Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: May 2014

5 - Intraplate earthquakes in North China


Allen, M. B., D. I. M. Macdonald, Z. Xun, S. J. Vincent, and M. C. Brouet (1998). Transtensional deformation in the evolution of the Bohai Basin, northern China. In Continental Transpressional and Transtensional Tectonics, ed. R. E. Holdsworth, R. A. Strachan, and J. F. Dewey. Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 135 215–229.
Bi, L., H. He, Y. Xu, Z. Wei, and F. Shi (2011). The extraction of knickpoint series based on the high resolution DEM data and the identification of paleoearthquakes: a case study of the Huoshan Mts. Piedmont fault (in Chinese with English abstract). Seismology and Geology, 33(04), 963–977.
Bryant, D. L., J. C. Ayers, S. Gao, C. F. Miller, and H. Zhang (2004). Geochemical, age, and isotopic constraints on the location of the Sino–Korean/Yangtze Suture and evolution of the Northern Dabie Complex, east central China. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 116(5–6), 698–717.
Calais, E., and S. Stein (2009). Time-variable deformation in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Science, 323(5920), 1442.
Calais, E., M. Vergnolle, V. San'kov, et al. (2003). GPS measurements of crustal deformation in the Baikal-Mongolia area (1994–2002): implications for current kinematics of Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 108(B10), 2501.
Camelbeeck, T., K. Vanneste, P. Alexandre, et al. (2007). Relevance of active faulting and seismicity studies to assess long term earthquake activity in Northwest Europe. In Continental Intraplate Earthquakes: Science, Hazard, and Policy Issues, ed. S. Stein, and S. Mazzotti. Geological Society of America Special Paper 425, pp. 193–224.
Chen, L., C. Cheng, and Z. Wei (2009). Seismic evidence for significant lateral variations in lithospheric thickness beneath the central and western North China Craton. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 286(1–2), 171–183.
Chen, Y., B. Lin, Z. Lin, and Z.-Y. Li (1975). The focal mechanism of the 1966 Xingtai earthquake as inferred from the ground deformation observations. Acta Geophysica Sinica, 18(3), 164–182.
Chen, Y., K. L. Tsoi, F. B. Chen, et al. (1988). The Great Tangshan Earthquake of 1976: An Anatomy of Disaster. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Cheng, X., Z. Su, and W. An (1995). Tectonic background of the big Linfen earthquake in 1695. Earthquake Research in Shanxi (in Chinese with English Abstract), Z1, 43–48.
Chung, W.-Y., and J. J. Cipar (1983). Source modeling of the Hsingtai, China earthquakes of March 1966. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 33(2), 111–125.
Clark, D., and K. McCue (2003). Australian paleoseismology: towards a better basis for seismic hazard estimation. Annals of Geophysics, 46(5), 1087–1106.
Deng, Q., and Y. Liao (1996). Paleoseismology along the range-front fault of Helan Mountains, north central China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 101(B3), 5873–5893.
Deng, Q. D., P. Z. Zhang, Y. K. Ran, et al. (2002). Basics characteristics of active tectonics of China (in Chinese). Science in China (Series D), 32(12), 1020–1030.
Deng, Q., P. Zhang, Y. Ran, et al. (2003). Basic characteristics of active tectonics of China. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 46(4), 356–372.
Dolan, J. F., D. D. Bowman, and C. G. Sammis (2007). Long-range and long-term fault interactions in Southern California. Geology, 35(9), 855–858.
Griffin, W. L., A. Zhang, S. Y. O’Reilly, and C. G. Ryan (1998). Phanerozoic evolution of the lithosphere beneath the Sino-Korean Craton. In Mantle Dynamics and Plate Interactions in East Asia, ed. M. F. J. Flower, S.-L. Chung, C.-H. Lo, and T.-Y. Lee. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, pp. 107–126.
Gu, G. X., T. H. Lin, Z. L. Shi, and Q. Li (1983). Earthquake Catalog of China: 1831 B.C. – 1969 A.D. (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Publishing House.
Guo, H., W. Jiang, and X. Xie (2011). Late-Quaternary strong earthquakes on the seismogenic fault of the 1976 Ms 7.8 Tangshan earthquake, Hebei, as revealed by drilling and trenching. Science in China Series D-Earth Sciences, 41(7), 1009–1028.
Guo, H., W. Jiang, and X. Xie (2012). Analysis of Holocene faulting phenomena revealed in the three trenches along the northern and central Jiaocheng fault, Shanxi. Seismology and Geology (in Chinese with English abstract), (01), 76–92.
He, J., M. Liu, and Y. Li (2003). Is the Shanxi rift of northern China extending?Geophysical Research Letters, 30, doi:10.1029/2003GL018764.
Hough, S., and M. Page (2011). Toward a consistent model for strain accrual and release for the New Madrid Seismic Zone, central United States. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, doi:10.1029/2010JB007783.
Hu, X., G. Diao, J. Gao, et al. (2002). Application of present small earthquakes to infer the focal faults of two large historical earthquakes in Hongdong and Linfen, Shanxi Province. Earthquake Research in China, 18(1), 76–85.
Huan, W., Z. Shi, and S. Li (2003). The new evidence for epicenter location and seismogenic structure of the 1556 M 8 1/4 large earthquake. Earthquake Research in China, 19(01), 20–32.
Huang, J. L., and D. P. Zhao (2006). High-resolution mantle tomography of China and surrounding regions. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 111, B09305, doi:10.1029/2005JB004066.
Huang, W. Q., W. X. Li, and X. F. Cao (1994). Research on the completeness of earthquake data in the Chinese mainland (II). Acta Seismologica Sinica, 16(4), 423–432.
Huang, Z., H. Li, Y. Zheng, and Y. Peng (2009). The lithosphere of North China Craton from surface wave tomography. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 288(1–2), 164–173.
Jackson, D. D., and Y. Y. Kagan (2006). The 2004 Parkfield earthquake, the 1985 prediction, and characteristic earthquakes: lessons for the future. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 96(4B), S397–409.
Jiang, W., Z. Hou, Z. Xiao, and X. Xie (2000). Study on paleoearthquakes of Qixinzhuang trench at the Xiadian fault, Beijing plain (in Chinese with English abstract). Seismology and Geology, 04, 413–422.
Johnston, A. C., and L. R. Kanter (1990). Earthquakes in stable continental crust. Scientific American, 262(3), 68–75.
Johnston, A. C., and E. S. Schweig (1996). The enigma of the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811–1812. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 24, 339–384.
Jones, L. M., B. Wang, S. Xu, and T. J. Fitch (1982). The foreshock sequence of the February 4, 1976, Haicheng earthquake (M = 7.3). Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 87(B6), 4575–4584.
Li, Q., M. Liu, and S. Stein (2009). Spatial-temporal complexity of continental intraplate seismicity: insights from geodynamic modeling and implications for seismic hazard estimation. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 99(1), doi: 10.1785/0120080005.
Li, S. (1981). Earthquakes in China. Beijing: Seismological Press.
Li, S., G. Zhao, L. Dai, et al. (2012). Cenozoic faulting of the Bohai Bay Basin and its bearing on the destruction of the eastern North China Craton. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 47(0), 80–93.
Li, Z.-X. (1994). Collision between the North and South China blocks: a crustal-detachment model for suturing in the region east of the Tanlu fault. Geology, 22(8), 739–742.
Lin, W., and W. Gao (1987). The occurrence intervals of large earthquakes in the Yishu fault zone (in Chinese). China Earthquakes, 03, 36–42.
Liu, D. Y., A. P. Nutman, W. Compston, J. S. Wu, and Q. H. Shen (1992). Remnants of ≥3800 Ma crust in the Chinese part of the Sino-Korean craton. Geology, 20(4), 339–342.
Liu, M., and H. Wang (2012). Roaming earthquakes in China highlight midcontinental hazards. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 93(45), 453–454.
Liu, M., and Y. Yang (2005). Contrasting seismicity between the North China and South China blocks: kinematics and geodynamics. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(L12310), doi:10.1029/2005GL023048.
Liu, M., X. Cui, and F. Liu (2004). Cenozoic rifting and volcanism in eastern China: a mantle dynamic link to the Indo-Asian collision?Tectonophysics, 393, 29–42.
Liu, M., Y. Yang, Z. Shen, et al. (2007). Active tectonics and intracontinental earthquakes in China: the kinematics and geodynamics. In Continental Intraplate Earthquakes: Science, Hazard, and Policy Issues, ed. S. Stein, and S. Mazzotti. Geological Society of America Special Paper 425, pp. 209–318, doi: 210.1130/2007.2425.
Liu, M., S. Stein, and H. Wang (2011). 2000 years of migrating earthquakes in North China: how earthquakes in midcontinents differ from those at plate boundaries. Lithosphere, 3, 128–132.
Luo, G., and M. Liu (2012). Multi-timescale mechanical coupling between the San Jacinto Fault and the San Andreas Fault, southern California. Lithosphere, doi: 10.1130/L1180.1131.
Ma, X. (1989). Lithospheric Dynamics Altas of China. Beijing: China Cartographic Publishing House.
Ma, Y., and P. Zhong (2009). Summary of the M8 1/2 Tancheng earthquake in 1668 (in Chinese). Recent Developments in World Seismology, 2, 9–18.
Menzies, M. A., and Y. Xu (1988). Geodynamics of the North China Craton. In Mantle Dynamics and Plate Interactions in East Asia, ed. M. F. J. Flower, S. L. Chung, C. H. Lo, and T. Y. Lee. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 27, 155–165.
Menzies, M., Y. G. Xu, H. F. Zhang, and W. M. Fan (2007). Integration of geology, geophysics and geochemistry: a key to understanding the North China Craton. Lithos, 96(1–2), 1–21.
Min, Z., G. Wu, Z. Jiang, C. Liu, and Y. Yang (1995). The Catalog of Chinese Historic Strong Earthquakes (B.C. 23–AD 1911) (in Chinese). Beijing: Seismological Publishing House.
Mooney, W. D., J. Ritsema, and Y. K. Hwang (2012). Crustal seismicity and the earthquake catalog maximum moment magnitude (Mcmax) in stable continental regions (SCRs): correlation with the seismic velocity of the lithosphere. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 357–358, 78–83.
Nábělek, J., W.-P. Chen, and H. Ye (1987). The Tangshan earthquake sequence and its implications for the evolution of the North China Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92(B12), 12615–12628.
Newman, A., S. Stein, J. Weber, et al. (1999). Slow deformation and lower seismic hazard at the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Science, 284(5414), 619–621.
Ran, Y., Q. Deng, X. Yang, et al. (1997). Paleoearthquakes and recurrence interval on the seismogenic fault of 1679 Sanhe-pinggu M8 earthquake, Hebei and Beijing. Seismology and Geology, 19(3), 193–201.
Ran, Y., L. Chen, X. Yang, and Z. Han (2003a). Recurrence characteristics of late-quaternary strong earthquakes on the major active faults along the northern border of Ordos block. Science in China Series D, Earth Sciences, 46, 189–200.
Ran, Y., P. Zhang, and L. Chen (2003b). Late Quaternary history of paleoseismic activity along the Hohhot Segment of the Daqingshan piedmont fault in Hetao depression zone, North China. Annals of Geophysics, 46, 1053–1069.
Reid, H. F. (1910). The Mechanics of the Earthquake, The California Earthquake of April 18, 1906, Report of the State Investigation Commission Vol. 2.
Ren, J., K. Tamaki, S. Li, and J. Zhang (2002). Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic rifting and its dynamic setting in Eastern China and adjacent areas. Tectonophysics, 344(3–4), 175–205.
Scholz, C. H. (1977). A physical interpretation of the Haicheng earthquake prediction. Nature, 267, 121–124.
Seismological Bureau of Hebei Province (1986). The 1966 Xingtai Earthquake. Beijing: China Seismological Press.
Shedlock, K. M., J. Baranowski, X. Weiwen, and H. X. Liang (1987). The Tangshan aftershock sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92(B3), 2791–2803.
Shen, Z. K., C. Zhao, A. Yin, and D. Jackson (2000). Contemporary crustal deformation in east Asia constrained by Global Positioning System measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 5721–5734.
Shen, Z. K., Y. Wan, W. Gan, T. Li, and Y. Zeng (2004). Crustal stress evolution of the last 700 years in North China and earthquake sequence (in Chinese). Earthquake Research in China, 20, 211–228.
Stein, S., and M. Liu (2009). Long aftershock sequences within continents and implications for earthquake hazard assessment. Nature, 462(7269), 87–89.
Stein, S., M. Liu, E. Calais, and Q. Li (2009). Mid-Continent earthquakes as a complex system. Seismological Research Letters, 80(4), 551–553.
Stein, S., R. Geller, and M. Liu (2011). Bad assumptions or bad luck: why earthquake hazard maps need objective testing. Seismological Research Letters, 82(5), 623–626.
Stein, S., R. J. Geller, and M. Liu (2012). Why earthquake hazard maps often fail and what to do about it. Tectonophysics, 562–563, 1–25.
Su, Z., Z. Yuan, and J. Zhao (2003). A review on studies concerned with the 1303 Hongtong earthquake (in Chinese with English abstract). Earthquake Research in Shanxi, 03, 4–22.
The Geodetic Survey Brigade for Earthquake Research, N.S.B. (1975). Crustal deformation associated with the Hsingtai earthquake in March, 1966. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, Chinese Edition, 18(3), 153–163.
Tuttle, M. P., E. S. Schweig, J. D. Sims, et al. (2002). The earthquake potential of the New Madrid seismic zone. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92(6), 2080–2089.
Wang, H., and J. Geng (1996). Discussion about hypocenter parameters of the M8.5 Tancheng earthquake in 1668 (in Chinese). Journal of Seismology, 4, 29–35.
Wang, H., M. Liu, J. Cao, X. Shen, and G. Zhang (2011). Slip rates and seismic moment deficits on major active faults in mainland China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, B02405, doi:02410.01029/02010JB007821.
Wang, K., Q. Chen, S. Sun, and A. Wang (2006). Predicting the 1975 Haicheng earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 96(3), 757–795.
Wang, R., S. Y. Sun, and Y. G. Cai (1982). Numerical simulation of earthquake sequences in North China over the past 700 years (in Chinese). Science in China, B, 8(745–753).
Wesnousky, S. G., L. M. Jones, C. H. Scholz, and Q. Deng (1984). Historical seismicity and rates of crustal deformation along the margins of the Ordos block, North China. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 74, 1767–1783.
Wu, L., S. Qi, and R. Wang (1988). The 1303 Hongton earthquake of M = 8 and the 1695 Linfen earthquake M = 8 in Shanxi Province. In China Special Large Earthquakes Research (in Chinese), ed. Z.-J. Guo and Z.-J. Ma. Beijing: Seismological Press, pp. 6–35
Xie, X., W. Jiang, R. Wang, H. Wang, and X. Feng (2003). Holocene paleo-seismic activities on the Kouquan fault zone, Datong basin, Shanxi Province (in Chinese with English abstract). Seismology and Geology 03, 359–374.
Xu, C., L. Dong, C. Shi, Y. Li, and X. Hu (2002a). A study on annual accumulation of strain energy density significance by using GPS measurements in North China (in Chinese with English abstract). Chinese Journal of Geophysics, Chinese Edition, 45(4), 497–506.
Xu, J., Z. Fang, and L. Yang (1988a). Tectonic background and causative fault of 1966 Xingtai Ms7.2 earthquake (in Chinese). Seismology and Geology, 10(4), 51–59.
Xu, X., and Q. Deng (1990). The features of Late Quaternary activity of the piedmont fault of Mt. Huoshan, Shanxi Province and the 1303 Hongtong earthquake (M = 8) (in Chinese). Seismology and Geology, 12(1), 21–30.
Xu, X., and Q. Deng (1996). Nonlinear characteristics of paleoseismicity in China. Journal of Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 101(B3), 6209–6231.
Xu, X., H. Zhang, and Q. Deng (1988b). The paleoearthquake traces on Huashan front fault zone in Weihe basin and its earthquake intervals (in Chinese with English abstract). Seismology and Geology, 04, 206.
Xu, X., X. Ma, and Q. Deng (1993). Neotectonic activity along the Shanxi rift system, China. Tectonophysics, 219(4), 305–325.
Xu, X. W., W. M. Wu, X. K. Zhang, et al. (2002b). Neotectonics and Earthquakes in the Capital Circle Region. Beijing: Science Press.
Xu, Y. G. (2001). Thermo-tectonic destruction of the archaean lithospheric keel beneath the Sino-Korean craton in China: evidence, timing and mechanism. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy, 26(9–10), 747–757.
Xu, Y. G., M. A. Menzies, M. F. Thirlwall, et al. (2003). “Reactive” harzburgites from Huinan, NE China: products of the lithosphere-asthenosphere interaction during lithospheric thinning?Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67, 487–505.
Yao, G., Y. Jiang, and X. Yu (1984). Investigation on the 1303 Zhaocheng, Shanxi, earthquake (M = 8) and its parameters concerned (in Chinese with English abstract). Journal of Seismological Research, 7(13), 313–326.
Ye, H., B. Zhang, and F. Mao (1987). The Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the Great North China: two types of rifting and crustal necking in the Great North China and their tectonic implications. Tectonophysics, 133, 217–227.
Yin, A., and S. Nie (1996). Phanerozoic palinspastic reconstruction of China and its neighbouring regions. In Tectonic Evolution of Aisa, ed. A. Yin and M. Harrison. New York: Cambridge University Press, Rubey Volume IX, pp. 442–485.
Zhai, M.-G., and M. Santosh (2011). The early Precambrian odyssey of the North China Craton: a synoptic overview. Gondwana Research, 20(1), 6–25.
Zhang, P., and W. Gan (2008). Combined model of rigid-block motion with continuous deformation: patterns of present-day deformation in continental China. In Investigations into the Tectonics of the Tibetan Plateau, ed. B. C. Burchfiel and E. Wang, Geological Society of America Special Paper 444, pp. 59–71, doi:10.1130/2008.2444(1104).
Zhang, Y., J. L. Mercier, and P. Vergely (1998). Extension in the graben systems around the Ordos (China), and its contribution to the extrusion tectonics of south China with respect to Cobi-Mongolia. Tectonophysics, 285, 41–75.
Zhang, Y., Y. Ma, N. Yang, W. Shi, and S. Dong (2003). Cenozoic extensional stress evolution in North China. Geodynamics, 36, 591–613.
Zhang, Y., C. Liao, W. Shi, T. Zhang, and F. Guo (2007). Jurassic deformation in and around the Ordos Basin, North China. Earth Science Frontiers, 14(2), 182–196.
Zhao, G., M. Sun, S. A. Wilde, and L. Sanzhong (2005). Late Archean to Paleoproterozoic evolution of the North China Craton: key issues revisited. Precambrian Research, 136(2), 177–202.
Zhu, F., and G. Wu (1982). The 1975 Haicheng Earthquake. Beijing: China Seismological Press.
Zhu, G. Z., Y. L. Shi, S. Chen, and H. Zhang (2009). Numerical simulations on deep subduction of western pacific plate to NE China. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (Acta Geophysica Sinica), 52(4), 950–957.
Zhu, R. X., Y. G. Xu, G. Zhu, et al. (2012a). Destruction of the North China Craton. Science China, Earth Sciences, 55(10), 1565–1587.
Zhu, R. X., J. H. Yang, and F. Y. Wu (2012b). Timing of destruction of the North China Craton. Lithos, 149, 51–60.