Underhill, R., 1976. Turkish grammar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vafaeian, G., 2010. Breaking paradigms: a typological study of nominal and adjectival suppletion, Stockholm: University of Stockholm.
Vennemann, T., 1972. Rule inversion. Lingua, 29, pp. 209–242.
Vennemann, T. 1975. An explanation of drift. In Li, C.N. (ed.) Word order and word order change, Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 269–305.
Vennemann, T. 1988. Preference laws for syllable structure and the explanation of sound change, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Veselinova, L., 2003. Suppletion in verb paradigms: bits and pieces of a puzzle, Stockholm: Stockholm University.
Watkins, C., 1962. Indo-European origins of the Celtic verb I: the sigmatic aorist, Dublin: The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
Weinreich, U., 1968. Languages in contact: findings and problems, The Hague: Mouton.
Welmers, W.E., 1973. African language structures, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Wiedenhof, J., 1995. Meaning and syntax in spoken Mandarin, Leiden: Cnws Publications.
Wilbur, T.H., 1977. Introduction. In Wilbur, T.H. (ed.) The Lautgesetz-controversy: a documentation (1885–86), Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 9–91.
Wilson, D.V., 2009. From ‘remaining’ to ‘becoming’ in Spanish: the role of prefabs in the development of the construction quedar(se) + ADJECTIVE. In Corrigan, R., Moravcsik, E., Ouali, H., and Wheatley, K. (eds.) Formulaic language, Typological studies in language, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, pp. 273–295.
Zalizniak, A.A., Bulakh, M., Ganenkov, D., Gruntov, I., Maisak, T., and, Maxim, R., 2012. The catalog of semantic shifts as a database for lexical semantic typology. Linguistics, 50(3), pp. 633–669.
Zendejas, E.H., 1995. Palabras, estratos y representaciones: temas de fonología léxica en zoque, Mexico City: Colegio de Mexico.