Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: September 2013

14 - Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring of vascular disorders

References

Achouh, P. E., Estrera, A. L., Miller, C. C., et al. (2007). Role of somatosensory evoked potentials in predicting outcome during thoracoabdominal aortic repair. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 84, 782–788.
Ahn, S., Jordan, S. E., Nuwer, M. R., Marcus, D. R., and Moore, W. S. (1988). Computed electroencephalographic topographic brain mapping. A new and accurate monitor of cerebral circulation and function for patients having carotid endarterectomy. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 8, 247–254.
Amantini, A., Bartelli, M., de Scisciolo, et al. (1992). Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during carotid endarterectomy. Journal of Neurology, 239, 241–247.
Astrup, J. (1982). Energy-requiring cell functions in the ischemic brain: their critical supply and possible inhibition in protective therapy. Journal of Neurosurgery, 56, 482–497.
Beese, U., Langer, H., Lang, W., and Dinkel, M. (1998). Comparison of near-infrared spectroscopy and somatosensory evoked potentials for the detection of cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy. Stroke, 29, 2032–2037.
Bornstein, N. M., Rossi, G. B., Treves, T. A., and Shifrin, E. G. (1996). Is transcranial Doppler effective in avoiding the hazards of carotid surgery?Cardiovascular Surgery, 4, 335–337.
Branston, N. M., Symon, L., Crockard, H. A., and Pasztor, E. (1974). Relationship between the cortical evoked potential and local cortical blood flow following acute middle cerebral artery occlusion in the baboon. Experimental Neurology, 45, 195–208.
Branston, N. M., Strong, A. J., and Symon, L. (1977). Extracellular potassium activity, evoked potential and tissue blood flow: relationships during progressive ischaemia in baboon cerebral cortex. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 32, 305–321.
Branston, N. M., Ladds, A., Symon, L., and Wang, A. D. (1984). Comparison of the effects of ischaemia on early components of the somatosensory evoked potential in brainstem, thalamus, and cerebral cortex. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 4, 68–81.
Brinkman, S. D., Braun, P., Ganji, S., Morrell, R. M., and Jacobs, L. A. (1984). Neuropsychological performance one week after carotid endarterectomy reflects intraoperative ischemia. Stroke, 15, 497–503.
Buchtal, A. and Belopavlovic, M. (1992). Somatosensory evoked potentials in cerebral aneurysm surgery. European Journal of Anaesthesiology, 9, 493–497.
Chang, S. D., López, J. R., and Steinberg, G. K. (1999). The usefulness of electrophysiological monitoring during resection of central nervous system vascular malformations. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 8, 412–422.
Chiappa, K. H., Burke, S. R., and Young, R. R. (1979). Results of electroencephalogram monitoring during 367 carotid endarterectomies: Use of a dedicated minicomputer. Stroke, 10, 381–388.
Cho, I., Smullens, S. N., Streletz, L. J., and Fariello, R. G. (1986). The value of intraoperative EEG monitoring during carotid endarterectomy. Annals of Neurology, 20, 508–551.
Cloughesy, T. F., Nuwer, M. R., Hoch, D., et al. (1993). Monitoring carotid test occlusions with continuous EEG and clinical examination. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 363–369.
Davies, L. K. and Janelle, G. M. (2006). Conclusion: all cardiac surgical patients should not have intraoperative cerebral oxygenation monitoring. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, 20, 450–455.
DeBakey, M. E. (1975). Successful carotid endarterectomy for cerebrovascular insufficiency: 19-year follow-up. Journal of the American Medical Association, 233, 1083–1085.
De Vleeschauwer, P., Horsch, S., and Matamoros, R. (1988). Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials in carotid surgery: results, usefulness and limitations of the method. Annals of Vascular Surgery, 2, 63–68.
Dietz, A., von Kummer, R., Adams, H. P., et al. (1993). Balloon occlusion test of the internal carotid artery for evaluating resectability of blood vessel infiltrating cervical metastasis of advanced head and neck cancers – Heidelberg experience. Laryngorhinootologie, 72, 558–567.
Emerson, R. G. and Turner, C. A. (1993). Monitoring during supratentorial surgery. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 404–411.
Etz, C. D., Halstead, J. C., Spielvogel, D., et al. (2006). Thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: is reimplantation of spinal cord arteries a waste of time?Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 82, 1670–1678.
Executive Committee for the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (1995). Endarterectomy for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 1421–1428.
Fisher, R. S., Raudzens, P., and Nunemacher, M. (1995). Efficacy of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 12, 97–109.
Fode, N. C., Sundt, T. M., Robertson, J. T., Peerless, S. J., and Shields, C. B. (1986). Multicenter retrospective review of results and complications of carotid endarterectomy in 1981. Stroke, 17, 370–376.
Friedman, W. A., Kaplan, B. L., Day, A. L., Sypert, G. W., and Curran, M. T. (1987). Evoked potential monitoring during aneurysm operation: observations after 50 cases. Neurosurgery, 20, 678–687.
Friedman, W. A., Chadwick, M. A., Verhoeven, F. J., Mahla, M., and Day, A. L. (1991). Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during surgery for middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurgery, 29, 83–88.
Gigli, G. L., Caramia, M., Marciani, M. G., et al. (1987). Monitoring of subcortical and cortical somatosensory evoked potentials during carotid endarterectomy: comparison with stump pressure levels. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 68, 424–432.
Halsey, J. H. (1992). Risks and benefits of shunting in carotid endarterectomy. Stroke, 23, 1583–1587.
Hargadine, J. R., Branston, N. M., and Symon, L. (1980). Central conduction time in primate brain ischemia – a study in baboons. Stroke, 11, 637–642.
Haupt, W. F. and Horsch, S. (1992). Evoked potential monitoring in carotid surgery: a review of 994 cases. Neurology, 42, 835–838.
Horiuchi, K., Suzuki, K., Sasaki, T., et al. (2005). Intraoperative monitoring of blood flow insufficiency during surgery of middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Journal of Neurosurgery, 103, 275–283.
Jones, T. H., Morawetz, R. B., Crowell, R. M., et al. (1981). Thresholds of focal ischemia in awake monkeys. Journal of Neurosurgery, 54, 773–782.
Kearse, L. A., Brown, E. N., and McPeck, K. (1992). Somatosensory evoked potential sensitivity relative to electroencephalography for cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy. Stroke, 23, 498–505.
Kearse, L. A., Martin, D., McPeck, K., and Lopez-Breshnahan, M. (1993). Computer-derived density spectral array in detection of mild analog electroencephalographic ischemic pattern changes during carotid endarterectomy. Journal of Neurosurgery, 78, 884–890.
Lam, A. M., Manninen, P. H., Ferguson, G. G., and Nantua, W. (1991). Monitoring electrophysiologic function during carotid endarterectomy: a comparison of somatosensory evoked potentials and conventional electroencephalogram. Anesthesiology, 75, 15–21.
Lesnick, J. E., Michele, J. J., Simeone, F. A., DeFeo, S., and Welsh, F. A. (1984). Alteration of somatosensory evoked potentials in response to global ischemia. Journal of Neurosurgery, 60, 490–494.
Levy, W. J., Shapiro, H. M., Maruchak, G., and Meathe, E. (1980). Automated EEG processing for intraoperative monitoring: A comparison of techniques. Anesthesiology, 53, 223–236.
Lindsey, R. L. (1984). A simple solution for determining shunt flow during carotid endarterectomy. Anesthesiology, 61, 215–216.
Liu, A. Y., López, J. R., Do, H. M., et al. (2003). Neurophysiological monitoring in the endovascular therapy of aneurysms. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 24, 1520–1527.
Livesay, J. J., Cooley, D. A., Ventemiglia, R. A., et al. (1985). Surgical experience in descending thoracic aneurysmectomy with and without adjuncts to avoid ischemia. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 39, 3–46.
Loftus, C. M. and Quest, D. O. (1995). Technical issues in carotid artery surgery 1995. Neurosurgery, 36, 629–647.
Loftus, C. M., Dyste, G. N., Reinarz, S. J., and Hingtgen, W. L. (1986). Distal cervical carotid dissection after carotid endarterectomy: a complication of indwelling shunt?Neurosurgery, 19, 441–445.
López, J. R., Chang, S. D., and Steinberg, G. K. (1999). The use of electrophysiological monitoring in the interoperative management of intracranial aneurysms. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 66, 189–196.
Manninen, P. H., Patterson, S., Lam, A. M., Gelb, A. W., and Nantua, W. E. (1994). Evoked potential monitoring during posterior fossa aneurysm surgery: a comparison of two modalities. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, 41, 92–97.
Manninen, P., Tan, T., and Sarjeant, R. M. (2001). Somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during carotid endarterectomy in patients with a stroke. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 93, 39–44.
Markand, O. N. (1994). Continuous assessment of cerebral function with EEG and somatosensory evoked potential techniques during extracranial vascular reconstruction. In Intraoperative Monitoring Techniques in Neurosurgery, ed. C. M. Loftus and V. C. Traynelis. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 19–32.
Markand, O. N., Dilley, R. S., Moorthy, S., and Warren, C. (1984). Monitoring of somatosensory evoked responses during carotid endarterectomy. Archives of Neurology, 41, 375–378.
Messick, J. M., Sharbrough, F., and Sundt, T. (1984). Selective shunting on the basis of EEG and regional CBF monitoring during carotid endarterectomy. International Anesthesiology Clinics, 22, 137–145.
Moorthy, S. S., Markand, O. N., Dilley, R. S., McCammon, R., and Warren, C. H. (1982). Somatosensory-evoked responses during carotid endarterectomy. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 61, 879–883.
Morawetz, R. B., DeGiorlami, U., Ojemann, R. G., Marcoux, F. W., and Crowell, R. M. (1978). Cerebral blood flow determined by hydrogen clearance during middle cerebral artery occlusion in unanesthetized monkeys. Stroke, 9, 143–149.
Moritz, S., Kasprzak, P., Arlt, M., Taeger, K., and Metz, C. (2007). Accuracy of cerebral monitoring in detecting cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy. A comparison of transcranial Doppler sonography, near-infrared spectroscopy, stump pressure, and somatosensory evoked potentials. Anesthesiology, 107, 563–569.
Myers, R. R., Stockard, J. J., and Saidman, L. J. (1977). Monitoring of cerebral perfusion during anesthesia by time-compressed Fourier analysis of the electroencephalogram. Stroke, 8, 331–337.
Neuloh, G. and Schramm, J. (2004). Monitoring of motor-evoked potentials compared with somatosensory evoked potentials and microvascular Doppler ultrasonography in cerebral aneurysm surgery. Journal of Neurosurgery, 100, 389–399.
North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators (1991). Beneficial effect of carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with high grade stenosis. New England Journal of Medicine, 325, 445–453.
Paiva, T., Campos, J., Baeta, E., et al. (1995). EEG monitoring during endovascular embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 95, 3–13.
Palatinsky, E., DiScenna, A., McDonald, H., Whittingham, T., and Selman, W. (1994). SSEP and BAEP monitoring of temporary clip application and induced hypotension during cerebrovascular surgery. In Intraoperative Monitoring Techniques in Neurosurgery, ed. C. M. Loftus and V. C. Traynelis. New York: McGraw-Hill, pp. 61–71.
Paulsen, R. D., Steinberg, G. K., Norbash, A. M., López, J. R., and Marks, M. (1999). Embolization of rolandic cortex arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery, 44, 479–484.
Pedrini, L., Tarantini, S., Cirelli, M. R., et al. (1998). Intraoperative assessment of cerebral ischaemia during carotid surgery. International Angiology, 17, 10–14.
Perez-Borja, C. and Meyer, J. S. (1965). Electroencephalographic monitoring during reconstructive surgery of the neck vessels. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 18, 162–169.
Quiñones-Hinojosa, A., Alam, M., Lyon, R., Yingling, C. D., and Lawton, M. T. (2004). Transcranial motor-evoked potentials during basilar artery aneurysm surgery: technique application for 30 consecutive patients. Neurosurgery, 54, 16–24.
Rampil, I. J., Holzer, J. A., Quest, D. O., Rosenbaum, S. H., and Correll, J. W. (1983). Prognostic value of computerized EEG analysis during carotid endarterectomy. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 62, 186–192.
Redekop, G. and Ferguson, G. (1992). Correlation of contralateral stenosis and intraoperative electroencephalogram changes with risk of stroke during carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurgery, 34, 191–194.
Rigamonti, A., Scandroglio, M., Minicucci, F., et al. (2003). A clinical evaluation of near-infrared cerebral oximetry in the awake patient to monitor cerebral perfusion during carotid endarterectomy. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 17, 426–430.
Rowed, D. W., Houlden, D. A., Burkholder, L. M., and Taylor, A. B. (2004). Comparison of monitoring techniques for intraoperative cerebral ischemia. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 31, 347–356.
Sasaki, T., Kodama, N., Matsumoto, M., et al. (2007). Blood flow disturbance in perforating arteries attributable to aneurysm surgery. Journal of Neurosurgery, 107, 60–67.
Schepens, M. A., Boezeman, E. H., Hamerlijnck, R. P., TerBeek, H., and Vermeulen, F. E. (1994). Somatosensory evoked potentials during exclusion and reperfusion of critical aortic segments in thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm surgery. Journal of Cardiac Surgery, 9, 692–702.
Schramm, J., Koht, A., Schmidt, G., et al. (1990). Surgical and electrophysiological observations during clipping of 134 aneurysms with evoked potential monitoring. Neurosurgery, 26, 61–70.
Schwarz, G., Litscher, G., Kleinert, R., and Jobstmann, R. (1996). Cerebral oximetry in dead subjects. Journal of Neurosurgery and Anesthesiology, 8, 189–193.
Schweiger, H., Kamp, H. D. and Dinkel, M. (1991). Somatosensory-evoked potentials during carotid artery surgery: experience in 400 operations. Surgery, 109, 602–609.
Sharbrough, F., Messick, J., and Sundt, T. M. (1973). Correlation of continuous electroencephalograms with cerebral blood flow measurements during carotid endarterectomy. Stroke, 4, 674–683.
Sloan, M. A. (2006). Prevention of ischemic neurologic injury with intraoperative monitoring of selected cardiovascular and cerebrovascular procedures: roles of electroencephalography, somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranial Doppler, and near-infrared spectroscopy. Neurologic Clinics, 24, 631–645.
Sundt, T. M. (1983). The ischemic tolerance of neural tissue and the need for monitoring and selective shunting during carotid endarterectomy. Stroke, 14, 93–98.
Sundt, T. M., Sharbrough, F. W., Anderson, R. E., and Michenfelder, J. D. (1974). Cerebral blood flow measurements and electroencephalograms during carotid endarterectomy. Journal of Neurosurgery, 41, 310–320.
Sundt, T. M., Sharbrough, F., Piepgras, D. G., et al. (1981). Correlation of cerebral blood flow and electroencephalographic changes during carotid endarterectomy with results of surgery and hemodynamics of cerebral ischemia. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 56, 533–543.
Svensson, L. G., Crawford, E. S., Hess, K. R., Coselli, J. S., and Safi, H. J. (1993). Experience with 1509 patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic operations. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 17, 357–370.
Symon, L. (1980). The relationship between CBF, evoked potentials and the clinical features in cerebral ischaemia. Proceedings of the 23rd Scandinavian Neurological Congress. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 62 (suppl.), 175–190.
Symon, L., Crockard, H. A., Dorsch, N. W. C., Branston, N. M., and Juhasz, J. (1975). Local cerebral blood flow and vascular reactivity in a chronic stable stroke in baboons. Stroke, 6, 482–492.
Tiberio, G., Floriani, M., Giulini, S. M., et al. (1991). Monitoring of somatosensory evoked potentials during carotid endarterectomy: Relationship with different haemodynamic parameters and clinical outcome. European Journal of Vascular Surgery, 5, 647–653.
Trojaborg, W. and Boyson, G. (1973). Relationship between EEG, regional cerebral blood flow and internal carotid artery pressure during carotid endarterectomy. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 34, 61–69.
Verdant, A. (1992). Descending thoracic aortic aneurysms: Surgical treatment with the Gott shunt. Canadian Journal of Surgery, 35, 493–496.
Wahr, J., Tremper, K. K., Samra, S., and Delpy, D. T. (1996). Near-infrared spectroscopy: theory and applications. Journal of Cardiothoracic Vascular Anesthesia, 10, 406–418.
Wassmann, H., Fischdick, G., and Jain, K. K. (1984). Cerebral protection during carotid endarterectomy–EEG monitoring as a guide to the use of intraluminal shunts. Acta Neurochirurgica, 71, 99–108.
Whittemore, A. D. (1980). Carotid endarterectomy and alternative approach. Archives of Surgery, 115, 940–942.
Wöber, C., Zeitlhofer, J., Asenbaum, S., et al. (1998). Monitoring of median nerve somatosensory evoked potentials in carotid surgery. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 15, 429–438.
Zampella, E., Morawetz, R. B., McDowell, H. A., et al. (1991). The importance of cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurgery, 29, 727–731.